八年级英语(仁爱版) 八年级英语(仁爱版)下册语言点归纳 Unit 7 Organizing a Food Festival
Topic
  1. We need to make some money
一、重点词汇: (一) 词形转换:
  1.success(形容词)successful
  2.invitation(动词)invite
  3.tooth(复数)teeth
  6.Africa(形容词)African

  4.friendly(比较级)more friendly
  5.Russia(形容词)Russian
  7.India(形容词)Indian
  9.supply(复数)supplies (二)重点词组:
  1. hear of 听说
  2. make money 挣钱
  3. be pleased to do 很高兴做某事
  4. think about 思考,思索
  5. think over 仔细考虑
  6. make a poster 做海报
  7. Organize a Food Festival 举办美食节
  8. turn to sb./sth. 求助于,求教于
  9. chat with sb. 和某人交谈/聊天
  10. what’s more 而且
  11. never mind 没关系
  12. work hard at 在┅┅方面努力学习 二、重点句型:

  8.sandwich(复数)sandwiches
  10.post(名词)poster

  1.Do you know about Daniel Igali ? 你知道丹尼尔艾格雷吗? know about“了解” ,know a lot about…“对某事了解很深” ,know a little about… “对某事或某人了解一些” ,而 know 是“知道”“认识”之意,如: , I know her.我认识她。I know about her.我了解她。二者意思不同。
  2.I have heard of him.我从未听说过他。
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hear of sb./sth“听说过某人或某事” hear + that 从句“听说,得知” hear from sb.“收到某人的来信” hear“听见” listen“注意听”
  3.I’ll think over how we should organize the food festival.我将仔细考虑我们应该怎样组 织这次美食节活动。 think over“仔细考虑” think of/about“考虑,思考” think of 还有“想起”之意
  4.Let’s try our best to make it successful.让我们尽力成功举办这次美食节活动。 ①try one’s best=do one’s best 尽力,努力 ②make sb./sth. successful 使……获得成功
  5.What’s more, I’m sure that selling rice and dumpling dishes can make a lot of money. 而且,我相信出售米饭和饺子会赚很多钱。 ①What’s more (口语)而且,更有甚者 She is a beautiful girl .What’s more ,she is friendly to us. 她是一个漂亮的女孩,而且对人也友好 ②selling rice and dumpling dishes 是 v-ing 分词短语做主语。
  6.It’s a pleasure. 用于感谢的答语还有:That’s Ok./That’s all right./You’re welcome./My pleasure.
  7.May I invite you to our food festival? Invite sb. to some place 邀请某人去某处 Invite sb. to do sth.邀请某人做谋事 如: May I invite you to go shopping with me? 我能邀请你一起去购物吗?
  8.Extension six zero zero six, please. 请接分机号 60
  06。 相当于 Can I have extension six zero zero six ,please ? 或 Please dial extension six zero zero six.
  9.Keep trying.继续努力吧。 Keep(on)doing sth.继续/重复做某事
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Keep sb./sth.doing sth. 让某人持续做某事;让某事持续进行 如: He kept writing all the night.他整晚在写作。 I’ll try not to keep you waiting.我会尽量不让你久等。
  10.It has very few school supplies.学校设施简陋。 句中 supplies 是作名词 名词用。如:very few school supplies,这里 supplies 是名词复数, 名词 译为“学校设施简陋” ,supply 作为动词 动词用,意为“提供”“供应” 、 。如: 动词 The school supplies books for/to the children.=The school supplies the children with books. -学校提供孩子们书籍。即:supply sth.to/for sb.或 supply sb. with sth.
  11.Our students will sell many delicious international foods in order to raise money for a village school in Nigeria. 为了给尼日利亚一所乡村学校筹钱,我们学生将出售许多美味的国际食品。 ①in order to…意为 “为了……” 它引导的动词不定式短语作目的状语。 , 否定结构 用 。 否定 in order not to ,比 so as to 正式,也可以用 so that 代替。如: He’ll try his best to work hard in order to/so as to catch up with his classmates.= He’ll try his best to work hard so that he can catch up with his classmates. 他将尽全力努力学习为了能赶上他的同学。 ②raise money 集资,筹款 三、语法学习:
  1. 宾语从句 宾语从句在句中起宾语的作用。它可以作动词的宾语,也可以作介词、不定式、分 词、动名词以及某些形容词的宾语,宾语从句可以由连词 that, whether, if, 代词 who, whose, what, which 和副词 when, where, how, why 等引导。现先着重介绍连词 that 引导 连词 的宾语从句。下面就举例说明: I think he will be all right in a few days. 我想他几天就会好了。 I’m afraid (that)you are wrong. 恐怕你错了。 I don’t think(that)you are right. 我认为你不对。 I hope that you’ll be better soon. 我希望你很快康复。 I heard that he joined the army. 我听说他参军了。 I’m glad that you are ready to help others. 我很高兴你乐意帮助别人。
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学习宾语从句应注意几点: (
  1).引导词 (
  2).时态(时态一致) (
  3).语序(陈述)
  2. 征求对方意见或提建议的句型。 提建议、征询对方意见的四种表达方式 (
  1) Shall I (we) …… 常用在提供帮助,提出建议,要求给以指示和征求意见,常 ……? 译为我(们)……,好吗? 如:Shall I (we) open the window? 我(们)把窗 户打开,好吗? (
  2) May I…… 常用在征求对方意见的句子中,常译为“我可以……吗?” 如: ……? …… May I invite you to organize the Food Festival with me ? 我可以邀请你和我一起 组织这次美食节吗? (
  3) Will you …… 常用于请求对方完成某一动作, ……? 同时征求对方意见, 常译为 “请 你……好吗?”如: Will you please call me this evening? 请你今晚打电话给我好吗? (
  4) Would you like to…? … Would like to do sth. 想要做某事。如: Would you like to eat another mooncake? 你想再来一块月饼吗? 四、日常交际用语:谈论社交活动中有关常见的日常交际用语 Shall we have a food festival to make money for his school ? May I invite you to our food festival ? I’d love to, but I’m afraid I have no time. Will you please tell me something about…? What’s up ? Thank you for inviting me to your food festival.
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Topic2 Cooking is fun
一.重点词汇: (一)词形转换:
  1.cook(名词)cook/cooker
  4.noise(形容词)noisy
  7.polite(反义词)impolite (二)重点词组:
  1.be ready to do sb./sth. 乐意/准备做某事
  2.be kind to sb./sth . 对某人/某物友好
  3.slice…finely 精细地把……切小
  4.for a few minutes 过了一会儿
  5.fill…with… 用……装满
  6.drink to somebody 为……干杯(或祝酒)
  7.finish doing 做完某事
  8.sit down at the table 坐在桌子旁边
  9.at table 吃饭,就餐
  10.start with 以……开始
  11..raise glass 举杯
  12.take a sip 喝一小口
  13.around the world=all over the world=in the world 世界各地 二.重点句型:
  1.You often teach me to be kind to the poor and the old. 你经常教我要善待穷人和老人。 ①teach sb. to do sth teach sth.教某人(如何)做某事 ②be kind to do sth. kind 是形容词,译为“善待某人”
  2.fine(副词)finely
  5.noisy(副词)noisily
  8.proud(名词)pride
  3.gentle(副词)gently
  6.hot(名词)heat

  2.Would you like me to help you? 你需要我的帮忙吗? 该句表示“客气的请求” ,相当于 Would you like + to do…?或 Will you please + do…? 另外 like sb. to do sth.,这里 like 是动词,相当于 want,译为“要某人做某事” 。
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  3.It’s very kind of you. 你真是太好了。 该句等同于 You are very kind.
  4.After that, fill bowels 70%?80% full with bone soup slowly. 之后,慢慢地在碗里加 7?8 分的骨头汤。 with“用……装满”,fill 用作动词,构成 be filled with 等同于 be full of fill …with 译为“充满,装满” 如: Fill the glass with water.往杯子里注满水(强调动作) The glass is filled of water.= The glass is full of water. 杯子里装满了水(强调状态)
  5.It’s not impolite to smoke during a meal in France. 在法国,吃饭时吸烟不是不礼貌的。 During 是介词 介词,后常跟名词或短语,而 while 是连词 连词,后常跟从句。如: 介词 连词 What did you do during the summer holiday? 在暑假期间你做了什么?这里不能用 while 代 替。
  6.what does the dinner start with ? 晚餐先吃什么? begin/start with 以……开始,如:Let’s start our class with Unit
  1. 让我们从第一单元开始上课。
  7.Never drink too much during a dinner. 就餐时千万别喝太多。 too much 是用来修饰不可数名词,too many 是修饰可数名词,而 much too 是修饰形容 词和副词。如:too much water 太多的水,too many trees 太多的树木,much too tired 太累 了
  8.In parts of India, they use their fingers and bread to pick up the food .在印度地区,他们用手指 和面包来抓食物。 这里 pick up 译为“抓起,拾起” ,另外还有“ (用车)接(人或物)之意。如: I’ll come to pick you up.我会开车去接你。 三、语法学习:
  1.宾语从句(二) 宾语从句的第二种类型由 if 或 whether 连接词引导,语序要用陈述句语序,意思是 由 “是否” “是不是” 。如: I don’t know if/whether it is fine tomorrow.(语序必须是陈述句的) Do you know if/whether he’ll come?
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I don’t know if/whether he’ll come.(宾语从句用将来时态) Δ比较:If he comes tomorrow, let me know.(条件状语从句用现在时态) Δ注:if 引导状语从句,译为“如果” ;引导宾语从句,译为“是否” ,等同于 whether。 当宾语从句后面有 or not 时,一般用 whether,不用 if。
  2.掌握并懂得正确应用 It is+adj. + to do sth..句型 It is+adj. + to do sth.句型中 it 是形式主语, 真正的主语是动词不定式。 通常若主语太长, 为避免头重脚轻,可用 it 作形式主语,将动词不定式后置。如: It is necessary to study English hard. It’s polite to smoke during a meal in France. 四、日常交际用语:有关就餐前的日常交际用语 What’s the most popular in your restaurant ? .What’s your favorite Chinese dish? .Would you like me to help you? Of course. It’s very kind of you. .How do you to make it? It sounds difficult. .Well done!
Topic
  3. A wonderful food festival!
一、重点词汇: (一)词型转换:
  1.sell (名词)sale
  2.buy (反义词) sell
  3.else (同义词)other

  4.regular (副词)regularly
  6.neatly (最高级)most neatly (二)重点词组:
  1.shine brightly 阳光灿烂

  5.noisily (比较级)more noisily

  2.many different delicious food 各种不同的可口食物
  3.on sale 上市,出售
  4.kind―hearted 心地善良
  5.a table for two 一张双人桌
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  6.have the bill=get/pay the bill 结帐,付帐
  7.go Dutch 各付各的帐/AA 制
  8.main course 主食,主菜
  9.go well 进展顺利
  10.sell well 卖得很好
  11.be worth doing… 值得做……
  12.send to… 把……寄给
  13.send for… 派人去请
  14.keep a balanced diet 保持日常饮食均衡
  15.not only…but also… 不但……而且
  16.not all 并非所有的 二、重点句型:
  1.enjoy yourselves! 祝你们玩得开心! enjoy oneself 相当于 have a good /nice/great/wonderful time
  2.Anything else ? 还要别的吗? else 译为 “别的” “其他的” 修饰疑问词 不定代词 放在所修饰词的后面 如: 常修饰疑问词 不定代词并放在所修饰词的后面 修饰疑问词, 放在所修饰词的后面。 what else, who else, nobody else, something else 等。other 也表示“别的” “其他的” ,但它修饰名词 修饰名词。 修饰名词 如:some other people 其他的一些人,other 修饰名词 people,不能用 else 代替。
  3.The Beijing roast duck smells nice and tastes nice, too. 北京烤鸭闻起来很香尝起来也香。 ① 这里 smell 和 taste 都是系动词,后面加上形容词 nice 表语,构成系表结构, 系动词 “系动词 +adj.”构成系表结构, 这类动词还有 look, feel, sound, seem, get, turn, become, grow, make, keep 等。 ②too, also, as well 和 either 都可以表示“也” “ ,但用法不同: also 较正式,位置通常接近动词,不用于句末:too 多用于口语,位置通常在句末,前面 常有逗号隔开, well 也多用于口语, as 只用于句末, 以上 3 个词都不用于否定句, either 而 却用于否定句。如 He also plays the piano.他也弹钢琴。 He is a worker, too. 他也是个工人。 He plays the guitars as well.他也弹吉他。 He was not there ,either.他也不在那里。
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  4.We must remember that we should eat not only our favorite food but also other healthy food. 我们必须记住我们不仅要吃我们喜欢吃的食物,而且还要吃其他有益健康的食物 not only…but also…不但……而且,这种结构属于“对称”的句型,要求 only 和 also … 尽量用同样的词语,如: She not only reads English ,but also speaks French. 她不仅能看懂英语,而且还能说法语。
  5.The more regularly we eat, the healthier we are.我们的饮食越有规律,我们身体就越健康。 The+比较级……,the+比较级……表越……就越。如
 

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