PEP 小学英语重点句型语法总结 人教版 PEP 教材在小学阶段涉及的重要语法知识主要有 7 种: to be 句型、there be 句型、一般现在时句型、现在进行时句型、 一般过去时句型、情态动词 can 引导的型、be going to 句型等。现以 5-8 册书为例,简要总结如下: [一] to be 句型:用于介绍个人情况如姓名、健康状况、身份、国 籍、家庭成员、朋友、职业等,描述地点、颜色、四季、日期、星期 几等,该句型广泛分布于各册教材中,其中 5?8 册的句型主要有:
  1. Who’s your English teacher? Mr. Carter.
  2. What’s he like? He’s tall and strong.
  3. Is she quiet? No, she isn’t. She is very active.
  4. Is she strict? Yes, she is, but she’s very kind.
  5. What day is it today? It’s Wednesday.
  6. What’s your favourite fruit/food…?
  7. They’re sweet/ sour/ salty/ healthy/…
  8. When is your birthday? It’s in May.
  9. My birthday is in June. Uncle Bill’s birthday is in June, too.
  10. Is her birthday in June? Yes, it is.
  11. What’s the date?
  12.This is Zhang Peng.
  13. Where is the cinema, please? It’s next to the hospital.
  14. How tall are you? I’m 164 cm tall.
  15. You are shorter than me.
  16.You’re 4 cm taller than me.
  17.How heavy are you? I’m 48 kg.
  18. I’m thinner than you, and shorter.
  19. What’s the matter with you? My throat is sore.
  20. How are you, Liu Yun / Sarah? [二] there be 句型: 表示存在, “某处有某物”或“某时有某事”。 即: 句型基本结构为:There is+ 可数名词单数或不可数名词+时间或地 点。There are+可数名词复数+地点。该句型主要分布在第 5 册的 Unit 5 和 Unit 6 中,如:
  1. There are two bedrooms, a kitchen, a bathroom and a living room.
  2. There is a mirror, a bed and a big closet.
  3. Is there a forest in the park? Yes, there is.
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  4. Is there a river? No, there isn’t.
  5. Are there any pandas in the mountains? No, there aren’t.
  6. Are there any fish in the rivers? Yes, there are. [三] 一般现在时句型: 表示习惯性的动作或行为, 或现在存在着 的状况。句型基本结构为:主语+行为动词+其他。当主语是第三人称 单数时,要在动词原形后面加 s 或 es,其他人称作主语时则用动词原 形,在问句及否定句中需要用助动词 do 或 does。这种句型通常有一 些标志词,如:usually often sometimes never always 等。该句型 主要分布在第 5 册 Unit2&
  3, 6 册 Unit1&2, 第 7 册 Unit4,5,6, 第 8 第 册 Unit2 中。如: Book5:
  1. What do you have on Thursdays? We have English, math and science on Thursdays.
  2. What do you do on Saturdays? I watch TV on Saturdays.
  3. I do my homework.
  4. What do you have for lunch on Mondays? We have tomatoes, tofu and fish.
  5. I like fruit. But I don’t like grapes. Book6:
  1. When do you eat dinner? I eat dinner at 7:00 in the evening.
  2. When do you get up? I usually get up at 12:00 noon.
  3. What do you do on the weekend? Usually I watch TV and go shopping.
  4. Sometimes I visit my grandparents. I often play football. Sometimes I go hiking.
  5. Which season do you like best? I like winter best.
  6. Why do you like summer/winter? Book7:
  1. How do you go to school, Sarah?
  2. Usually I go to school on foot. Sometimes I go by bike.
  3. I like collecting stamps. He likes collecting stamps, too.
  4. Does she teach math? Yes, she does.
  5. Does she teach English? No, she doesn’t. She teaches math.
  6. What does your mother do? What does your father do?
  7. Where does she work? She works in a car company.
2

  8. How does she go to work? She goes to work by bus.
  9. Where does the rain come from? It comes from the clouds.
  10. Where does the cloud come from? It comes from the vapour.
  11. Where does the vapour come from? It comes from the water in the river.
  12. The sun shines and the water becomes vapour.
  13. How do you do that? Book8:
  1. My nose hurts.
  2. How do you feel? I feel sick. How does Amy feel?
  3. You look so happy. You look sad today. [四] 现在进行时句型: 表示说话时正在进行的动作或事件, 或在 短期内正在进行的动作或存在的情况。 标志词是: now 也常用在 Look! Listen!等后面。句型主要结构为:be 动词(am, is, are)+动词现在分 词(v. ing)。该句型主要分布在第 6 册 Unit4, 5, 6 中。如:
  1. What are you doing? I’m doing the dishes. I’m reading a book.
  2. Grandpa is writing a letter. Brother is doing homework. Mom is cooking dinner in the kitchen.
  3. He is writing an e-mail in the study.
  3. What is it doing ? It’s eating bananas.
  4. What is she doing ? She’s jumping.
  5. What are they doing ? They’re swimming. They’ re climbing trees.
  6. Are you eating lunch? No, we aren’t.
  7. Are they eating the honey? Yes, they are.
  8. Is he playing chess? Yes, he is.
  9. Is she counting insects? No, she isn’t. [五] 一般过去时句型:表示过去发生的而现在已经结束的事件、 动作或情况。句型基本结构为:主语+动词过去式+其他。标志词通常 是:yesterday, last week , last year 等,在问句与否定句中要用助动 词 did。该句型分布在第 8 册 Unit3&4 中。如:
  1.What did you do last weekend? I played football.
  2. Did you help them clean their room? Yes, I did.
  3.What did you do yesterday? I went fishing.
  4. Did you read book? Yes, I did.
3

  5. Did you clean your room? No, I didn’t.
  6.Where did you go on your holiday? I went to Xinjiang.
  7. What did you do there? I sang and danced with my new friends.
  8. How did you go there? I went by train. 此外,一般过去时也可用来表示客气的询问。如: Book3 Unit5, Book 5 Unit3 中的: What would you like for lunch? I’d like some… [六] 情态动词 can 引导的句型:表示有能力做某事,can 后面的 动词要用原形。该句型主要分布在第 5 册 Unit4 和第 7 册 Unit1 中。 如: Book4:
  1. What can you do? I can sweep the floor. I can cook the meals.
  2. I can water the flowers.
  3. Can you make the bed? No, I can’t.
  4. Can you use a computer? Yes, I can. Book7: How can I get to Zhongshan Park? You can go by the No. 15 bus. [七] 将来时:我们的教材中出现过两种表示将来时的句型,即: will 和 be going to 句型,主要以 be going to 句型为主,表示将要做某 事或打算做某事。句型主要结构:am/is/are + going to + v.原形。标志 词有:tomorrow next weekend this morning this weekend next…be going to Book7:
  1. What are you going to do this weekend? I am going to visit my grandparents.
  2. Where are you going? I am going to the cinema.
  3. How is he going to Beijing? He is going to Beijing by plane.
  4. When is she going to Xiashan? She is going to go there at 9:00 am
4
 

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