Unit 18 New Zealand
No.2 Middle School Mr. Zhang

  1.新西兰是澳大利亚东南海岸外边的一个岛屿。 新西兰是澳大利亚东南海岸外边的一个岛屿。 新西兰是澳大利亚东南海岸外边的一个岛屿 New Zealand is an island that lies off the eastern coast of Australia. in the south (of)在…..的南部(境内) 的南部( 在 的南部 境内) to the south (of)在….的以南(境外)或相邻 的以南( 在 的以南 境外) on the south (of)南邻 南邻 (
  1)南与….相接(比邻) )南与 相接(比邻) 相接 河畔; (
  2)在…河畔;在…岸边 ) 河畔 岸边 off “在离 的海上” 还有“靠近”的意思 在离….的海上 在离 的海上” 还有“靠近” 一般指岛屿与大陆的关系. 一般指岛屿与大陆的关系
off
  1). They lived on the island the ) coast of Fujian. 他们住在福建沿海的一个岛屿上。 他们住在福建沿海的一个岛屿上。 off
  2)They were sailing two miles the shore. ) 他们在离岸两英里的海上航行。 他们在离岸两英里的海上航行。
in
  3)Japan is the east of Asia . ) Japan isthe east of China . to off
  4)They found a ship about 2 miles the shore . ) off
  5)The restaurant is just the main road. )

  2. be made up of make up
  3.be used to do 被用来做什么 be used to sth 习惯于 习惯于…… used to do sth 过去常常做 过去常常做…… make use of; of use;
out of use; use up; come into use; in use

  4. discover; find; find out discover, 发现,发觉(指发现早已存在的东西) 发现,发觉(指发现早已存在的东西) find 发现,找到,(往往指发现丢失的东西) 发现,找到,(往往指发现丢失的东西) ,(往往指发现丢失的东西 find out 查明,看清楚(真相等) 查明,看清楚(真相等)

  5. settle
vi 定居 ,移民
They decided to settle in Canada. vi 栖息,降落 栖息, A bird settle on the branch. 灰尘落在桌子和椅子上。 灰尘落在桌子和椅子上。 Dust has settled on the desks and chairs. vt 解决,决定 解决, They settled the problem in a friendly way. That’s settled, we’ll go tomorrow.

  6. possession [U]
持有, 拥有, 持有, 拥有, 占有
be in possession of sth = in one’s possession 占有某物 be in the possession of sb (某物)为某人所有 某物) come into possession of sth 拥有某物 come into the possession of sb 某物) (某物)落入某人手中 take / get possession of 拿到 拿到…… 占有 占有…… have possession of 占有,拥有 占有,
Dangerous drugs were found in her possession. When his father died she came into possession of a large fortune. The police arrested him and took possession of certain things. We’ve bought the house, but we can’t take possession of it until July.

  7.(
  3.
  1)surround vt&vi 环绕,围绕,包围 环绕,围绕, (page
  38) The fence surrounds the school.(vt) A wall surrounds there.(vi) surroundings (n.) 环境,周围的事物 环境, surrounding adj. 周围的,附近的 无比较级, 周围的,附近的(无比较级 无比较级, 做定语) 做定语 常用词组: 常用词组: be surrounded by/with 被环绕着,周围都 环绕着, 环绕着 是--be covered by /with
树木环绕的的那幢房子是我的。 树木环绕的的那幢房子是我的。 The house surrounded with trees is mine . 不列颠四周环海。 不列颠四周环海。 Britain is surrounded by sea .

  8. in / with relation to 与…… 相关的。 相关的。与……有关的 有关的 There are several languages in / with relation to the language of Tahiti and Hawaii in the world

  9.refer to(p
  39)
  1. Who are you referring to? 我的名字在会议上被提到。 我的名字在会议上被提到。
  2. My name was referred to at the meeting.
  3. If you have any questions, refer to the book.
  4. What do these numbers refer to? (指的是 指的是…) 指的是
refer to… as…
  1. California is referred to as the “Golden State.”
  2. Guangzhou is referred to as the “Flower City”.
称作… 将…称作 称作

  10. (P39
  4.
  12) By 1840 about 2000 Europeans, mainly British, had come to settle in New Zealand and the Maori singed an agreement with these settlers. e.g. By the age of 13, he had taught himself advanced maths. By the end of the term, we’ll have learned 3000 English words.
sign
  1) vt.&vi. 签名,签署 签名, The papers are ready to be signed.
  2)vt.&vi.用姿势通知(如手势,颜色等) 用姿势通知(如手势,颜色等) 用姿势通知 The policeman signed to me to stop.
  3)n.符号,迹象 符号, 符号 mathematical signs 数学符号 There are signs of something wrong。 。
  4) n.招牌,标记 招牌, 招牌 Pay attention to the traffic signs.

  11. By + 点时间 By the end of last week, they had finished the task. By now he has been in China for three months. We will have learned 10 units by the end of this term.

  12.go camping 类似词组: 类似词组: go sailing go swimming go fishing go shopping go skating go skiing go dancing go hunting do shopping do reading
 

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