安徽理工大学第三届英语四级模拟考试
大学英语四级考试(
  4) 大学英语四级考试(CET
  4) 试题册
注意事项
一、将自己的专业班级、姓名、准考证号(学号)写在答题卡 1 和答题卡 2 上。 二、试题册、答题卡均不得带出考场。考试结束,等监考人员收卷后方可离开考场。 三、仔细阅读题目的说明。 四、在 30 分钟内做完答题卡 1 上的作文题,在接下来的 15 分钟内完成快速阅读理解部分的试题。 然后监考人员收取答题卡 1 发放答题卡
  2,考生在答题卡 2 上完成其余部分的试题。全部答题 时间为 125 分钟,不得拖延答题。 五、考生必须在答题卡上作答,凡写在试题册上的答案一律无效。 六、多项选择题每题只有一个答案:若多选,则该题无分。选定答案后用 HB-2B 浓度的铅笔在相应 的字母中划一横线。划线要有一定的粗度,要盖过字母的底色。 七、如果要改动答案,必须先用橡皮擦擦净原来选定的答案,然后按规定重新答题。 八、在考试过程中要注意对自己的答案保密。若有意被他人抄袭,一经发现,后果自负。 九、查分网址:www.xueshenghui.org Part I: Writing(30 minutes) Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic My Viewpoint on Using Mobile Phone. You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the chart and the outline given below:
  1. 手机很方便沟通交流。
  2. 手机大大减少了人们面对面的交流。
  3. 你认为该如何看待手机。 My Viewpoint on Using Mobile Phone
Part II: Reading Comprehension(Skimming and Scanning)(15 minutes) Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet
  1. For questions 1-7, mark Y (for YES) if the statement agrees with the information given in the passage; N (for NO) if the statement contradicts the information given in the passage; NG (for NOT GIVEN) if the information is not given in the passage. For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage. Scientists Weigh Options for Rebuilding New Orleans As experts ponder how best to rebuild the devastated (毁坏)city, one question is whether to wall off
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?or work with?the water. Even before the death toll from Hurricane Katrina is tallied, scientists are cautiously beginning to discuss the future of New Orleans. Few seem to doubt that this vital heart of U.S. commerce and culture will be restored, but exactly how to rebuild the city and its defenses to avoid a repeat catastrophe is an open question. Plans for improving its levees and restoring the barrier of wetlands around New Orleans have been on the table since 1998, but federal dollars needed to implement them never arrived. After the tragedy, that's bound to change, says John Day, an ecologist at Louisiana State University (LSU) in Baton Rouge. And if there is an upside to the disaster, he says, it's that 'now we've got a clean slate to start from." Many are looking for guidance to the Netherlands, a country that, just like bowl-shaped New Orleans, sits mostly below sea level, keeping the water at bay with a construction of amazing scale and complexity. Others, pointing to Venice's long-standing adaptations, say it's best to let water flow through the city, depositing sediment to offset geologic subsidence?a model that would require a radical rethinking of architecture. Another idea is to let nature help by restoring the wetland buffers between sea and city. But before the options can be weighed, several unknowns will have to be addressed. One is precisely how the current defenses failed. To answer that, LSU coastal scientists Paul Kemp and Hassan Mashriqui are picking their way through the destroyed city and surrounding region, reconstructing the size of water surges by measuring telltale marks left on the sides of buildings and highway structures. They are feeding these data into a simulation of the wind and water around New Orleans during its ordeal. "We can't say for sure until this job is done," says Day, "but the emerging picture is exactly what we've predicted for years." Namely, several canals?including the MRGO, which was built to speed shipping in the 1960s?have the combined effect of funneling surges from the Gulf of Mexico right to the city's eastern levees and the lake system to the north. Those surges are to blame for the flooding. "One of the first things we'll see done is the complete backfilling of the MRGO canal," predicts Day, "which could take a couple of years." The levees, which have been provisionally repaired, will be shored up further in the months to come, although their long-term fate is unclear. Better levees would probably have prevented most of the flooding in the city center. To provide further protection, a mobile dam system, much like a storm surge barrier in the Netherlands, could be used to close off the mouth of Lake Pontchartrain. But most experts agree that these are short-term fixes. The basic problem for New Orleans and the Louisiana coastline is that the entire Mississippi River delta is subsiding and eroding, plunging the city deeper below sea level and removing a thick cushion of wetlands that once buffered the coastline from wind and waves. Part of the subsidence is geologic and unavoidable, but the rest stems from the levees that have hemmed in the Mississippi all the way to its mouth for nearly a century to prevent floods and facilitate shipping. As a result, river sediment is no longer spread across the delta but dumped into the Gulf of Mexico. Without a constant stream of fresh sediment, the barrier islands and marshes are disappearing rapidly, with a quarter, roughly the size of Rhode Island, already gone. After years of political wrangling, a broad group pulled together by the Louisiana government in
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1998 proposed a massive $14 billion plan to save the Louisiana coasts, called Coast 2050 (now modified into a plan called the Louisiana Coastal Area project). Wetland restoration was a key component. "It's one of the best and cheapest hurricane defenses," says Day, who chaired its scientific advisory committee. Although the plan was never given more than token funding, a team led by Day has been conducting a pilot study since 2000, diverting part of the Mississippi into the wetlands downstream of the city. "The results are as good as we could have hoped," he says, with land levels rising at about 1 centimeter per year?enough to offset rising sea levels, says Day. Even if the wetlands were restored and new levees were built, the combination of geologic subsidence and rising sea levels will likely sink New Orleans another meter by 21
  00. The problem might be solved by another ambitious plan, says Roel Boumans, a coastal scientist at the University of Vermont in Burlington who did his ph.D. at LSU: shoring up the lowest land with a slurry of sediment piped in from the river. The majority of the buildings in the flooded areas will have to be razed anyway, he says, "so why not take this opportunity to fix the root of the problem?" The river could deposit enough sediment to raise the bottom of the New Orleans bowl to sea level "in 50 to 60 years," he estimates. In the meantime, people could live in these areas Venice-style, with buildings built on stilts. Boumans even takes it a step further: "You would have to raise everything about 30 centimeters once every 30 years, so why not make the job easier by making houses that can float." Whether that is technically or politically feasible?Day, for one, calls it "not likely" ?remains to be seen, especially because until now, the poorest residents lived in the lowest parts of the city. Any decision on how best to protect the city in the future will be tied to how many people will live there, and where. "there may be a large contingent of residents and businesses who choose not to return," says Bill Good, an environmental scientist at LSU and manager of the Louisiana Geological Survey's Coastal Processes section. It is also not yet clear how decisions about the reconstruction will be made, says Good, "Since there is no precedent of comparable magnitude." Every level of government is sure to be involved, and "the process is likely to be ad hoc." Even with the inevitable mingling of science and politics, we still have "a unique chance to back out of some bad decisions," says Good, who grew up in New Orleans. "I hope that we don't let this once-in-history opportunity slip through our fingers in the rush to rebuild the city:" Y (for YES) N (for NO) or NG (for NOT GIVEN)
  1. The passage gives a general description of the suggestions to reconstruct New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina.
  2. Two examples to deal with water are Netherlands and Venice.
  3. The canals have nothing to do with the flooding.
  4. The levees will be shored up further with clear long-term fate.
  5. The basic problem for New Orleans is the subsidence of Mississippi River delta.
  6. The key component of Coast 2050 is wetland restoration.
  7. The plan of Coast 2050 will get billions of federal funding.
  8. New Orleans will likely sink by 21
  00.
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  9. Another ambitious plan is to shoring up the lowest land with a slurry of sediment .
  10. How decisions about the reconstruction will be made is also . Part III:Listening Comprehension(35 minutes) Section A Directions: in this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A ), B), C), and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then make the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center. Directions:
  11.A)He didn’t go to work because of the bad weather. B) He felt sick, so he took a day off at home. C) He was in the office, but he didn’t hear the phone. D) He was unwilling to answer the phone call.
  12. A) She partly agrees with the man’s opinion , though not thoroughly. B) She suggests the man to wcrk hard from this moment on. C) She can’t agree with the man more. D) She thinks that it is too late for the man to begin to work hard.
  13. A)Jones was sick heavily last night. B)Jones didn’t have good impression about the woman. C)Jones felt so depressed last night that he treated the woman badly. D)Jones didn’t like the drink the woman offered to him, so he was mad at her.
  14. A)Jenny is quiet . B) Jenny is unwilling to talk to others. C) Jenny is very empty-headed. D) Jenny is always curious at others’ affairs.
  15. A) 20 minutes. B) 30 minutes. C) 40 minutes. D) An hour.
  16. A) The man thought that the woman was kidding. B) The man did not believe what the woman has said. C) The man got angry at what the woman has said. D) The man was surprised at what the woman has said.
  17. A)The woman is unwilling to lend her digital camera to the man. B) The woman lent her digital camera to some C) The woman will bring her digital camera to man tomorrow morning. D) The woman can’t lend her digital camera to the man since she doesn’t take
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  18. A) The teacher made her sit on the right side of a boy. B) The teacher often mixes her up with another girl whose name is the same as hers. C) The teacher often mixes her up with another boy whose name is the same as hers. D) The man always coundn’t distinguish her from another girl. Question 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
  19. A)To organize activities for children. B)To sell local farm products. C)To bring tourists to the town. D)To collect money.
  20. A)In tents. B)In university building. C)In a hospital. D)In an auditorium. 21 A)Play the piano in a local band. B)Work at the auction on Saturday afternoon. C)Serve refreshments in the food tent. D)Collect tickets for the fair.
  22. A)He thinks it’s mainly for children. B)He feels it would be worthwhile. C)He thinks it is too complicated. D)He thinks it may not be very profitable. Question 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
  23. A)Terrible. B)Strange. C)Wonderful. D)Mysterious.
  24. A)From the TV program. B)From the magazine. C)From his friend. D)From the pictures.
  25. A)There are squares all over. B)They are all wonderful. C)They are all large. D)There are triangles all over. Section B Direction: in this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A ),B), C), and D).Then make the
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