My Father’s Shadow
Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement
I. Read aloud
Read aloud Audiovisual supplements
Read the following passage aloud, making a pause between sense groups. How can Death of a Salesman be interpreted as a critique of the American Dream?/ Why is Willy Loman doomed to be a failure?/ “The key to happiness is having dreams./ The key to success is making your dreams come true”./ The concept of the American Dream started to arise during the early nineteenth century,/ as hundreds of people immigrated to the United States of America in search of a better life./ Originally,/ the American Dream is the right to life,/ liberty/ and the pursuit of happiness./ Though these three goals sound very practical and logical in theory,/ in reality,/ problems occur as people start to interpret these dreams according
My Father’s Shadow
Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement
Read aloud Audiovisual supplements
to their personal wishes./ In his play Death of a Salesman,/ Arthur Miller criticizes the concept of the American Dream/ in regard to the failure it causes the life of the Lomans’ family to become./ The problem with the American Dream,/ I believe,/ lies not within the dream itself,/ but within the means that people pursue to attain this dream./ The tragic hero of Arthur Miller’s play,/ Willy Loman/ is a sixty-three-year old salesman,/ who dedicates his life to the American Dream./ Loman wastes his whole life/ trying to become happy,/ successful/ and free./ His role model is a successful,/ wellreceived salesman./
My Father’s Shadow
Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement
II. Audiovisual supplements
Read aloud Audiovisual supplements
Watch the film episode and then answer the following questions. Film episode: Michael Jordan Questions:
  1. Why is Jordan feeling lucky even when he is not able to be together with his father?
  2. How has your father influenced you? Answers for reference:
  1. Because Jordan’s father influenced his way of looking at different situations in his life. His life has been influenced and will still be influenced by his father’s words and deeds.
  2. Open answer.
My Father’s Shadow
Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement
Read aloud Audiovisual supplements
Greene (commentator): If you walk through a crowd with Jordan, you see the same thing he sees ? you see all the eyes aiming in. And I asked, “What do you see in the crowd?” And he said, “Sometimes I’ll see a father and a son. They may not think I’ve even noticed them, but sometimes,” Jordan said, “I wonder if they have any idea how much I’d like to be them.” Last night we began the show with the disappearance of Michael Jordan’s father. Broadcaster: Tonight, the worst fears have come true. James Jordan was found dead, victim of an apparent murder.
My Father’s Shadow
Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement
Read aloud Audiovisual supplements
Michael Jordan: When my father died, I had him for 32 years. I was very lucky. I looked at it as being lucky, not as being disappointed that he wasn’t around anymore. I was lucky that he was there when I needed him, that he could influence my life to look at situations that I use to help make my decisions to this day. Some kids never have that. Sure, I would love to have him now, but people are put on this earth for a reason, and you utilize the time that you’re here. You never know when that’s going to be taken away from you. That’s one thing he taught me. But while he’s here, or while they’re here, they should make an impact on someone’s life. And he made an impact on my life. (You’re going to get it, man. That’s for bringing me into this world.)
My Father’s Shadow
Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement
Read aloud Audiovisual supplements

My Father’s Shadow
Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement
I. Text analysis
Text analysis Structural analysis Cultural background
Through descriptions, flashbacks, and the author’s comments, the text recalls how the author’s newborn baby bridges the gap between her father and herself.
My Father’s Shadow
Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement
II. Structural analysis
Text analysis Structural analysis Cultural background
Paragraph 1
?
background information: the author’s relationship with her father and her feeling about her return to Hawaii. flashback: the clashes between the author and her father. transition: the author’s recall of her father’s affection for her in her childhood and her uncertainty about the forthcoming reunion.
103f aphs 2 ? 4 Paragraphs 5 ? 6
? ?
My Father’s Shadow
Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement
Paragraphs 7 ? 13
Text analysis Structural analysis Cultural background
?
the reunion: the initial uncertain moment, the father’s affection for his grandchild, and ease of the tension between the father and the daughter. conclusion: the ending of the story about how family ties work in removal of disagreement between family members.
Paragraphs 14 ? 15 ?
My Father’s Shadow
Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement
III. Cultural background
Text analysis Structural analysis Cultural background
According to the 2005 Census Report, there are
  66.3 million fathers in the United States. There are
  26.5 million fathers living in a traditional family environment, and
  2.3 million single fathers living with children under 18 years old, up from 393,000 in 1 9 7
  0. Th er e a re a p pr o xi ma tely 98,000 stay-at-home dads in America. Besides, there are
  4.6 million fathers who pay child support, representing 84 percent of child support providers.
My Father’s Shadow
Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement
Text analysis Structural analysis Cultural background
Fathers in traditional families are more engaged than several decades ago. According to some studies, members of Generation X and Y are more likely to become family-focused. For example, Generation X fathers spent more time with their children, as compared with Baby Boomer fathers. The impacts of the male influence in families may not be obvious. Does it really matter if male is not a part of a child’s life? Many people grew up with fathers whose primary role was only provider. The presence of a male figure in the home does impact children. Nationally-syndicated columnist Leonard Pitts, Jr. wrote a book, Becoming Dad, in which he surveys his tortured relationship with his abusive father. Pitts discusses how it affected his relationship with his own sons and daughters. He writes, “My father made our lives hell. And yet, for all of that, he was one thing many other fathers were not: He was there.” The following suggestions are offered to fathers in the United States:
My Father’s Shadow
Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement
(
  1) Determine to live as a positive influence on others.
Text analysis Structural analysis Cultural background
(
  2) Encourage your children to read and nurture their dreams. (
  3) Volunteer to help organizations (lacking male leaders). (
  4) Expose your children to males who are doing right things. (
  5) Mentor children, besides your own. (
  6) Be the spiritual leader in your home.
My Father’s Shadow
Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement
My Father’s Shadow
My husband and I were flying to Hawaii from New York City to show our five-month-old son, Timmy, to our parents for the first time. But what should have been a mission of joy filled me with apprehension. For five years I’d hardly spoken to my father. Loving but stern in the manner typical of Chinese fathers, he had made particular demands on me, and though we were very much alike, we’d grown very far apart. When I became a teenager, my father held up my mother as a model of feminine behavior. But she was gregarious and social, while I preferred books to parties. He pressed me to mingle with his friends’ children. I insisted on choosing my own companions. He assured I’d follow in my mother’s footsteps and enroll in the local university to study teaching, and that I’d marry into one of the other long-established Chinese clans on the islands and settle down, as he and my mother had.
My Father’s Shadow
Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement
But I didn’t settle. As bullheaded as my father, I escaped to the University of California, where I fell in love with a haole, as we called Caucasians from the mainland. Gary had blue haole eyes and sandy haole hair. I announced that we were getting married ? in Berkeley, not Hawaii. No large, clamorous clan wedding for me. My parents came and met Gary just two days before our small, simple wedding. Afterward we moved to New York, as far from the islands as we could get without leaving American soil. My father’s subsequent silence resonated with disapproval. He didn’t visit; neither did I. When my mother telephoned, he never asked to speak to me, and I never asked for him. We might have gone on like that, the habit of separation hardening into a permanent estrangement. Then Timmy was born, and I felt an unexpected tidal pull back to the islands.
My Father’s Shadow
Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement
On the long flight to Hawaii, memories of my childhood, when I was my father’s small daughter, came flooding back. I was three years old, running behind him as he walked between the banana trees in the plantation town where he taught high school. When I grew tired, he carried me on his shoulders. From there I could see forever. “You are my sunshine, my only sunshine,” he would sing. “You make me happy when skies are gray.” I laughed, taking his devotion as my due. Now the prodigal daughter was returning with the firstborn of the next generation ? a hazel-eyed, golden-skinned hapa haole half-white child who looked little like his Chinese ancestors. How would my father react? If he disapproved of Timmy, as he had of me, the breach between us would be complete. I would never return. The plane landed, and I gradually placed a crying, hungry Timmy into my mother’s eager arms. Here was instant and unconditional acceptance of a child by his grandmother.
My Father’s Shadow
Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement
My father’s expression was passive and hard to read. He greeted us politely: “Good trip?” Then he peered cautiously at Timmy, who promptly began to shriek. My father stepped back in alarm. Did he find it unsettling that this squalling stranger might be his own flesh and blood? After dinner at my parents’ house, Gary and I retired to my old bedroom. My mother tucked Timmy into a borrowed crib in a room down the hall. Four hours later mother instinct pulled me from sleep. This was the time Timmy usually woke for a bottle, but there were no cries of hunger, no fretful wails. Instead, I heard only the sweet, soft gurgle of baby laughter. I tiptoed down the hall. In the living room, Timmy lay on a pillow on the floor in a circle of light, his plump, tiny fists and feet churning gleefully. He studied the face bent over him, an Asian face burned dark by the Hawaiian sun,
My Father’s Shadow
Section One: Pre-reading Activities Section Two: Global Reading Section Three: Detailed Reading Section Four: Consolidation Activities Section Five: Further Enhancement
with laugh wrinkles at the corners of the eyes. My father was giving Timmy a bottle, tickling his tummy and crooning softly, “You are my sunshine
 

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