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一. 教学内容: 暑假专题:如何做好单项选择题 二. 具体内容: "单项填空"的特点是知识面覆盖广,题型灵活,综合性强,语境微小等.常见的考点 有名词,代词,冠词,形容词,副词,介词,连词,情态动词,非谓语动词,时态,语态和 从句等.做好单项填空题,其前提是要在复习中夯实自己的英语知识功底,解题的关键是把 握语境和扣住重要信息词语的理解.答题时,要认真理解题干及选项,运用自己所掌握的语 言和语法知识去分析比较,从而正确作答.解题的方法可以是凭语感直接判断法,比较辨别 法,排除法,结构分析法,验证还原法等.
  1. 词汇考查类 做这类题目,一要认真理解题意,二要运用同义词和近义词的知识进行比较,分析与判 断.找出同义词: e.g. Would you please give me three more pencils? A. more than three B. other three C. three others D. another three
  2. 直接考查基础语法知识 这类题目在单项填空中占多数,凭所掌握的语法基础知识和语感就能选出正确答案. e.g. I have two in my pencil-box. A. knife B. knifes C. knives D. a knife The teacher told us not in the sun. A. read B. to read C. reads D. reading
  3. 语法项目兼考类 有的语法题目不止考查一个项目,需要灵活运用自己所学的语法知识来进行综合理解, 分析和判断,思维活动要从多个角度展开. e.g. My grandfather wants around the world because he enjoys new places. A. traveling, seeing B. to travel, to see C. to travel, seeing D. traveling, to see
  4. 整体理解类 这类题目着重考查考生对句子整体理解的能力和逻辑思维的能力. 解题时, 要注意抓住 关键信息词语的理解,结合语境进行分析和判断. e.g. When you're learning English, use it, you'll lose it. A. but B. or C. then D. and ?Would you like to go to the park with me, Susan? ?I'd like to, you don't want to go alone. A. until B. before C. if D. after
  5. 固定搭配和习惯用语类 很多动词与介词和副词,名词与动词和介词的搭配用法,还有习惯用语,都是约定俗成 的,解题时,要注意辨认不同的搭配和习惯用语在意义和用法上的细微差异. Please the stove after cooking, or it may be dangerous. A. turn on B. turn up C. turn down D. turn off
  6. 定势思维干扰类 命题人利用定势思维的干扰来设置"陷阱",让粗心大意的同学上当失分.解题时,要 注意克服定势思维的干扰,认真分析句子结构,正确题意,不要凭"想当然"来答题. I told you not to be late again, John, A. do B. did C. don't D. didn't I?
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三. 实践练习: old hotel or new hotel?
  1. Is there A. a, an B. an, a C. a, a D. an, an
  2. Listen! Who in the room? A. sings B. sing C. singing D. is singing
  3. She often watches her son with his friends. A. play B. to play C. to playing D. plays do you like Chinese food?
  4. ? ?Very much. A. What B. Why C. How D. When
  5. He learns English by aloud. A. to read B. reading C. reads D. read ourselves our work.
  6. We must be strict A. in, with B. with, in C. in. in D. with, with
  7. I watch TV I finish my homework. A. won't, then B. shall, until C. won't, until D. will, since
  8. He doesn't think teenagers drive. A. shouldn't be allowed B. should be allowed to C. should allowed to D. should be allowed
  9. I don't like this pair of trousers. Will you please show me ? A. other pair B. another pairs C. the other ones D another pair
  10. We will start for Hangzhou the morning of July
  11. A. to B. in C. at D. on
  11. People must stop the land, the sea and the air. A. pollute B. to pollute C. polluting D. pollute
  12. I to at the meeting. A. was told, say B. told, talk C. was asked, speak D. asked, all
  13. Will you please keep the windows ? A. opening B. opened C. open D. opens
  14. ? have you been to Australia? ?Only once. A. How often B. How many times C. How long D. How soon
  15. The first lesson for five minutes. Let's hurry. A. has started B. has been on C. has held D. has taken place
  16. Wu Dong won the boy's race in the sports meet. A. 100 meters B. 100-meters C. 100 meter D. 100-meter
  17. It's raining now. You'd better out. A. not to go B. don't go C. go D. not go
  18. She doesn't have much experience, so she doesn't know next. A. when to do B. what to do C. how to do D. where to do
  19. ?Would you like some milk in your tea? ?Yes, just . A. much B. a little C. a few D. little
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  20. ?John has hurt his leg. ?Really? ? A. Who said that B. How did that happen C. What's wrong with him D. Why was he so wonderful
  21. ?There are cups. are over there. ?That's very kind of you to tell me that. A. our, Yours B. yours, Mine C. we, Our D. theirs, Your
  22. Thank you very much lending the eraser me. A. for, at B. to, to C. for, to D. to, for
  23. The students in Grade Three are busy the exam now. A. got ready to B. to get ready for C. getting ready for D. getting ready for
  24. ?I've finished my homework. you it? ?When A. have, finished B. do, finish C. did, finish D. will, finish
  25. books must for the students. A. Many thousands of, be produced B. Thousands of, produce C. Any thousands, produce D. Thousands of , be produced
  26.In order to make the trees grow well, you should water them well possible. A. as quickly as B. as quickly C. as often as D. as often
  27. He doesn't like it and I don't like it, . A. too B. also C. either D. yet
  28. There is in this story. I don't like it. A. something interesting B. nothing interesting C. interesting something D. interesting nothing
  29. The kind of cake smells . A. well B. good C. badly D. greatly
  30. I'm not sure if he to my party tomorrow. A. comes B. will come C. come D. to come
  31. I have English for three years and I began Japanese last month. A. to learn, to learn B. learned, learned C. learned, to learn D. to learn, learned
  32. This shirt is so nice, but it too much. A. pays B. takes C. coats D. spends
  33. Study hard, you're sure to have good results in the exam. A. but B. or C. and D. for
  34. He was born the night of January 1, 19
  98. A. at B. in C. on D. out
  35. ?Look at my car. It's than yours. ?I don't think so. A. fastest B. more better C. nice D. much more beautiful
  36. terrible weather we've been having these days! A. How a B. What a C. What D. How
  37. I find very important to study English well. A. myself B. that C. this D. it
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  38. ?Who's Mr. Wang? ?He is one of in our school. A. best teacher B. the best teachers C. good teacher
  39. His father him reading English an hour every morning. A. keeps B. makes C. helps D. lets
  40. ? , could you tell me the way to the bank? ?Yes. Go straight and you'll find it. D. the good teacher
A. Hello. B. Excuse me. C. Hi. D. Sorry
  41. Some birds to the south before winter. A. run B. swim C. walk D. fly
  42. Thousands of spectators came to Shanghai to the 48th World Table Tennis Championships. A. see B. notice C. watch D. look
  43. I have many interesting books to . A. see B. look C. watch D. read
  44. I am duty this week. A. in B. at C. on D. for
  45. Miss Wang teaches maths. She is favorite teacher. A. us, our B. we, ours C. our, us D. us, ours
  46. they are brothers, they don't look like each other at all. A. Because B. Though C. When D. As
  47. He doesn't feel like anything today. A. to eat B. eating C. eat D. eats
  48. day it is! A. What a fine B. What fine C. How fine D. How a fine
  49. Before 2008 we will finish the Olympic Park. A. build B. built C. building D. to build
  50. The teacher asked us the work on time. A. finish B. to finish C. finished D. finishes
【模拟试题】(答题时间:20 分钟) 模拟试题】

  1. Last week they held a party and they organized the party by A. them B. they C. themselves D. their
  2. Do you enjoy the internet? A. using B. use C. to use D. used
  3. "I am a quiet boy. I can't stand in the room." A. make noise B. making noise C. to make noise D. made noise
  4. As a volunteer you work without payment. A. are expected to B. is expected to C. was supposed to D. are supposed
  5. I won't go shopping with my friend if it tomorrow. A. rains B. doesn't rain C. rain D. will rain
  6. It is difficult to study English. A. me B. for me C. of me D. to me
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  7. So far I five countries and last week I Egypt. A. have visited, went to B. visited, went to C. visited, went D. have visited, went
  8. I have finished my homework but I haven't cooked dinner . A. yet, already B. yet, yet C. already, yet D. already, already
  9. Have you the lock the door? A. put, on B. put, off C. put, up D. put, away
  10. Which sign can you see on a box? A. Keep off the grass B. No smoking C. keep silent D. This side up
  11. Which program do you enjoy in your free time? A. watch B watching C. see D. seeing
  12. John can't stand in the countryside because he likes living in a modern life. A. live B. to live C. living D. lived
  13. Tom will travel around the world if he enough money. A. has B. will have C. doesn't have D. won't have
  14. It is interesting the story. A. for us listen to B. for us to listen to C. of us to listen to D. of us listen to
  15. I have three languages so far. Yesterday I a French course. A. studied, take B. studied, took C. study, take D. study, took
  16. She has gone to France. She hasn't come back . A. already, yet B. already, already C. yet, yet D yet, already
  17. " . The old lock is broken." A. Put the new lock on the door B. Paint the wall C. Clean up the yard D. Replace the broken window
  18. To surprise, I have met him in Paris. A. me B. I C. my D. mine
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【试题答案】 试题答案】
1-5 CABAA 11-13 ABA 6-10 BACAD 14-18 BBAAC
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