八年级英语下 Unit 3 教案人教版
一:教材分析。 本单元以“ What were you doing when the UFO arrived”为课题。 谈论如何使用过去进行时。如何使用过去进行时是本单元的重难点。 通过观察图片,利用图片进行情景思维,学会讲故事,俩俩对话,角色 扮演等形式和独立学习,合作交流,完成任务等来培养学生的综合语 言运用能力,创新意识和实践能力。 教学理念 学会使用 While 和 when 引导的状语从句表示时间; 学会运用过 去进行时描述过去某个时刻正在发生的事情; 学会按照一定的逻辑顺 序讲述过往经历;讲述一段故事。在本单元的学习中,着重培养学生 根据上下文把握文段整体意义的能力、 恰当的语言表述能力和故事表 演能力。 二:教学目标。 (
  1)知识目标:A、重点词汇 bathroom, bedroom, kitchen, UFO, alien, barber’s
chair.cutting hair, climbing ,jumping. land ,get out of ,take off, in front of .scared B、学习 过去进行时与 When ,while 引导的时间状语从句 (
  2)能力目标:谈论在学校和家庭中遇到的麻烦和问题,培养交际 能力; 为他人找到合理的解决办法,提出相应的建议。 (
  3)情感目标: 让学生学会自己解决问题并给他人提出建议,增进
彼此的友谊。 三:教学重难点。 (一). 过去进行时 过去进行时表示过去某一时刻或者某段时间正在进行或发生的动 作,常和表过去的时间状语连用,如: I was doing my homework at this time yesterday.昨天的这 个时候我正在做作业。 They were waiting for you yesterday.他们昨天一直在等你。 过去进行时的构成: 肯 定 形 式 : 主 语 +was/were+V-ing 否 定 形 式 : 主 语 +was not (wasn’t)/were not (weren’t)+V-ing 疑问形式:Was/Were+主语+V-ing。 使用进行时态的注意事项
  1) 一些动词, see、 如 hear、 love、 like、 know、 remember; understand、 have 等表示感情、知觉和状态的词,一般不用于进行时态。
  2)在 there 和 here 引起的句子中,常用一般现在时代替现在进行 时。 eg. Here comes the bus . There goes the bell. (shall, should, may,
(二)
  1.情态动词表示“应该”、 、 “必须” might, must, ought to)

  2.情态动词表示“意图”、“打算” (will, would, shall, should)
  3.情态动词表示“意愿” (will, would, shall, should)
话题:Will people have robots…? 四:活动设计
  1.Am I A Good Student? 回想最近一段时间你在学校和家中的表现,对自己最近的状况进行 全面的了解,反思自己的行为。做一个自我评价。 要求:
  1). 列举自我行为表现。 (至少 10 条)
  2).写出自我评价报告。
  1). 列举自我行为表现。 (至少 10 条)参考语言结构: In class while my deskmate was listening to the teachers
carefully, I often thought about something else. I didn't learn well. But in PE class I practiced a lot of basketball, I really enjoyed it. At home,while mum was cooking, I often helped her. But I never cleaned the room.
  2).写出自我评价报告。参考语言结构: In the past three weeks I practiced basketball a lot , so I was much healthier than before. I thought too much in class, so I didn't study very well.I think I should put my heart to What I do. Sometimes I could help mother do the cooking,but I hate some housework. Mum was really busy, I will help her a little more.

  2.An Interesting/Unusual Experience 描述一件你经历过或者听说过的有趣或不同寻常的事情。 按事情的发 生经过叙述故事。要求:写成文段。参考词汇: At two o’clock/In July,2002/On a very hot summer day While ….was/were talking to a policeman,…; When…got of the shop, …. Then….; Finally… 五:语法。
  1、过去进行时 含义: 表示过去某个时刻正在进行的动作。 结构:be(was/ were)+doing 如: (
  1)What were you doing at nine last night? 昨晚 9 点你在 干什么? (
  2)I was doing my homework when he knocked at the door.他 敲门的时候,我在做作业。 (
  3)Was he cleaning the room at this time yesterday? 昨天这 个时间他是在打扫房间吗?
  2、过去进行时与一般过去时的区别;过去进行时:表示正在进行的 动作。 I was reading a novel last
night.昨晚我在看小说。 (可能还没有看完一般过去时:表示一个完 成的动作。I read a novel last night .昨晚我看了一本小说。 (已 经看完了)
  3、When 当……时候(后面跟的动作不延续)
When I came home my wife was cooking dinner. 妻子在做晚饭。
我回家时,
The boy was walking down the street when the UFO landed. 当飞碟着陆的时候,那个男孩正走在街上。
  4、While 当 ……时候(后面跟的动作延续) while he was eating ,I asked him to lend me $
  2. 当他正在吃 饭时,我请他借给我二美元。 While the boy was walking down the street, the UFO landed. 当那个男孩走在街上的时候,飞碟着陆了。 六:重点词组重点句
  1. sleep late chair Street
  2. get out late
  5. in the barber shop
  8. take off
  3. cut hair
  6.get out
  4. in the barber’s
  7. land on Center

  9. a very unusual experience
  10. at
  11. be scared
  15. next to
  12. run away
  16.
about ten o’clock

  13. be crowded
  14. be crowed with in history

  17. for example
  18. one of the most important events
  20. at that time
  23. take place
  21. ask sb. to do sth.
  24. in space
  27. call the

  19. hear about
  22. in silence

  25. all over the world police
  28. happen to do sth.

  26. think about

  29. think of

  1. What were you doing when the UFO arrived?

  2. I was cutting hair.
  3. What was he doing when the UFO arrived?
  4. He was getting out of the shower.
  5. He was sleeping late when it arrived.
  6. Where were you when the UFO arrived?
  7. I was in the barber shop.
  8. The boy was walking down the street when the UFO landed.
  9. While the boy was walking down the street , the UFO landed.
  10. The girl was shopping when the alien got out.
  11. While the girl was shopping , the alien got out.
  12. I had a very unusual
  13. At around experience on Sunday. in the morning, I was walking
ten o’clock a
down the street when UFO
landed right in front of me. how strange it was!

  14. You can imagine

  15. Isn’t that amazing!
  16. You are kidding!
  17. She didn’t think about looking outside the station.

  18. What happened while Linda was on the phone?
  19. It was raining when the plane landed 七.Exercises I.首字母填空: in London.

  1.It was raining when the plane l in London.
  2.The World Trade Center in New York was d by terrorists.
  3. Yang liwei became the first Chinese a in space.
  4.Have you ever h(听说) the UFO?
  5.This is one of the most important e(事件) in modern America. II.用单词适当形式填空:
  1. What were you doing when the teacher(come) along?
  2. He was (walk) down the street when it began to rain ..
  3. I was (surprise) to know that he was a famous pianist.
  4. Do you know what (happen) over there just now?
  5. Linda didn’t think about (go) over her lessons.
  6. Yang Liwei (fly) around the earth in October , 20
  03. III. 单项选择:
  1. When I arrived at his office , he on the phone. A. was speaking B. spoke C. had been speaking D. had spoken

  2. I was tired that I couldn’t get up early. A. such B. very C. so D. much

  3.My mother when I got home yesterday afternoon. A. is cooking B. are cooking C. was cooking D. cooks

  4.Shark is getting old and can not jump as as he did. A. high B. higher C. highest D. much higher

  5.This event took about thirty years ago. A. away B. off C. to D. place
过去进行时专项练习 一、 单项选择
  1.My brother while he his bicycle and hurt himself. A. fell, was riding B. fell, were riding C. had fallen, rode D. had fallen, was riding
  2. Tom into the house when no one . A. slipped, was looking B. had slipped, looked C. slipped, had looked D. was slipping, looked

  3.The last time I __ Jane she cotton in the fields. A. had seen, was picking B. saw, picked C. had seen, picked D. saw, was picking

  4.I don ' t think Jim saw me; he into space. A. just stared C. has just stared B. was just staring D. had just stared

  5.I first met Lisa three years ago. She at a radio shop at the time. A. has worked B. was working
C. had been working D. had worked
  6.Hey, look where you are going! Oh, I ' m terribly sorry..
A. I ' m not noticing C. I haven ' t noticed
B. I wasn ' t noticing D. I don ' t notice

  7. The reporter said that the UFO east to west when he saw it. A. was traveling C. had been traveling B. traveled D. was to travel

  8. I my breakfast when the morning post came. A. had B. had been having
C. have been having D. was having
  9.When I arrived at his office, he on the phone. A. was speaking B. spoke
C. had been speaking D. had spoken
  10. “ What ' s the matter, Ali? You look sad. ” “ Oh, nothing much. As a matter of fact, I of my friends back home. ” A. just thought B. have just been thinking
C. was just thinking D. have just thought 二、 动词填空。 1.John(work) all day yesterday. 2.He (walk) home when the (rian)begin. 3. ?Whatyou (do) at ten o'clock yesterday ?
?I(studay) in class. 4.When Harry (have) breakfast Lily (telephone) him. 5.When I (go) to school this morning I (see) a car running into a bus.
  6. This time yesterday Jack (mend) his bike.
  7. I (write) a letter at ten last night.
  8. It was six. The Greens (have) supper.
  9. When you (knock) at the door yesterday,I (do) some washing.
  10. While my mother (watch) TV, I (make) a kite. 三、 英汉互译。
  1、 昨晚我给你打电话时,你正在干什么?

  2、 上中学时,我住老师家里。

  3、 他昨天本来要看那场戏的,可是太忙了。

  4、 They wanted to know when we were leaving for Shanghai.

  5、 Soon the whole town was talking about it.

  1、
  2、
What were you doing when I phoned you last night. I was living in my teacher's house when I was in middle school.

  3、
  4、
  5、
He was watching the play yesterday, but he was too busy. 他们想知道我们什么时候去上海。 不久镇上的人就都谈论起这件事了
 

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