形容词和副词的比较级复习及练习
一、形容词的比较级

  1、形容词比较级在句子中的运用:两个事物或人的比较用比较级,比较级后面一般带有单 词 than。比较级前面可以用 more, a little 来修饰表示程度。than 后的人称代词用主格(口语 中可用宾格) 。
  2、形容词加 er 的规则:一般在词尾加 er ;以字母 e 结尾,加 r ;
  3、以一个元音字母和一个辅音字母结尾,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加 er ; “辅音字母+y”结尾,先把 y 变 i,再加 er 。
  4.不规则形容词比较级: good-better, beautiful-more beautiful
二、副词的比较级

  1.形容词与副词的区别 (有 be 用形,有形用 be;有动用副,有副用动) (
  1)在句子中形容词一般处于名词之前或 be 动词之后 (
  2)副词在句子中最常见的是处于实义动词之后
  2.副词比较级的变化规则基本与形容词比较级相同 (不规则变化:well-better, far-farther)
三、比较级的几种主要句法

  1、问人的句法: (要用形容词比较级) 陈述句:SuHai is older than SuYang. 一般疑问句:Is Su Hai older than Su Yang? 特殊疑问句:Who is older than SuYang? 选择性的特殊疑问句:Who is older, Su Hai or Su Yang?
  2、问物的句法: (要用形容词比较级) 陈述句:His ruler is longer than her ruler. 一般疑问句:Is his ruler longer than her ruler? 特殊疑问句:Whose ruler is longer than her ruler? 选择性的特殊疑问句: Whose ruler is longer, his or hers?
  3、问动作的句法: (要用副词比较级) 陈述句:Mike jumps higher than Ben. 一般疑问句:Does Mike jump higher than Ben? 特殊疑问句:Who jumps higher than Ben? 选择性的特殊疑问句: Who jumps higher, Mike or Ben?
四、比较级句子中涉及到的人称代词和物主代词的用法

  1、主格和宾格 (原句) Mike is stronger than Nancy. (原句) This man is taller than that man. (原句) Helen swims faster than Su Yang. (改一改)He is stronger than her. (改一改) is taller than. (改一改) swims faster than.
你能总结一下:什么时候用主格,什么时候用宾格吗 你能总结一下:什么时候用主格,什么时候用宾格吗?

  2、形物和名物 (原句) Liu tao’s bag is heavier than Yang Ling’s bag. (改一改) His bag is heavier than her bag. His is heavier than hers. 想一想:红色部分分别是什么类别的物主代词? (原句) Mr Green’s desk is bigger than Miss Li’s desk. (改一改) desk is bigger than desk. is bigger than .
五、比较类型
一般比较:
  1. 一般比较: (
  1) A 比/较之于 B + (更)形容词/副词 对应英文结构:A + be/ do +形容词/副词比较级+ than B (
  2) A 和/与/像 B 一样(+形容词/副词) A + be/ do + as/so 形容词/副词原级 +as B (
  3) A 不如/不像/不比 B 一样(+形容词/副词) A + be not/ do + as/so 形容词/副词原级 +as B A + 助动词否定式(如 can’t) + do + as/so 形容词/副词原级 +as B (
  4) A 比 B + 形容词/副词 + 一点儿/得多/比差… A + be/ do + a little/ a lot/ much/ a great deal/ two inches… + 形容词/副词比较级+ than B (
  5) " …. 越来越... "。 " 形容词比较级 + and + 形容词比较级 ", It's getting hotter and hotter. (
  6) 表示 " A 越... , A 或 B 就越..."。 "The+形容词比较级..., the+形容词比较级..."The more you study, the more you know. 倍数和数量比较:
  2. 倍数和数量比较: (
  1) A 比 B + 形容词/副词 + …倍 A + be/ do + 倍数 + 形容词/副词比较级+ than B (
  2) A 是/为/等于 B +…倍 +形容词/副词 … A + be/ do + 倍数 + as/so 形容词/副词原级 +as B Our school is twice as large as yours. (
  3) A 的…比 B 的多(或少) A have more /less/ fewer … than B. He has more money than I. There be more … 在 A 处 than 在 B 处。例:There’re more students in our class than in yours. (
  4) A 的…比 B 的多 +比差 多少(或少多少) (
  5) A have + 比差+ more /less/ fewer… than B. 例:He has much (twenty…) more money than I. most 同形容词连用而不用 the,表示 "极,很,非常, 十分"。 与名词连用表示“大多数”。 It's most dangerous to be here. 在这儿太危险。 Most students have passed the English final (exam).多数同学都通过了英语期末考试。 Our school is twice larger than yours.

一)、写出下列形容词或副词的比较级 、

tall big heavy beautiful slow far long small light heavy fast well
old short fat nice low late
young strong thin good high early
nice happy little early
fat wet bad careful
slow much thin exciting
dry ill far busy
二)、根据句意填入单词的正确形式: 、根据句意填入单词的正确形式:
  1. My brother is two years (old)than me.
  2. Tom is as (fat) as Jim.
  3. Is your sister (young) than you? Yes,she is.
  4. Who is (thin),you or Helen? Helen is.
  5. Whose pencil-box is (big),yours or hers? Hers is.
  6. Mary’s hair is as (long) as Lucy’s.
  7.Ben (jump) (high) than some of the boys in his class.
  8. Nancy sing (well) than Helen? Yes, she .
  9.Fangfang is not as (tall) as the other girls.
  10.My eyes are (big) than (she)..
  11.Which is (heavy),the elephant or the pig?
  12.Who gets up (early),Tim or Tom?
  13.the girls get up(early) than the boys?No,they.
  14. Jim runs (slow). But Ben runs (slow).
  15.The child doesn’t(write) as (fast) as the students.
  16.I’m (tall) than David.
  17..Who’s (young), you or your brother?
  18.Which is (long), Chang Jiang River or the Yellow River?
  19.David’s bag is (heavy) than (I).
  20.Gao Shan runs(fast)than his brother.
  21.Is your hair as (longer, long)as hers?
  22.Yang Ling' flies a kite(higher\taller)than David.
  23.My mum (says, say)Jimmy is also her child.

  24.I am three months (minutes\minute) youger than . (he, him)
  25. Bob is ( young ) than Fred, but (tall) than Fred.

  26. Yingtian is not as (tall) as Yongxian.
  27. Almost all the students' faces are the same but Li Deming looks (fat) than after the summer holidays.
  28.Which is (heavy), a hen or a chicken?
  29.-- How (tall) is Sally? -- She' s
  1.55 metres (tall). What about Xiaoling? -- She' s only
  1.40 metres (tall). She is much She is also the (short) girl in the class.
  30. He is (bad) at learning maths. (bad) at English.
  31. Annie says Sally is the (kind) person in the world.
  32. He is one of the(friendly) people in the class, I think.
  33. A dictionary is much (expensive) than a story-book.
  34. An orange ia a little (big) than an apple, but much (small) than a watermelon.
  35. The Changjiang River is the (long) river in China.
  36. Sue is a little (beautiful) than her sister.
  37. My room is not as (big) as my brother' s.
  38.--How difficult is physics? --I' m not sure. -- Is it -- I don' t think so.
  39.-- Annie plays the piano very (well). -- Sue plays it (well) than Annie. And Sally plays it the (well).
  40. Saturday is my (busy) day in a week.
  41. Her mother is getting (fat) and (fat). (difficult) than maths? He is much (bad) at Chinese and he is the (short) than Sally. before

  42. I think it' s too expensive. I' d like a (cheap) one.
  43. He comes to school much (early) than I.
  44.This book is not as (interesting) as that one.

  45. Your classroom is (wide)and (bright) than ours.

  46. Practise as (much) as you can.
  47. The (much), the (good).
  48. Nowadays(现在) English is ( important )than any other subject, 1 think.
  49. Most of the students think a lion is much (dangerous) than a bear and it is the
(dangerous) animal in the world

  51. Mr. Smith is man in this office. (rich)
  52. Winter is season of the years. (cold)
  53. This radio is not so as that one. (cheap)
  54. It is much today than yesterday. (hot)
  55. She is a little than her classmates. (careful)
  56. people came to the meeting than last time. (many)
  57. Which book is , this one or that one? (easy)
  58. My room is than yours. (small)
  59. Hainan is from Beijing than Hunan. (far)
  60. Skating is than swimming. (exciting)
  61. Jim is than all the others. (honest)
  62. Things are getting and . (bad)
  63. The higher you climb, the it will be. (cold)
  64. Now his life is becoming and . (difficult)
  65. There are boys than girls in our class. (few)
三)、选择: 、选择: ( )
  1. What a street Nanjing Road is! A. busy B. busier C. busiest D. the busiest ( )
  2. Which shirt do you like , the red one or the blue one? A. good B. well C. best D. better ( )
  3. The Changjiang River is river in China, isn’t it? A. long B. longer C. longest D. the longest ( )
  4. The boy was than the girl. A. most careful B. more careful C. more carefully D. most carefully ( )
  5. He drives than he used to three years ago. A. careful B. more carefully C. carefully D. more careful ( )
  6. Do you think maths is of all subjects? A. difficult B. more difficult C. most difficult D. the most difficult ( )
  7. The iron ball is of the three balls. So I’m sure it falls to the ground .
( (
( ( ( (
A. heavy B. heavier C. heaviest D. the heaviest )
  8. Li Ming writes , but Wang Fang writes . A. well…well B. good…good C. well…better D. good…better )
  9. Who French in your class? A. learns…hardest B. learns…harder C. learn…hardest D. learn…harder )
  10. Our monitor studies in our class. A. harder B. the harder C. hardest D. most hard )
  11. This class has girls but boys than the other class. A. many, few B. more, more few C. more, the fewest D. more, fewer )
  12. In fact, the man isn’t he looks. A. older than B. so older than C. oldest D. so old as )
  13. He started at midnight and got there than all of us. A. earliest B. the earlier C. early D. earlier
四)、翻译句子: 、翻译句子:
  1、谁比 Jim 年纪大?是你。 is than Jim? are
  2、谁比 David 更强壮?是 Gao Shan. than David? Gao Shan .
  3、谁的铅笔更长,他的还是她的?我想是她的。 pencil is ,or?is,I think.
  4、谁的苹果更重,你的姐姐的还是你的弟弟的? 我的弟弟的。 apples My ,your or your ?
.

  5、你和你的叔叔一样高吗?是的。 as as your uncle?Yes,I am.
  6、他和他的朋友 Jim 一样年轻。 He as as Jim.
  7、她和她的双胞胎哥哥一样胖吗?不,她比他瘦。 as as twin ? No, than him.
  8.Yang Ling 每天睡得比 SuYang 晚。 Yang Ling to
  9.我跳得和 Mike 一样远。 than Su Yang every day.
I as as Mike.
  10.Tom 比你跑得快吗?不是的,他和我跑得一样快。 Tom than you?No,he . He as as.

  11.多做运动,你会更强壮。 more exercise,you’ll
  12.我的科学很好,但是语文不好。 I at Science.But I don’t well in Chinese.
  13. 你放风筝比王兵放得高吗?不,我比他放得低。 youthe kitethan Wang bing?No,Iit than.
  14.我喜欢游泳。我所有的朋友都游得比我慢。 I like.All my
  15.我的姐姐起得比我早。 My up than me. than me. soon.

  16.女孩比男孩唱得好吗?是的。 the girls the boys? Yes,they .

  17.她不擅长体育。但我跳得没有她高。 She doesn’t in PE. But I don’t than.

  18.你足球踢得比你的同班同学好吗?不,他们踢得和我一样好。 you football than your classmates?
  19.我母亲比我父亲年纪小。 My than my . No,theyasas me.

  20.她的毛衣和我的一样重。 sweater asas.
  21.我的连衣裙太短了。我想买一条大点的。 My dress too. I want to aone.
  22. I'm taller than Mike .(该成用原级的比较) I'm as as Mike .
 

相关内容

英语学习_初中英语语法练习题_必备

   初中英语语法练习题 弃我去者, 弃我去者,昨日之日不可留 乱我心者, 乱我心者,今日之日多烦忧 初中英语语法练习题 1( ) 1 -Have you got some water to drink? -Here you are. There still some in the bottle. A. are B. were C. is D. was ( ) 2 there many American friends in the school last Friday? A. Is B. Was ...

初中英语语法练习题

   初中英语语法练习题 初中英语语法练习题 1( ) 1 -Have you got some water to drink? -Here you are. There still some in the bottle. A. are B. were C. is D. was ( ) 2 there many American friends in the school last Friday? A. Is B. Was C. Are D. Were ( ) 3 There a great ma ...

初中英语语法

   初中英语语法 学习提纲 目 录 一、词类、句子成分和构词法…………………………………1 二、名词…………………………………………………………2 三、代词…………………………………………………………5 四、数词…………………………………………………………10 五、冠词…………………………………………………………11 六、形容词、副词………………………………………………13 七、介词…………………………………………………………21 八、动词…………………………………………………………24 九、连 ...

初中英语语法

   初中英语语法 学习提纲 初一英语语法 第一单元: 第一单元: 1:一般现在时句子的谓语结构的表达; 2:一般现在时句子由肯定句转化为一般疑问句和否定句的方法。 第二单元: 第二单元: 1:“There be”句型的基本运用: 2:介词的基本运用。 第三单元: 第三单元: 1:冠词 a an the 的基本运用; 2:不用冠词的情况。 第四单元: 第四单元: 句子的种类和运用。 第五单元: 第五单元: 1:现在进行时的定义及谓语结构表达; 2:现在分词的基本构成规则; 3:现在进行时句子由肯定 ...

初中英语语法

   初中英语语法? 初中英语语法?现在进行时详解和习题 大家知道,谓语的动词用来表示动作(情况)发生时间的各种形式称为时态. 现在进行时表示 1,现在(说话的瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作,强调"此时此刻".E.g. He is reading . They are talking now. 2,当前一段时间内的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作.E.g. They are working these days. 3,某些动词的现在进行时,表预定的计划或即将发生的动作.E.g I am ...

初中英语语法

   初中英语八种时态归纳复习 1.一般现在时:主语+do/does(现在分词) We clean the room every day. 一般现在时:do(n't)/does(n't) 2.一般过去时:主语+did We cleaned the room just now. 一般过去式:did(n't)+V.原 3.现在进行时:主语+am/is/are doing We are cleaning the room now. 现在进行时:am(not)/is(n't)/are(n't)+V.ing ...

初中英语语法

   登陆下载更多资料 www.lzcyy.net 量子场女生英语 中学英语语法网络图 一.名词 I. 名词的种类: 专有名词 普通名词 可数名词 不可数名词 国名.地名.人名, 团体.机构名称 个体名词 集体名词 抽象名词 物质名词 II. 名词的数: 1. 规则名词的复数形式: 名词的复数形式,一般在单数形式后面加-s 或-es。现将构成方法与读音规则列表如下: 规则 例词 1 map-maps, sea-seas, girl-girls, day-days 一般情况在词尾加-s 2 clas ...

初中英语语法

   一、初一英语语法??词法 初一英语语法??词法 ?? 1、名词 、名词的数 A) 名词的数 、 我们知道名词可义愤为可数名词和不可数名词,而不可数名词它没有复数形式, 我们知道名词可义愤为可数名词和不可数名词,而不可数名词它没有复数形式, 但可数名词却有单数和复数之分,复数的构成如下: 但可数名词却有单数和复数之分,复数的构成如下: 一)在后面加s。如:fathers, books, Americans, Germans, apples, bananas 在后面加 s x, es。 boxe ...

初中英语语法

   英语时态分为 16 种:一般现在、一般过去、一般将来、过去将来时,以及这四 者的进行时、完成时和完成进行时 下面就英语中常见的八种基本时态进行阐述, 其它的时态都是在这八种时态的基 础上结合而成的。 一、 一般现在时: 1.概念:经常、反复发生的动作或行为及现在的某种状况。 2.时间状语: always, usually, often, sometimes, every week (day, year, month…), once a week, on Sundays, 3.基本结构:动词 ...

初中英语语法

   初中英语语法学习大全 一、词类、句子成分和构词法: 1、词类:英语词类分十种: 名词、形容词、代词、数词、冠词、动词、副词、介词、连词、感叹词。 1、名词(n.): 表示人、事物、地点或抽象概念的名称。如:boy, morning, bag, ball, class, orange. 2、代词(pron.): 主要用来代替名词。如:who, she, you, it . 3、形容词(adj..):表示人或事物的性质或特征。如:good, right, white, orange . 4、数词( ...

热门内容

08年九年级英语中考首轮复习教学案(九)

   年九年级英语中考首轮复习教学案( 08 年九年级英语中考首轮复习教学案(九) 复习内容: 复习内容:8B Unit 4 A charity show 教学课时: 教学课时:2 教时 课前预复习要求:朗读 Comic strip.Reading.Speaking up 版块至少两遍。 词汇篇: 词汇篇: 一、词汇识记:能正确拼写下列四会单词,看看哪些还不会。 词汇识记: 照相机, 摄象机 介绍 好象,似乎 嗓音 建立, 设立, 创立 小孩 起 二、词汇辨别: 词汇辨别: 1.charity(p ...

英语美文阅读5

   美文欣赏 今天我学会控制情绪 Source: 恒星英语学习网 Onion 2010-08-28 我要投稿 论坛 Favorite 迅雷音频高速下载 音频下载[点击右键另存为] Today I will be master of my emotions. 今天我学会控制情绪。 The tides advance; the tides recede. Winter goes and summer comes. summer wanes and the cold increases. The ...

初中英语阅读理解精选1

   初中英语阅读理解精选 1 1 Ali,who was working a long way from home wanted to send a letter to his wife,but he could neither read nor write, and he had to work all day,so he could only look for somebody to write his letter late atnight .At last he found the ho ...

应试教育下的英语教学

   应试教育下的英语 教学 应试教育下的 英语教学 英语 教育,是按照社会良性发展的需要培养和完善人的活动。尽可能的使人得到全 面的发展,最大限度地为每一个人创设良好个性最佳成长的空间,为社会的良性发展 不断提供最大的创新动力,这应该是教育的基本职能。应试教育,通常被视为一种偏 重于通过考试,以分数来衡量学生水平,以把少数人从多数人中选拔出来送进高一级 学校为目的的教学模式,与素质教育相对应。 “应试”就是“应付”教育与社会生活中各种必要的考试。教育本来就有“应 试”的成分,“应试”本来就是教育 ...

英语填词练习

   天利考试信息网 www.tl100.com 天时地利 考无不胜 2009 高考英语二轮单词拼写专练总汇 高考英语二轮单词拼写专练总汇 二轮单词拼写专练 [一] 一,单词拼写: 根据下列句子及所给汉字注释, 在句子右边的横线上, 写出空缺处单词的正确形式. (每 空只写一词) 1. Chinese history is filled with great ( 成 就 ) in science and technology 1. 2 . I'd like to write him a lette ...