北京地区成人本科学士学位英语统一考试( ) 北京地区成人本科学士学位英语统一考试(A) 20
  04.4 Part I Reading Comprehension (30%) Directions: There are four passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Passage 1 Questions I to 5 are based on the following passage: A youngster’s social development has a profound effect on his academic progress. Kids who have trouble getting along with their classmates can end up behind academically as well and have a higher chance of dropping out (退学). In the early grades especially, experts say, youngsters should be encouraged to work in groups rather than individually so that teachers can spot children who may be having problems making friends. “When children work on a project”, says Lillian Kate, an educational professor at the Illinois University, “they learn to work together, to disagree, to think, to take turns and lighten tensions. These skills can’t be learned through lecture. We all know people who have wonderful technical skills but don’t have any social skills. Relationships should be the first R”. At a certain age, children are also learning to judge themselves in relation to others. For most children, school marks the first time that their goals are not set by an internal clock but by the outside world. Just as the 1-year-old struggling to walk, the 6-year-old is struggling to meet adult expectations. Young kids don’t know how to distinguish early-childhood education for the state of New Jersey, “(
  76) if they try hard to do something and fail, they may conclude that they will never be able to accomplish a particular task”. “The effects are serious”, says Hills, “a child who has had his confidence really damaged needs a rescue operation”.
  1. The author seems to think that a kid’s poor relationship with his classmates would . A. have negative effects on his study B. develop his individualism but limit his intelligence C. eventually lead to his leaving school D. have nothing to do with his achievements in a course
  2. In the first paragraph, the word spot means . A. teach B. help C. find D. treat
  3. For most children, school makes them understand . A. that it is society rather than individual that decides one’s future B. that they can meet the social needs C. that one’s effort and one’s ability can be two quite different matters D. that social needs and individual needs have nothing in common
  4. Which of the following is most unlikely for the author to do? A. To talk to the students who have mental problems. B. To help students develop a feeling of self-respect. C. To keep a student from playing alone. D. To announce a student’s scores in public.
  5. Which of the following is the major concern of the passage about a student’s needs? A. Individualism and cooperation. B. Academic success and independent thinking.
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C. Socialization and feeling of competence. D. Intelligence and respect. Passage 2 Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage: If the Europeans thought a drought?a long period of dry weather?was something that happened only in Africa, they know better now. After four years of below-normal rainfall (in some cases only 10 percent of annual average), vast areas of France, Spain, Portugal, Belgium, Britain and Ireland are dry and barren (贫瘠).(
  77) Water is so low in the canals of northern France that waterway traffic is forbidden except on weekends. Oyster (牡蛎)grows in Brittany report a 30 percent drop in production because of the loss of fresh water in local rivers necessary for oyster breeding. In southeastern England, the rolling green hills of Kent have turned so brown that officials have been weighing plans to pipe in water from Wales. In Portugal, farmers in the southern Alentejo region have held prayer meeting for rain. So far, in vain. (
  78) Governments in drought-spread countries are taking severe measures. Authorities in hard-hit areas of France have banned washing cars and watering lawns. In Britain, water will soon be metered, like gas and electricity. “The English have always taken water for granted,” says Graham Warren, a spokesman of Britain’s National Rivers Authority. “Now they’re putting a price on it.” Even a sudden end to the drought would not end the misery in some areas. It will take several years of unusually heavy winter rain, the experts say, just to bring existing water reserves up to their normal levels.
  6. What does the author mean by saying “they know better now?” A. They know more about the causes of the drought. B. They have a better understanding of the drought in Africa. C. They have realized that the drought in Europe is the most serious one. D. They have realized that droughts hit not only Africa but also Europe.
  7. The drought in Europe has brought about all the following problems except . A. below-normal rainfall B. difficult navigation C. a sharp drop in oyster harvest D. bone-dry hills
  8. The British government intends to . A. forbid the car-washing service B. increase the price of the water used C. end the misery caused by the drought D. charge fees for the use of the water
  9. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? A. Germany is the only country free from the drought B. Water reserves are at their lowest level in years due to drought C. The drought is more serious in Britain than in France D. Europe will not have heavy rain until several years later.
  10. Which of the following is the most appropriate title for the passage? A. Europe in Misery B. Drought Attacks Europe C. Be Economical With Water D. Europe, a Would-be Africa Passage 3 Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage: How can we get rid of garbage (垃圾)? Do we have enough energy sources to meet our future energy needs? These are two important questions that many people are asking today. Some people think that man might be able to solve both problems at the same time. They suggest using garbage as an energy source, and at the time it can save the land to hold garbage. For a long time, people buried
2
garbage or dumped (倾倒) it on empty land. Now, empty land is scarce. But more and more garbage is produced each year. However, garbage can be a good fuel to use. The things in garbage do not look like coal, petroleum, or natural gas; but they are chemically similar to these fossil (化石) fuels. As we use up our fossil-fuel supplies, we might be able to use garbage as an energy source. (
  79) Burning garbage is not a new idea. Some cities in Europe and the United States have been burning garbage for years. The heat that is produced by burning garbage is used to boil water. The steam that is produced is used to make electricity or to heat nearby buildings. In Paris, France, some power plants burn almost 2 million metric tons of the cities garbage each year. The amount of energy produced is about the same as would be produced by burning almost a half million barrels of oil. (
  80) Our fossil fuel supplies are limited. Burning garbage might be one kind of energy source that we can use to help meet our energy needs. This method could also reduce the amount of garbage piling up on the earth..
  11. What two problems can man solve by burning garbage? A. The shortage of energy and air pollution. B. The shortage of energy and the land to hold garbage. C. Air pollution and the shortage of fossil fuel. D. Air pollution and the shortage of land to hold garbage.
  12. Which of the following is NOT the result of burning garbage? A. The garbage burned is turned into fossil fuels. B. The heat produced is used to boil water. C. The steam produced is used to make electricity D. The steam produced is used to heat buildings.
  13. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true? A. About 2 million metric tons of garbage is burned in France each year. B. In a modern society, more and more garbage is produced each year. C. Using garbage is a good way to solve the problem of energy shortage. D. It will be too expensive to use garbage as an energy source.
  14. What is the author’s attitude? A. Delighted B. Sad C. Agreeing D. Disagreeing
  15. The best title for the passage may be . A. Garbage and the Earth B. Fossil Fuel and Garbage C. Land and Garbage D. GarbageEnergy Source Part II Vocabulary and Structure(30%) ( ) Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences.For each sentence there are four ices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  16. It is from my grandparents I learned a lot. A. who B. whom C. that D. which
  17. The writer has published many books, are well received by the readers. A. none of whom B. all of which C. neither of who D. one of which
  18. Classes , the students left for home without delay. A. were over B. being over C. are over D. over I depend a lot whenever I have problems with new words.
  19. This is the dictionary
3
A. with which B. in which C. on which D. for which
  20. Over ten people died and twenty people were wounded in the train crash. A. horribly B. wrongly C. bitterly D. seriously the truth?
  21. Do you think Tommy is A. saying B. speaking C. telling D. talking
  22. It is so hot. You should put the food into the refrigerator now. otherwise, it will soon. A. harm B. hurt C. spoil D. damage ?
  23. Don’t forget to write to me, A. will you B. didn’t you C. are you D. don’t you
  24. It is important to remember the saying that is better than cure. A. prevention B. promotion C. permission D. proportion .
  25. Winning or losing is temporary, but friendship A. expects B. lives C. remains D. lasts
  26. Peter, whom everyone suspected, to be innocent. A. turned out B. turned off C. turned up D. turned over
  27. Isn’t that they call peace and friendship? A. which B. this C. what D. where
  28. So is the weather in England that by lunchtime there could be thunder and lightening. A. various B. varies C. variable D. variation
  29. All the arrangements should have been completed prior our departure. A. in B. to C. by D. before
  30. I must tell you how a letter from you. A. pleased I was to receive B. pleased I was to receiving C. was I pleased to receive D. pleased I was receiving
  31. I am considering my job as I’m not getting on well with my boss. A. changing B. to change C. changed D. to be changed
  32. the advice of his friends, he would not have suffered such a heavy loss in his business. A. If he took B. If he should take C. Were he to take D. Had he taken
  33. John, the bet, had to pay for the dinner. A. lost B. having lost C. losing D. having loss
  34. Do not trust such men often like to praise you to your face. A. who B. that C. as D. they
  35. We have a desperate need practice strict economy in every department. A. to B. of C. for D. about
  36. But for my classmates’ help, I the work in time. A. did not finish B. could not finish C. will not finish D. would not have finished
  37. is known to us all, the earth moves around the sun. A. Because B. For C. So D. As
  38. With the flowers everywhere, the park looks beautiful. A. to bloom B. blooming C. be blooming D. to be blooming an immediate solution.
  39. The shortage of energy is getting worse. It
4
A. calls off B. calls up C. calls for D. calls at
  40. The teacher spoke so fast that it was hard for the students to what he was saying. A. take in B. take out C. take up D. take over the young people.
  41. Some pop singers have much influence A. to B. for C. onto D. on
  42. The doctor advised her that she enough rest before going back to work. A. to get B. get C. gets D. got asking him for help.
  43. I think I will do it myself A. rather than B. other than C. instead of D. in place of
  44. No sooner had she entered the house the telephone rang. A. when B. than C. as D. while
  45. Mary said to me, “Had I seen your bag, I it to you.” A. will return B. must return C. could return D. would have returned Part III Identification (10%) Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D.Identify the one that is not correct.Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  46.Individual freedomdoenot in any sense mean that you can do what you like at your free-will. A B C D
  47. When we finally finished the tiring journey, we could not hardly move a step further. A B C D
  48. Arriving for the lecture early is better than to take the chance of being late. A B C D
  49.These part-timestudents expectto offersomejobs on campus during the coming summer vacation. A B C D
  50. He was so excited after hearing the news and he could not fall asleep immediately. A B C D
  51. You will not able to pass the examination unless you work harder than you do now. A B C D
  52. Only when it started to rain he noticed that he had left his raincoat somewhere. A B C D
  53. The waste, according to the people there, has already found their way into the drinking water. A B C D
  54. If you try to learn too many things at a time you may get confusing. A B C D
  55. After his graduation from the university, he has worked in a famous computer company. A B C D Part IV Cloz
 

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