PEP 小学英语语法精讲要点及习题 一、名词复数规则
  1.一般情况下,直接加-s, 如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds
  2.以 s. x. sh. ch 结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches
  3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变 y 为 i, 再加-es,如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries
  4.以“f 或 fe”结尾,变 f 或 fe 为 v, 再加-es,如:knife-knives
  5.不规则名词复数: man-men, woman-women, policeman-policemen, policewoman-policewomen, mouse-mice child-children foot-feet,. tooth-teeth fish-fish, people-people, Chinese-Chinese, Japanese-Japanese 练习: 写出下列各词的复数 I watch day tooth thief man water him child foot sheep fish woman milk this photo book box peach paper rice her diary dress strawberry sandwich juice tea
二、一般现在时 一般现在时基本用法介绍 【No.
  1】一般现在时的功能
  1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。如:The sky is blue.天空是蓝色的。
  2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。如:I get up at six every day.我每天六点起床。

  3.表示客观现实。如:The earth goes around the sun.地球绕着太阳转。 一般现在时的构成
  1. be 动词:主语+be(am,is,are)+其它。如: I am a boy.我是一个男孩。
  2.行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。如: We study English.我们学习英语。 当主语为第三人称单数(he, she,it)时, 要在动词后加"-s"或"-es"。 Mary likes Chinese. 如: 般现在时的变化
  1. be 动词的变化。 否定句:主语+ be + not +其它。 如:He is not a worker.他不是工人。 一般疑问句:Be +主语+其它。 如:-Are you a student? -Yes. I am. / No, I'm not. 特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:Where is my bike?
  2.行为动词的变化。 否定句:主语+ don't( doesn't ) +动词原形(+其它)。如: I don't like bread. 当主语为第三人称单数时,要用 doesn't 构成否定句。如: He doesn't often play. 一般疑问句:Do( Does ) +主语+动词原形+其它。如: - Do you often play football? 一
- Yes, I do. / No, I don't. 当主语为第三人称单数时,要用 does 构成一般疑问句。如: - Does she go to work by bike? - Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't. 特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:How does your father go to work? 动词+s 的变化规则
  1.一般情况下,直接加-s, 如:cook-cooks, milk-milks

  2.以 s. x. sh. ch. o 结尾,加-es, 如:guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes
  3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变 y 为 i, 再加-es,如:study-studies
一般现在时用法专练: 一、 写出下列动词的第三人称单数 drink look come study go have watch brush stay pass plant do make carry fly teach
二、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。
  1. He often (have) dinner at home.
  2. Daniel and Tommy (be) in Class One.
  3. We (not watch) TV on Monday.
  4. Nick (not go) to the zoo on Sunday.
  5. they (like) the World Cup?
  6. What they often (do) on Saturdays?

  7. your parents
(read) newspapers every day?

  8. The girl (teach) us English on Sundays.
  9. She and I (take) a walk together every evening.
  10. There (be) some water in the bottle.
  11. Mike (like) cooking.
  12. They (have) the same hobby.
  13. My aunt (look) after her baby carefully.
  14. You always (do) your homework well.
  15. I (be) ill. I’m staying in bed.
  16. She (go) to school from Monday to Friday.
  17. Liu Tao (do) not like PE.
  18. The child often (watch) TV in the evening.
  19. Su Hai and Su Yang (have) eight lessons this term.
  20. -What day (be) it today?- It’s Saturday. 三、按照要求改写句子
  1. Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否定句)
  2. I do my homework every day.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)
  3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句,作肯定回答)
  4. Amy likes playing computer games.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)

  5. We go to school every morning.(改为否定句)
  6. He speaks English very well.(改为否定句)
  7. I like taking photos in the park.(对划线部分提问)
  8. John comes from Canada.(对划线部分提问)
  9. She is always a good student.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)
  10. Simon and Daniel like going skating.(改为否定句)
三、现在进行时
  1.现在进行时表示现在正在进行或发生的动作,也可表示当前一段时间内的活动或现阶段 正在进行的动作。
  2.现在进行时的肯定句基本结构为 be+动词 ing.
  3.现在进行时的否定句在 be 后加 not。
  4.现在进行时的一般疑问句把 be 动词调到句首。
  5.现在进行时的特殊疑问的基本结构为: 疑问词不达意 + be + 主语 + 动词 ing? 但疑问词当主语时其结构为:
疑问词不达意 + be + 动词 ing? 动词加 ing 的变化规则
  1.一般情况下,直接加 ing, 如:cook-cooking

  2.以不发音的 e 结尾,去 e 加 ing,如:make-making, taste-tasting
  3. 如果末尾是一个元音字母和一个辅音字母, 双写末尾的辅音字母, 再加 ing, run-running, 如: stop-stopping 现在进行时专项练习: 一、写出下列动词的现在分词: play go read put live stop run like have see take sit swim write _ sing buy come begin make ski dance love get shop
二、用所给的动词的正确形式填空:
  1.The boy ( draw)a picture now.
  2. Listen .Some girls ( sing)in the classroom .
  3. My mother ( cook )some nice food
  4. What you ( do ) now?
  5. Look . They ( have) an English lesson .
  6.They (not ,water) the flowers now.
  7.Look! the girls (dance )in the classroom . now.

  8.What is our granddaughter doing? She (listen ) to music.
  9. It’s 5 o’clock now. We (have)supper now

  10.Helen(wash )clothes? Yes ,she is . 三、句型转换:
  1. They are doing housework .(分别改成一般疑问句和否定句)
  2.The students are cleaning the classroom . ( 改一般疑问句并作肯定和否定回答)
  3.I’m playing the football in the playground .(对划线部分进行提问)
  4.Tom is reading books in his study . (对划线部分进行提问)
四、将来时理论及练习 一、概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。句中一般有以下 时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, the day after tomorrow(后天)等。 二、基本结构:①be going to + do; ②will+ do. 三、否定句:在 be 动词(am, is, are)l 后加 not 或情态动词 will 后加 not 成 won’t. 例如: m going to have a picnic this afternoon.→ I’ not going to have a picnic this afternoon. I’ m 四、一般疑问句: be 或 will 提到句首,some 改为 any, and 改为 or,第一二人称互换。
例如:We are going to go on an outing this weekend. → Are you going to go on an outing this weekend? 五、对划线部分提问。一般情况,一般将来时的对划线部分有三种情况。
  1. 问人。Who 例如:I’m going to New York soon. →Who’s going to New York soon.
  2. 问干什么。What … do.例如: My father is going to watch a race with me this afternoon. →What is your father going to do with you this afternoon.
  3. 问什么时候。When.例如:She’s going to go to bed at nine. →When is she going to bed? 六、同义句:be going to = will I am going to go swimming tomorrow(明天). = I will go swimming tomorrow. 练习: 一、填空。
  1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。
I have a picnic with my friends. I have a picnic with my friends.
  2. 下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。
What next Monday? I play basketball. What you do next Monday? I play basketball.
  3. 你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果。 your mother go shopping this ? Yes, she . She buy some fruit.
  4. 你们打算什么时候见面。 What time you meet?
二、改句子。
  5. Nancy is going to go camping.(改否定)
  6. I’ll go and join them.(改否定) Nancy going to go camping. I go join them.

  7. I’m going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.(改一般疑问句) to get up at 6:30 tomorrow?
  8. We will meet at the bus stop at 10:
  30.(改一般疑问句) meet at the bus stop at 10:
  30.

  9. She is going to listen to music after school.(对划线部分提问) she
  10. after school?
My father and mother are going to see a play the day after tomorrow.(同上)
going to see a play the day after tomorrow. 三、用所给词的适当形式填空。
  11. Today is a sunny day. We (have) a picnic this afternoon.
  12. My brother (go) to Shanghai next week.
  13.Tom often (go) to school on foot. But today is rain. He (go) to school by bike.
  14.What do you usually do at weekends? I usually (watch) TV and (catch) insects?
  15. It’s Friday today. What she (do) this weekend? She (watch) TV and (catch) insects.
  16.What (d
  0) you do last Sunday? I (pick) apples on a farm. What (do) next Sunday? I (milk) cows.
  17.Mary (visit) her grandparents tomorrow.
  18. Liu Tao (fly) kites in the playground yesterday.

  19. David (give) a puppet show next Monday.
  20. I (plan) for my study now
五、一般过去时
  1. 一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态, 常和表示过去的时间状语连用。 一般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作感谢。
  2.Be 动词在一般过去时中的变化: ⑴am 和 is 在一般过去时中变为 was。 (was not=wasn’t) ⑵are 在一般过去时中变为 were。 (were not=weren’t) ⑶带有 was 或 were 的句子, 其否定、 疑问的变化和 is, am, are 一样, 即否定句在 was 或 were 后加 not,一般疑问句把 was 或 were 调到句首。
  3.句中没有 be 动词的一般过去时的句子 否定句:didn’t +动词原形,如:Jim didn’t go home yesterday. 一般疑问句:在句首加 did,句子中的动词过去式变回原形。 如:Did Jim go home yesterday? 特殊疑问句:⑴疑问词+did+主语+动词原形? 如: What did Jim do yesterday?
⑵疑问词当主语时:疑问词+动词过去式? 如:Who went to home yesterday? 动词过去式变化规则:
  1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:pull-pulled, cook-cooked
  2.结尾是 e 加 d,如:taste-tasted
  3. 末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节, 应双写末尾的辅音字母, 再加-ed, 如:stop-stopped

  4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,变 y 为 i, 再加-ed,如:study-studied
  5.不规则动词过去式: am,is-was, have-had, are-were, eat-ate, do-did, see-saw, say-said, give-gave, get-got, go-went, come-came, take-took, run-ran, sing-sang, put-put, fly-flew,
make-made, read-read, write-wrote, draw-drew, drink-drank, ride-rode, speak-spoke, sweep-swept, swim-swam, sit-sat 过去时练习 一、写出下列动词的过去式 is\am drink does taste throw fly play dance eat kick plant go worry draw pass are make ask put do __
 

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