腰带以系住裤子. (b) cause sth to remain at a high level 使某事物处於高水平: The high cost of raw materials is keeping prices up. 原料费用昂贵使得产品价格居高不下. (c) not allow (one's spirits, strength, etc) to decline; maintain 不让(精力等)衰退; 维持; 保持: They sang songs to keep their morale up. 他们唱 歌以保持高昂的士气. (d) continue sth at the same (usu high) level 继续使某事物保持同样的(通常指高的)水平: The enemy kept up their bombardment day and night. 敌军一直日夜不停地狂轰滥炸. * We're having difficulty keeping up our mortgage payments. 我们难以继续支付分期偿还的抵押贷款. * You're all doing a splendid job; keep up the good work! 你们干得都很出色, 要坚持下去! (e) continue to practise or observe sth 照旧做某事物或遵守某事: keep up old customs, traditions, etc 沿袭古老的风俗、 传统等 * Do you still keep up your Spanish? 你仍在学西班牙语吗? (f) maintain (a house, garden, etc) in good condition by spending money or energy on it 保养, 维修(房屋、 花园等): The house is becoming too expensive for them to keep up. 他们的房子维修费用贵得越来越修不起了. Cf 参看 upkeep. keep `up (with sb/sth) move or progress at the same rate (as sb/sth) 跟上(某人[某事物]); (与某人[某事物])同步前进: Slow down I can't keep up (with you)! 慢点, 我跟不上(你)了! * I can't keep up with all the changes in computer technology. 计算机技术的各种改进有些我已跟不上了. keep up (with sth) rise at the same rate (as sth) 以(某事物的)同样速率上升: Workers' incomes are not keeping up with inflation. 工人的收入赶不上通货膨胀. keep up with sb continue to be in contact with sb 保持与某人的联系: How many of your old school friends do you keep up with? 你和中学时的老同学保持联系的有多少? keep up with sth inform oneself or learn about (the news, current events, etc) 知悉(消息); 跟上(形势): She likes to keep up with the latest fashions. 她喜欢穿戴入时.
  kept woman
  (dated or joc 旧或谑) woman who is provided with money and a home by a man with whom she is having a sexual relationship (受供养的)姘妇.
  / ki:p; kip/ n 1 [U] (cost of providing) food and other necessities of life 食物等生活必需品; 生活费: It's time you got a job and started paying for your keep! 你该找份工作, 负担自己的生活费了! * (fig 比喻) Does that old car still earn its keep? ie Is it useful enough to be worth the cost of keeping it? 那辆旧汽车还值得维修吗? 2 [C] strongly built tower of an ancient castle 古代城堡中的强固主楼. 3 (idm 习语) for `keeps (infml 口) permanently; for ever 永远地; 永久地: Can I have it for keeps or do you want it back? 我可以永久保留它呢还是要我还给你?
  / 5ki:pE(r); `kipL/ n 1 person who looks after animals in a zoo or a collection of items in a museum (动物园的)饲养员; (博物馆的)保管人. 2 (esp in compounds 尤用以构成复合词) person who is in charge of or looks after sth 负责或照料某事物的人: a `lighthouse-keeper * a `gamekeeper * a `shopkeeper. 3 (infml 口)(a) = goalkeeper (goal). (b) = wicket-keeper (wicket). 4 (idm 习语) finders keepers => finder (find
  / 5ki:pIN; `kipIN/ n (idm 习语) for safe keeping => safe
  1. in sb's keeping in sb's care or custody 在某人处保管; 受某人监护: I'll leave the keys in your keeping. 我把钥匙交你保管. in/out of keeping (with sth) in/not in conformity or harmony 一致[不一致]; 协调[不协调]: a development wholly in keeping with what we expected 与我们预期完全相符的发展 * That tie is not quite in keeping. 那条领带不十分协调. in safe keeping => safe
  / 5ki:pseIk; `kip9sek/ n gift, usu small and often not very costly, that is kept in memory of the giver or previous owner 纪念品: My aunt gave me one of her brooches as a keepsake. 我的姑母把她的一只胸针送给我作纪念.
  / keg; kZ^/ n small barrel, usu containing less than 10 British or 30 US gallons of liquid 小桶(通常容量不足10英加仑或30美加仑). =>illus at barrel 见barrel插图.
  keg beer
  (Brit) beer served from kegs, using gas pressure 小桶啤酒(用气压压出).
  / kelp; kZlp/ n [U] type of large brown seaweed 大型褐藻.
  / 5kelvIn; `kZlvIn/ n (abbr 缩写 K) unit (equal tothe Celsius degree) of an international scale of temperature(the Kelvin scale) with 0 at absolute zero (2
  73.15C) 开(开尔文温标的计量单位, 其零度为绝对零度, 等於2
  73.15C). =>App 11 见附录
  / ken; kZn/ n (idm 习语) beyond/outside one's ken not within one's range of knowledge 超出某人知识范围: The workings of the Stock Exchange are beyond most people's ken. 证券交易所的运作情况大多数人都不了解.
  / ken; kZn/ v (-nn-, pt kenned or kent, pp kenned) [Tn, Tf, Tw] (Scot 苏格兰) know 知道.
  / 5kenl; `kZnl/ n 1 [C] shelter for a pet dog 狗窝; 狗房: Rover lives in a kennel in the back garden. 小狗罗弗的窝在後花园. 2 [C] shelter for a pack of hounds 一群猎犬的窝棚. 3 kennels [sing or pl v] place where dogs are bred, cared for, etc 养狗场: We put the dog into kennels when we go on holiday. 我们去度假时把狗送到养狗场寄养.
  v (-ll-; US also -l-) [Tn] put or keep (a dog) in a kennel or kennels 将(狗)关进狗窝或送到养狗场: She kennels her dog in the yard. 她把狗关进院子的狗窝里.
  / 5keIpI; `kepI/ n type of French military cap with a horizontal peak 法国军帽.
  pt, pp of keep
  kerb (also esp US curb)
  / k\:b; k[b/ n stone or concrete edge of a pavement at the side of a road (镶石的)路缘, 路边: Stop at the kerb and look both ways before crossing (the road). 先站在路边看清左右再过马路.
  n [U] driving slowly along trying to persuade sb on the pavement to enter one's car, esp for sexual purposes 开车沿路边缓慢行驶(尤指为性关系勾引人): be arrested for kerb-crawling 因沿路边慢驶勾引人而被拘捕.
  kerb drill
  set of rules for crossing the road safely 过马路的安全规则.
  n block of stone or concrete forming part of a kerb 路缘石; 路边石.
  / 5k\:tFIf; `k[tFIf/ n (arch 古) 1 square piece of cloth worn on the head or round the neck, esp by women 方头巾, 方围巾(尤指女用的). 2 handkerchief 手绢.
  / kE5fQfl; kL`fQfl/ n [U] (Brit infml 口) fuss; noise; excitement 混乱; 吵闹; 闹哄: What's all the kerfuffle (about)? 这乱哄哄的是怎麽回事?
  / 5k\:nl; `k[nl/ n 1 soft and usu edible part inside a nut or fruit stone (坚果或核果的)仁(通常可食). =>illus at nut 见nut插图. 2 part of a grain or seed within the hard outer shell (谷物去壳後的)粒, 子. 3 (fig 比喻) central or essential part (of a subject, plan, problem, etc) 核心; 要点; 中心: the kernel of her argument 她的论据的核心.
  kerosene, kerosine (also kerosine)
  / 5kerEsi:n; `kZrE9sin/ n [U] (esp US) = paraffin 1: [attrib 作定语] a kerosene lamp 煤油灯.
  / 5kestrEl; `kZstrEl/ n type of small falcon 红隼. =>illus at App 1 见附录1插图, page iv.
  / ketF; kZtF/ n small sailing-boat with two masts 双桅小帆船.
  / 5ketFEp; `kZtFEp/ (also esp US catsup / 5ktsEp;`kAtsEp/) n [U] thick sauce made from tomatoes, vinegar, etc and used cold as a seasoning 番茄酱.
  / 5ketl; `kZtl/ n 1 container with a spout, lid and handle, used for boiling water (烧水用的)壶: boil (water in) the kettle and make some tea 烧壶水沏茶. 2 (idm 习语) a different kettle of fish => different. a `fine, `pretty, etc kettle of fish messy, unpleasant or confusing situation 一团糟; 不愉快的事; 尴尬的局面. the pot calling the kettle black => pot
  / 5ketldrQm; `kZtl9drQm/ n large brass or copper bowl-shaped drum with skin stretched over the top, that can be tuned to an exact pitch 定音鼓. =>illus at App 1 见附录1插图, page xi.
  / ki:; ki/ n 1 [C] metal instrument shaped so that it will move the bolt of a lock (and so lock or unlock sth) 钥匙: turn the key in the lock 转动锁孔中的钥匙 * the car keys 汽车钥匙 * the key to the front door 前门的钥匙 * have a duplicate key cut, ie made 配钥匙. =>illus 见插图. 2 [C] similar instrument for grasping and turning sth, eg for winding a clock 类似钥匙的器具(如上钟表发条用的): Where's the key for turning off the radiator? 关散热器的开关在哪里? 3 [C] (a) (music 音) set of related notes, based on a particular note, and forming the basis of (part of) a piece of music 调: a sonata in the key of E flat major/A minor 一首降E大调[A小调]奏鸣曲 * This piece changes key many times. 这首曲子有多处变调. (b) (fig 比喻) general tone or style of sth (事 物的)基调, 调子, 调门儿: Her speech was all in the same key, ie monotonous. 她的演说自始至终是一个调子(单调乏味). 4 [C] any of the set of levers that are pressed by the fingers to operate a typewriter, piano, etc (打字机、 钢琴等的)键. =>illus at App 1 见附录1插图, pages x, xi. 5 [C] (a) set of answers to exercises or problems 题解; 答案: a book of language tests, complete with key 附答案的语言测验试题集. (b) explanation of the symbols used in a coded message or on a map, diagram, etc (地图、 图表等上的)略语表, 符号表, 凡例, 图例. 6 [C usu sing 通常作单数] ~ (to sth) thing that provides access, control or understanding 关键; 要诀: Diet and exercise are the key (to good health). 吃固定食物、 做运动是(身体健康的)关键. * The key to the whole affair was his jealousy. 整个事情的症结是因为他忌妒. 7 [sing] roughness given to a surface so that plaster or paint will stick to it (助灰浆或颜料附著的)粗糙表面: Gently sand the plastic to provide a key for the paint. 用砂纸在塑料上轻轻打磨出粗糙面以便涂颜料. 8 [C] (botany 植) winged fruit of some trees, eg the ash and elm 翅果(如 、 榆等树的果实). =>illus at App 1 见附录1插图, page i. 9 (idm 习语) under lock and key => lock
  adj [attrib 作定语] very important or essential 极重要的; 关键性的: a key figure in the dispute 争论中的关键人物 * a key industry, speech, position 重要的工业、 讲话、 位置.
  n set of keys (key1
  4) on a typewriter,piano, etc (打字机、 钢琴等的)键盘. =>illus at computer见computer插图. v 1 [I] operate a keyboard (eg for setting printing type) 用键盘操纵(如排字). 2 [Tn] enter (data) in a computer by means of a keyboard 用键盘将(数据)输入计算机. `keyboarder n person who operates a keyboard 操作键盘的人.
  n hole through which a key is put into a lock 锁孔; 钥匙孔.
  key money
  payment illegally demanded from a new tenant of a house or flat before he is allowed to move in 钥匙费(向新房客非法索取的费用).
  n 1 central theme of a speech, book, etc (演说、 书等的)要旨, 主题: Unemployment has been the keynote of the conference. 会议的主题是失业问题. * [attrib 作定语] a keynote speech, ie one setting the tone for or introducing the theme of a meeting, etc 定基调的演说. 2 (music 音) note on which a musical key is based 主音.
  n small keyboard of numbered buttons used instead of a dial on a telephone, for selecting a channel, etc on a television set, or for entering data in a computer 按钮式电话机键盘; 电视频道选择键盘; 计算机袖珍键盘.
  n ring on which keys are kept 钥匙圈. =>illus 见插图.
  key signature
  (music 音) sharps and flats shown on a piece of music indicating the key in which it is written 调号. =>illus at music 见music插图.
  n 1 (architecture 建) central stone at the top of an arch locking the others into position 拱顶石. 2 (usu sing 通常作单数) (fig 比喻) most important part of a plan, an argument, etc on which all the other parts depend (计划、 论据等的)基础, 主旨: Belief in a life after death is the keystone of her religious faith. 她的宗教信仰的基础是相信死後有来生. Cf 参看 corner-stone (corner
  / ki:; ki/ v 1 [Tn, Tn.p] ~ sth (in) (computing 计) type in (data) using a keyboard 用键盘输入(数据): I've keyed this sentence (in) three times, and it's still wrong!我把这



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