北京地区成人本科学士学位英语统一考试 2005 年 04 月真题(A 卷) Part 1 Reading Comprehension (30%) Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Passage 1 Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage: Human needs seem endless. (
  76) When a hungry man gets a meal, he begins to think about an overcoat, when a manager gets a new sports car, a big house and pleasure boats dance into view. The many needs of mankind might be regarded as making up several levels. When there is money enough to satisfy one level of needs, another level appears. The first and most basic level of needs involves food. Once this level is satisfied, the second level of needs, clothing and some sort of shelter, appears. By the end of World War II, these needs were satisfied for a great majority of Americans. Then a third level appeared. It included such items as automobiles and new houses. By 1957 or 1958 this third level of needs was fairly well satisfied. Then, in the late 1950s,a fourth level of needs appeared: the “life-enriching” level. (
  77) While the other levels involve physical satisfaction, that is, the feeding, comfort, safety, and transportation, this level stresses mental needs for recognition, achievement, and happiness. It includes a variety of goods and services, many of which could be called “luxury” items. Among them are vacation trips, the best medical and dental care, and recreation. Also included here are fancy goods and the latest styles in clothing. On the fourth level, a lot of money is spent on services, while on the first three levels more is spent on goods. Will consumers raise their sights to a fifth level of needs as their income increases, or will they continue to demand luxuries and personal services on the fourth level? A fifth level would probably involve needs that can be achieved best by community action. Consumers may be spending more on taxes to pay for government action against disease, ignorance, crime, and prejudice. After filling our stomachs, our clothes closets, our garages, our teeth, and our minds, we now may seek to ensure the health, safety, and leisure to enjoy more fully the good things on the first four levels.
  1. According to the passage, man will begin to think about such needs as housing and clothing only when__. A. he has saved up enough money B. he has grown dissatisfied with his simple shelter C. he has satisfied his hunger D. he has learned to build houses
  2. It can be inferred from the passage that by the end of World War II, most Americans__. A. were very rich B. lived in poverty
C. D.
  3. A. C.
  4. A. B. C. D.
  5. A. B. C. D.
had the good things on the first three levels did not own automobiles Which of the following is NOT related to “physical satisfaction”? A successful career B. A comfortable home A good meal D.A family car What is the main concern of man on the fourth level? The more goods the better. The more mental satisfaction the better. The more “luxury” items the better. The more earnings the better. The author tends to think that the fifth level__. would be little better than the fourth level may be a lot more desirable than the first four can be the last and most satisfying level will become attainable before the government takes actions
Passage 2 Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage: When we talk about intelligence, we do not mean the ability to get good scores on certain kinds of tests or even the ability to do well in school. By intelligence we mean a way of living and behaving, especially in a new or upsetting situation. If we want to test intelligence, we need to find out how a person acts instead of how much he knows what to do . (
  78) For instance, when in a new situation, an intelligent person thinks about the situation, not about himself or what might happen to him. He tries to find out all he can, and then he acts immediately and tries to do something about it. He probably isn’t sure how it will all work out, but at least he tries. And, if he can’t make things work out right, he doesn’t feel ashamed that he failed; he just tries to learn from his mistakes. An intelligent person, even if he is very young, has a special outlook on life, a special feeling about life, and knows how he fits into it. If you look at children, you’ll see great difference between what we call “bright” children and “not-bright” children. They are actually two different kinds of people, not just the same kind with different amount of intelligence. For example, the bright child really wants to find out about life he tries to get in touch with everything around him. (
  79) But, the unintelligent child keeps more to himself and his own dream-world; he seems to have a wall between him and life in general.
  6. According to this passage, intelligence is__. A. the ability to study well B. the ability to do well in school C. the ability to deal with life D. the ability to get high scores on some tests
  7. In a new situation, an intelligent person__. A. knows more about what might happen to him B. is sure of the result he will get C. concentrates on what to do about the situation
D. cares more about himself
  8. If an intelligent person failed, he would__. A. try not to feel ashamed B. learn form his experiences C. try to regret as much as possible D. make sure what result he would get
  9. Bright children and not-bright children__. A. are two different types of children B. are different mainly in their degree of cleverness C. have difference only in their way of thinking D. have different knowledge about the world
  10. The author of this passage will probably continue to talk about__. A. how to determine what intelligence is B. how education should be found C. how to solve practical problems D. how an unintelligent person should be taught
Passage 3 Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage: We use both words and gestures to express our feelings, but the problem is that these words and gestures can be understood in different ways. It is true that a smile means the same thing in any language. So does laughter or crying. There are also a number of striking similarities in the way different animals show the same feelings. Dogs, tigers and humans, for example, often show their teeth when they are angry. This is probably because they are born with those behavior patterns. Fear is another emotion that is shown in much the same way all over the world. (
  80) In Chinese and in English literature, a phrase like “he went pale and began to tremble” suggests that the man is either very afraid or he has just got a very big shock. However, “he opened his eyes wide” is used to suggest anger in Chinese whereas in English it means surprise. In Chinese “surprise” can be described in a phrase like ‘they stretched out their tongues!’ Sticking out your tongue in English is an insulting gesture or expresses strong dislike. Even in the same culture, people differ in ability to understand and express feelings. Experiments in America have shown that women are usually better than men at recognizing fear, anger, love and happiness on people’s faces. Other studies show that older people usually find it easier to recognize or understand body language than younger people do.
  11. According to the passage,__. A. we can hardly understand what people’s gestures mean B. we can not often be sure what people mean when they describe their feelings in words or gestures C. words can be better understood by older people D. gestures can be understood by most of the people while words can not
  12. People’s facial expressions may be misunderstood because__.
A. people of different ages may have different understanding B. people have different cultures C. people of different sex may understand a gesture in a different way D. people of different countries speak different languages
  13. In the same culture__. A. people have different ability to understand and express feelings B. people have the same understanding of something C. people never fail to understand each other D. people are equally intelligent
  14. From this passage, we can conclude__. A. words are used as frequently as gestures B. words are often found difficult to understand C. words and gestures are both used in expressing feelings D. gestures are more efficiently used than words
  15. The best title for this passage may be__. A. Words and Feelings B. Words, Gestures and Feelings C. Gestures and Feelings D. Culture and Understanding Part II Vocabulary and Structure (30%) Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  16. The little boy saw the plane and burst into flames. A. complete B. compel C. crash D. clutch
  17.Beijing is well its beautiful scenery and the Great Wall. A. known as B. known to C. known about D. known for
  18. From her conversation, I that she had a large family. A. deduced B. decided C. declared D. deceived
  19. This question is too hard, it is my comprehension. A. below B. beyond C. over D. without
  20. In order to buy her house she had to obtain a from the bank. A. finance B. capital C. loan D. debt
  21. Some cities have passed laws that allow coal and oil only if their sulfur content is low. A. burning B. to burn C. being burned D. to be burned
  22. Space vehicles were launched into outer space search of another living planet. A. to B. at
C. in D. for
  23. You two have got a lot . A. in general B. in common C. in all D. in any case
  24. It is time to fields in which they are just as capable as men. A. keep women’s B. stop to keep women out C. keep women away D. stop keeping women out of
  25. Frank’s lessons were too hard for him, and he soon fell the rest of the class. A. behind B. down C. off D. away from
  26.History is a record of mankind; different historians, , interpret it differently. A. therefore B. on the contrary C. however D. consequently
  27. It was not until it got dark working. A. that they stopped B. when they stopped C. did they stop D. that they didn’t stop
  28. Before the child went to bed, the father asked him to all the toys he had taken out. A. put off B. put up C. put away D. put out
  29. Thinking that you know in fact you don’t is not a good idea. A. what B. that C. when D. which
  30. “does Mr. Johnson go to London on business?” “At least once a month.” A. How many B. How long C. How often D. How
  31. Helen was much kinder to her youngest child than she was to the others, , of course, made the others jealous. A. who B. what C. that D. which
  32. Evidence came up specific speech sounds are recognized by babies as young as 6 months old. A. where B. that C. which D. what
  33. He when the bus came to a sudden stop. A. was almost hurt B. was almost to hurt himself C. was almost hurt himself D. was almost hurting himself
  34. I suppose you are not serious, ? A. do I B. don’t I C. are you D. aren’t you
  35. This composition is good some spelling mistakes. A. except B. besides C. except that D. except for
  36. When I say that someone is in Shanghai for good, I mean that he is there . A. to find a good job B. for the time being
C. to live a happy life D. for ever
  37. Rubber differs from plastics it is produced naturally and not in the lab. A. at that B. in that C. for that D. with that
  38. Women all over the world are equal pay for equal jobs. A. calling on B. calling about C. calling off D. calling for
  39. With the bridge , there was nothing for it but to swim A. was destroyed B. destroying C. being destroyed D. destroyed
  40. Having no money but to know, he simply said he would go without dinner. A. not to want anyone B. wanted no one C. not wanting anyone D. to want no one
  41. The children lined up and walked out . A. in place B. in condition C. in order D. in private
  42. The teacher, as well as all his students, by the dancer’s performance. A. was impressed B. had impressed C. impressed D. were impressed
  43. is well known, the key to success lies in hard work. A. As B. That C. Which D. What
  44. The doctor will not perform the operation it is absolutely necessary. A. so B. if C. for D. unless
  45. Today the police can watch cars on roads by radar. A. run B. to run C. running D. to be run Part III Identification (10%) Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  46. Of the two lectures, the first was by far the best one, partly because the person who delivered A B it had such a pleasant voice. C D
  47. According to our estimate, only one out of three company managers have been trained in the A B C field of management. D
  48. Today we have made great achievements, but tomorrow we shall win still great victories. A B C D
49
 

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