PEP 小学五年级下册 Unit4 What are you doing?
一、学习目标
  1.能听、说、读、写动词短语的 ing 形式;
  2.能运用句子“What are you doing?I am doing the…进行询问;
  3.掌握五个动词短语的 ing 形式,能理解课时的主要句型; 二、学习重难点 重点:动词短语 ing 形式的读音;动词短语 ing 形式的灵活运用; ; 三、重点词汇 Draw pictures 画画 cook dinner 做饭 read a book 看书 answer the phone 接电话 see you later 再见 Listen to music 听音乐 clean the room 打扫房间 write a letter 写信 write an e-mail 写电子邮件 speak to 和…讲话 Hold on 等一下,停住 四、四会句子
  1.What are you doing ? I’m drawing pictures/cooking dinner…
  2.Can I speak to your…? Please hold on .
  3.There’s a call for you .
  4.Who’s that ? This is …. 五、语法 现在进行时: 现在进行时:表示说话时正在进行或发生的动作,也可表示当前一段时间内的活 动或现阶段正在进行的动作. 结构:助动词 be ( am / is / are ) +现在分词. ★ 现在分词的构成:
  1.大多数动词后可在动词后直接加-ing. Eg: carry-carrying,catch-catching,drink-drinking, enjoy-enjoying hurry-hurrying ,do-doing , read-reading , think-thinking
  2. 如果动词以-e 结尾,则去掉-e,再加-ing, 如 come-coming , have-having , make-making,ride-riding,write-writing,take-taking,use-using.
  3. 如果动词只有一个元音字母,而其后跟有一个辅音字母时,将此辅音字母双写, 再加-ing 如: hit-hitting,let-letting, put-putting,run-running,sit-sitting.
  4. 如果动词有两个音节,且重音在第二个音节上,则末尾的辅音字母须双写,再加 -ing,
如: for’get-forgetting,pre’fer-preferring,up’set-upsetting.试比 较 ’benefit/benfiting, ’differ/differing,’profit/profiting,这些词的重音在第一个音节 上,因此其末尾的辅音字母不双写.
  5. 以 -ic 结尾的动词,应先把 -ic 变为 -ick,再加 -ing,eg: panic/panicking,picnic/picnicking,但 lie/lying ,die/dying,tie/tying 是特殊变化要记 住. ★句型结构: 句型结构: 句型结构
  1.现在进行时的肯定形式、否定形式、疑问形式及其回答,所有变化都体现在助动 词 be ( is / am / are ) 上.
  1)现在进行时的肯定形式:主语+be(am/ is/are)+doing+其他成分 I am singing . They are writing .
  2)现在进行时的否定形式:主语+be(am/ is/are)+not +doing+其他成分 I am not singing . They aren’t writing .
  3)一般疑问句及回答:be(am/ is/are)+ 主语+doing+其他成分 Am I singing ? Yes ,you are . / No ,you aren’t . Are they writing ? Yes ,they are . / No ,they aren’t .
  4)特殊疑问句及回答:特殊疑问词+be(am/ is/are)+主语+doing+其他成分 What are you doing ? We are playing (要求就提问内容具体回答).
  2. 缩写形式如下: I amI’m You areYou’re He isHe’s She isShe’s It isIt’s We areWe’re They areThey’re
  3.说明: 不是所有动词都能用现在进行时态的,如: see、like、want、know 等动词往往都不用进行时态. ★用法: 用法:
  1.表示现在( 指说话人说话时) 正在发生的事情.往往与 now,at the moment,just 等副词连用,以示强调. We are waiting for you. What are you doing? Some one’s knocking at the door.
  2.正在进行着的动作可视为未完成的动作: He’s talking to his friends in the classroom. 可用 still 一词强调动作的持续性 He’s still talking to his friends in the classroom.
  3. 表示长期的或重复性的动作,说话时动作未必正在进行. Mr. Black is writing another article. Don’t take that book away. Your father’s using it. She is learning piano under Mr. Black.
  4.现在进行时可用来表示不会长期发生的动作或情况,或被认为在短期内正在进 行的动作或存在的情况:
What’s your brother doing these days? He’s studying English at Oxford University.
  5.现在进行时也可以用来表示当前的动向: People are becoming more and more beautiful these days.
  6. 表示渐变的动词有:become,turn,get,grow,run,go,begin 等. The leaves are turning brown. It’s getting colder and colder.
  7.与 always,constantly,forever 等词连用,表示反复发生的动作或持续存在的状态, 往往带有说话人的主观色彩. You are always changing your mind.
  8. 现在进行时(以及 be going to)可以表示为将来安排好的活动和事件 We’re spending next winter in China. 用 arrive,come,go,leave 等动词的现在进行时描写 行 程安排,也通常有“将到达”和“将离去”的意思: He’s arriving tomorrow morning.
  9.当现在进行时表示某事发生的次数过多时,则有时含有抱怨,讨厌,赞扬等的意 思: He is always singing at night,and we can’t fall asleep late at night.
六、随堂练习 ⑴. 写出下列动词的现在分词形式 work sing play __ study have dance write __ take run sit shop swim lie ⑵.按要求改写句子
  1. The boy is playing basketball. 否定句:一般疑问句: 肯定回答:否定回答: 对“is playing basketball”提问: 对“The boy”提问:
  2. They are singing in the classroom. 否定句: 一般疑问句: ⑶. 用现在进行时完成下列句子
  1. What you (do)?

  2. I (sing) an English song.
  3. What he (mend)?
  4. He (mend) a car.
  5. you (fly) a kite? Yes, .
  6. she (sit) in the boat?
  7. you (ask) questions?
  8. We (play) games now.
  9. What are you (do) now? I (eat) bread.
  10. It’s nine o’clock. My father(work) in the office.
  11.
  12. Look, the boy(put) the rubbish into the bin. he(clean) the classroom? No, he isn’t.
He(play).
  13. Where is Max? He(run) on the grass.
  14. Listen, who(sing) in the music room?
Oh, Mary(sing) there. ⑷选择题
  1. Who over there now? A. singing B. are sing C. is singing D. sing
  2. It’s eight o’clock. The students an English class. A. have B. having C. is having D. are having
  3. Listen! The baby in the next room. A. crying B. cried C. is crying D. cries
  4. Look! The twins new sweaters. A. are wearing B. wearing C. are wear D. is wearing
  5. Don’t talk here. Grandparents . A. is sleeping B. are sleeping C. sleeping D. sleep
  6. Tom is a worker. He in a factory. His sisters in a hospital. A. work/ work B. works/ work C. work/ works
  7. Who English best in your class? A. speak B. speaks C. speaking

  8. Mrs. Read the windows every day. A. is cleaning B. clean C. cleans
  9. We music and often to music. A. like/ listen B. likes/ listens C. like/ are listening
  10. She up at six in the morning. A. get B. gets C. getting
  11. On Sundays he sometimes his clothes and sometimes some shopping. A. wash/ do B. is washing/ is doing C. washes/ does
  12. The twins usually milk and bread for breakfast, but Jim some coffee for it. A. have/ have B. have/ has C. has/ have
 

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