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VOA Special English 单词表
Source: 2007-11-30 我要投稿 恒星英语学习论坛 Favorite
A. accept - v. to agree to receive 接受 accident - n. something that happens by chance or mistake; an unplanned event 事故 accuse - v. to say a person is responsible for an act or crime; to make a statement against someone 指责 activist - n. one who seeks change through action 激进分子 administration - n. the executive part of a government, usually headed by a president or prime minister 政府 admit - v. to accept ("admitted to the United Nations"); to express one's guilt or responsibility ("He admitted that what he did was wrong.") 承认 adult - n. a grown person 成人 advise - v. to help with information, knowledge or ideas in making a decision 建议 affect - v. to produce an effect on; to influence ("A lack of sleep affected the singer's performance.") 影响 agency - n. an organization that is part of a larger group ("an agency of the United Nations") 机构 aggression - n. an attack against a person or country; the violation of a country's borders 侵略 agriculture - n. farming 农业
air force - n. a military organization using airplanes 空军 album - n. a collection of recorded music 歌集 alcohol - n. a strong, colorless liquid, usually made from grain, used as a drug or in industrial products 酒精 ally - n. a nation or person joined with another for a special purpose 联合体 ambassador - n. a nation's highest diplomatic representative (to another government) 大使 amend - v. to add to or to change (a proposal or law) 修正 ammunition - n. the bullets or shells fired from guns 弹药 anarchy - n. a lack of order; lawlessness 无政府状态 ancestor - n. a family member from the past 祖先 ancient - ad. very old; long ago 远古的 anniversary - n. a yearly celebration or observance of an event that happened in the past 周年 announce - v. to make known publicly; to declare officially 宣布 apologize - v. to express regret for a mistake or accident for which one accepts responsibility 致歉 appeal - v. to take to a higher court, person or group for a decision; to call on somebody for help 上诉;呼吁 appear - v. to show oneself; to come into sight; to seem 出现 appoint - v. to name; to choose ("appoint a judge") 任命 approve - v. to agree with; to agree to support 赞成 archeology - n. the scientific study of past human life and activities 考古学 argue - v. to offer reasons for or against something; to dispute; to disagree 争论 arms - n. military equipment; weapons 兵器 arrest - v. to seize a person for legal action; to take as a prisoner 逮捕 artillery - n. big guns 炮 assist - v. to help 帮助 astronaut - n. a person who travels in space 宇航员 astronomy - n. the scientific study of stars and the universe 天文学 asylum - n. political protection given by a government to a person from another country 政治庇护 atmosphere - n. the gases surrounding any star or planet 大气层 attach - v. to tie together; to connect 系上;连接 attack - n. a violent attempt to damage, injure or kill; v. to start a fight 袭击 attempt - v. to work toward something; to try; to make an effort 尝试 attend - v. to be present at 出席 automobile - n. a vehicle with wheels used to carry people; a car 汽车 average - n. something (a number) representing the middle; ad. common; normal 平均, 平常
avoid - v. to stay away from 避免 award - n. an honor or prize for an act or service 奖励
B balance - v. to make two sides or forces equal 平衡 balloon - n. a device of strong, light material that rises when filled with gas lighter than air 气球 ballot - n. a piece of paper used for voting 选票 ban - v. to not permit; to stop; n. an official restriction 禁止 bar - v. to prevent or block 禁止,阻碍 barrier - n. anything that blocks or makes an action difficult 障碍 base - n. a military center 军营; v. to establish as a fact 基于 ("Her research was based on experiments.") battle - n. a fight between opposing armed forces 战斗 beat - v. to hit again and again 击打 betray - v. to turn against; to be false to 背叛 bill - n. a legislative proposal 议案 biology - n. the scientific study of life or living things in all their forms 生物学 blame - v. to accuse; to hold responsible 责备 block - v. to stop something from being done; to prevent movement 堵塞,阻碍 bomb - n. a device that explodes with great force 炸弹; v. to attack or destroy with bombs 炸弹袭击 border - n. a dividing line between nations 边界 boycott - v. to refuse to take part in or deal with 联合抵制 brief - ad. short; not long 简短的 broadcast - v. to send information, stories or music by radio or television; n. a radio or television program brown - ad. having the color like that of coffee 褐色的 budget - n. a spending plan 预算 bullet - n. a small piece of metal shot from a gun 子弹 burst - v. to break open suddenly 爆裂 business - n. one's work; buying and selling to earn money; trade C cabinet - n. a group of ministers that helps lead a government 内阁 camp - n. a place with temporary housing 露营 campaign - n. a competition by opposing political candidates seeking support from 工作,商业
voters; a connected series of military actions during a war 活动 cancel - v. to end; to stop body 癌症 candidate - n. a person who seeks or is nominated for an office or an honor 候选人 capitalism - n. an economic system in which the production of most goods and services is owned and operated for profit by private citizens or companies 资本主义 capture - v. to make a person or animal a prisoner; to seize or take by force; to get control of 捕获 case (court) - n. a legal action 案例 case (medical) - n. an incident of disease ("There was only one case of chicken pox at the school.") 病例 cause - v. to make happen; n. the thing or person that produces a result 导致 ceasefire - n. a halt in fighting, usually by agreement 停火协议 celebrate - v. to honor a person or event with special activities 庆祝 ceremony - n. an act or series of acts done in a special way established by tradition 仪式 chairman - n. a person leading a meeting or an organized group 主席 champion - n. the best; the winner 冠军 charge - v. to accuse someone of something, usually a crime 控诉; n. a statement in which someone is accused of something 指控 chase - v. to run or go after someone or something 追逐 cheer - v. to shout approval or praise 欢呼 chemicals - n. elements found in nature or made by people; substances used in the science of chemistry 化学物质 chemistry - n. the scientific study of substances, what they are made of, how they act under different conditions, and how they form other substances 化学 chief - n. the head or leader of a group 首领; ad. leading; most important 主要的 civilian - ad. not military 平民 civil rights - n. the political, economic and social rights given equally to all people of a nation 公民权力 claim - v. to say something as a fact 声明 clash - n. a battle 冲突; v. to fight or oppose 发生冲突 clergy - n. a body of officials within a religious organization climate - n. the normal weather conditions of a place 气候 coal - n. a solid black substance used as fuel 煤 coalition - n. forces, groups or nations joined together 联盟 coast - n. land on the edge of the ocean 海岸 colony - n. land controlled by another country or government 殖民地 combine - v. to mix or bring together 联合,结合 command - v. to order; to have power over something 命令 神职人员 取消 cancer - n. a disease in which dangerous cells grow quickly and destroy parts of the
comment - v. to say something about; to express an opinion about something 评论 committee - n. a group of people given special work 委员会 communicate - v. to tell; to give or exchange information 交流,通信 community - n. a group of people living together in one place or area 社区 compare - v. to examine what is different or similar 对比 compete - v. to try to do as well as, or better than, another or others 竞争 complex - ad. of or having many parts that are difficult to understand; not simple 复杂的 compromise - n. the settlement of an argument where each side agrees to accept less than first demanded 折衷 concern - n. interest, worry ("express concern about") ; v. to fear ("to be concerned") 关注,关心 condemn - v. to say a person or action is wrong or bad 遣责 condition - n. something declared necessary to complete an agreement 条件; a person's health 身体状况 conference - n. a meeting 会议 confirm - v. to approve; to say that something is true 确定 conflict - n. a fight; a battle, especially a long one 冲突 congratulate - v. to praise a person or to express pleasure for success or good luck 祝贺 Congress - n. the organization of people elected to make the laws of the United States (the House of Representatives and the Senate); a similar organization in other countries 议会 conservative - n. one who usually supports tradition and opposes great change constitution - n. the written general laws and ideas that form a nation's system of government 宪法 contain - v. to hold; to include 包容 container - n. a box, bottle or can used to hold something 容器 continent - n. any of the seven great land areas of the world 大陆 control - v. to direct; to have power over 控制 convention - n. a large meeting for a special purpose cooperate - v. to act or work together 合作 court - n. where trials take place; where judges make decisions about law 法院 crash - v. to fall violently; to hit with great force 碰撞,坠毁 create - v. to make; to give life or form to 创造 creature - n. any living being; any animal or human 生物 credit - n. an agreement that payments will be made at a later time 信用 crew - n. a group of people working together 全体人员 crime - n. an act that violates a law 罪行 criminal - n. a person who is responsible for a crime 罪犯 crisis - n. an extremely important time when something may become much better or worse; a dangerous situation 危机 大会 保守派
criticize - v. to say what is wrong with something or someone; to condemn; to judge 批评 crowd - n. a large number of people gathered in one place 人群 crush - v. to damage or destroy by great weight; to defeat completely 压碎 curfew - n. an order to people to stay off the streets or to close their businesses 戒严 current - n. movement of air, water or electricity 水流,电流; ad. belonging to the present time 目前的 ("She found the report in a current publication.") custom - n. a long-established belief or activity of a people 习惯,风俗 customs - n. taxes on imports D dam - n. a wall built across a river to hold back flowing water 大坝 damage - v. to cause injury or destruction 摧毁; n. harm; hurt or injury, usually to things 毁坏 deaf - ad. not able to hear 聋的 debate - v. to argue for or against something; n. a public discussion or argument 争论 debt - n. something that is owed; the condition of owing 债务 declare - v. to say; to make a statement 声明 decrease - v. to make less in size or amount 降低 defeat - v. to cause to lose in a battle or struggle; n. a loss; the condition of having lost 打败 defend - v. to guard or fight against attack; to protect 防卫 deficit - n. a shortage that results when spending is greater than earnings, or imports are greater than exports 赤字 define - v. to give the meaning of; to explain 定义 delay - v. to decide to do something at a later time; to postpone; to cause to be late 延迟 delegate - n. one sent to act for another; one who represents another 代表 demand - v. to ask by ordering; to ask with force 要求 democracy - n. the system of government in which citizens vote to choose leaders or to make other important decisions 民主 demonstrate - v. to make a public show of opinions or feelings ("The crowd demonstrated in support of human rights.") 示威; to explain by using examples ("The teacher demonstrated the idea with an experiment.") 示范 denounce - v. to accuse of being wrong or evil; to criticize severely 谴责 condemn deny - v. to declare that something is not true; to refuse a request 否认 depend - v. to need help and support 依靠 deplore - v. to regret strongly; to express sadness 表示悲痛 deploy - v. to move forces or weapons into positions for action 部署(军队) depression - n. severe unhappiness; a perio
 

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