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八年级英语学习资料
八年级上知识点总结
Unit 1: How often do you exercise?
【复习目标】 复习目标】 会使用频率副词及短语 能描述课余时间的活动安排 会描述基本饮食结构. ; ; 【语言目标】 语言目标】 ● What do you usually do on weekends? ● How often do you eat vegetables? I sometimes go to the beach. Every day.
● Most students do homework every day. 【重点词汇】 重点词汇】 ● always, usually , often, sometimes , hardly , ever, never. ● how often, once , twice , three times a week , every day. 【应掌握的词组】 应掌握的词组】
  1. go to the movies 去看电影
  3. surf the internet 上网
  5. go skate boarding 去划板
  2. look after = take care of 照顾
  4. healthy lifestyle 健康的生活方式
  6. keep healthy=stay healthy 保持健康

  7. exercise=take(much)exercise=do sports 锻炼
  8. eating habits 饮食习惯
  9. take more exercise 做更多的运动
  11. be different from 不同
  13. twice a week 一周两次
  15. how often 多久一次
  10. the same as 与什么相同
  12. once a month 一月一次
  14. make a difference to 对什么有影响
  16. although = though 虽然

  17. most of the students=most students
  18. shop=go shopping=do some shopping 购物
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  19. as for 至于
  21. do homework 做家庭作业
  23. eat less meat 吃更少的肉
  25. be good for 对什么有益
  27. want to do sth 想做某事
  29. try to do sth 尽量做某事
  31. of course = certainly = sure 当然
  33. some advice
  20. activity survey 活动调查
八年级英语学习资料

  22. do housework 做家务事
  24. junk food 垃圾食物
  26. be bad for 对什么有害
  28. want sb to do sth 想某人做某事
  30. come home from school 放学回家
  32. get good grades 取得好成绩

  34. hardly=not nearly / almost not 几乎不
  36.be stressed out 紧张的,有压力的
  48.get back 回来

  35. keep/be in good health 保持健康
  37. take a vacation 去度假 【应掌握的句子】 应掌握的句子】
  1.
How often do you exercise? 你(你们)多久锻炼一次身体?
How often + 助动词 do(does 或 did) + 主语 + do sth.? 疑问词 how often 是问频率(多久一次), (在这里助动词 do(does 或 did) 是起帮助构成疑问的作用) 与一般现在时或一般过去时连用 回答一般是用表示频率的副词 如 once, twice, , , : three times…, sometimes, often, quite, often, never, every day, once a week , twice a month , three times a month , three or four times a month 等. 翻译:"你们多久到工厂去一次?""每星期两 次." "How often do you go to the factory?" "Twice a week. " "他们多长时间举办一次舞会?""通常每两周举办一 次." "How often do they have a dancing party?" "Usually, once every other week." "他多久去购一次物?""一个月一次."
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八年级英语学习资料
"How often does he go shopping?" "He goes shopping once a month."
  2. "What do you usually do on weekends?" " I usually play soccer." "周末你通常做什么?""我通常踢足球." 第一个 do 为助动词, 在这起帮助构成疑问的作用;而第二个 do 则是实义动 词. 翻译: What do you usually do on weekends? I often go to the movies. What does she usually do on weekends? She sometimes go hiking.
  3. "What's your favorite program?" "It's Animal World." =What program do you like best? "你最喜欢什么节目?""动物世界."
  4. As for homework , most students do homework every day . as for...意思是"至于;关于",常用于句首作状语,其后跟名词,代词或动 词的-ing 形式(即动名词).如: As for him,I never want to see him here. 至于他,我永远不希望在这里见到. As for the story,you'd better not believe it. 关于那故事,你 最好不要相信. 翻译:至于我自己,我现在不想去. (As for myself, I don't want to go now. ) 至于那个人,我什么都不知道.(As for the man, I know nothing about him.)
  5. Mom wants me to get up at 6:00 and play ping-pong with her . want to do sth. 意思是"想要做某事"; want sb. to do sth.意思是"想要某人做某事".如:
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八年级英语学习资料
Do you want to go to the movies with me?你想和我一起去看电影吗? The teacher doesn't want us to eat hamburgers.老师不想让我们吃汉堡 包.
  6. She says it's good for my health. be good for...表示"对……有益(有好处)";其反义为:be bad for....(这 里 for 是介词,后跟名词,代词或动名词) 如:It's good for us to do more reading. 多读书对我们有好处. Reading in bed is bad for your eyes.在床上读书对你的眼睛有害.
  7. How many hours do you sleep every night?
  8. I exercise every day , usually when I come home from school .
  9. My eating habits are pretty good . 这里 pretty 相当于 very .
  10. I try to eat a lot of vegetables , usually ten to eleven times a week . try to do sth.表示" 尽力做某事 " ,不包含是否成功的意思而 try doing sth.表示"(用某一办法)试着去做某事". 如: You'd better try doing the experiment in another way. 你最好试试用另一种方法做这个试验.
  11. My healthy lifestyle helps me get good grades. help sb.(to) do sth.帮助某人做某事
  12. Good food and exercise help me to study better. 这里 better 是 well 的比较级,而不是 good 的比较级
  13. Is her lifestyle the same as yours or different? =Is her lifestyle the same as your lifestyle or is her lifestyle different from yours? be the same as … / be different from …
  14. What sports do you play ?
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  15. A lot of vegetables help you to keep in good health . keep in good health = keep healthy = stay healthy
  16. You must try to eat less meat . try to do sth.表示" 尽力做某事 " ,不包含是否成功的意思,less 是 little 的 比较级
  17. That sounds interesting. 这是"主语+系动词+表语"结构的简单句.sound (听起来) ,look (看起来) , smell (闻起来),taste(尝起来),feel(觉得),seem(好象),grow(变 得),get (变得)等词在英语中可用作系动词,后跟形容词作表语.如: It tastes good. 这味道好. The music sounds very sweet. 这音乐听起来很入耳. The smoke grew heavier and heavier. 烟雾变得越来越浓了. 【词语辨析】 一,maybe / may be
  1. The baby is crying
  2. The woman she is hungry.
a teacher .
maybe 是副词,意为"大概, 可能,或许",一般用于句首.May be 是情 态动词,意为"可能是..,也许是..,大概是..". 二,a few / few / a little / little
  1. people can live to 100,but people can live to 1
  50.

  2. There is
time left, I don't catch the first bus. milk?

  3. Could you give me
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八年级英语学习资料
a few (少数的,几个,一 些) few (很少的,几乎没有的) 的) 修饰可数名词 三,none / no one 1, 2,
a little (一点儿,少量) little (很少的,几乎没有 修饰不可数名词
表示肯定 表示否定
of the pens are mine . is in the classroom.
none 指人或物,强调数量,用 how many 提问,常与 of 连用.no one 多 指人,强调"无人"这种状态,用 who 提问,不可与 of 连用,作主语时,其谓语 动词用第三人称单数形式. 四,hard / hardly
  1. The ground is too
  2. I can
  3. It's raining to dig
understand them. ,the people can go outside.
hard 作形容词,意为"困难的,艰苦的,硬的";作副词,意为"努力地, 猛烈地".Hardly 意为"几乎不".
Unit 2 What's the matter?
【复习目标】 复习目标】 ● ● 掌握身体各部位名称的英文表达方式 能表述身体的种种不适以及对他人身体的种种不适给予适当的建议
【语言目标】 语言目标】 ● ● What's the matter? I have a headache. You should drink some tea. The sounds like a good idea.
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阳光家教网 www.ygjj.com ● ● I have a sore back. That's too bad .
八年级英语学习资料
I hope you feel better soon.
【重点词汇】 重点词汇】 ● head, nose, eye, ear, tooth, neck, stomach, back, leg, arm, foot, throat ● thirsty, stressed out,/ dentist, lie, rest, honey, water, illness, advice. ● cold, fever, headache, toothache, stomachache, sore throat 【应掌握的词组】 应掌握的词组】 握的词组
  1. Have a cold 感冒
  2. sore back 背痛

  3. neck and neck 并驾齐驱,齐头并进
  4. I have a stomachache 我胃痛 = I have got a stomachache = There is something wrong with my stomach = My stomach hurts = I have (got) a pain in my stomach
  5. What's the matter? 怎么了? = What's the trouble (with you)? = What's your trouble?= What's wrong (with you)? = What' the matter (with you)? =What has happened to you? = Is there anything wrong (with you)? = what's up?
  6. sore throat 咽喉痛
  8. see a dentist 看牙医 水
  10. hot tea with honey 加蜂蜜的热茶
  12.That's too bad 太糟糕了
  11.That's a good idea 好主意
  13.I think so 我认为如此
  7. lie down and rest 躺下休息
  9. drink lots of water 多喝
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  14. I'm not feeling well. 我觉得不太舒服
八年级英语学习资料
= I'm not feeling fine/all right. = I'm feeling ill/sick. =I feel terrible/bad. = I don't feel well.
  15. get some rest 多休息 我不知道
  17. stressed out 筋疲力尽 tired. 他累了
  19. a healthy lifestyle 健康的生活方式 doctors 传统中医
  21. a balance of yin and yang 阴阳调和 阴气太盛
  23. to eat a balance diet 饮食平衡
  16. I have no idea = I don't know

  18. I am tired 我累了 He is

  20. traditional Chinese

  22. you have too much yin.你

  24. healthy food 健康食品

  25. stay healthy 保持健康=keep healthy=keep in good health = keep fit
  26. enjoy oneself (myself, yourself, herself, himself, themselves, ourselves, itself 反身代词) 玩得高兴,过得愉快 =have a good time = have a wonderful time = have fun
  27. enjoy sth. =like sth. (名词)喜欢某物, enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事=like doing sth 习做某事, mind doing sth. 介意做某事, give up doing sth.放弃做某事, 做某事, practice doing sth.练
finish doing sth.完成某事, can't help doing sth.忍不住
keep doing sth. 坚持做某事. (keep on doing sth. / keep sb. doing sth. ) be busy doing sth. 忙着做某事 于做某事 be used to doing sth.习惯
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阳光家教网 www.ygjj.com make a contribution to doing sth.为..做贡献 go on doing sth. 继续做某事 事 remember doing sth. 记得做过某事 (时间)来做某事
八年级英语学习资料
forget doing sth.忘记做过某
spend....(in) doing sth. 花
prefer doing sth.to doing sth.比起(做...)来更愿意(做...)
  28. at the moment = now 此刻
  30. Conversation practice 会话练习 听到此事我很难过 【应掌握的句子】
  1. What's the matter? I have a bad cold. 你怎么了?我得了重感冒. 翻译:他怎么了?他胃痛. 魏芳怎么了?她背痛.
  2.Maybe you should see a dentist. 或许你应该看牙医. 翻译:我应该上床睡觉. 李平应该躺下休息. 我们不应该上课吃东西.We shoudn't eat food in class,
  3.I hope you feel better soon. 我希望你很快好起来. 翻译:我希望他明天能来.I hope you will come here tomorrow.
  4.Traditional Chinese doctors believe we need a balance of yin and yang to be healthy. 传统中医认为我们需要阴阳调和以保持身体健康. 翻译:老师认为我们应该努力学习以取得好成绩.
  29. Host family 东道家庭
  31. I'm sorry to hear that.
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八年级英语学习资料
Teachers think we should study hard to get good grade. 我相信每天晚上睡眠 8 个小时很重要.
  5.Eating Dangshen and Huangqi herbs is also good for this. 吃党参和黄芪等草本植物也对这有好处. 翻译:吃一些蔬菜和水果对你的健康有好处. 看电视太多对你的眼睛有害. Watching TV too much is bad for your eyes.
  6.People who are too stressed out and angry may have too much yang. 太紧张易怒的人或许吃了太多的阳性食物.
  7.It's easy to have a healthy lifestyle, and it's important to eat a balanced diet. 有一个健康的生活方式很容易,饮食平衡是很重要的. 翻译:学好英语不是很容易的.It's not easy to study English. 上课注意听讲是必要的. 完成作业也很重要.
  8.When you are tired, you shouldn't go out at night. 疲倦时,晚上你 不该外出. 翻译:他小的时候就知道应该努力学习. 他 5 岁就上学了. 我们进教室时,老师已经开始讲课 了.
  9.I believe him, but I can't believe in him. 他的话是真的,但是我不信任他这个人.
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八年级英语学习资料

  10.I am not feeling very well at the moment. 这段时间我感觉不大好. I'm tired and I have a lot of headaches. 我很疲劳,而且经常头痛.
  11.I'm stressed out because my Mandarin isn't improving. 我很容易紧张,因为普通话没有长进.
  12.I practice playing the piano every day.我每天练习弹钢琴. 翻译:他每天练习踢足球.I practice playing soccer every day. 我们应该每天练习说英语.
  13.She had finished writing the letter when I went in. 我进去时,她已经写完信了. 翻译:他踢完足球去游泳了. 我洗完餐具后去商店了.
  14.The doctor asked him to give up smoking.医生叫他戒烟. 翻译:不要放弃学英语.Don't give up studying English.
  15.Do you mind closing the window? 请把窗户关上好吗? 翻
 

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