八年级英语新目标上册英语复习必备知识点辅导 八年级上 Unit1?Unit3
一.重点短语:
  1.on weekends
  2.on weekdays
  3.as for
  4.my eating habits
  5.have a healthy lifestyle
  6.the same as
  7.the result of
  8.junk food
  9.get good grades
  10.see a dentist
  11.have a healthy habit
  12.be stressed out
  3.a balanced diet
  14.for example
  15.at the moment
  16.be sorry to do sth
  17.go bike riding
  18.take walks=go for walk
  19.take a vacation
  20.plan to do sth
  21.western country
  22.take sth with sb
  23.depend on
  24.host family
  25.hardly ever
  6.ask sb about sth
  27.get back to school
  8.a balance of
  29.kind of 二.考点归纳: 考点
  1.want sb to do sth 想要某人干某事 His father wants him(become )an actor. 考点
  2.try 的用法:
  1).try to do sth 尽力干某事 He tries (eat) lots of vegetables and fruit every day .
  2).try not to do sth 尽力不干某事 We try(not let) my teacher down.
  3).try one’s best to do sth 尽某人最大努力干某事 We should try our best (study) all subjects.
  4)词组: try on 试穿 have a try 试一试 考点
  3.although 的用法: although /though 引导让步状语从句,“即使,虽然”,不能与 but 连用,但可 与 yet, still 连用。 考点
  4.finish doing sth 结束干某事 I will finish (work )out the problem in another two minutes . 考点
  5.can’t wait to do sth 迫不及待地干某事 I can’t wait (open)the TV when I get home . 考点
  6.decide 的用法:
  1).decide to do sth 决定干某事
  2).decide not do sth 决定不干某事
  3).decide on doing sth 决定干某事
  4).同义词组: make a decision to do sth = make up one’s mind to do sth = decide to do sth He has decided to leave for Wuhan .= He has a to leave for Wuhan.= He has up his to leave for Wuhan. 考点
  7.plan to do sth 计划干某事 She is planning (take )a vacation in Shanghai next month . 考点
  8.think about doing sth 考虑干某事 He thought about (go ) to Beijing on vacation . 考点
  9.go + v-ing 的用法:
go fishing go boating go skating go shopping go hiking go skateboarding 考点
  10.句型: It’s + adj +for /of sb to do sth 同义句:
  1).It’s +adj +for sb +to do sth = To do sth + be +adj
  2).It’s +adj +of sb +to do sth = Sb +be +adj + to do sth It is very friendly of you to help me .= friendly to help me . It’s very hard for you to work out the math problem .= out the math problem is very hard for you . 八年级上 Unit4Unit6 一.重点短语:
  1.take the subway
  2.all over/around the world .be different from
  4.on the school bus
  5.study for a test
  6.go to the doctor=see a doctor
  7.have a piano lesson
  8.the day after tomorrow
  9.keep quiet /be quiet
  10.come over to
  11.be free=have time
  12.in some ways
  13.look the same
  14.in common
  15.do the same things as sb.
  16.use sth to do sth
  17.begin with
  18.in one’s free time
  19.the bus /train /subway station
  20.another time
  21.means of transportation
  22.all kinds of
  23.depend on
  24.go to concert
  25.keep quiet
  26.primary school 二.考点归纳: 考点
  1.有关交通工具的同义句:
  1).take the train to … =go to …by train take the bus to …= go to …by bus
  2).fly to … = go to … by plane /air walk to …. = go to …on foot ride a bike to … = go to …. by bike My uncle went to New York last week . My uncle New York last week . 考点
  2.有关花费时间的句型:
  1).It +takes +sb.+时间+to do sth
  2).sb. +spend +时间+on sth (in doing sth ). It took me half an hour to work it out . I half an hour it out . 考点
  3.表示两地相距有多远: A +be +距离 +from +B = It’s +距离+from A+ to B. It is five minutes’ walk from my home to school. = It me five minutes to to school . 考点
  4.leave ,leave for , leave … for …
  1).leave +地点 “离开某地”
  2).leave for +地点 “前往某地”=go to +某地
  3).leave +某地+for +某地 “离开某地前往某地” Mr wang are going to Beijing tomorrow .= Mr wang are Beijing tomorrow. 考点
  5.all …not = not all “并非都” 部分否定 注:not 与 all /both /every ….. 连用构成部分否定。 Not all birds can fly . = birds can fly , some can’t .
考点
  6.the number of / a number of
  1).a number of 许多 = a lot of /many , number 前可用 large /small 来修饰,a large / small number of ….. 作主语时,谓语用复数。
  2).the number of ….的数量, 作主语时,谓语用单数。 A large number of tourists (come )to Mountain Tai every year . The number of the students in our class (be )
  60. 考点
  7.sick / ill
  1).ill 用在系动词之后作表语。
  2).sick 既可以放在系动词之后作表语也可放在名词之前作定语。 She was because of hard work . The boy coughed terribly . 考点
  8.表示客气地请求某人干某事
  1). Would you like to do sth ?
  2).Could you please do sth ?
  3).Will /Would you please do sth ?
  4).Can you do sth ? 考点
  9.be busy
  1). be busy with sth .忙于某事
  2).be busy doing sth 忙于干某事
  3).be busy 的反义词组 be free / have time I am busy tomorrow .= I = I time . 考点
  10.whole / all
  1).whole 一般置于冠词,物主代词或其他限定词之后, all 位于限定词之前。
  2).一般不修饰不可数名词,all 既可修饰可数名词也可修饰不可数名词。 He stayed at home all the afternoon .= He stayed at home afternoon. 考点
  11.however / but however “然而,可是”用于句首或句中,须用逗号隔开。而 but 不用逗号隔开。 He is very busy ,, he always helps me . A. and B. / C. but D. however 考点
  12.most of / most
  1).most of the +复数名词 “…..中的大多数”
  2).most +复数名词 “大多数的…….” the students are clever . students are clever. 考点
  13.beat / win /lose
  1).beat:打败 后面接打败的人或对象 beat sb
  2).win:赢 后面接比赛的项目(race , game , match , prize …..)
  3).lose:输 lose to sb 输给某人 lose sth 输了某物 Their team beat ours = Their team the match . = Our team theirs. 考点
  14.do you think 作为插入语

  1).位置:放在疑问词之后
  2).语序:后面的句子用陈述句语序。 Do you think ? Who is the man over there ?= do you think the man over there ? 考点
  15.常见的不可数名词: weather work food news advice information fun music paper weather ! we are going to the park . A. What a good B.What good C. How a good D. How good 考点
  16.afford
  1).afford 常与情态动词 can , can’t , could , couldn’t 连用
  2).afford 后面接名词或代词不定时。
  3).同义句:can’t afford to do sth = sb don’t /doesn’t have enough money to do sth . The book is very expensive ,I can’t afford to buy it .= I don’t have to buy it . 考点
  17.listen to /hear /sound
  1).listen to …仔细倾听 强调听的过程
  2).hear … 听到、听见 强调听的结果
  3).sound …. 系动词 “听起来…….” 后面接形容词 而 sound like +名词 I her but could nothing . It interesting . 考点
  18.句型:not as ….as
  1).not as… as 之间要用原级
  2).同义句:A + not as/so…as +B= A + 形容词的反义词的比较级 + than + B = B + 形容词的比较级 + than +A Tom is not as tall as I = Tom is I. I am Tom . This book is not as expensive as that one .= This book is than that one . That book is than this book . 八年级(上) Unit7Unit9 一.重点短语:
  1.turn on/ off /up/ down
  2.cut up
  3.mix up
  4.pour…into…
  5.add… to…
  6.hang out
  7.watch a dolphin show
  8.at the end of
  9.take a class/ have a class
  10.sleep late
  11.go for a drive
  12.on my next off
  13.in my opinion
  14.in the future
  15.free time
  16.be born
  17.ice skating
  18.a piece of music
  19.win first prize
  20.major in
  21.one teaspoon of
  22.a slice of
  23.take a photo/photos
  24.get one’s autograph
  25.have a yard sale
  26.get wet
  27.have a party
  28.at the age of
  29.because of
  30.at the same time 二.考点归纳: 考点
  1.finally 的同义词组: finally = at last = in the end
Finally he came up with an idea .= he came up with an idea .= he came up with an idea. 考点
  2.turn on / open 的区别:
  1.turn on :指打开水流,煤气,电灯,电视,收音机等电器的开关。
  2.open:指关着的门,窗,箱子打开。 Please the door. The boy the computer to play games last night . 考点
  3.into/ in 的区别:
  1.into 表示 “到……里面去”,进入到……某空间里。属于动态介词。
  2.in 表示 “在……里面”,在某一空间或范围之内。属于静态介词。 There is nothing the blender . He put his books his backpack and left. 考点
  4.too…to…的同义句: too…to…= not…enough to … = so…that… He is so young that he can’t go to school .= He isn’t to go school .= He is young go to school . The box is too heavy for us to carry . The box isn’t to carry = The box is heavy we carry it . 考点
  5.called 的同义句: called = named = with the name (of) Do you know the girl called Kate ?= Do you know the girl Kate ?= Do you know the girl (of)Kate ? 考点
  6.see sb do sth 、see sb doing sth 的区别
  1.see sb do sth :看见某人做了某事
  2.see sb doing sth .看见某人正在做某事 The teacher saw the students (read) English when he came in . Look!Can you see the girl (dance) under the tree ? 注:类似的动词有:hear ,watch ,notice 等。省 to 的不定式变被动语态时,需 带上 to I often notice him go home alone .He is noticed home alone. 考点
  7.at the age of 的同义句: at the age of = when sb was/ were …. He began to learn English when he was four.= He began to learn English four. 考点
  8.take part in / join 的区别:
  1.take part in 表示参加某项活动,运动,事件等。着重强调以主人翁的姿态或 在活动中负有责任而参加。
  2.join 表示加入组织,团体,党派而成为其中一员。 注:join sb in …. 表示“参与某人的活动之中”
He the Party in 19
  87. Can you come and us in the game ? Twenty students from our class the sports meeting last week. 考点
  9.句型: Sb +be the first /last one (person) +to do sth 某人是第一个或最后一个干某事 Women and children are the first (take)to safety . 考点
  10.because / because of 的区别:
  1.because 后面接从句(除 what 从句之外)。
  2.because of 后面接名词、代词、名词性短语、what 从句。 He didn’t go to the party because he was ill. He didn’t go to the party his . She was very angry what you said . A. because B. because of C./ D. with 考点
  11.keep 的用法:
  1.keep +adj 表示保持某种状态 Keep , The baby is sleeping .
  2.keep +sb/sth +adj 表示使某人保持某种状态 We must keep our classroom .
  3.keep doing sth . 表示不间断地持续做某事或一直做某事。 It kept (rain) all night .
  4.keep on doing sth 表示反复做某事。 He kept on (make)the same mistakes.
  5.keep +sb +doing sth 表示让某人一直做某事。 He kept us (wait )for an hour .
  6.keep +sb from +doing sth 表示阻止某人干某事。= stop sb (from )doing sth = prevend sb (from )doing sth . Because of the heavy rain , we could go to school.= The heavy rain us from to school. 考点
  12.visit 的用法:
  1.词性转换:visit visitor There are many (visit )in the park on May’s Day .
  2.词组
  1).be on a visit to +某地 = visit +某地
  2).one’s first visit to +某地 表示某人第一次参观某地 He is visiting China .= He is to China. This is my first visit to Beijing . 注:travel to +某地 Have you traveled to Shanghai ? 考点
  13.alive / living 的区别:
  1.alive 指活的、现存的、有活力的。常作表语,也可放在名词或代词之后作后置 定语。
  2.living 指活着的、现行的、现存的。可作表语,也可放在名词前作定语。 He thinks he is the happiest man .
The people must remember the dead. 八年级上 Unit10Unit12 一.重点短语:
  1.grow up
  2.somewhere interesting
  3.a year or two / one or two years
  4.make money
  5.save money
  6.more than = over
  7.play sports
  8.keep fit
  9.communicate with …
  10.take out
  11.do the dishes
  12.do chores
  13.do the laundry
  14.make the bed
  15.living room
  16.get a ride = get sb a ride
  17.go to a meeting = have a meeting
  18.work on
  19.take sb for a walk
  20.close to / near to
  21.in town /in the country /in the city
  22.do a survey of
  23.the price of
  24.computer programmer
  25.take acting lesson
  26.a part-time job
  27.play an instrument
  28.make the soccer ream
  29.New Year’s resolution
  30.sweep the froor
  31.fold your clothes
  32.have a good quality clothes 二.考点归纳: 考点
  1.exercise 的用法:
  1.作名词讲:
  1).作“运动、训练、锻炼”讲,为不可数名词。
  2).作“练习、习题、体操(常用复数形式)”讲,为可数名词。 You should take more and drink more water. We do morning every day ,but we don’t do eye .
  2.作动
 

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