Being Excellent Is What Never Dies Mike Mike
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Lesson 1
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状 语 从 句 讲 练
状语从句
用作状语的从句叫做状语从句。 用作状语的从句叫做状语从句。引导状语从句的关联词是 一些从属连词。 一些从属连词。 ? 例: ? When you cross the road, you must be careful. 当你过马路时要小心。(when是从属连词) ? I was late because I missed the bus. 我迟到了,因为我误了公共汽车。 ( because是从属连词). ? If she asks me, I’ll tell her. 她如果问我,我就告诉她。(if是从属连词) ? You look as if you need a rest. ? 你像是需要休息似的。(as if是从属连词).
状语从句的位置比较灵活,有时可以放于句 状语从句的位置比较灵活,有时可以放于句 比较灵活 有时可以置于句末 状语从句位于句首 句末。 首,有时可以置于句末。状语从句位于句首 其后常用逗号与后面的句子隔开。 常用逗号与后面的句子隔开 时,其后常用逗号与后面的句子隔开。 状语从句可以根据其用途分为 可以根据其用途分为: 状语从句可以根据其用途分为: 时间状语从句、地点状语从句、原因状语从 时间状语从句、地点状语从句、原因状语从 状语从句 状语从句 结果状语从句 目的状语从句 条件状 状语从句、 状语从句、 句、结果状语从句、目的状语从句、条件状 语从句、让步状语从句 比较状语从句 状语从句、 状语从句、 语从句、让步状语从句、比较状语从句、方 状语从句。 式状语从句。

  1. 时间状语从句 ?引导时间状语从句的关联词常有:after, before, when, while, whenever, as soon as, the moment, as, since, until, the minute, ?the second, immediately, directly, instantly 等。例:
? The ball goes up very high after it hits the
ground. 这球着地后蹦得很高。 ? Wait until you’re called. 你等着叫你吧!
When he came, I was cooking. 他来时,我在做饭。 I’ll call you as soon as I come back. 我一回来就给你打电话。 Before they came back, we had finished the work. 他们回来前,我们已经完成工作了。 We haven’t seen each other since he left. 从他离开后我们没见过面。
持续性/ ※ when: 持续性/非持续性动词都可以 ①当…时 时 Are you going to be a sailor when you leave school? ②正在…忽然 when =at this time/at that time 正在 忽然 sb. was doing … when… sb was about to do /was going to do…when… sb has just done …when
★When 的其他含义:
Why do you walk when you have a car? ③在...的情况下 How can we explain it to you when you won’t listen? ④if Why are you here when you should be in school? ⑤本该...而
※while 的其他含义: While I was walking down the street, I came when across an old friend. ( while =) He likes pop music, while I am fond of folk but music. ( while =) While I really don’t like art, I find his work although impressive. (while=) While there is life there is hope. as long as (while=)
※ as : 当…时;一边…一边;随着…… *某事一发生,另一事立即发生 As the captain passed me, I asked him whether there was any hope of saving the ship. *两个动作同时发生 As the day went on, the weather got worse.
★ as的常见用法:
  1.She sang as she worked. ①一边……一边……
  2. Smart as he is ,he doesn’t study hard. ②虽然(倒装)
  3. You must try to do as I did. ③像…..一样
  4. As she was late for class, she had to say sorry. ④由于
★the minute, the second等名词短语可以 等名词短语可以 引导时间状语从句:

  1. Every time I was in trouble, he would come to help me. me.
  2. Next time you come, do remember bring your son here. here.
  3. First time I met the girl. I felt in love with her. girl. her.
  4. You are welcome to come back any time you want to. to.
  5. Last time she saw James, he was lying in bed. bed.
语法规则: 语法规则: every time, each time, next time, the first time, any time 等名词短语引 导状语从句不加介词。
? ※ “一 … 就” “刚….就” ? 我一到达上海就给你打电话。(时态)
I will call you as soon as I arrive in Shanghai. ? 时态要求:以一般现在时代替将来时 ? 改错: I hardly got home when it began to rain. had
?
翻译为“刚 … 就”的连接词有 no sooner...than,hardly...when,scarcely...when
? 时态要求: ? 主句谓语动词用 主句谓语动词用had done, 从句用 从句用did
※till, until和not…until:
  1.until/till引导时间状语从句用于肯定句时,主句 的动词是延续性动词,表示动作或状态一直持续 到until/till所表示的时间,意为“某动作一直延续 到某时间点才停止”。如: We waited until he came.
  2.用于否定句时,主句谓语动词是非延续性动 词,从句为肯定,意为“某动作直到某时间才开 始”。如:
He won’t go to bed till/until she returns.
  3.till不可以置于句首,而until可以。如: Until you told me I had no idea of it.
  4.not…until句型中的强调和倒装说法: 4 not until It was not until you told me that I had any idea of it. (强调句) Not until you told me did I have any idea of it. (倒装)
the moment (as soon as) the minute/the second/ immediately/directly/instantly she appeared
When
  1. he comes here tomorrow, I will call you.
  2. While/When he was walking in the street, he met Tim.
  3. She sang she worked. as
  4. There was an applause
on the stage.

  5.It won’t be long before won’ he finishes his writing.
  6. he had finished his work, he After left there. since
  7.It is two years he came here. Every time/each time
  8. I catch a cold, I have pain in my back. Until
  9. she told me, I had no idea of she what they had said .

  2. 地点状语从句
地点状语从句由 where, wherever 等引导。 例如: ? He went to where his father worked
five years ago.
? You can take a walk wherever you like
to.
? Mom, what did your doctor say? He advised me to live where the air
is fresher?

  3. 原因状语从句
? 原因状语从句通常由because, as, since,
now that, considering (that), seeing (that)
等词引导。
? because语气较强,用以回答why问句 ? as语气较弱,较口语化,所表示的原因
较明显。 ? since语气较弱,常表对方已知的事实, 相当于汉语的“既然”。
? for 放句中,引导后半句表原因。 放句中,引导后半句表原因。 ? now that 既然 ,表示原因放在句首。 ? considering that 考虑到/鉴于( 句首) 考虑到/鉴于( 句首) ? seeing that 鉴于/由于/既然/因为 鉴于/由于/既然/ 句首) (句首)
Because
  1. he was ill, he didn’t go to school. Since
  2. you do not understand, I will explain again.
  3. As she was late for class, she had to say sorry. Now that
  4. class is over, let’s go to play football. for
  5. He must be ill, he is absent today.
because
  6. I eat potatoes I like them. 我吃土豆是因为我喜欢土豆。
  7. I didn’t know the way, I asked a As policeman. 我由于不知道路,因而问警察。 Since
  8. you won’t help me, I’ll ask someone else. 你既然不帮我,那我就请别人帮我。

  4. 结果状语从句 ? 结果状语从句常用so that, such that等关联
词引导。e.g.
? He is so young that he can’t go to work.
他如此小以致于他不能上班。 ? He got so little pay that his family had to live on welfare money. 他工资很少,他的家人不得不靠救济金生活。 ? It’s such a good chance that we mustn’t miss it. 机会这样好,我们决不能失掉。

  1. It is good a story that I’ll so never forget it. it. such
  2. It is a good story that I’ll never forget it. it.

  5. 目的状语从句
?目的状语从句常由so that, in order that等词
引导,目的状语从句常用助动词may (might), shall(should), will(would), can (could)。目的状语从句常放于主句之后, 例:
? Speak clearly so that they may understand
you. 你要讲得清楚,他们才听得懂。 ? He spoke slowly in order that everyone should understand. 他讲得很慢以便人人能听懂。

  1. They set out early
so that (in order that) they might arrive there in time. in case
  2. Take your raincoat it should rain.
  3. The boy hid himself behind the tree in case/for fear that his father should see him.

  4. I’d like to arrive 20 minutes early I can have time for a cup of tea. A. as soon as B. as a result C. in case D. so that
  5. You'd better take something to read when you go to see the doctor you have to wait. A. even if B. as if C. in case D. in order that

  6. 条件状语从句
? 条件状语从句表示条件,关联词常用if或unless,
as (so) long as. if , once, as/so long as,as far as,unless, on condition that, in case 等。
? If it snows tomorrow, we will build a snowman.
明天如果下雪,我们就堆雪人。 ? You’ll catch a cold unless you put on your coat. 你会感冒的除非你穿上大衣。 ? He will do anything as long as it is interesting. 只要有趣,他什么都愿意干。

  1. you touch an English If person, you should say “sorry”.
  2. they are dirty, certain Once seas are not able to clean themselves. As long as
  3. we don’t lose heart, we’ll find a way to overcome the difficulty. As far as
  4. I know you shouldn’t have any problem there.

  5. You can have my bicycle for a few days you return it by on condition that Sunday. In case
  6. anything important happens, please call me up. Suppose/Supposing
  7. you had one million dollars, what would you do?
  8. Don’t touch anything your unless teacher tells you to.

  7. 让步状语从句
?让步状语从句,表示“虽然,尽管,即使”等
概念,常用的关联词有:though, although, even though等。
? Though he was ill, he was still working.
他虽然有病,但仍然继续工作。 ? Although it is difficult, we shall do it. 此事虽难,但我们还是要做。 ? Even though you say so, I do not believe it. 即使你这样说,我也不信。
此外,让步状语从句还可以用 whether/ no matter whether,whoever/no matter who,whatever/ no matter what, whenever/ no matter when ……等引导, 意为 “ 不管……”, “无论……” 例如: ? It has the same result, whichever way
you do it.
? I will go , whether you come with me or stay at home.
注:
? ①though和although可以互换,只是
although比较正式。 ? ②though不可以与连词but连用,但可以 与yet,still连用,例: ? Though he worked hard, he couldn’t pass the exam. 虽然他很努力,但还是没通过考试。
Even though (even if)
  1. he is old ,he works hard. Although / Though
  2. you say so,I don’t believe it.
  3. Smart he is ,he doesn’t study hard. as
  4. The old tower must be saved, the cost. A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. wherever

  8. 比较状语从句 ? 比较状语从句常用than或as…as,the
more… the more等引导。than表示两者 的比较,as…as表示程度相同的比较; The more…the more…表示” 越…越…”。 例:
That book is more interesting than this one. 那本书比这本有趣。 He runs as fast as I (do). 他和我跑得一样快。 The more I see him , the less I like him. 我越看他就越不喜欢。

  1. He doesn’t work so hard you do. as the less
  2.The more you worry, you’ll succeed. than
  3.She did worse in the test she expected.

  9. 方式状语从句
方式状语从句由 as, as if , as though 等 引导。例如: ? You can do it as what I just did. ? I couldn’t moved my legs. It was as if
they were stuck to the floor.
? He sounds as though he ‘s got a sore
throat.

  1. You must try to do I did. as

  2. The old lady treats the boy as if/though he were her son.
注:1 注:1
?
①比较状语从句后面的主语在口语中常用 宾格。 ? ②如果后面的句子主语为主格时,可以加 助动词、情态动词等。
? ?
He can jump higher than I can. 他能比我跳得高。 He came later than LiLei did. 他比李磊来得晚。
注:2 注:2
★because of和because的区别 ① because of后加名词代词或动名词, 不加句子,而because加句子,例:
? Because of his illness, he didn’t go to
work.
 

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