八年级下册英语重点短语及句型总汇 常见动词不定式词组、句型用法总结 固定用法(非谓语动词):以下是带 to 的动词不定式常见搭配 ★希望做某事 hope to do sth. ★决定做某事 decide to do sth. ★同意做某事 agree to do sth. ★需要某人做某事 need to do sth. ★使用某物做某事 use sth to do sth ★迫不及待做某事 can’t wait to do ★准备做某事 get/be ready to do ★尽力/努力做某事 try to do sth ★计划做某事 plan to do sth. ★不得不 have to do ★轮流做某事 take one’s turns to do sth. ★拒绝做某事 refuse to do sth. ★告诉某人做某事 tell sb. to do sth. ★请某人做某事 ask sb. to do sth. ★希望某人做某事 wish sb. to do sth. ★教某人做某事 teach sb. to do sth ★想要某人做某事 want /would like sb.to do sth. ★同意某人做某事 agree sb. to do sth. . ★喜欢/想要某人做某事 like sb. to do sth. ★帮助某人做某事 help sb. to do sth/help sb.do ★encourage sb to do 鼓励某人做 ★It’s one’s turn to do sth. 轮到某人做某事 例句:It your turn to clean the blackboard. ★It’s time(for sb.) to do sth.是某人做某事时候了 例句:It’s time for me to go home. ★It’s +adj. for/of sb. to do sth. 对于某人来说做某事是…… (当 adj.是表示性格、 品德的形容词时用 of) 例句: It is easy for me to learn it well. It is very kind/foolish/nice of you to do so. ★ It takes sb. sometime to do sth. 某人做某事花了某时间 例句:
  1.It takes me an hour to get to school by bike.
  2.It took me an hour to watch TV last night.
  3.It will take her two weeks to finish the work. ★too+adj./adv. to do sth. 太…..而不能 例: He was to angry to say a word. ★find/think/feel it +adj. to do sth.发现/认为/感到做某事是… 例: I find/think/feel it hard to learn English well. ★序数词+to do 第…..个做某事 例句:Who is the first to get there? ★我不知/忘记了怎么办。I didn't know/forgot what to do. ★ 离开房间时不要忘记/记住关灯 例句:Don’t forget/Remember to turn off the lights when you left the room ★ be+adj+to do sth 例句:
  1.I am very sorry to hear that.
  2.I am ready to help others.
  3.I am happy/pleased/glad to meet you.
顺口溜: 本领最多不定式, 主表定补宾和状; 样样成分都能干, 只有谓语它不敢; 大家千万要小心,有时它把句型改;作主语时用 it,自己在后把身藏;七个感官 三使役,宾补要把 to 甩开;疑问词后接上它,宾语从句可充当;逻辑主语不定 式,不定式前加 for sb.;to 前 not 是否定,各种用法区别开。 以下是不带 to 的动词不定式(即动词原形)的常见用法 ★ let sb. do sth 让某人做某事 ★ make do sth 使得某人做某 事 ★ hear do sth do sth 听见某人做某事 ★see do sth do sth 看见某人做 某事 ★ why not 或 why don’t you +动词原形?为什么不….?(表示建议) 例:Why not/Why don’t you take a walk? ★ 某人+had better( not)do 某人最好(不)做某事 ★ 情态动词 can/may /must /should+ 动词原形 (包括情态动词的否定形式+ 动词原形) ★ 助动词 do/does/did/will/would 在构成疑问句或者构成否定句即 don’t /doesn’t /didn’t /will not /would not+ 动词原形 ★ be going to + 动词原形(表示“即将”“打算” 做某事) 常见动名词、分词的习惯用法总结 使用-ing 分词的几种情况
  1.在进行时态中。如:
  1.He is watching TV in the room.
  2.They were dancing at nine o'clock last night.
  2.在 there be 结构中。如:There is a boy swimming in the river.
  3.在 have fun/problems 结构中。如:We have fun learning English this term. They had problems getting to the top of the mountain.
  4.在介词后面。如:Thanks for helping me. Are you good at playing basketball? I What /How about doing sth? 做某事怎么样? am interested in playing football.
  5.在以下结构中
  1. enjoy doing sth 喜欢做某事;
  2. finish doing sth; 完成做某事; 想要做某事;
  3. feel like doing sth
  4. stop doing sth 停止做某事(原来的事)
  5. forget doing sth 忘记做过某事;
  6. go on doing sth 继续做某事(原来的事);
  7. remember doing sth 记得做过某事;
  8. like doing sth 喜欢做某事;
  9. find /see/hear/watch sb doing 发现/看到/听到/观看某人 做
  10. try doing sth 试图做某事;
  11. need doing sth 需要做某事;
  12. prefer doing sth 宁愿做某事; 介意做某事;
  13. mind doing sth

  14. miss doing sth 错过做某事;
  15. practice doing sth 练习做某事;
  16. be busy doing sth 忙于做某事; 禁不住做某事;
  17. can't help doing sth
  18. waste time/money doing 浪费时间/金钱做…;
  19. keep sb.doing 让…始终/一直做…
  20. stop sb.(from)doing 阻止某人做某事
  21. prefer doing B to doing B=like A better than A 喜欢做 A 更喜欢做 B
  22. “do some +doing”短语 如:do some shopping/do some washing/do some reading/do some practicing/do some cleaning/do some speaking
  23.“go doing”短语去做某事(主要指文娱活动等) 如:go shopping/go fishing/go swimming/go hiking/go skating/go camping/go skiing(滑雪/go boating /go hunting (打猎) 语法: 动词不定式 (
  1) 动词不定式常跟这些及物动词之后, want ,refuse, forget, need , try, learn , like, agree, help, hope ,decide, begin 等。可用顺口溜(要想拒绝忘记,需要努力 学习,喜欢同意帮助,希望决定开始) (
  2) 不定式的否定形式是在 to 的前面直接加 not. My mother decided not to buy a computer for me. (
  3) 不定式可以和疑问词 who , which ,when, where ,how, what 等连用。 Can you tell me what to say at the meeting ? I don’t know how to get to the station. (
  4) 本 topic 出现的句子有: I have some exciting news to tell you. I want to make a hotel reservation. It is very common to raise money in Canadian and American schools. The best way to raise money is to sell newspapers. I think the most exciting way is to sell flowers in the evening. Kangkang helped us to book the train tickets. 重点语法 动词不定式 want ,refuse, forget, need , try, learn , (
  1) 动词不定式常跟这些及物动词之后, like, agree, help, hope ,decide, begin 等。可用顺口溜(要想拒绝忘记,需要努力 学习,喜欢同意帮助,希望决定开始) (
  2) 不定式的否定形式是在 to 的前面直接加 not. My mother decided not to buy a computer for me. (
  3) 不定式可以和疑问词 who , which ,when, where ,how, what 等连用。 Can you tell me what to say at the meeting ? I don’t know how to get to the station. (
  4) 本 topic 出现的句子有: I have some exciting news to tell you. I want to make a hotel reservation. It is very common to raise money in Canadian and American schools. The best way to raise money is to sell newspapers.
I think the most exciting way is to sell flowers in the evening. Kangkang helped us to book the train tickets. 重点语法 时间状语从句
  1。引导词: (
  1) when, while , as 当……时候. when 后可跟短暂性动词也可跟延续性动 词;while 后跟延续性动词;as 多用于口语,强调同一时间,或一前一后。 The students were talking in the classroom when the teacher came in. = While the students were talking in the classroom , the teacher came in. 学 生在教室里谈话时,老师进来了。 Mother always sings as she cooks dinner for us. 妈妈总是边给我们做饭边唱 歌。 (
  2)not … until 直到……才,主句谓语动词常用短暂性动词。 I won’t leave here until the rain stops. He didn’t sleep until his mother came back home. (
  3) after 在……之后,before 在……之前,as soon as 一……就 I went to sleep after I finished my homework..= I finished my homework before I went to sleep. As soon as the bell rings , the students will go into the classroom.
  2. 时态 (
  1)当主句为一般过去时时,从句常用过去的某种时态。 While I was doing my homework , the telephone rang. (
  2)当主句的时态为一般将来时, 从句用一般现在时。 I will call you as soon as I get to Beijing. 重点语法 条件状语从句
  1.条件状语从句由 if(如果),unless(除非)等 引导的,谓语动词常用一般现在 时表示将来,主句用一般将来时。 主句 if 从句 Will (must, should, may) 一般现在时 如:I won’t go if he doesn’t go . We will pass the exam if we study hard. We won’t pass the exam unless we study hard..
  2. 祈使句+and/or 引导的结果句,祈使句在意义上相当于条件状语从句。 如:Hurry up, or you’ll be late.= If you don’t hurry up, you’ll be late.=You’ll be late unless you hurry up. Study hard, and you will pass the exam.= If you study hard, you will pass the exam
 

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