fruit (水果) apple banana grapes orange pear peach watermelon strawberry pineapple food (食物) hungry rice bread cake hot dog hamburger chicken French fries fish noodles beef soup vegetable egg cabbage green beans tofu pork tomato potato cucumber onion carrot mutton eggplant breakfast lunch dinner knife fork plate spoon chopsticks tasty sweet sour
fresh salty thirsty drink water Coke juice milk tea coffee favourite animal (动物) cat dog monkey panda rabbit duck pig bird bear elephant mouse squirrel giraffe deer sheep horse hen lamb goat cow kangaroo colour (颜色) red yellow green blue purple white black orange pink brown number (数字) 基数词 one
two three four five six seven eight nine ten eleven twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen twenty thirty forty fifty sixty seventy eighty ninety one hundred 序数词 first second third fourth fifth sixth seventh eighth ninth tenth traffic (交通) bus bike taxi jeep ship train plane airplane
phone walk traffic light traffic rule turn left turn right go straight job (职业) teacher students singer writer actor actress artist TV reporter engineer accountant policeman salesperson cleaner farmer doctor nurse cleaner study (学习) pen pencil pencil-case ruler eraser crayon book bag sharpener school school buildings(学校 建筑) play ground garden teacher’s office library canteen art room computer room washroom music room
gym TV room English class window board light picture door floor class room computer teacher’s desk wall fan Chinese book English book math book schoolbag story-book notebook music science sports computer game painting clothes (衣服) jacket shirt skirt dress sweater T-shirt jeans pants socks shoes shorts sneakers slippers sandals boots body(身体) head face nose mouth eye
ear arm hand finger leg foot body long hair short hair tooth family(家人) father dad mother mom daughter son man woman grandfather grandmother grandpa grandma sister brother baby aunt uncle cousin (家具) study bathroom bedroom living room kitchen home phone bed sofa shelf fridge table window desk door chair bed
air-conditioner curtain trash bin closet mirror end table weather(天气) warm hot cool cold rainy sunny windy snowy cloudy nature(自然) sky earth sun moon cloud mountain river flower tree grass lake forest path park house bridge road building sea air vapour stream sprout plant seed soil season(四季) spring summer fall
winter week(星期) Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday month(月份) January February March April May June July August September October November December 节日 New Year Tree-planting Day Women’s Day Labour Day Children’s Day Arm Day Mid-autumn Day Teachers’ Day National Day Easter Day April Fool’s Day Mother’s Day Father’s Day Halloween Thanksgiving Day Christmas Day Valentine’s Day 动词短语 do homework do housework do the dishes empty the trash cook the meals water the flowers
sweep the floor wash the windows make the bed set the table put away the clothes do morning exercises eat breakfast eat dinner get up fly kites make a snowman draw pictures answer the phone listen to music writer a letter writer an e-mail pick up leaves do an experiment catch butterflies count insects collect leaves collect stamps have a picnic play chess play football play sports play the violin play the piano go to school take a trip read a magazine go to the cinema go to the park ride a bike watch TV teach art live in the city plant seed have a fever have a cold have a toothache have a headache have a sore throat wash the clothes clean the room visit grandparents read a book
go swimming go fishing go hiking go skiing go ice-skating learn Chinese sing and dance eat good food take pictures climb a mountain buy presents row a boat see elephant 不规则动词过去式 swim→ swam do→ did buy →bought sing→ sang eat→ ate see→ saw go →went take→ took read →read leave→ left get→ got have→ had fly→ flew ride→ rode write →wrote make→ made teach→ taught am/is →was are→ were feel→felt sleep→ slept think→ thought drink →drank run→ ran draw→ drew 动词的 ing 形式:
  1。大多动词直接在 词尾加-ing,比如: go-going, work-working, study-studying, look-looking, do-doing,
eat-eating, play-playing, read-reading, wash-washing, plant-planting, pick-picking, paint-painting, cry-crying, climb-climbing 有的以不发音的 e
  2。 字母结尾的动词,要 去掉 e 再加-ing,如: make-making, write-writing, skate-skating, close?closing, come-coming, make?making, , take-taking have-having, dance-dancing, smile-smiling, ride-riding, become-becoming, 若结尾的 e 发音,就 不 能 去 掉 , 如 : see-seeing
  3。以重读闭音节结 尾,末尾只有一个辅 音字母的动词,要双 写这一辅音字母,再 加 ing 如: run-running, swim-swimming, get?getting, sit?sitting, put?putting, begin?beginning, hit-hitting stop-stopping 如果结尾是元音字 母加辅音字母组合, 就直接加-ing。比如: drawing, playing 动词第三人称单数 形式的构成规则:
a) 直接在动词词尾 加 s。 help→helps, 如: play→plays。 live→lives read→reads b) -s, -x, -ch, -sh, -o 等结尾的动词,在词 尾加-es。 如:, watch→watches go→goes, teach→teaches c) 以辅音字母加 y 结 尾的动词,变 y 为 i 再 加-es。 如:carry→carries, fly→flies。 英语形容词比较级:

  1) 单音节形容词的比 较级形式是在词尾加 ?er。如: tall→ taller short→ shorter strong →stronger old→ older young→ younger long →longer small →smaller 以 -y 结尾,且 -y 前是 辅音字母的形容词的比 较级是把 -y 去掉,改 i 再加上 ?er。如: Heavy heavier Happy happier
以一个辅音字母结 尾其前面的元音字 母发短元音的形容 词的比较级双写该 辅音字母然后再加 -er。 如: big →bigger thin→thinner
 

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