北京地区成人本科学士学位英语统一考试 北京地区成人本科学士学位英语统一考试 学位英语
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  22(A 卷) (
Part I Reading Comprehension
Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Passage 1 Question 6 to 10 are based on the following passage: Scientists in India have invented a new way to produce electricity. 印度科学 家已经发明了一种新的方法来产生电力。Their invention does not get its power from oil, coal or other fuels. 他们的发明不让能量来自石油、煤或其他 燃料。 It produces electricity with the power of animals. 产生电能来自于动物 的力量。India has about eighty million bullocks(小牛) 印度大约有八十万小 牛。. They do all kinds of jobs. 他们从事各种工作。 They work in the fields. 他们的工作领域。 They pull vehicles through the streets. 他们把车穿过街道。
They carry water containers. 他们把水装进容器(
  76)Indian energy officials have been seeking ways to use less imported oil to provide energy. (
  76)印度 的能源官员一直在寻求方法使用较少的进口石油提供能量。Scientists at the National Institute for Industrial Engineering in Bombay(孟买) wondered whether the millions of bullocks could help. 科学家们在孟买工业工程 惊奇 数以百万计的公牛的帮助。Many villages in India lack electricity, but they have many bullocks. 在印度许多村庄缺少电力,但他们有许多公牛。 And often the animals are not working. 通常,这些动物没有工作。 One job done by bullocks is to pump water out of the well. 一项工作被公牛是泵做的水。 The animals do this by walking around and around in a circle. 这些动物做这 个走动和周围围成一个圈。As they walk, they turn a heavy stick that makes the pump move. 他们走,他们把沉重的贴,使泵的移动。This simple technology is centuries old. 这个简单的技术是百年的历史。Scientists thought that the same technology could be used to produce electricity. 科学 家们认为相同的技术可以用来发电。 Bullocks walk in a circle only two or three times a minute. 公牛走一圈只有两三次一分钟。This is much too slow to produce electricity, but it can create enough power to turn a series of gears(齿轮). 这是为了发电太慢,但是它能创造足够的力量把一系列齿轮(齿 轮)。A large gear sits next to a smaller gear. 大齿轮带动一个小齿轮。As the large gear turns, it causes the smaller gear to turn. 大齿轮转动的,它使小齿 轮转动。That gear turns an even smaller one. 那个齿轮转动一个更小的。 Each gear moves faster because it is a little smaller. 每个齿轮运动得更快,因
为它是一个小。The smallest gear may turn extremely fast. 最小的齿轮可能 非常快。(
  77)Clocks operate with gears. So do cars and so does the device invented by the Indian scientists to produce electricity. (
  77)时钟操作和齿轮。 这么做,那么该装置汽车的印度科学家发明了发电。 According to the officials in the United Nations, the idea is being tested at several places in India. 根据联合国的官员,这个想法在印度好几个地方正在 测试中。 The device is easy to operate and repair. 设备操作简单,维修。 And it can be moved easily. 可移动方便。It costs abort three hundred and seven dollars now to make such a device, but production of large numbers of them could cut the cost of each to about two hundred dollars. 它花费 307 美元去做 这样的装置,但生产大量的他们能够降低成本,大约 200 美元。

  1. Who first thought of using bullocks to provide energy? A. Indian energy officials. B. Scientists in India C. Officials in the United Nations. D. Researchers in Europe
  2. Which kind of job that the bullocks do is NOT mentioned in the passage? A. Pulling vehicles B. Plowing fields C. Pumping water out of wells D. Carrying food baskets

  3. Why are bullocks used to provide energy in India? A. Because bullocks have long been used by Indian people. B. Because bullocks walk slowly and are easy to control. C. Because there are few non-working bullocks in India. D. Because there is not enough oil in India.
  4. In the sentence “This simple technology is centuries old” in Paragraph One, “This simple technology” refers to. A. using bullocks to produce energy B. using pumps to draw water out C. having bullocks walk around to make the pump move D. connecting gears of different sizes to produce electricity
  5. Which of the following is true about the device mentioned in the passage? A. It has a large gear and a smaller gear. B. It’s easy to use, but difficult to move. C. It’s quite cheap. D. It’s still being tested.
Passage 2 Question 6 to 10 are based on the following passage: On-the-job smoking is a hot issue for both smokers and non-smokers, and many managers now see smoking as a productivity (生产力) problem. 吸烟 是一个热点问题等,均为非吸烟者,许多经理人现在看吸烟作为生产力(生产力)
的问题。 Although some people question whether smoking really affects one’s productivity, it has, in fact, been proven that a smoker costs a company more than a non-smoker. 尽管有些人质疑是否吸烟真的会影响人的生产力,它实际 上已经证实吸烟者花费了超过一个不吸烟的人。According to Professor William Weis, a smoking employee costs his or her employer about $5,700 more a year than a never-smoker. 根据教授威廉?Weis,吸烟员工成本他或她 的老板 5700 美元一年比一 never-smoker 更多。These costs include medical care, lost earnings and insurance. 这些费用包括医疗保健、失去收入和保险。 And absence due to smoking breaks is one of the productivity problems, yet it accounts for a great deal of employer costs. 因为吸烟的缘故,没有打破的生 产力问题,但是它占了很大的单位成本。 (
  78)When the issue of smoking at the workplace is discussed perhaps the most important problem is the health risk that smoking causes to both smokers and never-smokers. (
  78)当这个问题讨论了在工作场所吸烟可能最 重要的问题是,吸烟引起的健康风险,对不吸烟者,两者。 It has long been proven that smoking is linked to lung cancer. 很久以前就已经证明吸烟与肺 癌。Now many health experts warn that passive smoking can cause lung cancer and other illnesses in healthy never-smokers. 现在许多健康专家警告 说,被动吸烟能引起肺癌和其他疾病的对健康。Passive smoking can be defined as exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke in enclosed areas. 被 动吸烟可被定义为暴露于二手烟在封闭的区域。 Anyone who has been with smokers indeed knows that their smoke can cause eye irritation(刺激),
coughing, headaches and throat soreness. 已经与吸烟确实知道他们吸烟能 引起眼涩(刺激)、 咳嗽、 头痛、 咽喉疼痛。 While eye irritation may seem a small thing to some smokers, it nevertheless is a problem that occurs every workday in offices and break-rooms and can lead to greater health problems. 虽然眼涩似乎是一件小事情对有些吸烟者,它仍然是一个问题,每一天在办公室 和 break-rooms 和可导致更多的健康问题。 Employees who do not smoke should not be subjected(遭受)to the risks of passive smoking and need to be able to work in a safe environment. 不吸烟的员工不应该(遭受)的被动吸烟, 要能工作在一个安全的工作环境。Surgeon General Koop states that the right of the smoker stops at the point where his or her smoking increases the disease risk of those occupying the same environment.普通外科的权利,不要 抽烟者停止在他或她的病的风险增加的吸烟人占据相同的环境。
  6. All the following cases are on-the-job job smoking except that . A. an employer smokes while working in the office B. a taxi driver smokes while driving the car C. a worker smokes while working in the workshop D. a worker smokes while reading in the train
  7. According to the passage, on-the-job smoking affects an employee’s performance in the office in that . A. he can’t concentrate on what he is doing while smoking B. he often goes away from his desk to smoke in the break-room C. he often asks for sick leave as a result of too much smoking
D. he takes a rest from time to time because of eye irritation
  8. Many managers do not seem to be in favor of on-the-job smoking mainly because it . A. reduces productivity of the company to a certain degree B. does harm to the health of never-smokers of the company C. affects the relationship between smokers and non-smokers D. makes the break-rooms more crowded and more polluted
  9. Passive smoking means . A. never-smokers take up the habit of smoking unwillingly B. never-smokers have to put up with the active smokers C. never-smokers take in smoke released by a lit cigarette D. never-smokers share an enclosed area with smokers
  10. In the second part of the passage, the author suggests banning(禁 止)on-the-job smoking so as to . A. cut down costs of medical care and insurance B. create a healthy and safe working environment C. prevent eye irritation from becoming a big health problem D. improve the smoking employees’ work efficiency
Passage 3 Question 1to 5 are based on the following passage.
Not all memories are sweet. 并不是所有的记忆都是甜蜜的。Some people spend all their lives trying to forget bad experiences. 有些人花了一生努力忘记不好的经验。 Violence and traffic accidents can leave people with terrible physical and emotional scars. 暴力和交通事故能让人们以可怕的身心疤痕。 Often they relive these experiences in nightmares(恶梦). 他们经常重温这些经验(恶梦噩梦。 (
  79)Now American researchers think they are close to developing a pill, which will help people forget bad memories.
  79)现在美国的研究人员认为他们已经接近开发一种药,这将有助于人们忘记不愉快的回 忆。The pill is designed to be taken immediately after a frightening experience. 这个药被设计了一个可 怕的经验后立即。They hope it might reduce, or possibly erase(抹去),the effect of painful memories. 他们希望它会降低,甚至消除(抹去)的影响,分析了痛苦的回忆。 In November, experts tested a drug on people in the US and France. 在 11 月,专家进行药物对人们在 美国和法国。The drug stops the body releasing chemicals that fix memories in the brain. 药物释放化 学物质的身体停在固定的记忆的大脑。 (
  80) So far the research has suggested that only the emotional effects of memories may be reduced, not that the memories are erased. (
  80)到目前为止,研究表 明只有情绪的影响可能会减少,而不是记忆的记忆抹去。 The research has caused a great deal of argument. 研究已经引起了许多争论。Some think it is a bad idea, while others support it. 有些人认为这是一个坏主意,而另一些人支持它。 Supporters say it could lead to pills that prevent or treat soldiers’ troubling memories after war. 支持 者认为它可能导致药物,预防和治疗后,士兵们困扰着战争的记忆。 They say that there are many people who suffer from terrible memories. 他们说有许多人患上可怕的记忆。 “Some memories can ruin people’s lives. They come back to you when you don’t want to have them in a daydream or nightmare. “有些记忆会毁了人们的生活。他们回到你身边的。当你不想让他们在一个 白日梦或梦魇。They usually come with very painful emotions,” 他们一般是用非常痛苦的情感,” said Roger Pitman, a professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. “This could relieve a lot of that suffering.” 罗杰说,对精神病学教授转向器转向垂在哈佛医学院。“这能减轻很多的痛苦。” But those who are against the research say that it is very dangerous to change memories because memories give us our identity(特质). 但是那些反对美国的研究称,这是非常危险的,因为回忆回忆的变 他们也帮助我们避 化给我们带来的身份(特质)。They also help us all avoid the mistakes of the past. 开过去的错误。 “All of us can think of bad events in our lives that were horrible at the time but make us who we are. I’m not sure we want to wipe those memories out,” said Rebecca Dresser, a medical ethicist.“所有的人会 觉得不好的事件在我们的生活中,很糟糕,但让我们是什么样的人。我不确定我们要擦那些记忆,”丽贝卡 说,医学伦理学家。

  11. The passage is mainly about . A. a new medical invention B. a new research on memories C. a way of erasing painful memories D. an argument about the research on the pill
  12. The drug tested on people can .
A. cause the brain to fix memories B. stop people remembering their experiences C. prevent body producing certain chemicals D. wipe out the emotional effects of memories
  13. We can infer from th
 

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