单音节和部分双音节:
一般在词尾加-er 或 -est high higher highest tall taller tallest
以字母e结尾的词,加-er或-est
fine finer finest late later latest
重读闭音节词词尾只有一个辅音字母时,先双写辅音字母,再加er 或est big bigger biggest
thin thinner thinnest
fat fatter fattest
以“辅音字母加y”结尾的双音节词,先把“y”改为“i”再加-er或-est easy easier easiest
funny funnier funniest
early earlier earliest
多音节和部分双音节词:
在词前加more或most beautiful more beautiful most…
outgoing more outgoing most…
新目标八年级(上)英语复习提纲(全套)
Unit 1: How often do you exercise?

  1. go to the movies 去看电影

  2. look after = take care of 照顾

  3. surf the internet 上网

  4. healthy lifestyle 健康的生活方式

  5. go skate boarding 去划板

  6. keep healthy=stay healthy 保持健康

  7. exercise=take(much)exercise=do sports锻炼

  8. eating habits 饮食习惯

  9. take more exercise 做更多的运动

  10. the same as 与什么相同

  11. be different from 不同

  12. once a month一月一次

  13. twice a week一周两次

  14. make a difference to 对什么有影响

  15. how often 多久一次

  16. although = though虽然

  17. most of the students=most students

  18. shop=go shopping=do some shopping 购物

  19. as for至于

  20. activity survey活动调查

  21. do homework做家庭作业

  22. do house work做家务事

  23. eat less meat吃更少的肉

  24. junk food垃圾食物

  25. be good for 对什么有益

  26. be bad for对什么有害

  27. want to do sth 想做某事

  28. want sb to do sth想某人做某事

  29. try to do sth 尽量做某事

  30. come home from school放学回家

  31. of course = certainly = sure当然

  32. get good grades取得好成绩

  33. some advice

  34. hardly=not nearly / almost not几乎不

  35. keep/be in good health保持健康

  36.be stressed紧张的,有压力的

  37. take a vacation 去度假

  48.get back 回来
Unit 2 What’s the matter?

  1. Have a cold 感冒

  2. sore back 背痛

  3. neck and neck 并驾齐驱,齐头并进

  4. I have a stomachache 我胃痛
= I have got a stomachache
= There is something wrong with my stomach
= My stomach hurts
= I have (got) a pain in my stomach

  5. What’s the matter? 怎么了?
= What’s the trouble (with you)?
= What’s your trouble?
= What’s wrong (with you)?
= What’ the matter (with you)?
=What has happened to you?
= Is there anything wrong (with you)? = what’s up?

  6. sore throat 咽喉痛

  7. lie down and rest 躺下休息

  8. see a dentist 看牙医

  9. drink lots of water 多喝水

  10. hot tea with honey 加蜂蜜的热茶

  11.That’s a good idea 好主意

  12.That’s too bad 太糟糕了

  13.I think so 我认为如此

  14. I’m not feeling well. 我觉得不太舒服
= I’m not feeling fine/all right.
= I’m feeling ill/sick. =I feel terrible/bad.
= I don’t feel well.

  15. get some rest 多休息

  16. I have no idea = I don’t know 我不知道

  17. stressed out 筋疲力尽

  18. I am tired 我累了 He is tired. 他累了

  19. a healthy lifestyle健康的生活方式

  20. traditional Chinese doctors传统中医

  21. a balance of yin and yang阴阳调和

  22. you have too much yin.你阴气太盛

  23. to eat a balance diet饮食平衡

  24. healthy food 健康食品

  25. stay healthy 保持健康
=keep healthy=keep in good health
= keep fit

  26. enjoy oneself (myself, yourself, herself, himself, themselves, ourselves, itself
反身代词) 玩得高兴,过得愉快
=have a good time = have a wonderful time
= have fun

  27. enjoy sth. =like sth. (名词)喜欢某物,
enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事=like dong sth
practice doing sth.练习做某事,
mind doing sth. 介意做某事,
finish doing sth.完成某事,
give up doing sth.放弃做某事,
can’t help doing sth.忍不住做某事,
keep ding sth. 坚持做某事. (keep on doing sth. / keep sb. doing sth. )
be busy doing sth. 忙着做某事
be used to doing sth.习惯于做某事
make a contribution to doing sth.为..做贡献
go on doing sth. 继续做某事
forget doing sth.忘记做某事
remember doing sth. 记得做某事
spend....(in) doing sth. 花(时间)来做某事
prefer doing sth.to doing sth.比起(做...)来更愿意(做...)

  28. at the moment = now 此刻

  29. Host family 东道家庭

  30. Conversation practice会话练习

  31. I’m sorry to hear that.听到此事我很难过
Unit 3 What are you doing for vacation?

  1. babysit one’s sister 照顾妹妹

  2. visit one’s grandmother 看望奶奶

  3. spend time with friends 和朋友们一起度过时光

  4. visit cousins 看望表弟等

  5. go to sports camp 去运动野营

  6. o to the beach 去海滩

  7. go camping 去野营

  8. Go shopping 去买东西

  9. go swimming 去游泳

  10. go boating去划船

  11. go skating 去溜冰

  12. go walking去散步

  13. go climbing 去登山

  14. go dancing去跳舞

  15. go hiking 去徒步远足

  16. go sightseeing 去观光

  17. go house-hunting 去找房子

  18. o on a hike 徒步旅行,
go bike riding 骑自行车旅行,
go fishing 去钓鱼

  19. do some shopping 买东西

  20. do some washing 洗衣服

  21. do some cooking 作饭

  22. do some reading 读书

  23. do some speaking训练口语

  24. do some sewing 做缝纫活

  25. that sounds nice 那好极了

  26. at home 在家

  27. how about=what about ……怎么样?

  28. how long 多长时间

  29. how far 多远

  30. how often 多长时间一次

  31. how much, how many 多少

  32. have a good time
=have fun= have a wonderful time
= enjoy oneself 玩得高兴,过得愉快

  33. show sb. Sth.=show sth. to sb.出示某物给某人看
give me the book=give the book to me 给我书,
pass me the cup=pass the cup to me 把杯子递给我,
sell me the house=sell the house to me 把房子卖给我
buy me a book =buy a book for me 给我买书,
make me a cake = make a cake for me给我做蛋糕

  34. get back=come back回来

  35. rent videos租借影碟

  36. take walks=go for a walk散步

  37. think about 考虑

  38. decide on= decide upon决定一个计划

  39. something different 不同的事情

  40.a great vacation 一个愉快的假期

  41. I can’t wait 我等不及了

  42. the famous movie star 著名的影星

  43. an exciting vacation 激动人心的假期

  44. Ask her about her plans 向她询问她的计划
ask sb. about sth.向某人询问某事

  45. forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事
forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事
Unit 4 How do you get to school?

  1. get to school 到校

  2. get home 到家

  3. how about=what about …….怎么样?

  4. take the subway 乘地铁

  5. ride a bike 骑自行车

  6. take the bus乘公共汽车

  7. take the train乘火车

  8. take a taxi乘坐出租车

  9. go in a parent’s car 坐父母的车

  10. by bike, bike bus, by subway, by taxi, by car, by train
(乘坐……车,放在句尾)

  11. have a quick breakfast 迅速吃早饭

  12. the early bus 早班车
  13. how far多远

  14. take sb. to sp.带某人到某处

  15. doing sth. takes sb. Some time/ money
=It takes sb. some time/money to do sth.
=sb. spends some time/money (on sth.)
=sb. spends some time/money (in) doing sth.
=sth. costs sb. some time/money
=sb. pay some money for sth.
花费某人多少时间/金钱做某事/某人花费多少金钱/时间做某事

  16. bus stop公共汽车站,train station火车站,
subway station地铁站,bus station客运站

  17. want to do sth.想做某事

  18. walk to school 步行上学

  19. in North America 在北美

  20. in other parts of the world 在世界的其他地区

  21. depend on=depend upon 依靠,靠……决定

  22. not all 不是所有的

  23. need to do sth.需要做某事

  24. number of students学生数

  25. a number of=many 许多
number前可用large, great, small修饰其谓语是复数

  26. the number of….的数量,谓语是单数

  27. don’t worry(about sth./sb.)别着急(为某人/事担心

  28. around the world= all over the world世界各地,全世界
Unit 5 Can you come to my party?

  1. come to one’s party 参加某人的聚会

  2. on Saturday afternoon 在星期六的下午

  3. I’d love to 我非常乐意

  4. I’m sorry 对不起

  5. study for a test为测验而学习

  6. go to the doctor 去看医生

  7. visit one’s aunt 看望某人的姑姑

  8. have a piano lesson 上一堂钢琴课

  10. too much homework 太多家庭作业

  11. much too interesting 有趣得多

  12. maybe another time 也许下一次吧

  13.Thanks for asking(inviting)谢谢邀请

  14. go to the baseball game 参加棒球比赛

  15. Birthday Party 生日聚会

  16. go to the mall 去购物中心

  17. soccer practice 足球练习

  18. look for 寻找

  19. find out 找到,弄清楚,查明

  20. study for the math test 为数学考试而学习

  21. play tennis with me 和我一起打网球

  22. I have a really busy week 我一周很忙

  23. football match足球比赛

  24. my cousin’s birthday party 我表弟的生日聚会

  25. write soon 尽快回信

  26. study for my science test 为科学考试而学习

  27. 给某人打电话的几种说法:
call sb. up, call sb.
phone sb., phone to sb.
telephone sb. telephone to sb.
phone sb. up,ring sb.
give sb. a ring,
give sb. a phone
make a telephone call to sb.

  28. on Thursday night 星期四晚上

  29. be (go) on vacation 度假

  30. next week下周

  31. join sb.加入某人一起

  32. Please keep quiet! 请保持安静,
keep+形容词表示“保持某种状态”,
keep+(sb.)+doing 表示“(使某人)不停地做某事”,
keep sth. 保存某物

  34. culture club 文化俱乐部

  35. try to do sth. 努力(企图)做某事,
try doing sth.试着做某事,try one’ best to do sth. 尽力做某事
unit 6 I’m more outgoing than my sister.

  1. long hair 长头发

  2. How are you? 你身体好吗?

  3. How old 多大年纪
  4. how tall 多高

  5. how long ago多久前(的事)

  6.more outgoing 比较外向

  7. want/plan to do sth. 意欲,企图

  8. here are photos of me 这是我的照片

  9. as you can see 正如你所看到的

  10. in some ways在某些地方

  11. we look the same我们看起来一样,
They look different他们看起来不同

  12. the same to ……多……是一样的

  13. quite the same 完全一样

  14. all the same 还是, 同样应……

  15. look like 看起来像….一样,而look same 看起来很像

  16. go to lots of parties经常参加聚会=often go to the party

  17. a little taller 高一点

  18. take sth. from sth. 从某处拿/取出某物

  19. put sth. in sth. 将某物放入某物中

  20. make a list of 列出清单

  21. has cool clothes 有漂亮的衣服

  22. is popular in school 在学校受欢迎

  23. is good at sports 擅长体育

  24. make me laugh 使我发笑

  25. that’s not very important for me 那对我来说并不重要
( be important for sb.)

  26. put up举起,抬起,挂起,张贴,建造;
put on穿上,戴上,上演(戏剧);
put down=write down=copy down 写下来;
put out 伸出,扑灭;
put away 收起来,收好;
put off推迟;
put one’s heart into…全神贯注于……,全身心投入……

  27. opposite views 相反的观点

  28. a weekend teacher 周末教师

  29. Abacus Study Center 珠算研究中心

  30. elementary school students 小学生

  31. be good with children 善于与孩子相处

  32. have good grades 成绩出色

  33. enjoy telling jokes 喜欢讲笑话

  34. can’t stop talking 不能停止讲话

  35. help others 帮助别人,help each other互相帮助

  36. in one’s free time在业余时间

  37. one of +复数名词(代词)……其中之一

  38. use sth. to do sth.=do sth.. with sth. 使用…做…

  39. be/feel sorry for sb. 为某事感到同情或难受;
be / feel sorry for sth. 因某事感到抱歉或后悔;
be sorry +to see/hear 听到或看到某种情况很不安或难过;
say sorry to sb.向某人道歉

  40. begin with 从……开始

  41. next to 在……旁边,紧靠……

  42. be famous for 因… 而著名,因……而广为人知;
be famous as 作为……而知名

  43. all together 总计,总共

  44. make sb. do sth. 让/使某人做某事,
相似的用法有几个感官动词see, let, hear, watch, feel等
Unit 7 How do you make a banana milk smoothie?

  1. make a banana smoothie 制作香蕉混合饮料(思木西)

  2. peel the bananas 剥香蕉

  3. cut up the bananas切碎香蕉

  4. pour the milk in the blender 将牛奶倒入搅拌器

  5. turn on the blender 打开搅拌器电源

  6. put the yogurt in the blender将酸奶放入搅拌器

  7. turn off 关上,(turn on 打开)
turn up旋大(灯火等),开大(煤气等)调高(声音等),
turn down 把(灯火、电器等)关小一点

  8. how much cinnamon多少肉桂

  9. one teaspoon of cinnamon 一茶匙肉桂

  10. make fruit salad 制作水果沙拉

  11. two pieces of bread 两片面包

  12. mix it all up
 

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