八年级英语(下)第五单元检测题
重点句型: If+一般时态,表将来时 eg: if you do ,you’ll be sorry Have a difficult time doing sth. 做某事困难 Eg: you will have a difficult time knowing who your real friends are. Make a living (by) doing sth. . 靠做某事谋生=do sth. for a living If 条件句 条件句用于陈述语气,表示假设的情况可能发生,其中 if 是“如果”的意思。条件句可位 于主句前,也可位于主句后。 构成 条件从句 主句 时态 If+一般现在时 主语+shall/will+动词原形 例句 If he comes He will take us to the zoo 一、用法
  1、条件状语从句通常同连词 if 引导,意为“如果、假如” ,主句不能用 be going to 表示将 来,而应该用 shall, will .如 if you leave now, you will never regret if
  2、if“如果” ,引导条件状语从句时,从句用一般现在时,主句用一般将来时。如 if it rains tomorrow, I shall not climb the hills 注意:
  1、 而是情态动词。 you will see him tomorrow, If 注意: 下列从句中的 will 不是将来时助动词, give him this book.
  2、宾语从句中的 if 表示“是否”相当于 whether,时态需根据语境确定。如:I don’t know if it will rain tomorrow. 句子转换:条件状语从句可以转换为祈使句+or/and+ you will…句型。Or 表示如果祈使 二、句子转换 句所表示的事情不发生的话,则条件不成立;and 表示祈使句所表示的事情发生后将带来 的…结果。 if we don’t hurry, we will be late for school Hurry up. or we will be late for school. 如 If you work hard, you’ll pass the exam Work hard, and you’ll pass the exam. 一、词汇测试。 用所给单词的适当形式填空。
  1. What will you do if you go to the old (folk) home to visit?
  2. Among the students Tom works the (hard).
  3. Lucy can’t go to school today because she is (bad) ill.
  4. Many (charity) sent money to help the poor people.
  5. If you become a (profession) athlete like Yao Ming, you can make much money. 二、用所给动词的正确形式填空。
  1. Thank you for (remind) me the time of his coming.
  2. When I came to the check-out, I (realize) that I had no money with me.
  3. My English teacher always lets me (choose) the answer more carefully.
  4. Tom is a good football player; he is good at (play) football.
  5. The students will go to the Summer Palace if it (not rain) tomorrow.
  6. If you helped me with my English, I (not fail) the exam.
  7. It (hurt) your eyes to read in such poor light.
  8. I like watching the children (swim) and jump.
  9. Mary asked Li Ming (help) him with his Chinese.
  10. Can you finish (read) this book in five days? 三、句型转换。
  1. Can you tell me how I can get to the nearest post office? (同义句) Can you tell me the nearest post office?
  2. Work hard, or you will not pass the exam. (同义句) you work hard, you will the exam.

  3. They are having an English evening. (用 tomorrow 作时间状语改写句子) They an English evening tomorrow.
  4. Some students go to school by bike every day. (同义句) Some students school every day.
  5. There is only one sheep on the farm. (对划线部分提问) are there on the farm? 四、单项选择。 ( )
  1. ?Listen! Somebody is coming. ?No, is coming. I can’t hear. A. somebody, anybody B. anybody, somebody C. nobody, anything D. somebody, somebody ( )
  2. Dave, would you like to have dinner with me? I’d like to , you don’t want to have it alone. A until B but C if D after ( )
  3. The TV show Home With Kids is so wonderful. You shouldn’t miss if. If I have time, I it. A see B saw C will see D had seen ( )
  4. sleep too late.It’s bad for your health. A. Do B. Not C.Don’t D.Please not ( )
  5. I’ll go to the West Lake this weekend. what about you? --.Let’s go together A. No,I won’t B. I won’t go C. Me,too D. Sorry,I’m busy ( )
  6. We all love Miss Yang.She always makes her history class very . A. interest B.interests C. interesting D.interested ( )
  7. He was tired he couldn’t go on working. A. too…to B. such…that C. so…that D. too…that ( )
  8.Ann likes sports very much.She at least half an hour in the gym every day. A.spends B.takes C.pays ( )
  9. Health is very important to us.We should eat more vegetables and fruit instead of rich food A. too much B.much too C.very much ( )
  10. I’m waiting for my best friend. ,I’ll go shopping alone. A. If she comes B.If she will come C. If she doesn’t come D. If she didn’t comes 五、完形填空。 All over the world people enjoy sports. Sports are 1 people’s health. Many people like to watch 2 play sports games. They buy tickets 3 turn on their TV sets to sit 4 them. Sports 5 with the season. People play 6 games in different seasons. Sometimes they play inside the room, sometimes they play outside. We can 7 sports here and there. Some sports are rather interesting. 8 people 9 different countries cannot understand each other, but after a game they often become very__10 to each other. ( )
  1. A. good for B. good at C. good D. good to ( )
  2. A. other B. others C. the other D. the others ( )
  3. A. and B. but C. or D. so ( )
  4. A. in front B. in the front C. in the front of D. in front of ( )
  5. A. change B. are C. play D. start ( )
  6. A. same B. different C. the same D. the different ( )
  7. A. see B. look C. find D. watch ( )
  8. A. Sometimes B. When C. Or D. So ( )
  9. A. from B. to C. outside D. inside
( )
  10. A. friend 六、阅读理解。
B. friendly
C. friends
D. more friendly
A Two men were sitting together in a plane. They were on a long journey. One of the men was a businessman. The other was a farmer. They sat without talking for a while, then the farmer said, “Let’s do something to pass the time.” “What do you want to do?” the businessman asked. “We can ask each other riddles.” The farmer said. “OK. Let’s make the rules first,” the businessman said, “If you don’t know the answer to a riddle, you pay me $1
  00. And if I don’t know the answer, I’ll pay you $1
  00.” “That’s not fair(公平). You are a businessman with much knowledge. You know more things than I do. I am just a farmer.” the farmer said. “That’s true.” The businessman said, “What do you want us to do?” “If you don’t know the answer to a riddle, you pay me $1
  00. And if I don’t know the answer, I’ll pay you $
  50.” The farmer said. The businessman thought about this, then he said, “OK. That’s fair. Who will go first?” “I will,” the farmer said. “Here is my riddle. What has three legs when it walks, but only two begs when it flies?” The businessman thought for a long time and said, “Mm, that’s a good one. I’m afraid I don’t know the answer. ” He gave the farmer $100, then said, “Tell me the answer.” “I don’t know.” the farmer said, and gave him $
  50. ( )
  1. The story happened. A. on a farm B. in a shop C. before a long plane journey D. between two passengers ( )
  2. What does the word “riddle” means in this story? A. Something to win money. B. Something to help to make rules. C. A difficult question to find the answer to. D. A kind of game in doing business. ( )
  3. Why did the businessman agree to give more money if he lost? A. He made much more money than the farmer. B. He thought he knew more than the farmer. C. He was interested in making riddles. D. He was better at playing riddle games. ( )
  4. The farmer . A. didn’t enjoy himself on his long journey B. didn’t want to pay even one dollar C. spend all his money on the plane ticket D. won fifty dollars by playing the riddle game ( )
  5. Which of the following is NOT true? A. The two men made rules for their riddle. B. The farmer was more clever than the businessman. C. The two men made their riddle game more interesting by playing it for money. D. The businessman knew the answer to this riddle. B Now machines are widely used all over the world. Why are machines so important and necessary(必要的) for us? Because they can help us to do things better and faster. A washing machine helps us to wash clothes fast. A printing machine helps us to print a lot of books, newspapers, magazines and many other things fast. Bikes, cars, trains and planes are all machines. They help us to travel faster than on foot.
The computer is a wonderful machine. It was invented not long ago. It not only stores(贮存) information (信息) but also stores numbers millions of times as fast as a scientist does. Let’s study hard and try to use all kinds of machines to build China into a modern country. ( )
  6. Machines can help us to do things better and faster, so they. A. are difficult to make B. are expensive C. are important but not necessary D. are very helpful ( )
  7. We have to travel on foot without. A. bikes B. machines C. planes D. trains ( )
  8. Computers can store information and numbers a scientist does. A. a little faster than B. as fast as C. much faster than D. much more slowly than ( )
  9.If we want to build China into a modern country. We must. A. study hard B. try to use all kinds of machines C. invent many machines D. all above ( )
  10. A printing machine can help us. A. print a lot of books B. read more books C. invent many machines D. wash clothes fast 七、根据汉语完成英语句子。
  1.如果我明天有空,我就去拜访你。 If I am free tomorrow,I you.
  2.我父亲总是坐公共汽车去上班。 My father always the bus work
  3.外边冷,你最好呆在家中看录像。 It’s cold outside, and you’d better videos .
  4.如果你在聚会上乱跑乱喊,别人会不高兴的。 If you ,others won’t be happy.
  5.假期期间,我总是想着我们的岁末聚会。 I always remember our party the vacation.
 

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