北京地区成人本科学士学位英语统一考试( ) 北京地区成人本科学士学位英语统一考试(A)
Part I Reading Comprehension
Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followe d by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four c hoices marked A, B, C and D. You should
decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Passage 1
Question 1to 5 are based on the following passage.
Looking back on my childhood. I am convinced that naturalists are born and not made. Although we were brought up in the same way, my brothers and sisters soon abandoned their pressed(紧抱的) flowers and insects. Unlike them ,I hand no ear for music and languages, I was not an early reader and I could not do me ntal arithmetic.
Before World war I we spent our summer holidays in Hungary. I have only th e dim memory of the house we lived in, of my room and my toys. (
  76) Nor do I re call clearly the large family of grandparents, aunts, uncles and cousins who ga thered next door . but I do have a crystal-clear memory of dogs, the farm anima ls , the local birds and above all ,the insects.
I am a naturalist, not a scientist. I have a strong love of the natural wo rld, and my enthusiasm has led me into varied investigations. I love discussing
my favorite topics and enjoy burning the midnight. I love discussing my favori te topics and enjoy burning the midnight oil, reading about other people’s obs ervations and discoveries .then something happens that brings these observation s together in my conscious mind. Suddenly you fancy you see the answer to the r iddle(谜) ,because it all seems to fit together. This has resulted in my publi shing 300 papers and books ,which some might honor with the title of scientific research.
But curiosity ,a keen eye, a good memory and enjoyment of the animal and p lant world do not make a scientist; one of the outstanding and essential qualit ies required is self-discipline, a quality I lack. A scientist can be made .A n aturalist is born . If you can combine the two, you get the best of born worlds.

  1. According to the author , a born naturalist should first of all be _
A. full of enthusiasm
B. self-disciplined
C. full of ambition
D. knowledgeable

  2. The first paragraph tells us that the author
A. lost his hearing when he was a child
B. didn’t like his brothers and sisters
C. was born to a naturalist’s family
D. was interested in flowers an insects in his childhood

  3. The author says that he is a naturalist rather than a scientist probabl y because he thinks he
A. just reads about other people’s observations and discoveries
B. comes up with solutions in most natural ways
C. has a great deal of trouble doing mental arithmetic
D. lacks some of the qualities required of scientist

  4.The author can’t remember his relatives clearly because.
A. he was fully occupied with observing nature
B. he didn’t live very long with them
C. the family was extremely large
D. he was too young when he lived with them

  5. Which of the following statement is true?
A. The author believes that a born naturalist cannot be a scientist.
B. The author’s brothers and sisters were good at music and languages.
C. The author read a lot of books about the natural world and the oil indu stry.
D. The author spent a lot of time working on riddles.
Passage 2
Question 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:
If you have a chance to go to Finland, you will probably be surprised to f ind how “foolish” the Finnish people are.
Take the taxi drivers for example. Taxis in Finland are mostly high-class Benz with a fare of two US dollars a kilometer. You can go anywhere in one, tel l the driver to drop you at any place, say that you have some business to atten d to, and then walk off without paying your fare. The driver would not show the least sign of anxiety.
The dining rooms in all big hotels not only serve their guests, but also s erve outside diners. Hotel guests have their meals free, so they naturally go t o the free dining rooms to have their meals. The most they would do to show the ir good faith is to wave their registration card to the waiter. With such a loo se check, you can easily use any old registration card to take a couple of frie nds to dine free of charge.
The Finnish workers are paid by the hour. (
  77) They are very much on their own as soon as they have agreed with the boss on the rate. From then on they j ust say how many hours they have worked and they will be paid accordingly.
With so many loopholes(漏洞) in everyday life, surely Finland must be a he aven to those who love to take “petty advantages”. But the strange thing is, all the taxi passengers would always come back to pay their fare after they hav e attended to their business; not a single outsider has ever been found in the free hotel dining rooms. And workers always give an honest account of the exact
hours they put in. As the Finns always act on good faith in everything they do, living in such a society has turned everyone into a real “gentleman”.
(
  78) In a society of such high moral practice, what need is there for peop le to be on guard against others?

  6.While taking a taxi in Finland,
A. a passenger can go anywhere without having to pay the driver
B. a passenger pays two US dollars for a taxi ride
C. a passenger can never be turned down by the taxi driver wherever he wan ts to go
D. a passenger needs to provide good faith demonstration before they leave without paying

  7. We know from the passage that big hotels in Finland
A. provide meal for only those who live in the hotels
B. provide meals for any diners
C. provide free wine and charge for food
D. are mostly poorly managed

  8. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
A. The workers in Finland are paid by the hour.
B. The bosses in Finland are too busy to check the working hours of their employees.
C. The workers are always honest with their working hours.
D. The workers and their bosses will make an agreement in advance about th e pay.

  9. The word “those” in the last paragraph probably refers to
A. people who often take taxis
B. people who often have meals in big hotels
C. people who are dishonest
D. people who are worthy of trust

  10. It can be concluded that
A. Finnish people are not smart enough in daily life
B. Finland has been a good place for cheats
C. the Finnish society is of very high moral level
D. all the Finns are rich
Passage 3
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:
There are many factors which may have an influence on adults and children being able to lead a healthy life.
Nowadays, people are very busy. Often, both parents work outside the home. Children are expected to take on more responsibility at home to help their par
ents. They also have sporting and leisure activities as well as school expectat ions.
The busyness also adds another factor: the need to use cars to get from on e place to another quickly.
Today, society places a lot of emphasis on technology. Computers, DVDs. CD s, television, PlayStations and Xboxes have become major leisure activities, ra ther than traditional more active pursuits. This has led to a more sedentary li festyle.
The media provide entertainment and information. (
  79)Unfortunately, they a lso promote fast food which fits easily into busy lifestyles. It is much more c onvenient at times to buy a quick takeaway rather than prepare a meal. The medi a constantly bombard(轰炸) their audience with ‘perfect’ body images, the nee d to buy the most fashionable clothes, the most up-to-date computer games, the best places to visit and the best things to do.
Environments vary. We may be exposed to pollution , such as cigarette smok e. This can be harmful to people who suffer from breathing difficulties. (
  80)En vironments where passive smoking is unavoidable make it difficult to lead a hea lthy life.
It is important factor influencing healthy lifestyles is motivation. Or th e desire to be healthy. Any person who wants to be healthy will find a way to b e healthy ?if he/she is motivated enough!

  11. The passage is mainly about .
A. benefits of a healthy life style
B. demands of daily life
C. factors affecting a healthy lifestyle
D. a positive approach to healthy living

  12. The word “sedentary” in Paragraph 4 probable means .
A. having a lot of things to do
B. involving little exercise or physical activity
C. being isolated from the outside world
D. experiencing a lot of stress

  13. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage as a factor lea ding to the popularity of fast food?
A. Cheap price. B. The media. C. Busy lifestyle. D. Convenience

  14. Which is NOT listed as a factor influencing the ability to have a heal thy lifestyle?
A. Pollution.
B. Economic factors.
C. Dependence upon cars.
D. Influence of family or friends.

  15. According to the author, may be the most important factor influe ncing healthy lifestyles.
A. technology B. cultural background C. environment D. the desire to be he althy
Part Ⅱ Vocabulary and Structure
Directions: In this part, there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sent ence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D . Choose the ONE answer that b est completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sh eet with a single line through the center.

  16. Hearing the gunshot, all the birds flew every direction.
A. in B. on C. to D. toward

  17. The factory had to number of employees because of the economic d ecline in the country.
A. lay out B. lay off C. lay aside D. lay down

  18. His parents his money, so he is in trouble now.
A. cut off B. cut through C. gave up D. brought down

  19. Can you the difference the two phrases?
A. tell, between B. speak, from C. say, of D. talk, between

  20. If anyone happens to drop in while I am out, him or her leave a message.
A. have B. get C. ask D. tell

  21. There is no doubt you will pass the exam this time. You have wor ked so hard in the past months.
A. whether B. that C. if D. what

  22. I the boy to save money, but he wouldn’t listen.
A. hoped B. suggested C. wanted D. made

  23. I made a call to my parents yesterday. To my disappointment, of them answered it.
A. either B. none C. neither D. nobody

  24. No matter he is able to come to the party or not, we will invite him.
A. when B. whether C. how D. why

  25. The idea to him in his dream and he decided to carry it out.
A. happened B. struck C. appeared D. occurred

  26. He would have paid for the house if the salesgirl had insisted b ecause he really wanted it.
A. twice as much B. much as twice C. as much twice D. twice much as

  27. They decided to chase the cow away it did more damage.
A. unless B. until C. before D. although

  28. We wanted a new table for dinner, so my father bought from a fur niture store yesterday.
A. itself B. one C. himself D. another

  29. A library with five thousand books to the nation as a gift.
A. is offered B. has offered C. are offered D. have offered

  30. is often the case, we have worked out the production plan.
A. Which B. When C. What D. As

  31. It is no talking to him, because he will never change his mind.
A. help B. use C. time D. way

  32. The way I thought of the animal was of great value.
A. protecting B. protect C. being protected D. to protect

  33. In another year or so, you all about it.
A. forget B. would forget C. have forgotten D. will have forgotten

  34. No one here believes the reason he gave for his lateness.
A. that B. why C. for which D. what

  35. The novel I bought last week is worth ,I think.
A. reading B. being read C. to read D. to be read

  36. After the fire, would otherwise be a cultural center is now redu ced to a pile of ashes.
A. that B. it C. which D. what

  37. Did you notice the little boy away?
A. took the candy and run
B. taking the candy and run
C. take the candy and run
D. who taking the candy and running

  38. gives people more knowledge of the society than literature.
A. Anything B. Nothing C. Something D. Everything

  39. If Mary catches her diary, she’ll be angry.
A. you reading B. yours reading C. you read D. you to read

  40. Don’t worry me now, I will mend that coat .
A. by and by B. off and on C. back an forth D. now and then

  41. Please join us. We can easily make for one more at this table.
A. seat B. place C. room D. space

  42. You may depend on will not repeat his mistakes.
A. it that B. that C. him that D. which that

  43. “That latest car must have cost you a pretty penny.”“Oh, no ,.”
A. it didn’t B. it mustn’t C. it hasn’t D. it must haven’t

  44. the first to use nuclear weapons.
A. At no time China will be B. Never China will be
C. Will China never be D. At no time will China be

  45. Encouragement is sometimes much more than criticism.
A. effective B. efficient C. executive D. extensive
Part Ⅲ Identification
Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts mark ed A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the correspon ding
 

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