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Module 1 People and Places(A) ( ) 重点、难点: 重点、难点:
  1. 现在进行时态
  2. 词语辨析 具体内容: 具体内容: <一> 都是“现在”却不同??比较一般现在时与现在进行时 到现在为止,我们已经学过一般现在时与现在进行时两种时态了。这两种时态在叙述 现在的生活时都能起到很大作用。那么,什么时候用一般现在时,什么时候用现在进行时 呢?中学生 Jackie 正在拍摄一组有关自己的学校生活的 DV。我想,在他的两段叙述中你 就能找到答案了。 (
  1)As a student, I go to school on weekdays. I usually get up at half past seven in the morning and have breakfast. I go to school at half past eight and lessons start at nine o’clock. We have three lessons in the morning. I like these lessons. 作为一个学生,我周一到周五去上学。 通常我早晨七点半起床并吃早饭。 我八点半去学校。 九点钟开始上课。 上午我们有三节课。 我喜欢这些课。 (
  2)It’s half past three now. We’re not having any lessons. Sara is switching off our computer. Karl is putting on his coat. We are all getting ready for leaving. We are going home. 现在 3 点半。我们没有课了。Sara 正在关电脑。Karl 正在穿外套。我们正准备离开。我们 要回家了。 这两段叙述:一段是对日常生活的介绍,一段是对某一时刻动作的描述。稍加注意就 会发现:在介绍日常生活时用了一般现在时,而描述某一时刻的动作就用了现在进行时。 现在我们就对这两个时态在用法上进行区分。 (一)意义
  1. 一般现在时可用来表示人或物经常性、习惯性的动作或状态。如: He goes to school by bus every day. 他每天乘公共汽车去上学。(经常性动作) I often lie in bed on Sunday morning. 我周日上午常躺在床上。(习惯性状态) 也可表示主语现在具有的性格或能力等。如: They like sports. 他们喜欢运动。(个性) She speaks a little Japanese. 她会说一点儿日语。(能力)
  2. 现在进行时可表示现在(说话的瞬间)或现阶段正在发生(进行)的动作(状态)。 如: They are cleaning the classroom now. 现在他们正在打扫教室。(正在发生) We are learning something about the Spring Festival these days. 这些天我们在学有关春 节的知识。(现阶段进行) (二)常用语境
  1. 一般现在时
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  1)说明性文章。如: Lions come from Africa. 狮子来自非洲。(可出现在介绍自然的文章中) Father Christmas gives presents to the children. 圣诞老人给孩子们礼物。(可出现在介 绍节日的文章中) (
  2)新闻报道中对某人(物)日常生活的描述。如: Liu Xiang likes singing and he often sings with his friends. 刘翔喜欢唱歌。 他常和朋友一 起唱。
  2. 现在进行时 (
  1)用于电话、网上聊天等非面对面的情况。如: ? Are you listening to me? 你在听我讲话吗?(可能是通话中) ? Yes, I am. 是的。 (
  2)对图片、电视画面等进行解释说明。如: In the photo I am crying. 照片里的我正在哭。(可能是在对另一人讲关于照片的事情) <二> 给动词加上-ing,并归类。 Ask buy begin call check choose close come dance draw dress drink eat enjoy get go have invite learn leave lie listen look make meet play practise print put read ride run say shop sing sleep snow stand start study swim take talk tell think type use visit wait walk wash watch wear work 原形+-ing: 去 e + -ing : 双写最后一个辅音字母+-ing: 特殊变化+-ing: Answer: : 原形+-ing: asking, buying, calling, checking, drawing, dressing, drinking, eating, enjoying, going, learning, listening, looking, meeting, playing, printing, reading, saying, singing, sleeping, snowing, standing, starting, studying, talking, telling, thinking, visiting, waiting, walking, washing, watching, wearing, working 去 e + -ing :choosing, closing, coming, dancing, having, inviting, leaving, making, practising, riding, taking, typing, using 双写最后一个辅音字母+-ing:beginning, getting, putting, running, shopping, swimming 特殊变化+-ing:lying <三> 什么动作在进行? (
  1)My sister (read)a book in her room now. (
  2)?What you (talk)about? ?I’m talking about my book. (
  3)She (see)her doctor every week. (
  4)Tony (take)photos and Liz is looking at him.
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  5)Look! They (lie)in the sun. (
  6)?Where is Betty? ?She (wash)clothes in the room. (
  7)My friends (not play)football on Sunday. (
  8)They (not have)English class. they (have)the art lesson at the moment. (
  9)What are they doing? They (listen)to music. (
  10)It’s five o’clock now. some people in London (run)for the trains. Answer: : (
  1)is reading (
  2)are, talking (
  3)sees (
  4)is taking (
  5)are lying (
  6) is washing (
  7)don’t play (
  8)aren’t having, are having (
  9)are listening (
  10)are running <四> Put on,dress,get dressed,wear 的区别
  1. put on your coat, Lingling. It’s very cold outside.
  2. Mother is dressing my little brother in the bedroom.
  3. At 6:30 the students in this school are getting dressed.
  4. My teacher wears a pair of glasses. (
  1)put on 表示动作,后面接衣物。 He’s putting on his shoes. (
  2)dress 表示“给某人穿”,后面接人。 Don’t dress me. I can dress myself now. (
  3)get dressed 表示主语自身的动作,意为“穿衣”,后面可以什么也不接或者加 in +衣物。 Are you getting dressed? Get dressed in the blue coat. It fits you. (
  4)wear 表示穿着或带着,强调状态。 She’s wearing a blue skirt today. 练一练: ① When we are starting our classes, students in Sydney . ② Mary her little sister now. ③ Today we our school clothes. ④ At the moment they their coats. Answer: : ① are getting dressed ② is dressing ③ are wearing ④ are putting on <五> Buy 和 shop 都有买的意思,用法不同。 I want to buy a postcard. He is shopping for a CD.
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Buy 后面是要买的东西,而 shop 后面得先加 for 才能加要买的东西。另外,shop 也 可以不加 for 和后面的东西。如:We’re shopping now. Shop 当名词用,意为“商店”,如:He has a bicycle shop. <六> leave, leave for… 离开还是去? In London it’s five o’clock and people are leaving work and are going home. I leave for school at seven twenty in the morning. Leave 离开,leave for…去某地,/动身前往某地。
【典型例题】 典型例题】

  1. My cousin is very busy with his work. He has time to read newspaper. A. little B. few C. a little D. a few 答案: 答案:A 解析: 解析:题意为:我堂兄工作很忙,他没时间看报。Time 不可数,排除 B、D 两个选 项。题意是否定的,故选 A。
  2. Charlie can’t go with us because he a professor around our company. A. shows B. was showing C. has shown D. is showing 答案: 答案:D 解析: 解析:题意为:查理不能与我们一起去,因为他正领着教授参观公司。考察现在进行 时。
  3. Is there “m” in the word “mouse”? A. a B. an C. the D. / 答案: 答案:B 解析: 解析:m 发音为:/em/,元音开头。
【模拟试题】(答题时间:90 分钟) 模拟试题】
一. Choose the best answer
  1. ? Hi, Mum. I’m cooking the dinner. ? ? A. That’s great. B. OK C. Really
  2. ?Can you send a postcard to my friend? ?Certainly. me the name and address. A. Say B. Speak C. Talk
  3. Wang Hui is his mother on his cell phone. A. drawing B. leaving C. calling
  4. ?Are you having a good time? ?Yes. , we’re going back. A. Anyway B. So C. Then
  5. Don’t talk here. They are .
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D. Guess
D. Tell D. dressing
D. Because
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A. walking B. playing C. sitting
  6. In summer the sun is too hot at . A. morning B. midday C. midnight
  7. your new clothes and let’s have a look. A. Dress B. Put on C. Get dressed
  8. ? the trip? ?Yes, we are.
D. sleeping D. evening D. Wear
A. Does he enjoy B. Do you enjoy C. Is Sam enjoying D. Are you enjoying
  9. My cat likes in the sun. A. singing B. reading C. lying D. working
  10. There are many people on the bus. Some are sitting and are standing. A. the others B. others C. all D. some
  11. The tiger breakfast. A. run for B. runs C. is running D. is running for
  12. Some people are having at home. A. afternoon tea B. afternoon’s tea C. afternoon teas D. tea of afternoon
  13. are they having dinner? A. Who B. Which C. Where D. What
  14. He usually sends postcards to his friend. A. a lot B. lot of C. a lot of D. a lots
  15. He on the grass and the sun. A. is lying, enjoy B. is lying, having C. is lying, enjoying D. lies, enjoy 二. Fill in the blanks with a proper word.
  1. Betty is a school trip.
  2. Don’t read the sun. It’s bad for your eyes.
  3. Here is a postcard: Greetings Australia.
  4. He is waiting his mother.
  5. Families are getting together the moment.
  6. Do you go to school a car or by bus?
  7. Thank you you postcard.
  8. He is walking to a put and having a .
  9. I enjoy the concert a .
  10. Next Sunday is my sister’s birthday, so now I am shopping for . 三. Reading. (A)Plans for the weekend Ken:Right, this weekend we should get up early so we can do more things! Jack:We can go to the noodle shop at 8 a.m. for some food.
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Ken:Okay, and at 9 a.m. we can go to the stadium and play basketball. Then we are going to the park for a picnic lunch with my family. Jack:And then we are going to the computer center. Ken:Right?we can buy some computer books, and then we can go to my house to check our e-mail and then watch television. Jack:Saturday’s going to be fun, but what are we going to do on Sunday? Ken:I know?get up at 8 a.m., go to the park at 9 and go on the lake in a boat. Jack:Yes, we can have hamburgers for lunch! Ken:Great?I love hamburgers! Jack:Amy is having a party in the afternoon?do you want to go? Ken:I can’t?I have a test on Monday?so I have to stay home to do my homework and then revise! Jack:Yes, I should study too. Oh, well, see you tomorrow 四. Complete the table Saturday Get up Sunday
(B) Rodney is a famous musician. Napoleon is an emperor. Rodney writes a lot of music. One day, Napoleon goes to Rodney’s concert. He enjoys the music very much. He wants to see Rodney. So he asks others to invite Rodney to his box. Rodney is worried because he doesn’t have full dresses. He says he can’t see the Emperor like that. But when Napoleon knows that, he says, “There is no request between two emperors.” Then people call Rodney Music Emperor.
  1. Napoleon goes to the concert to . A. watch a ballet B. listen to music C. have a meeting D. see Rodney
  2. Napoleon wants to the writer of the music. A. see B. tell C. teach D. find
  3. The is called Rodney. A. music B. musician C. emperor D. opera
  4. The writer is worried because . A. his music is not very good B. Napoleon is an emperor
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C. he has some other things to do D. he doesn’t dress very well
  5. Rodney is an emperor too, because . A. his music is very beautiful B. Napoleon thinks he is an emperor C. he wants to be an emperor D. he meets the Emperor Napoleon. 五. Cloze test Have you ever seen snow? A lot of people in the world have not. A lot of countries 1 have snow?or they have it only on the tops of very high mountains. In Scotland and in the north of England, there is quite a lot of snow every 2, but in the south of England, there is usually
  3. When a student from 4 country like Malaya or Indonesia comes to Britain in autumn for the first time, he feels cool at first. There are 5dark clouds, gray sky and cold rain in Britain in autumn, and m
 

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