A
a/an [??]/[??] art.一(个);每一(个) ; (同类事物中的) 任何一个
abandon [????????] vt. 放弃,遗弃 <高频词>
[词组] abandon doing sth 放弃做某事
abandon one’s hope 放弃希望
abandon medicine for literature 弃医从文
abandon oneself (to sth) 放纵自己(做某事)
[示例] He abandoned a career that could have led to his becoming one of the most influential people in the world. 他放弃了可能能够使他成为全世界最具影响力之一的人的职位。(03年4月)
ability [????????] n. 能力,智能,才能 <高频词>
[示例] When we talk about intelligence, we do not mean the ability to get good scores on certain kinds of tests or even the ability to do well in school.说起智力,我们不是指能够在某些考试中得高分或是在学校表现良好的能力。(05年4月)
Even in the same culture, people differ in ability to understand and express feelings .即使来自相同的文化背景,人们的理解能力与表达感情的能力也有所不同。(05年4月)
able [?????] a. 有能力,能干的 <高频词>
[示例] Some people think that man might be able to solve both problems at the same time. 一些人认为人类可以同时解决这两种问题。(04年4月)
If they try hard to do something and fail, they may conclude that they will never be able to accomplish a particular task". 如果他们努力去做某事却失败了,他们会总结说他们永远也无法完成这项任务。(04年4月)
aboard [??????] ad.在船(飞机,车)上 prep. 在(船,飞机,车)上
[词组] at home and aboard 国内外
about [??????] prep.在…周围;关于 ad.附近,到处;大约
[词组] see about 安排
look about 四下张望
be about to do (when…) 正要做某事,(忽然…)
[示例] At the time of her 61 she knew nothing about the Chinese culture of language. 在她61岁的时候,她对中国的语言文化一无所知。(06年11月)
The work of making pins is divided into about eighteen different operations. 制作一枚钉子的过程被分为18个不同的操作步骤。(05年11月)

above [?????] prep.在…之上,高于 ad.在上面 a. 上述的,上面的 <高频词>
[词组] above all 最重要的是
[示例] The temperature is above the boiling point. 温度达到了沸点以上。
Above all, the real poet is a master of words. 首先,真正的诗人是语言文字的大师。(2000年)
abuse [?????:?] n. 滥用;辱骂;虐待 v. 滥用
[词组] child abuse 虐待儿童
personal abuse 人身攻击
heap abuse on sb 肆意漫骂某人
abuse one’s power/authority 滥用职权
absence [??????s] n. 缺席, 不在场
[词组] in the absence of sth 在缺少某物的情况下
[示例] In the absence of evidence, the suspect was freed. 在缺少证据的情况下,疑犯被释放了。
absolute [?????????] a. 绝对的,完全的;确实的,肯定的
[词组] absolute value [数] 绝对值
absolute zero [物] 绝对零度
bring sth under absolute control 绝对控制住某物
absolutely [?????????li] ad. 完全地,绝对地 <高频词>
[示例] The doctor will not perform the operation unless it is absolutely necessary. 除非完全必要,医生不会为病人做手术。(05年4月)
absorb [???????] vt. 吸收(知识,水分,光等)
[词组] be absorbed in 专心于
absorb moisture from the air 吸收空气中的水分
become absorbed in technical innovations 专心搞技术创新
academic [?k??demik ] a. 学院的,学术的
[词组] academic gown 学位袍
academic study 学术研究
academic freedom 学术自由
academic year (大学的)学年
[示例] A youngster's social development has a profound effect on his academic progress. 这位年轻人的社会经验对他的学术进步产生了深刻的影响。(04年4月)
accelerate [???????????] vt. 加速,促进
[词组] accelerate the process 加快此过程
accelerate the economic growth 加速经济发展
accent [??ks?nt] n. 腔调,口音 n. 重音,重音符号
[词组] foreign/local accent 外国腔/地方腔
the accented English 带口音的英语
[示例] He speaks English with a strong American accent. 他说话带有浓重的美国口音。
The accent of the report is on safety. 报告的重点在于安全问题。
accept [???????] v. 接受,认可;同意,承认 <高频词>
[示例]The social education of young children tries to make them accept the idea that human beings in a society
need to work together for their common good. 对年轻人的社会教育是要使他们了解人类需要为了共同利益而
共同工作。(06年4月)
You will find Americans embarrassed as they accept gifts. 你会发现美国人在接受礼物时会不自在。(06
年 11月)
acceptance [????????ns] n. 接受, 接纳,承认
accident [??ks???nt] n. 事故;n. 意外的事,偶然的事
[示例]Too often young people get themselves employed quite by accidet. 年轻人经常是偶然地找到工作。(03年11月)
accompany [???????n?] v. 陪伴,伴随;v. 伴奏

accomplish [?????????] vt. 完成 <高频词>
[示例] The project will be accomplished ahead of time. 这个项目会提前完成。
If they try hard to do something and fail, they may conclude that they will never be able to accomplish a particular task". 如果他们努力去做某事却失败了,他们会总结说他们永远也无法完成这项任务。(04年4月)
accordance [?????????] n. 一致,相符
according to 按照,根据 <高频词>
account [???????] n. 账(目,户) v. 说明,解释 <高频词>
[词组] keep accounts 记账
on account of 因为,由于
account for 解释…的原因
open/close an account 开/结户
[示例] His kindness can account for his popularity. 他乐于助人,因此很受欢迎。
But he also took it for granted that division of labor is itself responsible for economic growth and development and it accounts for the difference between expanding economies and those that stand still. 他想当然认为劳动分工本身会造成经济增长与发展,这也解释了扩大经济与维持现状两种情况的分歧。(05年11月)
accumulate [?????????????] vt. 积累,积聚 vi. 堆积,积累
accurate [????????] a. 准确的,精确的 <高频词>
[示例]We should therefore learn to choose our words carefully and use them accurately, or they will make our speech silly and rude. 所以,我们应该细致的选择并使用词语,不然我们的语言会显得愚蠢而粗鲁。(2000年)
accuse [???????] v. 控告,谴责 <考点词>
[词组] accuse sb of (doing) sth 因某事谴责某人
[示例] The employer was accused of delaying the pay day. 人们谴责雇主拖欠工资。
accustomed [????????d] a. 惯常的, 习惯的
[词组] be accustomed to (doing) sth 习惯于(做)某事
[示例] He has got accustomed to wearing the traditional dress of the local people. 他已经习惯了穿当地人的传统服装。
However, those who are accustomed to longer greetings may require a little more time before they feel comfortable with American simple talk. 然而,那些习惯于冗长问候语的人要花些时间去习惯美国人简单的交谈方式。(06年11月)
ache [???] vi. 痛 n. 痛,疼痛
headache [???????] n. 头痛
achieve [???????] v. 完成;达到,达成,获得 <高频词>
[词组] achieve one’s goal 达到目的
achieve success 取得成功
[示例] A fifth level would probably involve needs that can be achieved best by community action.
第五个等级可能包括一些需要由集体行为才能达到的需要。(05年4月)
achievement [???????m?nt] n. 成就, 功绩 <高频词>
[词组] academic achievement 学术成就
epoch-making achievement 划时代的成就
[示例]While the other levels involve physical satisfaction, that is, the feeding, comfort, safety, and transportation, this level stresses mental needs for recognition, achievement, and happiness. 其他的等级包括身体上的满足,也就是食物,舒适度,安全,交通。这一层面强调精神上承认、成就与幸福的需求。(05年4月)
acid [?????] a. 酸的 n. 酸,酸性物质
acquaintance [???????????] n. 熟人,相识 <高频词>
[词组] be acquainted with 认识
acquaint oneself with 去认识
an intimate acquaintance 挚友
a casual/nodding acquaintance 泛泛之交
make acquaintance of sb 结识某人
on further acquaintance 通过进一步的认识
[示例] In most cultures, when you meet acquaintances for the first time during a day, it is normal to greet them. 在很多文化中,当你在一天中第一次遇到一个熟人的时候会向他们打招呼。(06年11月)
acquire [???????] v. 取得,获得;学到 <高频词>

acre [?????] n. 英亩
across [??????] prep. 在…对面 ad. 横过,横断 <高频词>
[词组] run/come across 碰到 遇到
across the country 遍及全国
[示例]The river here is very wide but shallow, so you can walk across it. 这条河很宽但也很浅,你可以跨过去。(06年11月)

act [???] v. 起作用;表演 n. 行为,动作;(一)幕;法令,条例 <高频词>
[词组] act as 充当
act on 按照…行事
act out 将…付诸行动
[示例] We need to find out how a person acts instead of how much he knows what to do. 我们需要研究出一个人怎样去做一件事而不是他对自己要做的事了解多少。(05年4月)
Half of the children participated in the experimental study; the other half acted as the control group. 一半孩子参加实验组的学习,另一半作为控制组。(04年11月)
action [??????] n. 行为,动作
[词组] take action 采取行动
[示例]Consumers may be spending more on taxes to pay for government action against disease, ignorance, crime, and prejudice. 消费者也许会在抵抗疾病、无知、犯罪和偏见方面向政府交纳更多的税款。(05年4月)
active [??????] a. 活动的,活跃的,活泼的,敏捷的,主动的 <高频词>
[词组] be active in doing sth 积极地做某事
[示例] Studies show that slim people are more active than fat people. 调查显示瘦人比胖人更加活跃。( 04年11月)
activity [??????iti] n. 活动 <高频词>
actor [?????] n. 男演员 <高频词>
actress [???????] n. 女演员 <高频词>
actual [????????] a. 实际的,现实的
[示例]Many people now think that they have gone too far in the direction of trying to make children happy and interested rather than giving them actual instruction. 现在许多人认为让孩子感到快乐有趣的教育方式偏离方向太远,还应该教他们一些实际知识。(06年4月)
actually [????????i] adv. 实际上 <高频词>
[示例] But actually the umbrella was not invented as protection against rain. It was first used as a shade against the sun.. 但实际上,雨伞并不是为了遮雨而发明。它首先用来遮挡太阳。( 06年11月)
They are actually two different kinds of people, not just the same kind with different amount of intelligence. 他们其实是两类人,而不是智力水平不同的一类人。(05年4月)
A.D. 公元
add [??] v. 增加,增进 v. 加,加上 <高频词>
[词组] add to 加强
add in 加进去
add up 加起来
add up to 总计为
[示例] When a fragrant flavor was added to the vitamin-enriched fluid, the rats did seem to develop a taste for it and kept drinking it. 当向富含维他命的水中加入香料时,老鼠就显然要偏向于它,而且总是喝它。(2002年)
But division of labor adds nothing new, it only enables people to produce more of what they already have. 但是劳动力的分工没有带来任何新的东西,而只是让人们生产更多已有的产品。(05年11月)
addition [???????] n. 加法,增加
[词组] in addition besides moreover what’s more 此外
in addition to 除…之外
additional [?????????] a. 附加的,另外的
address [??????] n. 地址,通讯处 vt. 致函,致词,写地址 <高频词>
[词组] address oneself to sb 向某人说话
deliver / give / make an address 发表演说
[示例] He delivered a famous address to his people at the war. 他在战争时期向国人发表了著名的演说。
Today, every American school child learns Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address by heart.今天,每一个美国儿童将林肯的盖茨堡演讲铭记于心。(2002年)
adequate [????????] a. 足够的,充分的,恰当的
adjective [?????????] n./a. 形容词
adjust [???????] v. 调节,调整,校正 <高频词>
[词组] adjust oneself to 使自己适应
[示例] We must adjust ourselves to the new environment as soon as possible. 我们必须尽快让自己适应新环境。
administration [????????????????] n. 管理,经营;管理部门,行政机关,政府
admire [???????] v. 钦佩,赞赏,羡慕
admit [??????] vt. 承认;允许进入,接
 

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