北京地区成人本科学士学位英语统一考试 20
  17(A 卷)
Part I Reading Comprehension
Passage 1 Scientists find that hard-working people live longer than average men and women. Career women are healthier than housewives. Evidence shows that the jobless are in poorer health than jobholders. An investigation shows that whenever the unemployment. Why is work good for health? It is because work keeps people busy away from loneliness. Researches show that people feel unhappy, worried and lonely when they have nothing to do. Instead, the happiest are those who are busy. (
  79)Many high achievers who love their careers feel that they are happiest when they are working hard. Work serves as a bridge between man and reality. By work people come into with each other. By collective activity they find friendship and warmth. This is helpful to health. The loss of work means the loss of everything. It affects man spiritually and makes him ill. Besides, work gives one a sense of fulfillment and a sense of achievement. Word makes one feel his value and status in society. When a writer finishes his writing or a doctor successfully operates on a patient or a teacher sees his students grow, they are happy beyond words. (
  80)From the above we can come to the conclusion that the more you work the happier and healthier you will be. Let us work hard and study and live a happy and healthy life.

  1. The underlined word “average” in Paragraph I means . A. healthy B. lazy C. ordinary D. poor
  2. The reason why housewives are not as healthy as career women is that .
A. housewives are poorer than career women B. housewives have more children than career women C. housewives have less chance to communicate with others D. housewives eat less food than career women
  3. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to Paragraph 2? A. Busy people have nothing to do at home. B. High achievers don’t care about their families. C. There is no friendship and warmth at home. D. A satisfying job helps to keep one healthy.
  4. We can infer from the passage that those who do not work . A. are likely to live a shorter life B. will lose everything at home C. can live as long as those who work D. have more time to make new friends
  5. The best title for this passage may be . A. People Should Find a Job B. Working Hard Is Good for Health C. People Should Make More Friends by Work D. The Loss of Word Means the Loss of Everything
Passage 2 A study of art history might be a good way to learn more about a culture
than is possible to learn in general history classes. Most typical history courses concentrate on politics, economics and war. But art history focuses on much more than this because art reflects not only the political values of a people, but also religious beliefs, emotions and psychology. In addition, information about the daily activities of our ancestors can be provided by art. (
  78) In short, art expresses the essential qualities of a time and a place, and a study of it clearly offers us a deeper understanding than can be found in most history books. In history books, objective information about the political life of a country is presented; that is, facts about politics are given, but opinions are not expressed. Art, on the other hand, is subjective(主观 的): it reflects emotions and opinions. The great Spanish painter Francisco Goya was perhaps the first truly “political” artist. In his well-known painting The Third of May, 1808, he criticized the Spanish government for its abuse (滥用) of power over people. In the same way, art can reflect a culture’s religious beliefs. For hundreds of years in Europe, religious art had been almost the only type of art that existed. Churches and other religious buildings were filled with paintings that described people and stories from the Bible. Although most people couldn’t read, they could still understand the Bible stories in the pictures on church walls. By contrast, one of the main characteristics of art in the Middle East was (and still is) its absence of human and animal images. This reflects the Islamic belief that statues (雕像) are not holy.

  6. More can be learned about a culture from a study of art history than general history because . A. art history shows us nothing but the political values B. general history only focuses on politics C. art history gives us an insight (洞察力) into the essential qualities of a time and a place D. general history concerns only religious beliefs, emotions and psychology
  7. Art is subjective in that .
A. a personal and emotional view of history is presented through it B. it only reflects people’s anger or sadness about social problems C. it can easily arouse people’s anger about their government D. artists were or are religious, who reflect only the religious aspect of the society
  8. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? A. In history books political views of people are entirely presented. B. Francisco Goya expressed his religious belief in his painting The Third of May, 1808 C. In the Middle East, you can hardly find animal or human figures on palaces or other building. D. For centuries in Europe, painters had only painted on walls of churches or other religious buildings. 9 The passage mainly discusses . A. the development of art history B. he difference between general history and art history C. what we can learn from art D. the influence of artists on art history
  10. It can be concluded from the passage that . A. Islamic artists only paint images of plants, flowers or objects in their paintings B. it is more difficult to study art history than general history C. a history teacher must be quite objective D. artists painted people or stories from the Bible to hide their political beliefs
Passage 3 Blind people can “see” things by using other parts of their bodies. This fact may help us to understand our feelings about color. If blind people can sense color differences, then perhaps we, too, are affected by color unconsciously(无意识地)。 (
  76) Manufacturers(生产商)have discovered by experience that sugar sells. Badly in green wrappings, that blue foods are considered unpleasant, and that cosmetics(化妆品) should never be packaged in brown. These discoveries have grown into a branch of color psychology. Color psychology now finds application in everything from fashion to decoration. Some of our preferences are clearly psychological. Dark blue is the color of the night sky and therefore associated with calm, while yellow is a day color with associations of energy and incentive(刺激). For a primitive man, activity during the day meant hunting and attacking, while he soon saw red as the color of blood and anger and the heat that came with effort. And green is associated with passive defense and self-protection. (
  77)Experiments have shown that colors, partly because of their psychological associations, also have a direct psychological effect. People exposed to bring red show an increase in breath, in heartbeat and in blood pressure; red is exciting. Similar exposure to pure blue has exactly the opposite effect; it is a calming color. Because of its exciting meaning, red is chosen as the signal for danger, but closer analysis shows that a vivid yellow can produce a more basic state of alarm. So fire engines and ambulances in some advanced communities are now rushing around in bright yellow colors that stop the traffic dead.

  11. Our preferences for certain colors are according to the passage. A. associated with the time of the day B. dependent on our personalities C. are linked with our ancestors
D. partly due to psychological factors
  12. If people are exposed to bright red, which of the following things does NOT happen? A. They breathe faster. B. They feel satisfied. C. Their blood pressure rises. D. Their hearts beat faster.
  13. Which of the following statements if NOT true according to the passage? A. Color probably has an effect on us which we are not conscious of. B. Yellow fire engines have caused many bad accidents in some advanced communities. C. People exposed to pure blue start to breathe more slowly. D. The psychology of color is of some practical use.
  14. Which of the following statements if TRUE according to the passage? A. Manufacturers often sell sugar in green wrapping. B. Dark blue bring people the feeling of being energetic. C. Primitive people associated heat and anger with red. D. Green and yellow are associated with calm and passive defense.
  15. Which of the following could be the most suitable title for the passage? A. The Branch of Color Psychology B. Color and Its Meanings C. The Practical Use of Color Psychology D. Color and Feelings.
Part Ⅱ Vocabulary and Structure

  16. When I mention the problem, I’m not all of you. A. talking about B. referring to C. listening to D. carrying out
  17. Your idea seems to be good but it isn’t . A. practical B. possible C. plentiful D. precious
  18. We were tired and nervous the constant tension. A. from B. for C. with D. off
  19. “Which do you want, the red one or the black one?” “. How about showing me another?” A. Either B. Both C. Neither D. None
  20. “what makes her so unhappy?” “ one of her favorite books.” A. Because she lost B. Because of her losing C. She lost D. Her losing
  21. “I usually sleep with the windows closed at night, even in summer.” “You can never be careful.” A. very B. much C. too D. so
  22. “ is your nationality, Miss Green?” “Australian.”
A. What B. Where C. Which D. Who
  23. I hope the stove will enough heat to warm the room. A. get over B. give in C. get out D. give off
  24.You look tired. Do you a rest? A. like having B. feel like having C. like have D. feel like to have
  25. the price is, they are prepared to pay. A. However B. whichever C. whatever D. wherever
  26. Wait a moment, please. Richard will be back . A. in no time B. at no time C. at times D. at a time
  27. I accept that the plan is not perfect, I do actually like it. A. When B. Since C. while C. Unless
  28. She says she’d rather he tomorrow instead of today. A. leaves B. left C. leave D. would leave
  29. I don’t think Mary understood what you said, ? A. do I B. didn’t she C. did you D. did she
  30. You not have seen her yesterday, for she was abroad. A. must B. should C. could D. would
  31. Alice trusts you; only you can her to give up the foolish idea. A. suggest B. attract C. tempt D. persuade
  32. The Internet has brought big changes in the way we work. A. about B. out C. back D. up

  33. He is a man who is always fault with other people. A. putting B. seeking C. finding D. looking for
  34. I am sure David will be able to find the library because he has a pretty good of direction. A. idea B. feeling C. experience D. sense
  35. They started off late and got to the airport with minutes to . A. spare B. catch C. leave D. make
  36. The evening news comes on at seven o’clock and only thirty minutes. A. keeps B. continues C. finishes D. lasts
  37. The factory had to a number of employees because of the economic crisis in the country. A. lay out B. lay off C. lay aside D. lay down
  38. People may have different opinions about Karen, but I admire her. , she is a great musician. A. After all B. As a result C. In other words D. As usual
  39. They had a pleasant chat a cup of coffee. A. for B. with C. during D. over
  40. Was it in 1969 the American astronaut succeed landing on the moon? A. when; on B. that; on C. which; in D that; in
  41. The comments which he made marketing bothered his boss greatly. A. being concerned B. concerned C. be concerned D. concerning
  42. The news reporters hurried to the airport, only the film stars had left.
A. to tell B. to be told C. telling D. told
  43. Mrs. White became a teacher in 19
  85. She for twenty years by next summer. A. will teach B. would have taught C. has been teaching D. will have been teaching
  44. After the new technique was introduced, the factory produced cars in 2002 as the year before. A. as many twice B. as twice many C. twice many as D. twice as many
  45. There were dirty marks on her trousers she had wiped her hands. A. where B. when C. that D. what
Part Ⅲ Identification

  46. Have you noticed her coat is wet? She must be caught in the rain. A B C D
  47. Teenagers always long for the time which they are able to be independent. A B C D
  48. Since the injury is bad, the doctors will operate him immediately. A B C D
  49. Let’s hurry up and try to get to the railway station in time, can we? A B C D
  50.He refused joining us last Saturday night. Don’t you think it strange? A B C D

  51. Some old beautiful Italian oil paintings are being displayed in the exhibition hall. A B C D
  52. If you had been there, I’m sure you would have enjoyed to see the Chinese Team win. A B C D
  53. On seeing the boy fell into the river, she sprang to her feet and went to the rescue. A B C D
  54. Traditionally, work determines our way of life. But if 98 percent of us don’t need to work, A B C what are we going to do with oneself? D
  55. Only by practice will you be able to improve your speaking English and gradually speak A B C D fluently.
Part Ⅳ Cloze
A king once _56__ seri



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