八年级下册英语重点短语及句型总汇 常见动词不定式词组、句型用法总结 固定用法(非谓语动词):以下是带 to 的动词不定式常见搭配 ★希望做某事 hope to do sth. ★决定做某事 decide to do sth. ★同意做某事 agree to do sth. ★需要某人做某事 need to do sth. ★使用某物做某事 use sth to do sth ★迫不及待做某事 can’t wait to do ★准备做某事 get/be ready to do ★尽力/努力做某事 try to do sth ★计划做某事 plan to do sth. ★不得不 have to do ★轮流做某事 take one’s turns to do sth. ★拒绝做某事 refuse to do sth. ★告诉某人做某事 tell sb. to do sth. ★请某人做某事 ask sb. to do sth. ★希望某人做某事 wish sb. to do sth. ★教某人做某事 teach sb. to do sth ★想要某人做某事 want /would like sb.to do sth. ★同意某人做某事 agree sb. to do sth. . ★喜欢/想要某人做某事 like sb. to do sth. ★帮助某人做某事 help sb. to do sth/help sb.do ★encourage sb to do 鼓励某人做 ★It’s one’s turn to do sth. 轮到某人做某事 例句:It your turn to clean the blackboard. ★It’s time(for sb.) to do sth.是某人做某事时候了 例句:It’s time for me to go home. ★It’s +adj. for/of sb. to do sth. 对于某人来说做某事是…… (当 adj.是表示性格、 品德的形容词时用 of) 例句: It is easy for me to learn it well. It is very kind/foolish/nice of you to do so. ★ It takes sb. sometime to do sth. 某人做某事花了某时间 例句:
  1.It takes me an hour to get to school by bike.
  2.It took me an hour to watch TV last night.
  3.It will take her two weeks to finish the work. ★too+adj./adv. to do sth. 太…..而不能 例: He was to angry to say a word. ★find/think/feel it +adj. to do sth.发现/认为/感到做某事是… 例: I find/think/feel it hard to learn English well. ★序数词+to do 第…..个做某事 例句:Who is the first to get there? ★我不知/忘记了怎么办。I didn't know/forgot what to do. ★ 离开房间时不要忘记/记住关灯 例句:Don’t forget/Remember to turn off the lights when you left the room ★ be+adj+to do sth 例句:
  1.I am very sorry to hear that.
  2.I am ready to help others.
  3.I am happy/pleased/glad to meet you.
顺口溜: 本领最多不定式, 主表定补宾和状; 样样成分都能干, 只有谓语它不敢; 大家千万要小心,有时它把句型改;作主语时用 it,自己在后把身藏;七个感官 三使役,宾补要把 to 甩开;疑问词后接上它,宾语从句可充当;逻辑主语不定 式,不定式前加 for sb.;to 前 not 是否定,各种用法区别开。 以下是不带 to 的动词不定式(即动词原形)的常见用法 ★ let sb. do sth 让某人做某事 ★ make do sth 使得某人做某 事 ★ hear do sth do sth 听见某人做某事 ★see do sth do sth 看见某人做 某事 ★ why not 或 why don’t you +动词原形?为什么不….?(表示建议) 例:Why not/Why don’t you take a walk? ★ 某人+had better( not)do 某人最好(不)做某事 ★ 情态动词 can/may /must /should+ 动词原形 (包括情态动词的否定形式+ 动词原形) ★ 助动词 do/does/did/will/would 在构成疑问句或者构成否定句即 don’t /doesn’t /didn’t /will not /would not+ 动词原形 ★ be going to + 动词原形(表示“即将”“打算” 做某事) 常见动名词、分词的习惯用法总结 使用-ing 分词的几种情况
  1.在进行时态中。如:
  1.He is watching TV in the room.
  2.They were dancing at nine o'clock last night.
  2.在 there be 结构中。如:There is a boy swimming in the river.
  3.在 have fun/problems 结构中。如:We have fun learning English this term. They had problems getting to the top of the mountain.
  4.在介词后面。如:Thanks for helping me. Are you good at playing basketball? I What /How about doing sth? 做某事怎么样? am interested in playing football.
  5.在以下结构中
  1. enjoy doing sth 喜欢做某事;
  2. finish doing sth; 完成做某事; 想要做某事;
  3. feel like doing sth
  4. stop doing sth 停止做某事(原来的事)
  5. forget doing sth 忘记做过某事;
  6. go on doing sth 继续做某事(原来的事);
  7. remember doing sth 记得做过某事;
  8. like doing sth 喜欢做某事;
  9. find /see/hear/watch sb doing 发现/看到/听到/观看某人 做
  10. try doing sth 试图做某事;
  11. need doing sth 需要做某事;
  12. prefer doing sth 宁愿做某事; 介意做某事;
  13. mind doing sth

  14. miss doing sth 错过做某事;
  15. practice doing sth 练习做某事;
  16. be busy doing sth 忙于做某事; 禁不住做某事;
  17. can't help doing sth
  18. waste time/money doing 浪费时间/金钱做…;
  19. keep sb.doing 让…始终/一直做…
  20. stop sb.(from)doing 阻止某人做某事
  21. prefer doing B to doing B=like A better than A 喜欢做 A 更喜欢做 B
  22. “do some +doing”短语 如:do some shopping/do some washing/do some reading/do some practicing/do some cleaning/do some speaking
  23.“go doing”短语去做某事(主要指文娱活动等) 如:go shopping/go fishing/go swimming/go hiking/go skating/go camping/go skiing(滑雪/go boating /go hunting (打猎) 语法: 动词不定式 (
  1) 动词不定式常跟这些及物动词之后, want ,refuse, forget, need , try, learn , like, agree, help, hope ,decide, begin 等。可用顺口溜(要想拒绝忘记,需要努力 学习,喜欢同意帮助,希望决定开始) (
  2) 不定式的否定形式是在 to 的前面直接加 not. My mother decided not to buy a computer for me. (
  3) 不定式可以和疑问词 who , which ,when, where ,how, what 等连用。 Can you tell me what to say at the meeting ? I don’t know how to get to the station. (
  4) 本 topic 出现的句子有: I have some exciting news to tell you. I want to make a hotel reservation. It is very common to raise money in Canadian and American schools. The best way to raise money is to sell newspapers. I think the most exciting way is to sell flowers in the evening. Kangkang helped us to book the train tickets. 重点语法 动词不定式 want ,refuse, forget, need , try, learn , (
  1) 动词不定式常跟这些及物动词之后, like, agree, help, hope ,decide, begin 等。可用顺口溜(要想拒绝忘记,需要努力 学习,喜欢同意帮助,希望决定开始) (
  2) 不定式的否定形式是在 to 的前面直接加 not. My mother decided not to buy a computer for me. (
  3) 不定式可以和疑问词 who , which ,when, where ,how, what 等连用。 Can you tell me what to say at the meeting ? I don’t know how to get to the station. (
  4) 本 topic 出现的句子有: I have some exciting news to tell you. I want to make a hotel reservation. It is very common to raise money in Canadian and American schools. The best way to raise money is to sell newspapers.
I think the most exciting way is to sell flowers in the evening. Kangkang helped us to book the train tickets. 重点语法 时间状语从句
  1。引导词: (
  1) when, while , as 当……时候. when 后可跟短暂性动词也可跟延续性动 词;while 后跟延续性动词;as 多用于口语,强调同一时间,或一前一后。 The students were talking in the classroom when the teacher came in. = While the students were talking in the classroom , the teacher came in. 学 生在教室里谈话时,老师进来了。 Mother always sings as she cooks dinner for us. 妈妈总是边给我们做饭边唱 歌。 (
  2)not … until 直到……才,主句谓语动词常用短暂性动词。 I won’t leave here until the rain stops. He didn’t sleep until his mother came back home. (
  3) after 在……之后,before 在……之前,as soon as 一……就 I went to sleep after I finished my homework..= I finished my homework before I went to sleep. As soon as the bell rings , the students will go into the classroom.
  2. 时态 (
  1)当主句为一般过去时时,从句常用过去的某种时态。 While I was doing my homework , the telephone rang. (
  2)当主句的时态为一般将来时, 从句用一般现在时。 I will call you as soon as I get to Beijing. 重点语法 条件状语从句
  1.条件状语从句由 if(如果),unless(除非)等 引导的,谓语动词常用一般现在 时表示将来,主句用一般将来时。 主句 if 从句 Will (must, should, may) 一般现在时 如:I won’t go if he doesn’t go . We will pass the exam if we study hard. We won’t pass the exam unless we study hard..
  2. 祈使句+and/or 引导的结果句,祈使句在意义上相当于条件状语从句。 如:Hurry up, or you’ll be late.= If you don’t hurry up, you’ll be late.=You’ll be late unless you hurry up. Study hard, and you will pass the exam.= If you study hard, you will pass the exam
 

相关内容

八年级下册英语重点短语及句型总汇

   八年级下册英语重点短语及句型总汇 常见动词不定式词组、句型用法总结 .固定用法(非谓语动词):以下是带 to 的动词不定式常见搭配 ★希望做某事 hope to do sth. ★同意做某事 agree to do sth. ★使用某物做某事 use sth to do sth ★准备做某事 get/be ready to do ★计划做某事 plan to do sth. ★告诉某人做某事 tell sb. to do sth. ★希望某人做某事 wish sb. to do sth. ★ ...

八年级下册英语重点短语及句型总汇

   八年级下册英语重点短语及句型总汇 常见动词不定式词组、 常见动词不定式词组、句型用法总结 固定用法(非谓语动词) .固定用法(非谓语动词):以下是带 to 的动词不定式常见搭配 ★希望做某事 hope to do sth. ★决定做某事 decide to do sth. ★同意做某事 agree to do sth. ★需要某人做某事 need to do sth. can’t ★使用某物做某事 use sth to do sth ★迫不及待做某事 can t wait to do 尽力/ ...

八年级(下)新目标英语重点短语及句型总汇(附语法)配套练习

   更多资源下载 www.yingxiaozhe.com 八年级( 八年级(下)新目标英语重点短语及句型总汇 Unit 1 Will people have robots? 1. fewer people 更少的人(fewer 修饰名词复数,表示否定) 2. less free time 更少的空闲时间(less 修饰不可数名词,表示否定) 3. in ten years 10 年后(in 的时间短语用于将来时,提问用 How soon) 爱上… 4. fall in love with… 例: ...

八年级(下)新目标英语重点短语及句型总汇(Units6-10)

   八年级(下)新目标英语重点短语及句型总汇(Units6-10) xjh2698@tom.com 八年级( 八年级(下)新目标英语重点短语及句型总汇(Units6-10) 新目标英语重点短语及句型总汇( ) Unit 6 How long have you been collecting shells? raise money 筹钱 集邮 collect stamps run out of… 用尽 by the way 顺便说一下 在…的路上 on the way to.. be intere ...

新目标九年级英语知识点、短语及句型总结

   新目标九年级英语单元知识点、短语及句型总结 快要告别寒假,快要告别长假,快要告别地震带给我们的食不安胃、睡不 安寝的惨状,带着新的憧憬,我们又迎来了充满希望和挑战的新学年。 新学年即将开始,对我们来说,有意义的不是沉浸在昨天的回忆中,而是更 多地思考如何不断地完善和提高自己。新学年开始之际,我送给大家三句话: 第一句话:认识自我,对自己说:“我能行!” 在生活中,我们获得的每一滴成功,遭受的每一次挫折,似乎都要经过放大 镜,进入父母、老师的心底。我们每一点进步,每一个成长,无不受到大家默默 ...

新目标英语八年级下重点短语及句型总汇

   八年级(下)新目标英语重点短语及句型总汇 Unit 1 Will people have robots? fewer people 更少的人(fewer 修饰名词复数,表示否定) less free time 更少的空闲时间(less 修饰不可数名词,表示否定) in ten years 10 年后(in 的时间短语用于将来时,提问用 How soon) fall in love with… 爱上… 例:When I met Mr. Xu for the first time, I fell ...

新目标英语八年级下重点短语及句型总汇

   八年级(下)新目标英语重点短语及句型总汇 Unit 1 1. fewer people 示否定) 2. less free time 表示否定) 3. in ten years 提问用 How soon) 4. fall in love with… 爱上… 例:When I met Mr. Xu for the first time, I fell in love with him at once 当我第一次见到许老师,我立刻爱上他 5. live alone 6. feel lonely ...

新目标英语八年级下重点短语及句型总汇

   八年级( 八年级(下)新目标英语重点短语及句型总汇 Unit 1 Will people have robots? 1. fewer people 更少的人( 修饰名词复数,表示否定) 更少的人(fewer 修饰名词复数,表示否定) 2. less free time 更少的空闲时间( 修饰不可数名词,表示否定) 更少的空闲时间(less 修饰不可数名词,表示否定) 3. in ten years 10 年后(in 的时间短语用于将来时,提问用 How soon) 年后( 的时间短语用于将来 ...

新目标英语八年级下重点短语及句型总汇

   八年级( 八年级(下)新目标英语重点短语及句型总汇 Unit 1 Will people have robots? 1. fewer people 更少的人( 修饰名词复数,表示否定) 更少的人(fewer 修饰名词复数,表示否定) 2. less free time 更少的空闲时间( 修饰不可数名词,表示否定) 更少的空闲时间(less 修饰不可数名词,表示否定) 3. in ten years 10 年后(in 的时间短语用于将来时,提问用 How soon) 年后( 的时间短语用于将来 ...

新目标英语八年级下重点短语及句型总汇

   八年级( 八年级(下)新目标英语重点短语及句型总汇 Unit 1 Will people have robots? 1. fewer people 更少的人( 修饰名词复数,表示否定) 更少的人(fewer 修饰名词复数,表示否定) 2. less free time 更少的空闲时间( 修饰不可数名词,表示否定) 更少的空闲时间(less 修饰不可数名词,表示否定) 3. in ten years 10 年后(in 的时间短语用于将来时,提问用 How soon) 年后( 的时间短语用于将来 ...

热门内容

1877kj_英语牛津版必修2 unit1 tales of unexplained-Welcome课件ppt

   www.jkzyw.com The most beautiful thing one can experience is mysteries. They are truly the basis of all arts and sciences . Albert Einstein Here are some pictures on the screen. Can you tell me what they are? www.jkzyw.com UFOs : unidentified flyin ...

初一英语上册各单元单词

   初中英语:初一英语上 第1单元:my;name;is;clock;am;nice;to;meet;you;what;your;hello;hi;his;and;her;question;answer;look;first;last;boy;girl;zero;one;two;three;four;five;six;seven;eight;nine;telephone;number;phone;it;card;family 第2单元:this;pencil;pen;book;eraser;rul ...

报关员考试常用英语缩写大全

   报关员考试常用英语缩写大全 报关员考试常用英语缩写大全 考试常用英语 A.V. ad valorem 从价 A.W.B. air waybill 空运运单 Art.No. Article number 货号 B/E bill of exchange 汇票 B/L bill of lading 海运提单,提单 C.C.V.O. combined certificate of value and origin 估价和产地联合证明 书 C.O.D. cash on delivery 货到付款 CA ...

中考英语复习十五:阅读理解考点讲解和训练

   本资料来源于《七彩教育网》 本资料来源于《七彩教育网》http://www.7caiedu.cn 2009 年中考英语复习十五:阅读理解的考点讲解和训练 年中考英语复习十五:阅读理解的考点讲解和训练 十五、阅读理解及其解题方法 十五、阅读理解及其解题方法 【考点扫描】 考点扫描】 阅读理解能力的培养是中学英语学习的一项重要任务,也是中考的一项重要内容。中 考阅读理解题主要考查学生的语篇阅读能力、 分析和判断能力。 要求学生能较快地通过阅读 理解短文大意,获取其中的主要信息,能做出正确判断,然 ...

高职高专实用英语u2 text

   Text A Renting Apartments Why do people want to rent an apartment instead of buying a house? Will you choose to rent an apartment and share it with others? Tell me the pros and cons ? What should you do if you want to rent a house landlord 房东 rente ...