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Unit 4 He said I was hard-working every Saturday 每周六 first of all 首先 both……and…… 两者都(谓语动词要注意对称原则) neither….nor 既不。。也不。。 。 。 either….or 或者。。或者。。 。 。 most of… 绝大多数 an exciting week 令人兴奋的一周 agree with sb 同意某人 soap operas 肥皂剧 agree to sth. 同意某人的计划 pass on 传递 be supposed to do sth. 被期望或被要求做... ... be mad at …… =be angry with 生气 do better in=be better at 在......方面做得更好 be in good health 身体健康 report card 成绩单 on Friday night 在星期五的晚上 get… over 克服;恢复;原谅 open up 打开/展开/开发/揭露 care for 照料;照顾;意愿;计较 have a surprise party for sb. 为某人举行一次聚会 end-of-year exam=final exam 期末考试 not….anymore 不再做某事 bring sth to sb 把某物带来给某人 take sth with sb 某人随身携带某物 drinks and snacks 饮料零食 work on a homework project 致力于作业 work as a volunteer 工作作为一个志愿者 how is it going? 进展如何? get nervous 变得紧张 be surprised at sth 对。。感到惊奇 。 be surprised to do sth 惊奇的做某事 have a really hard time with sth/doing sth 困恼的做某事 for now 暂时 have a big fight 大打出手 fight with+战友+for+目的 为了。。和某人并肩而战 。 on one’s own=by mysef 独立地 in China’s rural areas 在中国的乡村地区 above sea level 海平面以上 make sb feel sick 是某人感到难受 make a decision to be a teacher 下决心当一个老师 decide to do sth 下决心做某事 need to experience different things 需要经历不同的事情 高中 senior high school return to… 返回到。。 。

  46. sick people
  47. in danger 本单元语法讲解
病人 处在危险中
直接引语和间接引语 直接引语改为间接引语时,除将引语部分变成宾语从句外,还必须对直接引语中 的人称、时态、指示代词、时间状语、地点状语等进行改变。
  1. 时态的变化:直接引语变为间接引语时,通常受转述动词 said,asked 等的影 : 响而使用过去化的时态,
  2. 人称代词、指示代词、时间状语、地点状语等等的变化;根据意义进行相应 的变化。 如: She asked Jack,“Where have you been?” →She asked Jack where he had been. He said,“These books are mine.” →He said that those books were his. (二)直接引语改为间接引语时,都使用陈述语序,但是因为原句的句式不同, 所以变成间接引语时所用的连词会有所不同。
  1.陈述句的间接引语:陈述句由直接引语变间接引语,由 that 引导,可以省略。 陈述句的间接引语: 引导,可以省略。 陈述句的间接引语 陈述句由直接引语变间接引语, She said to me, “You can’t do anything now.” →She told me that I couldn’t do anything then.
  2. 疑问句的间接引语 直接引语如果是疑问句,变成间接引语后,叫做间接疑问句。间接疑问句为 陈述语序,句末用句号,动词时态等的变化与间接陈述句相同。引述动词常用 ask, wonder, want to know 等间接疑问句一般有三种: (
  1).一般疑问句由直接引语变为间接引语时, 由 whether 或 if 引导。 如: 一般疑问句由直接引语变为间接引语时, 引导。 一般疑问句由直接引语变为间接引语时 “Has he ever worked in Shanghai?”Jim asked. →Jim asked whether/if he had ever worked in Shanghai. (
  2). 特殊疑问句由直接引语变为间接引语时,仍由原来的疑问词引导。 如: 特殊疑问句由直接引语变为间接引语时,仍由原来的疑问词引导。 “Which room do you live in?” He asked. “ →He asked me which room I lived in. (
  3). 选择疑问句由直接引语变为间接引语时,由 whether/if …or 引导。 如: 选择疑问句由直接引语变为间接引语时, 引导。 “Is it your bike or Tom’s? Mum asked. →Mum asked whether/if it was my bike or Tom’s.
  3. 祈使句的间接引语 祈使句的间接引语当祈使句变为间接引语时,间接祈使句的引述动词常用 tell,ask,order,beg,request,order 等,而把直接祈使句变成带 to 的不定式短 语。 如: Jack said, “Please come to my house tomorrow, Mary. ” →Jack asked Mary to go to his house the next day. “Don’t touch anything.” He said. →He told us not to touch anything.
  4. 动词时态和代词等的变动 (
  1). 某些代词,限定词,表示时间或地点的副词和个别动词在间接引语中的变 化规则: 直接引语 间接引语 that day today now then, at that moment
yesterday the day before two days before the day before yesterday tomorrow the next day / the following day the day after tomorrow two days after, / in two days the next week/month etc next week/ month etc last week/ month etc the week / month etc. before here there that this these those come go take bring (
  2). 如果引述动词为现在时形式,则间接引语中的动词时态,代词,限定词和表 示时间或地点的副词不用变化。而如果引述动词是过去时,以上内容就要有相应 变化。变化情况如下: 现在时间推移到过去的时间 注意 如果直接引语是表示 现在时间推移到过去的时间(注意 注意:如果直接引语是表示 客观规律的,那么时态仍然用 那么时态仍然用一般现在时 客观规律的 那么时态仍然用 一般现在时 →一般过去时; 现在进行时 →过去进行时; 一般将来时 →过去将来时; 现在完成时 →过去完成时; 一般过去时;→过去完成时;
 

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