八年级上英语语法
  1) leave 的用法
  1.“leave+地点”表示“离开某地”。例如: When did you leave Shanghai? 你什么时候离开上海的?
  2.“leave for+地点”表示“动身去某地”。例如: Next Friday, Alice is leaving for London. 下周五,爱丽斯要去伦敦了。
  3.“leave+地点+for+地点”表示“离开某地去某地”。例如: Why are you leaving Shanghai for Beijing? 你为什么要离开上海去北京?
  2) 情态动词 should“应该”学会使用 should 作为情态动词用,常常表示意外、惊奇、不能理解等,有“竟会”的意思,例如: How should I know? 我怎么知道? Why should you be so late today? 你今天为什么来得这么晚? should 有时表示应当做或发生的事,例如: We should help each other.我们应当互相帮助。 我们在使用时要注意以下几点:
  1. 用于表示“应该”或“不应该”的概念。此时常指长辈教导或责备晚辈。例如: You should be here with clean hands. 你应该把手洗干净了再来。
  2. 用于提出意见劝导别人。例如: You should go to the doctor if you feel ill. 如果你感觉不舒服,你最好去看医生。
  3. 用于表示可能性。should 的这一用法是考试中常常出现的考点之一。例如:
We should arrive by supper time. 我们在晚饭前就能到了。 She should be here any moment. 她随时都可能来。
  3) What...? 与 Which...?
  1. what 与 which 都是疑问代词,都可以指人或事物,但是 what 仅用来询问职业。如: What is your father? 该句相当于: What does your father do? What is your father's job? Which 指代的是特定范围内的某一个人。如: Which is Peter? 哪个是皮特? The boy behind Mary. 玛丽背后的那个男孩。 你父亲是干什么的?

  2. What...? 是泛指,所指的事物没有范围的限制;而 Which...?是特指,所指的事物有范围的限 制。如: What color do you like best? 你最喜爱什么颜色? Which color do you like best, blue, green or yellow? 你最喜爱哪一种颜色?
  3. what 与 which 后都可以接单、复数名词和不可数名词。如: Which pictures are from China? 哪些图片来自中国?
  4) 频度副词的位置
  1.常见的频度副词有以下这些: always(总是,一直) usually(通常) (有特定的范围) (所有颜色)
often(常常,经常) sometimes(有时候) never(从不)
  2.频度副词的位置: a.放在连系动词、助动词或情态动词后面。如: David is often arrives late for school. 大卫上学经常迟到。 b.放在行为动词前。如: We usually go to school at 7:10 every day. 我们每天经常在
  7:10 去上学。 c.有些频度副词可放在句首或句尾,用来表示强调。如: Sometimes I walk home, sometime I rides a bike. 有时我步行回家,有时我骑自行车。
  3.never 放在句首时,主语、谓语动词要倒装。如: Never have I been there.
  5) every day 与 everyday
  1. every day 作状语,译为“每一天”。如:
We go to school at 7:10 every day. 我们每天
  7:10 去上学。 I decide to read English every day. 我决定每天读英语。
  2. everyday 作定语,译为“日常的”。 She watches everyday English on TV after dinner.
她晚饭后在电视上看日常英语。 What's your everyday activity? 你的日常活动是什么?
  6) 什么是助动词
  1.协助主要动词构成谓语动词词组的词叫助动词(Auxiliary Verb) 。被协助的动词称作主要动词 (Main Verb) 。 助动词自身没有词义,不可单独使用,例如: He doesn't like English. 他不喜欢英语。 (doesn't 是助动词,无词义;like 是主要动词,有词义)
  2.助动词协助主要动词完成以下功用,可以用来: a. 表示时态,例如: He is singing. 他在唱歌。 He has got married. 他已结婚。 b. 表示语态,例如: He was sent to England. 他被派往英国。 c. 构成疑问句,例如: Do you like college life? 你喜欢大学生活吗? Did you study English before you came here?你来这儿之前学过英语吗? d. 与否定副词 not 合用,构成否定句,例如: I don't like him. 我不喜欢他。 e. 加强语气,例如: Do come to the party tomorrow evening. 明天晚上一定来参加晚会。 He did know that. 他的确知道那件事。
  3.最常用的助动词有:be, have, do, shall, will, should, would
  7) forget doing/to do 与 remember doing/to do
  1.forget to do 忘记要去做某事。 (未做) forget doing 忘记做过某事。 (已做) The light in the office is still on. He forgot to turn it off. 办公室的灯还在亮着,它忘记关了。(没有做关灯的动作) He forgot turning the light off. 他忘记他已经关了灯了。 ( 已做过关灯的动作) Don't forget to come tomorrow. 别忘了明天来。 (to come 动作未做) 典型例题 The light in the office is still on. Oh,I forgot. A. turning it off B. turn it off C. to turn it off D. having turned it off
答案:C。由 the light is still on 可知灯亮着,即关灯的动作没有发生,因此用 forget to do sth. 而 forget doing sth 表示灯已经关上了,而自己忘记了这一事实。此处不符合题意。
  2.remember to do 记得去做某事 (未做) remember doing 记得做过某事 (已做) Remember to go to the post office after school. 记着放学后去趟邮局。 Don't you remember seeing the man before? 你不记得以前见过那个人吗?
  8) It's for sb.和 It's of sb.
  1.for sb. 常用于表示事物的特征特点,表示客观形式的形容词,如 easy, hard, difficult, interesting, impossible 等: It's very hard for him to study two languages. 对他来说学两门外语是很难的。
  2.of sb 的句型一般用表示人物的性格, 品德, 表示主观感情或态度的形容词, good, kind, nice, 如 clever, foolish, right。 It's very nice of you to help me. 你来帮助我,你真是太好了。
  3.for 与 of 的辨别方法: 用介词后面的代词作主语,用介词前边的形容词作表语,造个句子。如果道理上通顺用 of,不通 则用 for。如: You are nice. (通顺,所以应用 of)。 He is hard. (人是困难的,不通,因此应用 for。)
  9) 对两个句子的提问 新目标英语在命题中有将对句子划线提问这一题型取消的趋势,现在采取的作法是对一个句子进 行自由提问。例如: 句子:The boy in blue has three pens. 提问:
  1.Who has three pens?
  2.Which boy has three pens?
  3.What does the boy in blue have?
  4.How many pens does the boy in blue have? 很显然,学生多了更多的回答角度,也体现了考试的灵活性。再如: 句子:He usually goes to the park with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday. 提问:
  1.Who usually goes to the park with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?
  2.Where does he usually go with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?

  3.What does he usually do with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?
  4.With whom does he usually go to the park at 8:00 on Sunday?
  5.What time does he usually go to the park with his friends on Sunday?
  6.When does he usually go to the park with his friends?
  10) so、such 与不定冠词的使用
  1.so 与不定冠词 a、an 连用,结构为“so+形容词+a/an+名词”。如: He is so funny a boy. Jim has so big a house.
  2.such 与不定冠词 a、an 连用,结构为“such+a/an+形容词+名词”。如: It is such a nice day. That was such an interesting story.
  11) 使用-ing 分词的几种情况
  1.在进行时态中。如: He is watching TV in the room. They were dancing at nine o'clock last night.
  2.在 there be 结构中。如: There is a boy swimming in the river.
  3.在 have fun/problems 结构中。如: We have fun learning English this term. They had problems getting to the top of the mountain.
  4.在介词后面。如: Thanks for helping me.
Are you good at playing basketball.
  5.在以下结构中: enjoy doing sth finish doing sth feel like doing sth stop doing sth forget doing sth go on doing sth remember doing sth like doing sth keep sb doing sth find sb doing sth see/hear/watch sb doing sth try doing sth need doing sth prefer doing sth mind doing sth practice doing sth be busy doing sth can't help doing sth miss doing sth
  12) 英语中的“单数”
  1.主语的第三人称单数形式,即可用“he, she, it”代替的。如: 乐于做某事 完成做某事 想要做某事 停止做某事 忘记做过某事 继续做某事 记得做过某事 喜欢做某事 使某人一直做某事 发现某人做某事 看到/听到/观看某人做某事 试图做某事 需要做某事 宁愿做某事 介意做某事 练习做某事 忙于做某事 禁不住做某事 错过做某事
he, she, it my friend, his teacher, our classroom,
  2.名词有单数名词和复数名词。如: man(单数)men(复数) Tom, Mary's uncle
banana(单数)bananas(复数)

  3.动词有原形,第三人称单数形式,-ing 分词,过去式,过去分词。如: gogoesgoingwentgone workworksworkingworkedworked watchwatcheswatchingwatchedwatched 当主语为第三人称单数的时候,谓语动词必须用相应的第三人称单数形式。如: The boy wants to be a sales assistant. Our English teacher is from the US. Their daughter makes her breakfast all by herself.
  12) 英语中的“单数”
  1.主语的第三人称单数形式,即可用“he, he, she, it my friend, his teacher, our classroom, Tom, Mary's uncle she, it”代替的。如:

  2.名词有单数名词和复数名词。如: man(单数)men(复数) banana(单数)bananas(复数)

  3.动词有原形,第三人称单数形式,-ing 分词,过去式,过去分词。如: gogoesgoingwentgone workworksworkingworkedworked watchwatcheswatchingwatchedwatched 当主语为第三人称单数的时候,谓语动词必须用相应的第三人称单数形式。如: The boy wants to be a sales assistant.
Our English teacher is from the US. Their daughter makes her breakfast all by herself.
  13) 名词的复数构成的几种形式 名词复数的构成可分为规则变化和不规则变化两种。 I 名词复数的规则变化
  1.一般在名词词尾加-s。如: pearpears deskdesks hamburgerhamburgers treetrees

  2.以字母-s, -sh, -ch, -x 结尾的名词,词尾加-es。如: classclasses watchwatches dishdishes boxboxes

  3.以字母-o 结尾的某些名词,词尾加-es。如: potatopotatoes NegroNegroes tomatotomatoes heroheroes

  4.以辅音字母加-y 结尾的名词,将-y 变为-i,再加-es。如: familyfamilies citycities dictionarydictionaries countrycountries

  5.以字母-f 或-fe 结尾的名词,将-f 或-fe 变为-v,再加-es。如: halfhalves thiefthieves selfselves lifelives shelfshelves leafleaves knifeknives wifewives wolfwolves loafloaves
但是: scarfscarves(fes) serfserfs chiefchiefs beliefbeliefs II 名词复数的不规则变化
  1.将-oo 改为--ee。如: footfeet
  2.将-man 改为-men。如: manmen policemanpolicemen
  3.添加词尾。如: childchildren
  4.单复数同形。如: sheepsheep fishfish deerdeer peoplepeople womanwomen postmanpostmen toothteeth roofroofs gulfgulfs proofproofs

  5.表示“某国人”的单、复数变化。即“中日瑞不变英法变,其它国把-s 加后面”。如: ChineseChinese JapaneseJapanese SwissSwiss EnglishmanEnglishmen AmericanAmericans CanadianCanadians RussianRussians FrenchmanFrenchmen AustralianAustralians KoreanKoreans IndianIndians

  6.其它。如: mousemice apple treeapple trees man teachermen teachers
  14) 双写最后一个字母的-ing 分词 初中阶段常见的有以下这些:
  1.let→letting hit→hitting cut→cutting get→getting sit→sitting forget→forgetting put→putting set→setting babysit→babysitting
  2.shop→shopping trip→tripping stop→stopping drop→dropping
  3.travel→travel(l)ing swim→swimming run→running 购物 绊 停止 放弃 旅游 游泳 跑步 让 打、撞 切、割 取、得到 坐 忘记 放 设置 临时受雇照顾婴儿
dig→digging begin→beginning prefer→preferring plan→planning
挖、掘 开始 宁愿 计划

  15) 肯定句变否定句及疑问句要变化的一些词
  1.some 变为 any。如: There are some birds in the tree. →There aren't any birds in the tree. 但是,若在表示请邀请、请求的句子中,some 可以不变。如: Would you like some orange juice? 与此相关的一些不定代词如 something, somebody 等也要进行相应变化。
  2.and 变为 or。如: I have a knife and a ruler. →I don't have a knife or a ruler.
  3.a lot of (=lots of)变为 many 或 much。如: They have a lot of friends.(可数名词) →They don't have many friends. There is lots of orange in the bottle.(不可数名词) →There isn't much orange in the bottle.
  4.already 变为 yet。如: I have been there already. →I haven't been there yet.
  16) in 与 after
in 与 after 都可以表示时间,但二者有所区别。
  1.in 经常用于将来时的句子中,以现在为起点,表示将来一段时间。如:
 

相关内容

八年级上册_英语作文范文

   八年级上册英语作文范文 八年级上册英语作文范文 语作文 Unit 1 根据下列班级活动调查表,用英语写一篇文章。 Class 12,Grade 8: Activity Survey Activity Watch TV Have Sports Do homework Every Day Twice a Week Four Times a Week 60% 10% 100% 20% 20% 0% 20% 70% 0% ( All students=100! Most students=51!-9 ...

八年级上册英语学习评价与检测

   www.3edu.net 3edu 教育网,教学资源集散地,完全免费! 班级 班级 (一)听力部分 一、听对话,选择正确的图片 (5 分) 听对话, 姓名 姓名 二、对话,选择正确答案 (5 分) 对话, ( )1. What’s Mike’s telephone number? A. 8096712 B. 8086127 ( )2. What’s the time now? www.3edu.net 3eud 教育网,可能是最大的免费教育网! C. 8091629 www.3edu.net ...

仁爱八年级上册英语作文范例集

   Ⅲ.书面表达。 (10 分) 下面是 Ann 的锻炼计划,请根据图片和时间提示,写一篇 60 词左右的短文,注意要有一定的感想。 Time Activity 8: 30-9: 30 Wednesday morning 4: 00-5: 30 Friday afternoon 1: 00-2: 30 Saturday afternoon tomorrow morning Ann likes sports. She does exercise/ has sports in the gym for ...

八年级上册英语单词

   八年级 上册 Unit 1 try [trai] 试图,设法,努力 of course [k:s] 当然,自然 look after照顾,照看 lifestyle ['laf'stal] 生活方式 grade [reid] 分数,成绩 better ['bet] (good和well的比较级)更好的(地),(健康状况)好转的 same [seim] 同样的,相同的 as像……(一样) different ['difrnt] 不同的,有区别的 1 difference ['difrns] 不同 ...

八年级上册英语单词默写

   八年级上册英语单词默写 八年级上册英语单词默写 Unit1 1.多久一次 2.锻炼;运动 3.踩滑板:参加滑板运动 4.几乎不;几乎没有 5.曾经;曾 6.购物 7.一次 8.两次 9.次;次数 10.在……冲浪 11.网络;互联网 12.节目;表演 13.中学 14.大多数的;几乎全部的 15.结果;成 16.活跃的;积极的 17.至于;关于 18.约摸;几乎;大约 19.垃圾食品 20.牛奶 21.咖啡 22.薄片 23.可乐 24.巧克力 25 喝;饮 26.健康;健康状况 27.多少 ...

八年级上册英语单词默写

   八年级上册英语单词默写 八年级上册英语单词默写 Unit1 姓名?????? 1.多久一次 2.锻炼;运动 3.踩滑板:参加滑板运动 4.几乎不;几乎没有 5.曾经;曾 6.购物 7.一次 8.两次 9.次;次数 10.在……冲浪 11.网络;互联网 12.节目;表演 13.中学 14.大多数的;几乎全部的 15.结果;成 16.活跃的;积极的 17.至于;关于 18.约摸;几乎;大约 19.垃圾食品 20.牛奶 21.咖啡 22.薄片 23.可乐 姓名?????? 24.巧克力 25 喝; ...

八年级上册英语单词默写

   八年级上册英语单词默写 Unit 1 多久一次 锻炼;运动 踩滑板;参加滑板运动 几乎不;几乎没有 曾;曾经 一次 两次 次;次数 在……冲浪;在激浪上驾(船) 网络;互联网 (戏剧,广播,电视等的)节目;表演 (美)高中; (英)完全中学 结果;成果 活跃的;积极的 对于;关于;在……方面;就……而言 至于;关于 几乎;大约 废弃的旧物;破烂物 垃圾食品 牛奶 咖啡 (食物等的)薄片 可乐 巧克力 喝;饮 健康;健康状况 多少 采访者 习惯 试图;设法;努力 当然;自然 照顾;照看 生活方 ...

三年级上册英语集体备课

   三年级上册英语集体备课 三年级上册英语集体备课 A.存在问题。 孩子们带着好奇、带着满心的欢喜走进了新的课程英语学习,家长们 也很兴奋,进三年级了!学习英语了似乎又看到了孩子们再次站在了同一起跑线 上。都在期待新的发现、新的发展、新的收获!然而,我们知道,这个年龄段的 孩子,好奇、好动、注意力维持时间较短,注意力的维度单一,模仿能力强,但 又易记易忘,他们的思维方式与其自身的行为直接联系,仍然以自己的印象、直 觉、观察和经验去解释和理解所面临的问题。因此,抓好启蒙阶段的英语教学, 为孩子们的 ...

六年级上册英语作文汇集

   六年级上册英语作文汇集 一、介绍你和家人上学或上班的方式 I go to school on foot.My sister goes to school on foot, too. My brother goes to school by bike. My father goes to work by car. My mother goes to work by bike. 二、介绍你和朋友各自上学的方式。 介绍你和朋友各自上学的方式。 I go to school by bus. My f ...

六年级上册英语单词句子

   六年级上册单词、句子 Unit 1: on foot by bike by bus go to school traffic lights by train traffic rules by plane by boat by car by taxi by ship stop wait get to usually sometimes 1.How do you go to school, Sarah? Usually I go to school on foot. Sometimes I go ...

热门内容

小学英语语法练习题

   小学英语语法练习题 一、写出下列单词的复数形式。(5%) 1. book2. mango3. sheep4. radio 5. yo-yo6. knife 7. children8. man 9. Walkman10. tooth 二、写出下列数词的基数词或序数词。(5%) 1. one 2. two 3. three 4. five 5. nine 6. twenty 7. eighty-eight8. twenty-first 9. tenth 10. ninety-sixth 三、写下 ...

实用英语词汇系列:广告词汇中英对照_Part1

   广告词汇 广告讯息 advertising message 艺术 art 艺术方向 art direction 艺术家 artist 美术总监 art director 大创意 big idea 头脑风暴法 brainstorming 传播媒介 communications media 概念化 conceptualization 方案人员 copywriter 创意纲要 creative brief 创意总监 creative director 创意过程 creative process 创 ...

考研复试英语

   1. 自我介绍(self-introduce) Good morning. I am glad to be here for this interview. First let me introduce myself. My name is ***, 24. I come from ******,the capital of *******Province. I graduated from the ****** department of *****University in July , ...

苏教版牛津英语七年级上册第四单元4food知识点与课文讲解

   4 food 词组 多锻炼 步行上学 每周三次 保持健康 参军 less than how much/many keep fit not at all feel worried would like(sb.)to do sth 想要(某人) 想要(某人)干某事 不到 多少 保持健康 根本不; 根本不;一点也不 感到忧虑 祝好运 忙于干…… 忙于干 take more exercise walk to school three time a week keep healthy join the ...

牛津小学英语3B期中试卷

   牛津小学英语 3B 期中试卷 班级 姓名 得分 听力部分 一,听录音,选出你所听到的内容,将其序号填入括号内. (10 分) ( )1. A 20 B. 12 C. 2 ( ) 2. A. watch B. what C.white ( ) 3. A.boy B. black C. box ( ) 4. A. grandfather B. father C. brother ( ) 5. A. he B. her C. she ( ) 6.A.car B.park C.six ( ) 7.A ...