备战2011MBA\MPA英语写作专题
主讲人:曲静
应用文书信类评分标准
Format

  1.
  2.
  3.
  4. 称谓 正文 结尾 签名
=Content Occasion =Paragraph
Receiver
=tone =sentence
书信的分类及复习侧重点
(?)订购信;求学信;商业书信:索赔信;招 聘启事???删,不看 (?)感谢信;备忘录/报告;告示;便签?? ????边缘信 (?)投诉信 看一下即可。 (?)求职信;邀请信;十一、推荐信 比较重 要,细看。
格式
发信人地址 Addresser’s address 日期Date18 August 2004 / August 18, 20
  04. 收信人地址Addressee’s address
称谓
“Dear (name)” if you know the person’s name “Dear Sir or Madam” if you don’t know the person’s name “Dear Sirs” if you are writing to an organization Professor (Prof.) Doctor (Dr.) General (Gen.)
落款
Yours sincerely /Yours faithfully 署名Signature
样题分析
You are preparing for an English test and are in need of some reference books. Write a letter to the sales department of a bookstore to ask for:
  1) detailed information about the books you want,
  2) methods of payment,
  3) time and way of delivery. You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET
  2. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use "Li Ming" instead. You do not need to write the address.
首段表意图
(背景+我是谁)+我要干什么 I am writing this letter for the perpose of doing…… / because…… / to inform you that…… And I would be grateful if you would take the following content into consideration / account.
末端客套
①I would like to express my sincere gratitude for your attention to my letter.(感谢看信) ②In addition, let me apologize for any inconveniences I may have caused.(诸多不便打扰 了) ③I shall feel obliged by a reply at your earliest convenience.(请速回信) ④Your prompt and favorable reply would be highly appreciated.(请速回信)
询问信 (inquiry) )

  1.寻求什么样的信息或帮助
  2.提出所咨询的具体问题,强调这个信息对 自己的重要性
  3.表达获取信息的强烈愿望,并表示感谢
询问信 (inquiry)基本表达 )
Para 1: Identity + Intention I am and want to seek information on sth. I would like to inquire about some information on
询问信 (inquiry)基本表达 )
Para 2: Ask Questions I am wondering if you could supply information on sth. Besides, would you mind telling me sth?
询问信 (inquiry)基本表达 )
Para 3: Thanks【必备】
  1) I would appreciate it very much if you could have details concerningavailable.
  2) I am grateful for any possible information you’ll provide.
询问信 (inquiry)基本表达 )
Para 4: Request for Reply I am looking forward to a favorable/ satisfactory reply at your earliest convenience.
道歉信 (apology) )

  1.首先点名对因何事向收信人致歉
  2.说明道歉的具体原因,表明自己对待该事 的态度,及深刻的歉意。
  3.最后再次请求收信人的原谅。
道歉信 (apology)的基本表达 )
Para 1: Intention (Apology) I regret to . I am awfully sorry for any possible inconvenience I may have caused. I must apologize to you for doing sth.
道歉信 (apology)的基本表达 )
Para 2: Explanation for Apology If you should find our activities bothersome, please don’t hesitate to let us know. It is due to my negligence, for which I’m exceedingly sorry.
道歉信 (apology)的基本表达 )
Para 3: Remedy or Solution【补救措施/弥补
办法】
I’d like to make up for my carelessness. If you don’t mind, I plan to . (mail it to you / invite you over for a meal…) please accept my sincere apology foronce more.
样题分析
You have just come back from canada and found a music CD in your luggage that you forgot to return to Bob, your landlord there. Write him a letter to
  1)make an apology, and
  2)sugget a solution You should write about 100 words on answer sheet2
推荐信(recommendation) 推荐信( )
我很高兴推荐,并说明推荐人与被推荐人的 关系 列举推荐原因,写出被推荐人的专长和人格 魅力。 表明推荐人的态度,并表示感谢和支持。
推荐信(recommendation)基本表达 推荐信( )
Para 1: Intention (陈述意图) I will introduce,a good friend of mine who--.it is my pleasure to recommend sb to you
推荐信( 推荐信(recommendation)基本表达 )
Para 2:做过哪些事情【跟我有关】
褒奖词
bright, clever, capable, gifted, talented, ingenious, outstanding, prominent, diligent industrious, conscientious, hardworking, humorous, good-humored, cooperative, competent, innovative, ambitious, creative, original, imaginative, persistent, persevering, kind-hearted, generous, honest, helpful, cheerful, considerate, devoted, dedicated, committed, promising, far beyond the average person

  1)Scholastic aptitude学习方面的才能
A.Native intellectual ability(天赋) B.Capacity for analytical thinking(分析思考能力) C. Intellectual curiosity; spirit of inquiry(好奇心) D. Ability to work independently(独立学习工作的能力) E. Capability for abstract reasoning(抽象推理的能力) F.Ability to express his ideas orally and in writing(口头或文字的表达能力) G.Potential as a researcher(研究的潜力) H. Capacity, desire and determination for good quality graduate work(获得学业成功的能 力、愿望与决心)
2Academic performance学业上的表现
a.Breadth of general knowledge(知识丰富) b.Knowledge of literature in his field(本 专业领域知识) c. Grade or achievement(成绩或成就) d. Industry, diligence(勤勉) e. Participation in discussion(讨论积极)

  3)Languages(语言能力)
a. Ability to speak, understand, read and write the English language (听、说、读、写英文的能力) b. Ability to read significant literature in other languages than English(英语以外的语言阅读能力)
His performance in the school years was outstanding.XX had been the major speaker for my class discussions and he showed great talents in solving real problems and organizing his thoughts. He was clearly born with a keen mind for the science of psychology and was always coming up with original ideas. He can also express himself effectively in both spoken and written English. In addition, XX has a very pleasant personality. He has developed a strong sense of humor that attracts people around him, and working with him is always pretty much fun. but he is absolutely hard-working, often being the core of a group. besides, he has all the qualities of being a group leader.
推荐信( 推荐信(recommendation)基本表达 )
Para 3:现在打算做哪些事情【跟你有关】 I have no doubt that XX will be an ideal candidate for
推荐信( 推荐信(recommendation)基本表达 )
Para 4: Thanks 【参考Inquiry】 I would greatly appreciate it if you would give sb assistance and guidance. I hope that you can provide any possible help to him which I will always be grateful for you. please do not hesitate to ask me if you need any further information about him.
试题分析
Directions: You are asked to write a recommendation of your student for a position of marketing clerk about 100 words please express your reason clearly.You do not need to write the address.
邀请信(invitation) 邀请信( )
开头先表明要召开的会议,发出邀请 介绍会议日程安排,地点、日期、时间、会 议主题、组织者等 表达应邀的愉快心情,并希望尽快得到回复。
邀请信( 邀请信(invitation)的基本表达 )
Para 1: Activity Information (时 间 状 语), we are planning to
(在何时何地将要发生什么事情,举行什么活动, 无固定句型) and want to invite you to be ( or as)
the guest of honor on this occasion. It’s my honor on behalf of the organizing committee to invite you as the guest of honor on this occasion. It’s my great honor and pleasure to invite you to be the distinguished guest on this occasion.
Para 2: Reasons for Invitation (Praise and Assignment) You have distinguished yourself in the field of . (例:management) Therefore, you are requested to (布置任 务) .
Para 3: Request for Confirmation 【请求确认】 We shall all be delighted as well as honored if you can find time to spend on day with us. I will send further details as soon as I hear from you. I hope that you will accept this invitation. I eagerly hope you can come. I would appreciate a confirmation reply.
Dear sir, On behalf of the National Committee on US&China Relations, I am pleased to invite you to participate in our Citizen Involvement in Environmental Protection Delegation which will visit the United States from April 30 to May 15, 19
  97. The delegation will focus on the major topic: the development and implementation of public education tools in the promotion of environmental protection among American citizens. Again, we are delighted to be able to invite you to join the delegation and hope that you will be able to participate. We ask you to complete the attached form and return it to us NO LATER THAN February 15, 1997 to confirm your participation. I look forward to meeting you in New York. Sincerely, David M. Lampton
试题分析
Directions: Write an invitation to Mr John Sze, inviting him to be the calligraphy competition judge. The number of the words is no less than 100 words and you don’t need to write the address.
Dear Mr Sze, The 20th Taiwan Chinese Calligraphy Competition, organized by the Good Hope Association and Modern Trade Ltd., will accept entries from 3 March to 15 April 2004 As a renowned expert in Chinese calligraphy, you are invited to present as a member of our judges. We would also like to invite you to give away the prizes at the prize presentation ceremony, and to deliver a speech to the audience. I would appreciate it if you would give me a reply at your earliest convenience so that the necessary arrangements can be made soon without delay. In case of queries, please do not hesitate to contact me at 24088507 during office hours. Thank you. Yours sincerely. ×××
建议信或投诉信(suggestion) 建议信或投诉信( )
先表明要建议或投诉的事件 讲问题清晰的描述,并说明建议或投诉的原 因,并提出可供采纳的建议 表达最终圆满解决问题的期望,并做到言语 得体
建议信(suggestions)的基本表达
Para 1: Identity + Intention 【Given】 I am and I would like to make a few tentative proposals concerning .(例:the public policy / our library / …)
建议信(suggestions)的基本表达
Para 2: Suggestions(自己编) It would be better if our library could be open 24 hours. OR May I suggest to you that . (婉转的建议,
最后用句号)
OR May I have your attention to ?(提请你关注) To improve the situation, it is advisable to take the following measures. For one thing,for another,I do hope that the problems will be solved as soon as possible.
建议信(suggestions)的基本表达
Para3: Thanks【感谢别人花时间关注你的建
议】
I appreciate very much any time and trouble you would take in considering my suggestions
投诉信(complaints)的基本表达 投诉信( )
Para 1: Identity + Intention I am sb sth happened, so I have to write to you for complaint.
投诉信(complaints)的基本表达 投诉信( )
Para 2: Loss Description The accident has caused some losses to my life. I am suffering physically and mentally from this accident. To begin with, . What’s more, .
投诉信(complaints)的基本表达 投诉信( )
Para 3: Requirements (提要求不要客气) I demand that you compensate for my losses. I would like to be informed whether you can refund me the money
投诉信(complaints)的基本表达 投诉信( )
Para 4: Request for Reply(口气严厉) I hope a favorable answer can be supplied within two weeks.
试题分析
Directions:You bought a camera from a : reputable electrical shop the other week but found that there were some problems with the camera. Write a letter to the director of the sales department in the shop to tell: (
  1) what the problems with the camera are; (
  2) the trouble it caused with you; (
  3) what you would like them to do about it. You should write about 100 words. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming” instead. You don’t need to write the address.
Dear Sir or Madam, ①I am afraid I must complain about the bad performance of the camera I bought from your electrical shop. ②Two weeks ago, I bought a camera from you for your good reputation, and last Friday I visited the French art exhibition with it to take some precious photos, but I found all the photos were dim when I saw them. ③The clerk of the photo studio told me it was caused by the camera. ④I feel regret very much because the art exhibition has already been over, that means I will have no opportunity to take these photos again. ⑤I can’t imag
 

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