三级英语模拟题 (B) I. Reading Comprehension Directions: There are 3 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Passage 1 Education is not an end, but a means to an end. In other words, we do not educated children only for the aim of educating them. Our purpose is to fit them for life. Life is varied; so is education. In some countries with advanced industries, they have free education for all. Under this system, people, no matter rich or poor, clever or foolish, have a chance to be educated at universities or colleges. By free education for all they are expected to be able to solve all the problems of a society and build a perfect nation. But we can already see that free education for all is not enough. We find in such countries a far larger number of people with university degree than there are jobs for them to fill. As a result, they refuse to do what they think is “low” work. In fact, to work with one’s hands is thought to be dirty and shameful in such countries. But, is the work of a completely uneducated farmer as important as that of a professor? We can live without education, but we should die if none of us grew crops. On the other hand, if all the farmers were completely uneducated, their production would remain low. As the population grows larger and larger in the modern world, we would die if we did not have enough food.
  1. What does the author mean to tell us in this article? A. The importance of free education for all in our society. B. Everyone should be educated so as to do various jobs. C. The advantages and disadvantages of free education. D. Education should fit people to varied life. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. Not everyone needs to be educated to do his job well. B. Free education for all has more disadvantages than advantages for the people and society. C. A proper education system is more important than education itself. D. Education is so important that people can’t live without it. Which is NOT the result of free education? A. The more degrees people get, the fewer jobs they can find. B. People with degrees often consider themselves superior to others doing manual work. C. People with better education often refuse to do physical work. D. Some people with degrees can’t find jobs they want. What does the expression “low work” mean in the passage? A. work with low pay B. work that is less attractive
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C. work that needs manual labor D. work with less importance What can be inferred from the passage? A. The purpose of education is to make people intelligent citizens. B. Those who choose a job according to his ability can contribute to the society. C. The system of free education for all doesn’t work in advanced countries. D. Uneducated farmer are as important as professors in modern society.
Passage 2 The science of meteorology(气象学) is concerned with the study of the structure, state, and behavior of the atmosphere. The subject may be approached from any vantage(优势) point. Different views must be combined to give perspective to the whole picture. One may consider the condition of the atmosphere at a given moment and attempt to predict changes from that condition over a period of a few hours to a few days ahead. This approach is covered by the branch of the science called synoptic (概要的) meteorology. Synoptic meteorology is the scientific basis of the technique of weather forecasting by means of the preparation and analysis of weather maps and meteorological diagrams. In serving the needs of shipping, aviation(航空), agriculture, industry, and professional forecast advice, great benefits are obtained in the form of the saving of human lives and property and in economic advantages of various kinds. One important purpose of the science of meteorology is constantly to make great efforts, through study and research, to increase our knowledge of the atmosphere with the aim of improving the accuracy of weather forecasts. The tools needed to advance our knowledge in this way are disciplines of mathematics and physics applied to solve meteorological problems. The use of these tools forms that branch of the science called dynamic (动力的) meteorology.
  6. Which of the following could be the best title for the passage? A. Limitation of Meteorological Forecasting B. New Advances in Synoptic Meteorology C. Approaches to the Science of Meteorology D. The Basic of Dynamic Meteorology The predictions of synoptic meteorologists are directly based on the . A. application of the physical science B. preparation and study of weather maps C. anticipated needs of industry D. observations of commercial airline pilots The author implies that increased accuracy in weather forecasting will lead to . A. more funds given to meteorological research B. greater protection of human life C. a higher number of professional forecasters D. less-specialized forms of synoptic meteorology
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Which of the following statements best describes the organization of the third paragraph of the passage? A. A scientific theory is explained. B. Two contrasting views of a problem are presented. C. Recent scientific advancements are outlined in order of importance. D. A problem is examined and possible solutions are given.
  10. In the last sentence of the passage the phrase “the tool” refer to . A. weather forecast B. meteorological problems C. mathematics and physics D. economic advantages Passage 3 Imagine one day reading that you had been a subject in a risky science experiment without knowing it. At school, you had been fed cereal (谷类食物) laced with radioactive chemicals so scientists could learn more about the digestive system. Because the food was radioactive, scientists could easily trace its path through the body. Scientists now know that exposure to large amount of radiation can cause cancer, a group of diseases in which bodily cells grow wildly out of control. Some people who were part of the radiation studies later developed cancer and blamed the radiation for causing the cancer. Others are worried the radiation will some day make them sick. Some doctors say that, in many cases, such fears are unjustified because the radiation doses(剂量)used in the experiments were too small to cause harm. They also say that since dangers of radiation were less well understood then than they are now, even researchers who used high doses of radiation didn’t do anything wrong. Some critics claim that no excuse is acceptable for not informing subjects about the nature of an experiment and giving them a chance to refuse to participate. Today, government rules require such informed agreement whenever a study uses people.
  11. The passage is mainly about . A. what kind of experiment cannot be done on people B. whether it is moral to experiment on people without them know C. how radiation studies are conducted D. what result can be produced in a radioactive experiment
  12. The word “laced” in paragraph 1 most likely means . A. confused B. surrounded C. mixed D. covered
  13. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. Radioactive chemicals can cause bodily cells to grow wildly out of control. B. When the danger of radiation had not been proved, high doses of radiation were acceptable. C. Most cancers are caused by radiation. D. Radioactive chemicals were once used to cure diseases with the digestive system.
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  14. Today, government rules . A. demand to stop all experiments harmful to people B. prohibit all tests related to human beings C. disapprove of experiments with uncertain results D. require to protect people’s right not to be tested without permission
  15. The author’s attitude towards the government decision may be described as . A. indifferent B. favorable
C. critical D. dubious(半信半疑的)
II. Vocabulary and Structure Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best complete the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  16. I don’t like girls who fuss small matters or complain a lot. A. over B. on C. of D. at
  17. It suddenly me that I forgot to turn off the computer when I left the office. A. happened to B. occurred to C. contributed to D. owed to
  18. If the ice sheet ever and melted, the sea level would go up 7 meters. A. broke down B. broke up C. broke off D. broke out
  19. One of the benefits of the new model is that it is easier than the old one. A. operating B. to be operated C. to operate D. operated
  20. It is frightening to hear that the technique of cloning has been to humans. A. attempted B. applied C. adopted D. affected
  21. Every year when the flu is I’m bound to get sick. A. getting around B. coming around C. hanging around D. going around
  22. The grass many animals live is abundant here. A. by which B. with which C. on which D. of which
  23. mostly in small town, I’d only recently fallen in love with cities. A. Grown up B. Being grown up C. Growing up D. Having grown up
  24. It me as an uphill battle, simply because it is an awkward and time-consuming process. A. appears B. occurs C. strikes D. hits
  25. Would the news he failed to pass the exam bother you? A. which B. that C. of which D. on which
  26. He abandoned a career that to his becoming one of the most influential people in the world. A. could have led B. would lead C. should have led D. must lead
  27. I believe you have some important points in the report.
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A. left alone B. left behind C. left off D. left out
  28. It is natural that the sun in the east every day. A. rose B. rise C. rises D. will rise
  29. The results of the survey are interesting and they more questions than they answer. A. project B. prohibit C. provoke D. promote
  30. “We should do something about the traffic.” “I can’t agree with you .” A. so much B. the most C. the better D. more
  31. He made many attempts before he won people’s respect. A. eventually B. lastly C. recently D. lately
  32. Big cars like that would great amount of gasoline every year. A. purchase B. consume C. apply D. exhaust
  33. She felt after hearing the news that her company was making less profit. A. depressing B. depression C. depresses D. depressed
  39. I my wallet when I was shopping in the store. A. must have dropped B. should have dropped C. could drop D. ought to have dropped
  40. You have to learn to the inconvenience and hardships. A. live with B. live on C. live up to D. live by
  41. She apologized for to attend the meeting. A. her being not able B. her to be not able C. her not to be able D. her not being able to
  42. This new coat cost me the last one I bought two years ago. A. three times B. three times as much as C. three times as much D. three times much as
  43. Turn on the TV and an interesting program on now. A. you will see B. you see C. you are seeing D. you must see
  44.
  44. Each term our professors would a list of books for us to read. A. hand in B. give away C. pass out D. write out
  45. Li Ming is a nice and helpful boy. is that he always offers a hand when his friends are in difficulties. A. A good sign B. A case in point C. A symbol D. For an example III. Error Identification Directions: Each of the following sentence has 4 underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  46. The food that my mother is cooking in the kitchen is smelling delicious. A B C D
  47. You had better return to your dormitory and to enjoy the company of your roomA B C
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mates instead of wasting time with me. D Music can make a sad one sad, an exciting story more exciting, a happy one A B C gayer. D Find answers to these questions is something like a detective story. A B C D Fashions change and people change too, but the old feeling of love remains same. A B C D The teacher demanded that all the papers to be typed neatly before they were A B C handed in. D She is getting nowhere even though she wastes her time like this. A B C D Where you go, you will see smiling faces and beautiful scenery in the country. A B C D Is this the novel which you have been talking about all the time? A B C D Let’s go to the cinema at the corner to see the new movie, don’t we? A B C D
IV. Cloze Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C, and D at the end of the passage. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Time will become more important to people _56_ a meaningful life. More time means more opportunities to _57_ new personal and social prospects. Mankind is _58_ a social revolution _59_ from any experience before: the Opportunity Revolution. _60_ a technical revolution, such as the Industrial Revolution, w
 

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