八年级下 unit6 短语及重点句型
  1、多久(对段时间提问) :how long......? I've been skating for fvie hours? How long have you been skating?
  2、多久以后(对 in+对段时间的将来时态提问) :how soon.....? He will come here in an hour. How soon will he come here?
  3、多久一次(对动作的频率提问) :how often....? He comes here twice a week. How often does he come here?
  4、有、、 、、长的时间:for +段时间: for five hours :有三个小时了
  5、纵列式滑冰马拉松赛:inline skating marathon
  6、每天:every day 每天的:everyday
  7、一对、一双:a pair of +可数名词复数 一条裤子:a pair of pants 三条裤子:three pairs of pants
  8、自从、、、 、、、以来: ①since+从句:Since I was seven years old.(自从我 7 岁以来) ②since+点时间:since nine o'clock(自从 9 点以来) ③since+段时间+ago:since three years ago(自从 3 年前以来)
  9、和某人谈话:talk to/with sb
  10、谈论、、:talk about... 、、
  11、从山顶学校:from Hilltop School
  12、为、、、、而筹钱:raise/collect money for... 、、、 为慈善筹钱:raise /collect money for charity
  13、 第一个开始的:the first one to start 最后一个回家:the last one to go home 第一位在太空中飞行的科学家:the first scientist to fly in space
  14、整整 5 个小时:the whole five hours=all the five hours
  15、三年半:three and a half years=three years and a half 一个半小时:an hour and a half=one and a half years
  16、想要做某事:would like to do sth=want to do sth
  17、想要某物:would like sth.=want sth
  18、想要某人做某事:would like sb to do sth=want sb to do sth
  19、因为做某事而感谢某人:thanks /thank sb for doing sth.= give/return thanks to sb for doing sth
  20、因为谋事而感谢某人:thanks/thank sb for sth=thanks to sb for sth
  21、事实上:in fact=as a matter of fact
  22、我最喜爱的(人、物) :my favorite
  22、不得不(客观因素) :have to do sth I had to work for a boss in order to make a living.(为了生存,我不得不为老板工作)

  23、一定、必须(主观因素) :must do sth I must work hard.(我必须努力工作)
  24、用完:run out of 无意碰到,跑过:run across 追赶:run after 逃跑:run away 自来水:running water
  25、使某事由别人做/遭受了、、、:have sth/sb+过去分词 、、、 I'm going to have my shoes mended tomorrow.(明天我去补鞋子) She had her hands burned .(她烧伤了她的手) ①使某人做某事:have/let/make sb do sth ②使、、、处于、、、 、、 、、、状态:have sb/sth doing sth ③have a good time/a lesson/a meeting/a rest/a talk/a swim..... ④穿着 :have on ⑤和某人讲话:have a word with ⑥最好:had better do sth
  26、北极熊:polar bears
  27、别人:anyone else=anybody else 别的一些事情:something else 别的任何事情:everything else 没有别的事情:nothing else 别的什么事情:what else
  28、在某人、、 、、岁生日:on one's +序数词 birthday on my seventh birthday(在我 7 岁生 日的时候)
  29、到处:be all around
  30、带有动屋的玻璃器:globes with animals
  31、让(使)某人做某事:let/make/have sb do sth 有这种用法的还有一些感官动词: see sb do sth hear sb do sth notice sb do sth feel sb do sth watch sb do sth 如果接-ing 形式,则表示动作正在进行。
  32、顺便说一句:by the way
  33、在去、、、 、、、的路上:on the way(to)....
  34、挡路:in the way
  35、用这种(那种) :in this (that)way
  36、在某种程度上:in a way
  37、决不:in no way
  38、迷路:lose one's way
  39、喜欢做某事:like to do sth/like doing sth
  40、大约两年:about two years
  41、告诉关于、、、:tell about... 、、、
  42、制作一个、、、的清单:make a list of .... 、、
  43、完成做某事:finish doing sth

  44、对、、、感兴趣:be/become interested in.... 、、
  45、每两年:every two years.
  46、把某物送给某人:send sth to sb=send sb sth
  47、停止做某事:stop doing sth
  48、停下来做某事:stop to do sth 新目标初二(八年级) 新目标初二(八年级)第 7 单元导学 UNIT 7 Would you mind turning down the music?单元导学 单元导学 一、本单元语言目标:
  1、 请求或者询问对方意愿
  2、 抱怨或对事情感到生气 二、重点单词 KEY WORDS
  1.request, 请求,要求
  2.apologize 道歉
  3.command 命令,要求
  4. task 任务; 工作; 作业
  5. poster 海报; 告示
  6. stylist 时新样式的设计者
  7. waitress 女 服务员
  8.annoy 打扰;使生气
  9.polite 有礼貌的
  10.complain 抱怨
  11.main 主要的
  12.detail 细节
  14.greedy 贪心的;贪婪的
  15.value 价值
  16.resell 转卖;再售
  17.smash 打破;打碎
  18.harm 损害;伤害
  19.continue 继续;持续
  20. government 政府
  21. fine 罚金; 罚款
  22. mental 心智的; 心理的
  23. similar 同 样的; 类似的
  24. throw 投; 扔掉
  25. 抛; customer 顾客
  26. cause 引起; 致使
  27. time 倍
  28.truly 真实的;诚恳的 三、重点词组 KEY PHASES
  1. right away 立刻;
  2. a minute 马上; do the dishes (饭后) in
  3. 洗餐具
  4. ou of 从… get 中获得…
  5.get up 起床
  6.put on 穿上
  7.at a meeting 在开会
  8.no problem 没问题
  9.haie stylist 发型师
  10.be annoyed 烦恼的
  11.make some posters 做一些招贴
  12.wait in line 排队等候
  13.cut in line 插队
  14.all the time 始终
  15.try not to do sth.试图不做某事
  16.get angry 生气
  17.pay a big fine 付一大 笔罚金
  18. other parts of Asia 在亚洲的其他部分
  19. in throw away 扔掉
  20. argue about 议论某事
  21.so much trouble 这么多麻烦
  22.fly kites 放风筝
  23.three and a half years 三年半
  24.allow to do sth.允许做某事
  25.the physical and mental health 身体和心理健康 四、重点句型 KEY SENTENCE STRUCTURES
  1. Would you mind cleaning your room? 你介意打扫一下你的房间吗? I’m sorry. I’ll do it right away. 对不起,我马上就干。
  2. Would you mind moving your car? 你介意移一下你的车吗? No, not at all. 不,不介意。
  3. Could you please feed my little dog when I’m taking a holiday? 我渡假时,你能喂一下我 的小狗吗?
  4. Shall we help the elderly clean the yard? 我们帮老人打扫一下院子好吗?
  5. Let’s make some rules to protact wild animals. 我们来定一些制度保护野生动物吧。
  6. Why don’t you go there by plane? 你为什么不乘飞机去那呢?
  7. Why not give him a funny book as a present? 为什么不给他一本有趣的书做礼物呢?
  8. You’d better take a good care of yourself. 你最好能照顾好自己。
  9. Would you like to take part in the training camp? 你愿意参加训练营吗?

  10. Do I have to wash the dishes after dinner? 饭后我必须洗吗? 五、重点语法
  1、Would you mind + doing …?你介意……吗?请你……可以吗? Eg.: Would you mind moving your bike? Not at all. 不介意 I’ll do it right away. right away = at once = in a minute Would you mind cleaning your room? I am sorry. I’ll clean it in a minute. (OK, I’ll do it right away.) Would you mind doing something for me? Not at all, sir. What would you want me to do?
  2、在 Would you mind + doing 句型中,需注意:doing 为动名词。动名词既具有动词的某些 特征,也具有名词的某些特点。 动名词由“动词原形 + ing”构成。在某些动词之后只能接动名词,而某些动词后面只能接动 词的不定式。后面常接动名词的词有:mind, finish, enjoy, eg.: He enjoys walking in the park. I finished reading the book yesterday. Would you mind opening the window? 动名词的否定式由“not + 动名词”构成 Would you mind not doing…?请不要……好吗? Eg.: Would you mind not wearing the old jeans? OK, I’ll put on another pair. Would you mind not playing the football here? I’m sorry.
  3、would 的常用句型: would 作为情态动词,主要用于第二人称的疑问句中,表示询问对方的意愿或者想对方提出 请求,时间指现在或者将来。Would 的语气要比 will 更加婉转和客气。常用的句型除“Would you mind doing…?”之外,还有: Would you please…?请……可以吗? Would you like…?需要……吗? Would you like to…?你愿意……吗? Eg.: Would you please do me a favor? Sure. Would you like a cup of coffee? Yes, please./No, thanks. Would you like to join us? I would like to. Would you mind closing the door?你介意把门 No, not at all. 在提出请求或发出邀请时,除了上述 would 表示的句型之外,还可以说: Could you please do something?请你做某事可以吗? Eg.: Could you please help me with my housework? Sure./Certainly. I’m afraid not.
这一句型的否定式是:Could you please not do something?请你不要做某事好吗? Eg.: Could you please not sing in the classroom?
  4、could 表示礼貌请求的用法: could 是 can 的过去式,但在语气上要更加委婉、更加客气。正式的场合下,为了表示礼貌, 常说“Could I … please?”“我可以……吗?” eg.: Could I have a talk with Mr. Smith, please? Could I take the seat? Certainly. I’m afraid not. 而比较随便的口语化的说法是:Can/May I…, please? Eg.: Can I open it now? Sure./No, you can’t. 表示“请求”或“询问”的句型小结: Would you mind doing something? Could you please do something? Would you please do something? 上述句型都表示“请你做某事可以吗?”;还有“请你不要做某事可以吗?”,包括: Would you mind not doing something? Could you please not do something? 表示“礼貌”询问句型: Would you like something? Would you like to do something? Could I…, please? Can/May I…, please?
  4、关于不愉快、生气的说法: unpleasant;annoying; complain;get annoyed;get mad; I can’t stand it! 新目标初二(八年级) 新目标初二(八年级)第 7 单元目标 Unit 7 Would you mind turning down the music? 【单元目标】 Ⅰ.单词与短语 mind dish task clothing poster solution annoy line return voice etiquette normal Asian Europe allow public impolite cough smoke sneeze criticize drop litter behave perhaps polite uncomfortable not at all 一点也不 turn down 调节(收音机等)使音量变小 right away 立刻;马上 wait in line 排队等候 cut in line 插队 keep down 控制 at first 首先
break the rule 不服从;不遵守 put out 熄灭 put on 穿上 pick up 捡起 even if 即使 Ⅱ.目标句型:
  1. Would you mind doing…?
  2. Do you mind doing…?
  3. Could / Can / Will / May you please do…?
  4. Would you mind not doing…?
  5. Not at all. I’ll do it right away.
  6. Sorry,I’ll do it right away.
  7. Please do / don’t…
  8. You’d better do… Ⅲ.重点句型
  1. Would you mind turning down the music?
  2. whether 和 if 引导从句的用法。
  3. get 的用法 【重难点分析】
  1. Would you mind…?和 Do you mind…? 用于询问或请求别人做某事,或请求他人的许 可。 (
  1)mind 后面可以用-ing 形式,复合结构 one’s doing 或 if 引导的从句。 例如: Would you mind doing the dishes? = Do you mind doing the dishes? = Please do the dishes. 请把餐具洗了好吗? (表示请求别人做事) Would you mind turning down the radio? = Do you mind turning down the radio? 请把收音机关小点好吗? (
  2)Would you mind my doing…? = Do you mind if I do…? 这个句型用于询问他人意见或请求他人的许可。 例如: Would you mind my smoking here? = Do you mind if I smoke here? 你介意我在这里吸烟吗? Would you mind my asking you a question? = Do you mind if I ask you a question? 我问你一个问题好吗? Would you mind my opening the window? =Do you mind my opening the window? = Can I open the window? 我可以开窗吗? 注意:
在美国口语中还可以将这个句型用 Would you mind me doing sth.?来表达,但是在 书面表达中要用 my。 Would you mind me using your car? 我用一下你的车好吗? (
  3)询问有关人们感觉的一般性问题, 可以用 Do you mind…?通常不用 Would you mind…? 如: Do you mind people smoking in your house? 你介意别人在你家里吸烟吗? 这里不能说 Would you mind people smoking in your house? (
  4)这个句型的否定形式是在 mind 后加 not,即 Would you mind not…?或 Do you mind not…? 如: Would you mind not playing basketball here? 你不要在这打篮球好吗? Would you mind not wearing those old jeans? (
  5)回答 Do/Would you mind…? 提出的问题时,表示允许要说 No 或 Not at all 等; 如果介意要做肯定回答 Yes. 或 Yes,I’m sorry,but I do.等, 如: --Do you mind if I ask you a question? 我可以问你的一个问题吗? --No,please do.可以,请问吧。
  2. 通常既可用 whether 也可用 if 表示“是否”来引导从句,常置于 see,ask,learn,tell, wonder,doubt,find out 等动词之后。 如: I'm not sur



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