新目标九年级英语 2009 年 12 月月考复习手册 Unit1-9 重点知识梳理
Unit 1 一:知识点
  1.Check in : 在旅馆的登记入住. Check out: 在旅馆结账离开.
  2.By: ①通过…..方式(途径) .例:I learn English by listening to tapes. ②在…..旁边.例:by the window/the door ③乘坐交通工具 例:by bus/car ④在……之前,到……为止.例:by October 在 10 月前 ⑤被 例:English is spoken by many people.
  3.how 与 what 的区别: how 通常对方式或程度提问,意思有:怎么样 如何,通常用来做状语,表语. what 通常对动作的发出者或接受者提问,意思为 什么,通常做宾语,主语. How is your summer holiday? It's OK.(how 表示程度 做表语) How did you travel around the world? I travel by air. What do you learn at school? I learn English, math and many other subjects.
  4.aloud, loud ,loudly 均可做副词. aloud 出声地 大声地 多与 read ,speak 连用 例如:read aloud 朗读 speak aloud 说出声来 loud 大声地 响亮地 loudly 高声地 多指喧闹声和不悦耳的声音.
  5. voice 指人的嗓音也指鸟鸣. sound 指人可以听到的各种声音. noise 指噪音,吵闹声
  6. find + 宾语 + 宾补(名词 形容词 介词短语 分词等) 例:I find him friendly. I found him working in the garden. We found him in bed. He found the window closed.
  7. 常见的系动词有: ①是:am ,is, are ②保持:keep, stay ③ 转变:become, get, turn ④ ……起来 feel, look, smell, taste, sound
  8. get + 宾语 + 宾补(形容词 过去分词 动词不定式) 使某种情况发生 例:Get the shoes clean. 把鞋擦干净 Get Mr. Green to come. 让格林先生进来 I want to get my bike repaired. 我想去修自行车 You can't get him waiting. 你不能让他老等着
  9. 动词不定式做定语 ①与所修饰的名词构成主谓关系 The next train to arrive was from New York. He is always the first to come. ②与所修饰的名词构成动宾关系 I have nothing to say. I need a pen to write with. I need some paper to write on. I don't have a room to live in.
  10. practice , fun 做名词为不可数名词
  11. add 补充说 又说
  12. join 加入某团体 并成为其中一员 attend 出席参加会议或讲座 join in 与 take part in 指参加到某项活动中去.
  13.all,both,always 以及 every 复合词与 not 连用构成部分否定. 其完全否定为: allnone, bothneither, everythingnothing, everybodynobody.
  14.be afraid of 害怕 be afraid to 害怕 be afraid that 恐怕担心,表示委婉语气
  15.either ①放在否定句末表示"也" ②两者中的"任一" ③either…or… 或者…或者.…引导主语部分,谓语动词按照就近原则处理
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  16.complete 完成,是个较正式的词,后不能接动名词 finish 指日常事物的完成
  17.a,an 与序数词连用表示"又一""再一" , . 例:Please give me a second apple. There comes a fifth girl.
  18.have trouble/difficult/problem (in) doing….. 干…..遇到麻烦,困难
  19.unless 除非,如果不,等于"if not"本身就表示否定,引导条件状语从句,主句为将来时,条件 状语从句用一般现在时表示将来. 例:My baby sister doesn't cry unless she's hungry. =My baby sister doesn't cry if she isn't hungry. Unless you take more care, you'll have an accident.如果你不多加小心的话,你会出事的.
  20.instead:adv 代替,更换. 例:We have no coffee, would you like tea instead? 我们没有咖啡了,改喝茶好吗? Stuart was ill, so I went instead. 斯图尔病了,所以换了我去. instead of 作为某人或某事物的替换 例:Let's play cards instead of watching TV. Give me the red one instead of the green one.
  21.spoken 口头的,口语的. Speaking 讲话的,说某种语言的. 二,短语:
  1.by making flashcards 通过做单词抽认卡
  2. ask…for help 向某人求助
  3.read aloud 朗读
  4.that way (=in that way) 通过那种方式
  5.improve my speaking skills 提高我的会话技巧
  6.for example (=for instance)例如
  7.have fun 玩得高兴
  8.have conversations with friends 与朋友对话
  9.get excited 高兴,激动
  10.end up speaking in Chinese 以说汉语结束对话
  11.do a survey about… 做有关…的调查
  12.keep an English notebook 记英语笔记
  13.spoken English (= oral English) 英语口语
  14.make mistakes 犯错误
  15.get the pronunciation right 使发音准确
  16.practise speaking English 练习说英语
  17.first of all 首先
  18.begin with 以…开 始
  19.later on 随后
  20.in class 在课堂上
  21.laught at 嘲笑
  22.take notes 记笔记
  23.enjoy doing 喜欢干…
  24.write down 写下,记下
  25.look up (v + adv) 查找,查询
  26.native speakers 说本族话的人
  27.make up 编造,虚构,化妆,打扮
  28.around the world 全世界
  29.deal with 对待,处理,解决
  30.worry about (be worried about) 担心,担忧
  31.be angry with 生某人的气
  32.stay angry 生气
  33.go by 消逝
  34. regard…as… 把…当做…
  35.complain about/of 抱怨
  36. change…into… 把…变成… (= turn into)
  37.with the help of 在…的帮助下
  38. compare…to (with)… 把…和…作比较
  39.think of (think about) 想起,想到
  40.physical problems 身体上的问题
  41.break off 中断,突然终止
  42. not…at all 根本不,全然不 三,句子
  1. How do you study for a test? 你怎样为考试做准备?
  2. I have learned a lot that way. 用那种方法,我已经学到了很多东西.
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  3.It's too hard to understand the voice. 听懂那些声音太难了.
  4.Memorizing the words of pop songs also helped a little.记流行歌曲的词也起作用.
  5. Wei Ming feels differently. 卫明有不同的感受.
  6.He finds watching movies frustrating. 他觉得看电影让人感到沮丧.
  7.She added that having conversations with friends was not helpful at all. 她又说和朋友对话根本没用.
  8.I don't have a partner to practice English with. 我没有搭档一起练习英语.
  9.Later on, I realized that it doesn't matter if you don't understand every word.随后, 我认识到听不懂每个词 并没有关系.
  10.It's amazing how much this helped. 我惊异于这些方法竟如此有用.
  11.My teacher is very impressed. 给老师留下了深刻的印象.
  12.She had trouble making complete sentences. 她很难造出完整的句子.
  13.What do you think you are doing? 你在做什么?
  14.Most people speak English as a second language. 英语对于大多数人来说是第二语言.
  15.How do we deal with our problem? 我们怎样处理我们的问题?
  16.It is our duty to try our best to deal with each challenge in our education with the help of our teachers. 在 老师的帮助下尽我们最大的努力来应对挑战是我们的责任. He can't walk or even speak.他无法走路,甚至无法说话 Unit 2 一. 知识点
  1. used to 过去常常做某事,暗指现在已经不存在的动作或状态. 后跟动词原形. 否定形式为: didn't use to 或 usedn't to 疑问形式为: Did…use to…? 或 Used…to…? be/get used to 习惯于, to 为介词.
  2. wear 表示状态. put on 表示动作. dress + 人 给某人穿衣服.
  3. on the swim team on 是…的成员,在…供职.
  4. Don't you remember me? 否定疑问句. Yes, I do. 不, 我记得. No, I don't 是的, 我不记得了.
  5. 反意疑问句: ① 陈述部分的主语为 this, that, 疑问部分主语用 it; 陈述部分主语用 these, those, 疑问部分用 they 做 主语. 例: This is a new story, isn't it? Those are your parents, aren't they? ② 陈述部分是 there be 结构, 疑问部分仍用 there 例: There was a man named Paul, wasn't there? ③ I am 后的疑问句, 用 aren't I 例: I am in Class 2, aren't I? ④ 陈述部分与含有 not, no, never, few, little, hardly, seldom, neither, none 等词时,疑问部分用肯定. 例: Few people liked this movie, didn't they? 但陈述句中若带有否定前缀或后缀的单词时, 这个句子仍视为肯定, 后面仍用否定. 例: Your sister is unhappy, isn't she? ⑤ 陈述部分的主语若为不定式或 V-ing 短语, 疑问部分主语用 it. 例: To spend so much money on clothes is unnecessary, isn't it? ⑥ 陈述句中主语是 nobody, no one, everyone, everybody 等指人的不定代词时,疑问部分用 they 做主语; 若陈述部分主语是 something, anything, noting, everything 等指事物的不定代词时, 疑问部分用 it 做主 语.
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例: Nobody says one word about the accident, do they? Everything seems perfect, doesn't it? ⑦ 当主语是第一人称 I 时, 若谓动为 think, believe, guess 等词时, 且其后跟宾丛,这时疑问句部分的人 称, 时态要与宾语从句保持一致, 同时还要考虑否定转移. 例: I don't think he can finish the work in time, can he? ⑧ 前面是祈使句, 后用 will you? (let's 开头时, 后用 shall we?)
  6. be terrified of 害怕的程度比 be afraid of 深.
  7. miss: ① 思念, 想念 例: I really miss the old days. ② 错过, 未中, 未赶上, 未找到. 例: It's a pity that you miss the bus.
  8. no more (用在句中)=not…any more (用在句尾) 指次数; no longer (用在句中)=not…any longer (用在句尾) 指时间.
  9. right: ① adj. 正确的, 对的, 右边的② n. 右方, 权利③ adv. 直接地.
  10. It seems that Yu Mei has changed a lot. = Yu Mei seems to have changed a lot.
  11. afford + n. /pron. afford + to do 常与 can, be able to 连用. 例: Can you afford a new car? The film couldn't afford to pay such large salaries.
  12. as well as 连词, 不但…而且… 强调前者. (若引导主语, 谓动与前者在人称和数上一致 例: Living things need air and light as well as water. 生命不仅需要水, 还需要空气和阳光.
  13. alone = by oneself 独自一人. lonely 孤独的, 寂寞的.
  14. in the last/past + 一段时间 during the last/past + 一段时间 与现在完成时连用.
  15. die (v.) dead (adj.) death (n.) dying (垂死的) 二. 短语
  1. be more interested in 对…更感兴趣.
  2. on the swim team 游泳队的队员.
  3. be terrified of 害怕.
  4. gym class 体操课.
  5. worry about. 担心.
  6. all the time 一直, 总是
  7. chat with 与…闲聊
  8. hardly ever 几乎从不
  9. walk to school = go to school on foot take the bus to school = go to school by bus
  10. as well as 不仅…而且
  11. get into trouble 遇到麻烦
  12. make a decision 做出决定
  13. to one's surprise 使某人吃惊的是
  14. take pride in 为…感到骄傲
  15. pay attention to 留心, 注意
  16. consist of 由…组成/构成. be made up of 由…组成/构成.
  17. instead of 代替, 而不是
  18. in the end 最后, 终于
  19. play the piano 弹钢琴 三.句子
  1.I used to be afraid of the dark. 我以前害怕黑暗.
  2.I go to sleep with my bedroom light on. 我开着卧室的灯睡觉.
  3.I used to spend a lot of time playing games with my friends. 以前我常常花很多时间和我的朋友们玩游戏.
  4.I hardly ever have time for concerts. 我几乎没有时间去听音乐会.
  5.My life has changed a lot in the last few years.
  6.It will make you stressed out. 那会使你紧张的.
  7.It seems that Yu Mei has changed a lot. 玉梅似乎变化很大. Unit 3 一.知识点
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  1.被动语态的谓语动词形式: be 的各种时态形式+v-ed 含情态动词的: can/may/must/should be + v-ed
  2.get/have + n./pron. + v-ed 叫/让/请别人做某事(即使谋事被做) 例: I want to get my coat mended. 我要缝衣服.
  3.allow sb to do sth 允许某人做… allow doing sth 允许做…
  4.drive : ① 驾车,驾驶. ② 驱赶,驱使. 例: What drives them to rob the shop? 什么驱使他们去抢商店?
  5.stupid silly foolish 三个词都有"蠢"的意思.但略有不同.stupid 程度最强,指智力 理解力 学习能 力差. silly 指头脑简单,傻头傻脑,使人觉得可笑,带有感情色彩. foolish 尤其在口语中广泛使用. 例: He is stupid in learning math. 他学习数学很笨. Stop asking such silly questions. 别再问这样傻的问题了. You are foolish to throw away such a good chance. 你真蠢,丢掉这样一个好机会.
  6.He doesn't seem to have many friends.=It seems that he doesn't have many friends. =He seems not to have many friends.
  7.倒装句: So + be 动词/助动词/情态动词+主语(前为肯定局) 表示与前面所述事实一致. Neither/Nor + be 动词/助动词/情态动词+主语(前为否定) 表示与前面所述事实一致. 例: He likes oranges. So do we. He doesn't like oranges. Neither do we. Tom can swim. So can John. Tom can't swim. Neither can John. So +主语+ be 动词/助动词/情态动词 表示对前面事实的进一步确认. 例: Henry is very tired. So he is.(的确是) He surfed Internet for two hours. So he did.(的确是) They will win the game. So they will.(他们会的)
  8.until 用于肯定句中,前面句子中的谓动必须是延续性的.
  9.clean (v.) 打扫,清理 clean up 比较彻底地打扫,清理 clean out 打扫,清理地最彻底.
  10.fail a test = fail in a test 考试不及格
  11.be strict with+人. be strict in+事物. 例: The head teacher is strict with his students He is strict in the work.
  12.the other day 前几天,不久前的一天.(用于过去时)
  13.concentrate on… 全神贯注做… 例: This company concentrates on China market. 这家公司把重点放在中国市场上.
  14. more…than…①与其说…不如说…; 比…更… 例: The man is more stupid than nervous.与其说那人紧张,倒不如说他愚蠢. ②在这一结构中,more 做 adj. 修饰名词,表示"
 

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