Being Excellent Is What Never Dies Mike Mike
主讲: Mike
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新概念英语第二册
Lesson 1 A private conversation
Today we fuckin morons will listen to a story about some other fuckin morons in the theatre.
KEY WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS
privately
adv.私人地
conversation
n. 谈话
go to the theatre
去看戏 play n.戏
talk loudly
大声讲话 angry a.生气的 angrily adv.生气地
turn round
转过身去
pay attention
注意,理会 bear v.容忍
Questions:
Where did the writer go last week? Why didn’t he enjoy the play? What did the young man say to the writer?
none of your business
不关你的事
rudely
adv.无礼地,粗鲁地
Question
  1:Where did the fuckin moron go last week? Answer:He went to the theatre. Question
  2:Why didn’t he enjoy the play? Answer:Because he could not hear the actors. A young man and a young woman behind him were talking loudly. Question
  3: What did the fuckin moron say to the writer? Answer:He said, “It’s none of your business. This is a private conversation.”
Last week I went to the theatre. I had a very good seat. The play was very interesting. I did not enjoy it. A young man and a young woman were sitting behind me. They were talking loudly. I got very angry. I could not hear the actors. I turned round. I looked at the man and the woman angrily. They did not pay any attention. In the end, I could not bear it. I turned round again. “I can’t hear a word!” I said angrily. “It’s none of your business,” the young man said rudely, “This is a private conversation!” go to the theatre/cinema/bank/post office enjoy the book/meal/music In the end = at last The weather is getting cold. bear = stand Can you hear me? Are you listening to me? Look at the blackboard! Can you see the boy under the tree? He is watching TV. Pay attention to the picture in my hand.
课文语言点
★语法
Last week I went to the theatre. I had a very good seat. The play was very interesting. I did not enjoy it. A young man and a young woman were sitting behind me. They were talking loudly. I got very angry. I could not hear the actors. I turned round. I looked at the man and the woman angrily. They did not pay any attention. In the end, I could not bear it. I turned round again. “I can’t hear a word!” I said angrily. “It’s none of your business,” the young man said rudely, “This is a private conversation!”
深层思考
Why did the young man say “this is a private conversation” to the writer? Because he misunderstood what the writer said to him. He thought the writer was eavesdropping. misunderstand v.误解 eavesdrop v.窃听 ,偷听
关键句型:简单陈述句的语序
陈述句用来叙述一件事情。课文中的所有句子都 是陈述句。凡是叙述一件事情的陈述句都是简单 陈述句。陈述句的语序很重要。 观察下面两个句子: The policeman arrested the thief. The thief arrested the policeman. 警察逮捕了小偷。 小偷逮捕的警察。
一个简单陈述句可以由六部分组成,但是并不是所有句子 都有这么多组成部分,而是包含其中的某几个。这六部分 的排列顺序是基本固定的。
When
Who? Which? What?
Action
Who? Which? What?
How?
Where?
When?
Last week
I went to the theatre. I had a very good seat. The play was very interesting. I did not enjoy it. They were talking loudly.
练习题
When Who? Which? What? Action Who? Which? What? How? Where? When?

  1. the film I enjoyed yesterday
  2. the news listened to I carefully
  3. well the man the piano played
  4. games played yesterday in their room the children quietly
  5. quietly the door he opened
  6. Immediately left he
  7. a tree in the corner of the garden he planted
  8. before lunch the letter in his office quickly he read
  9. this morning a book I from the library borrowed
Homework:
做完剩余的9道练习题,作业word文档将于此次课程结 束后上传至本系统,请大家下载。做完后将作业word以附 件的形式发送到E-mail:cothy20@qq.com,请在文档中 注明学生姓名。
补充:英语的五种基本句型
基本句型一:主+谓(S+V ) 基本句型二:主+系+表(S+V+P) 基本句型三:主+谓+宾(S+V+O) 基本句型四:主+谓+间宾+直宾(S+V+o+O) 基本句型五:主+谓+宾+补(S+V+O+C)
主语:执行句子的行为或动作的主体,是动词的发起者; 谓语:对主语动作或状态的说明,指出“是什么”、“做什么”、“怎么 样”。 宾语:句子中动词的接受者; 基本句型一 主谓结构 此句型中的谓语动词为不及物动词,不需要加宾语就能表达出完整的意思。 The man is smoking. We won. The sun rises. Everybody has arrived. His brother works hard. The man and the woman were talking loudly. 注意:带系动词的句子不一定是“主系表”结构!
基本句型二 主系表结构 连系动词分类:
  1.be动词:am/is/are/was/were
  2. 表示“…起来怎样”:look、seem、feel、smell、sound、taste
  3. 表示“变成怎样”:become、grow、turn、get
  4. 表示“持续怎样”:keep、stay、remain 此句型中的动词不能表达完整的意思,后面需要跟一个表示 主语身份(是什么)或状态(怎么样)的成分,这个成分称为表语。 I am a doctor. This is an English dictionary. He looks strong. The breakfast smells good. He is growing tall and strong. Her face turned red. You will keep healthy. 基本句型三 主谓宾结构 此句型中的动词具有实际意义,都是主语产生的动作,但不能表达完整的意思,后面 必须跟一个该动作的承受者,也就是宾语。这类动词称为及物动词。 He knows the answer. My mother is making a cake. I like playing basketball. The little boy ate an apple. She wants to have a cup of tea. The dog can help the blind people.
基本句型四 主谓+间宾+直宾 此句型中的及物动词必须跟两个宾语才能表达出完整的意思。 直接宾语:动作的直接承受者,通常为物; 间接宾语:动作的间接承受者,通常为人。 My friend give me a birthday present. My father bought me a book. He told me a story. She showed him her new hat. My pen pal sent me a postcard. 基本句型五 主谓+宾+补 此句型中的及物动词只跟一个宾语还不能表达出完整的意思,需要加上一个补充成分 来补足宾语,使其意思完整。 He called him Bob. They found this house dirty. I saw him playing on the playground. He asked me to come back soon. They painted the door green. 总结: 总结:判断一个句子属于哪种结构,可以先考虑其是否属于主系表结构,如果不是, 则属于含有主谓成分的结构;然后再根据动词后是否有宾语及其结构确定句型结构。 My best friend bought his mother a birthday present yesterday.
练习题
试判断下列各句的句型结构 Last week I went to the theatre. I had a very good seat. The play was very interesting. I did not enjoy it. A young man and a young woman were sitting behind me. They were talking loudly. I got very angry. I could not hear the actors. I turned round. I looked at the man and the woman angrily. They did not pay any attention. This is a private conversation.
BAD MANNERS IN PUBLIC PLACES
Smoking without asking people Talking loudly on the cell phones Jumping in the queue Staring at somebody for a long time Laughing at the disabled
See you next time…
? appear v. 登场,扮演 [?'pi?] ? stage n. 舞台 [steid3] ? bright adj. 鲜艳的 [brait] ? stocking n. (女用)长筒袜 [‘stOki?] 清音浊 化 ? sock n. 短袜 [sOk]
? ☆appear v.登场,扮演 appear:
  1.显示,露面;反义:disappear消失 不见 ? appear on the stage as:扮演……角色 as:I work as a teacher.比I am a teacher.更好 appear:
  2.显得(系动词) ☆stage n.舞台 on the stage:在舞台上 in the stage:在某一阶段
? ☆bright鲜艳的 [brait] adj. 鲜艳的 鲜艳的 鲜艳的bright red : 鲜红 明黄色, 色bright yellow : 明黄色, ? The bright sun lit up the meadow.灿烂的太阳照亮 灿烂的太阳照亮 草地。 草地; 草地。 meadow ['med?u] n. 草地;牧场 The box was painted bright red. 盒子被漆成鲜红色。 盒子被漆成鲜红色。 ?
  2. (颜色 鲜亮的 鲜明的 欢快的 开朗的 生气勃勃的 颜色)鲜亮的 鲜明的
  3. 开朗的;生气勃勃的 颜色 鲜亮的,鲜明的 欢快的;开朗的 She has blue and bright eyes她有一对蓝色的欢快 她有一对蓝色的欢快 的眼睛。 的眼睛。.
  4. 聪颖的 机灵的 聪颖的;机灵的 He is full of bright ideas.他足智多谋 他足智多谋 ?
  5. 前途光明的 If you work hard, you will have a bright future. 如果努力工作,你将会有一个美好的前程 你将会有一个美好的前程。 如果努力工作 你将会有一个美好的前程。
? ★stocking n. (女用 长筒袜 (棉的 绒 女用)长筒袜 棉的 棉的, 女用 并不是现在的丝袜) 的, 并不是现在的丝袜 ? ★sock n. 短袜 ? Old socks =buddy老兄 老兄 ? Pull up your socks!【谚语】 ! 谚语】 ? 鼓起劲来! 鼓起劲来!
? Always young My aunt Jennifer is an actress.She must be at least t hirtyfive years old.In spite of this,she often appears o n the stage as a young girl.Jennifer will have to take part in a new play soon.This time,she will be a girl of seventeen.In the play,she must appear in a bright re d dress and long black stockings.Last year,in anothe r playshe had to wear short sock and a bright,orange coloured dress.If anyone ever asks her how old she i s,she always answers,'Darling,it must be terrible to b e grown up!'
? ☆以-or,-er结尾的是男性,以-ess结尾的是 女性(不是全部) actor:男演员;actress:女演员 waitor:男服务员;waitress:女服务员 prince:王子;princess:公主 lion:公狮子;lioness:母狮子 teacher男女通用 doctor:男医生;woman doctor:女医生
? ? ? ?
least……little的最高级 “至少 最少” 的最高级 至少, 最少” 的最高 at most…… “最多” 最多” 最多 She is fifteen years old. 她十五岁了 她十五岁 She must be fifteen years old. 她很可能 十五岁 十五岁 ? She must be at most fifteen years old. 她最多十五岁 她最多十五岁 ? She must be at least fifteen years old. 她至少十五岁 她至少十五岁 ? She must be a model.
? in spite of : 尽管 (“of” 为介词, 后面一定 会加名词或代词) ? in spite of this : 尽管如此 ? In spite of this,I still like school. “school” 前不加 “the” 表示上学, 加 “the” 只表示学校 ? In spite of ……=despite
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
join:参加了某一种团体 参加了某一种团体take part in :参加某一种活动 参加了某一种团体 参加某一种活动 attend : 出席 join the army : 参军 参军join the party : 入党 join us:(口)加入我们 这个团体 中来 加入我们(这个团体 中来join sb./sth. 口 加入我们 这个团体)中来 take part in the race : 参加比赛 take part in a playtake part in the party attend the meeting : 参加会议 出席会议 参加会议, attend the party : 出席宴会 出席宴会attend the class : 上课 Thank you for your attending.谢谢大家的出席 到来 谢谢大家的出席(到来 谢谢大家的出席 到来) Thank you for your listening.谢谢大家的听讲 谢谢大家的听讲
? ☆in(介词)+颜色、衣服:穿着……衣 服 用介词短语取代动词,避免了一句话中 出现两个动词的尴尬 ☆ever=at any time:任何时候(时间副 词) ☆grown up:长成人 grown-up:(形容词短语)成年人
? 两种年龄的表达 : ? She is eighteen years old. ? ? ? ? ? She is a girl of eighteen . must do :
  1、必须做 =have to;
  2、推测 in……(介词)穿着...样的衣服 (+颜色、衣服) 用介词短语取代动词, 避免了一句话中出现两 个动词
? ? ? ? ? ? ?
bright,orange-coloured dress : 鲜艳的桔黄色衣服 ever==at any time : 任何时候(时间副词) it must be : 一定(推测) must +原形……对现在的推测 it……形式主语, 用不定式做真正的主语 be grown-up : 作为一个成年人 must be thirty-five years old
? 当有人问你年龄时, 你可以这样回答 : ? It is a secret/It is privacy. ? I forget it. / twenty-nine
【Key structures】 】
? Must的用法 : ? Must+原形…… (
  1)=have to “不得不, 必须” (
  2)(对 现在的)推测 ? 在过去时的句子中, 要用have to 来表示 “必须” ? have to……可以有任意时态 ? She will have to.../She had to.../She has to...She has/I have had to... ? have to……作为实义动词, 否定式为don't have to ? will not have to/didn't have to ? 对现在的推测 : must do对过去的推测 : must have done ? 在 I think.he thinks...的从句中, 一定要用事实说话. (不 能说成 “I think he must be a fool.” ) ?
? 【Special Difficulties】 难点 ? (a) As: ? As a young girl...(介词)"作为" ? As I
 

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