形容词和副词的比较级复习及练习
一、形容词的比较级

  1、形容词比较级在句子中的运用:两个事物或人的比较用比较级,比较级后面一般带有单 词 than。比较级前面可以用 more, a little 来修饰表示程度。than 后的人称代词用主格(口语 中可用宾格) 。
  2、形容词加 er 的规则:一般在词尾加 er ;以字母 e 结尾,加 r ;
  3、以一个元音字母和一个辅音字母结尾,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加 er ; “辅音字母+y”结尾,先把 y 变 i,再加 er 。
  4.不规则形容词比较级: good-better, beautiful-more beautiful
二、副词的比较级

  1.形容词与副词的区别 (有 be 用形,有形用 be;有动用副,有副用动) (
  1)在句子中形容词一般处于名词之前或 be 动词之后 (
  2)副词在句子中最常见的是处于实义动词之后
  2.副词比较级的变化规则基本与形容词比较级相同 (不规则变化:well-better, far-farther)
三、比较级的几种主要句法

  1、问人的句法: (要用形容词比较级) 陈述句:SuHai is older than SuYang. 一般疑问句:Is Su Hai older than Su Yang? 特殊疑问句:Who is older than SuYang? 选择性的特殊疑问句:Who is older, Su Hai or Su Yang?
  2、问物的句法: (要用形容词比较级) 陈述句:His ruler is longer than her ruler. 一般疑问句:Is his ruler longer than her ruler? 特殊疑问句:Whose ruler is longer than her ruler? 选择性的特殊疑问句: Whose ruler is longer, his or hers?
  3、问动作的句法: (要用副词比较级) 陈述句:Mike jumps higher than Ben. 一般疑问句:Does Mike jump higher than Ben? 特殊疑问句:Who jumps higher than Ben? 选择性的特殊疑问句: Who jumps higher, Mike or Ben?
四、比较级句子中涉及到的人称代词和物主代词的用法

  1、主格和宾格 (原句) Mike is stronger than Nancy. (原句) This man is taller than that man. (原句) Helen swims faster than Su Yang. (改一改)He is stronger than her. (改一改) is taller than. (改一改) swims faster than.
你能总结一下:什么时候用主格,什么时候用宾格吗 你能总结一下:什么时候用主格,什么时候用宾格吗?

  2、形物和名物 (原句) Liu tao’s bag is heavier than Yang Ling’s bag. (改一改) His bag is heavier than her bag. His is heavier than hers. 想一想:红色部分分别是什么类别的物主代词? (原句) Mr Green’s desk is bigger than Miss Li’s desk. (改一改) desk is bigger than desk. is bigger than .
五、比较类型
一般比较:
  1. 一般比较: (
  1) A 比/较之于 B + (更)形容词/副词 对应英文结构:A + be/ do +形容词/副词比较级+ than B (
  2) A 和/与/像 B 一样(+形容词/副词) A + be/ do + as/so 形容词/副词原级 +as B (
  3) A 不如/不像/不比 B 一样(+形容词/副词) A + be not/ do + as/so 形容词/副词原级 +as B A + 助动词否定式(如 can’t) + do + as/so 形容词/副词原级 +as B (
  4) A 比 B + 形容词/副词 + 一点儿/得多/比差… A + be/ do + a little/ a lot/ much/ a great deal/ two inches… + 形容词/副词比较级+ than B (
  5) " …. 越来越... "。 " 形容词比较级 + and + 形容词比较级 ", It's getting hotter and hotter. (
  6) 表示 " A 越... , A 或 B 就越..."。 "The+形容词比较级..., the+形容词比较级..."The more you study, the more you know. 倍数和数量比较:
  2. 倍数和数量比较: (
  1) A 比 B + 形容词/副词 + …倍 A + be/ do + 倍数 + 形容词/副词比较级+ than B (
  2) A 是/为/等于 B +…倍 +形容词/副词 … A + be/ do + 倍数 + as/so 形容词/副词原级 +as B Our school is twice as large as yours. (
  3) A 的…比 B 的多(或少) A have more /less/ fewer … than B. He has more money than I. There be more … 在 A 处 than 在 B 处。例:There’re more students in our class than in yours. (
  4) A 的…比 B 的多 +比差 多少(或少多少) (
  5) A have + 比差+ more /less/ fewer… than B. 例:He has much (twenty…) more money than I. most 同形容词连用而不用 the,表示 "极,很,非常, 十分"。 与名词连用表示“大多数”。 It's most dangerous to be here. 在这儿太危险。 Most students have passed the English final (exam).多数同学都通过了英语期末考试。 Our school is twice larger than yours.

一)、写出下列形容词或副词的比较级 、

tall big heavy beautiful slow far long small light heavy fast well
old short fat nice low late
young strong thin good high early
nice happy little early
fat wet bad careful
slow much thin exciting
dry ill far busy
二)、根据句意填入单词的正确形式: 、根据句意填入单词的正确形式:
  1. My brother is two years (old)than me.
  2. Tom is as (fat) as Jim.
  3. Is your sister (young) than you? Yes,she is.
  4. Who is (thin),you or Helen? Helen is.
  5. Whose pencil-box is (big),yours or hers? Hers is.
  6. Mary’s hair is as (long) as Lucy’s.
  7.Ben (jump) (high) than some of the boys in his class.
  8. Nancy sing (well) than Helen? Yes, she .
  9.Fangfang is not as (tall) as the other girls.
  10.My eyes are (big) than (she)..
  11.Which is (heavy),the elephant or the pig?
  12.Who gets up (early),Tim or Tom?
  13.the girls get up(early) than the boys?No,they.
  14. Jim runs (slow). But Ben runs (slow).
  15.The child doesn’t(write) as (fast) as the students.
  16.I’m (tall) than David.
  17..Who’s (young), you or your brother?
  18.Which is (long), Chang Jiang River or the Yellow River?
  19.David’s bag is (heavy) than (I).
  20.Gao Shan runs(fast)than his brother.
  21.Is your hair as (longer, long)as hers?
  22.Yang Ling' flies a kite(higher\taller)than David.
  23.My mum (says, say)Jimmy is also her child.

  24.I am three months (minutes\minute) youger than . (he, him)
  25. Bob is ( young ) than Fred, but (tall) than Fred.

  26. Yingtian is not as (tall) as Yongxian.
  27. Almost all the students' faces are the same but Li Deming looks (fat) than after the summer holidays.
  28.Which is (heavy), a hen or a chicken?
  29.-- How (tall) is Sally? -- She' s
  1.55 metres (tall). What about Xiaoling? -- She' s only
  1.40 metres (tall). She is much She is also the (short) girl in the class.
  30. He is (bad) at learning maths. (bad) at English.
  31. Annie says Sally is the (kind) person in the world.
  32. He is one of the(friendly) people in the class, I think.
  33. A dictionary is much (expensive) than a story-book.
  34. An orange ia a little (big) than an apple, but much (small) than a watermelon.
  35. The Changjiang River is the (long) river in China.
  36. Sue is a little (beautiful) than her sister.
  37. My room is not as (big) as my brother' s.
  38.--How difficult is physics? --I' m not sure. -- Is it -- I don' t think so.
  39.-- Annie plays the piano very (well). -- Sue plays it (well) than Annie. And Sally plays it the (well).
  40. Saturday is my (busy) day in a week.
  41. Her mother is getting (fat) and (fat). (difficult) than maths? He is much (bad) at Chinese and he is the (short) than Sally. before

  42. I think it' s too expensive. I' d like a (cheap) one.
  43. He comes to school much (early) than I.
  44.This book is not as (interesting) as that one.

  45. Your classroom is (wide)and (bright) than ours.

  46. Practise as (much) as you can.
  47. The (much), the (good).
  48. Nowadays(现在) English is ( important )than any other subject, 1 think.
  49. Most of the students think a lion is much (dangerous) than a bear and it is the
(dangerous) animal in the world

  51. Mr. Smith is man in this office. (rich)
  52. Winter is season of the years. (cold)
  53. This radio is not so as that one. (cheap)
  54. It is much today than yesterday. (hot)
  55. She is a little than her classmates. (careful)
  56. people came to the meeting than last time. (many)
  57. Which book is , this one or that one? (easy)
  58. My room is than yours. (small)
  59. Hainan is from Beijing than Hunan. (far)
  60. Skating is than swimming. (exciting)
  61. Jim is than all the others. (honest)
  62. Things are getting and . (bad)
  63. The higher you climb, the it will be. (cold)
  64. Now his life is becoming and . (difficult)
  65. There are boys than girls in our class. (few)
三)、选择: 、选择: ( )
  1. What a street Nanjing Road is! A. busy B. busier C. busiest D. the busiest ( )
  2. Which shirt do you like , the red one or the blue one? A. good B. well C. best D. better ( )
  3. The Changjiang River is river in China, isn’t it? A. long B. longer C. longest D. the longest ( )
  4. The boy was than the girl. A. most careful B. more careful C. more carefully D. most carefully ( )
  5. He drives than he used to three years ago. A. careful B. more carefully C. carefully D. more careful ( )
  6. Do you think maths is of all subjects? A. difficult B. more difficult C. most difficult D. the most difficult ( )
  7. The iron ball is of the three balls. So I’m sure it falls to the ground .
( (
( ( ( (
A. heavy B. heavier C. heaviest D. the heaviest )
  8. Li Ming writes , but Wang Fang writes . A. well…well B. good…good C. well…better D. good…better )
  9. Who French in your class? A. learns…hardest B. learns…harder C. learn…hardest D. learn…harder )
  10. Our monitor studies in our class. A. harder B. the harder C. hardest D. most hard )
  11. This class has girls but boys than the other class. A. many, few B. more, more few C. more, the fewest D. more, fewer )
  12. In fact, the man isn’t he looks. A. older than B. so older than C. oldest D. so old as )
  13. He started at midnight and got there than all of us. A. earliest B. the earlier C. early D. earlier
四)、翻译句子: 、翻译句子:
  1、谁比 Jim 年纪大?是你。 is than Jim? are
  2、谁比 David 更强壮?是 Gao Shan. than David? Gao Shan .
  3、谁的铅笔更长,他的还是她的?我想是她的。 pencil is ,or?is,I think.
  4、谁的苹果更重,你的姐姐的还是你的弟弟的? 我的弟弟的。 apples My ,your or your ?
.

  5、你和你的叔叔一样高吗?是的。 as as your uncle?Yes,I am.
  6、他和他的朋友 Jim 一样年轻。 He as as Jim.
  7、她和她的双胞胎哥哥一样胖吗?不,她比他瘦。 as as twin ? No, than him.
  8.Yang Ling 每天睡得比 SuYang 晚。 Yang Ling to
  9.我跳得和 Mike 一样远。 than Su Yang every day.
I as as Mike.
  10.Tom 比你跑得快吗?不是的,他和我跑得一样快。 Tom than you?No,he . He as as.

  11.多做运动,你会更强壮。 more exercise,you’ll
  12.我的科学很好,但是语文不好。 I at Science.But I don’t well in Chinese.
  13. 你放风筝比王兵放得高吗?不,我比他放得低。 youthe kitethan Wang bing?No,Iit than.
  14.我喜欢游泳。我所有的朋友都游得比我慢。 I like.All my
  15.我的姐姐起得比我早。 My up than me. than me. soon.

  16.女孩比男孩唱得好吗?是的。 the girls the boys? Yes,they .

  17.她不擅长体育。但我跳得没有她高。 She doesn’t in PE. But I don’t than.

  18.你足球踢得比你的同班同学好吗?不,他们踢得和我一样好。 you football than your classmates?
  19.我母亲比我父亲年纪小。 My than my . No,theyasas me.

  20.她的毛衣和我的一样重。 sweater asas.
  21.我的连衣裙太短了。我想买一条大点的。 My dress too. I want to aone.
  22. I'm taller than Mike .(该成用原级的比较) I'm as as Mike .
 

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