北京外国语大学 2011 年硕士研究生入学考试 英语语言文学专业能力测试试卷(样题) 英语语言文学专业能力测试试卷(样题) 能力测试试卷
I. Summarize the two views (that of the author and that he criticizes) in the following passage and then write a commentary. Your answer should not exceed 1000 words (50%) Asian Americans have increasingly come to be viewed as a “model minority”. But are they as successful as claimed? And for whom are they supposed be model? The model minority thesis first surfaced in the mid-1960s when journalists began publicizing the high educational attainment levels, high median incomes, low crime rates, and absence of juvenile delinquency and mental health problems among Asian Americans. This publicity served an important political purpose at the height of the civil rights movement: proponents of the thesis were in fact telling Black and Chicano activists that they should following examples set by Asian Americans who work hard to pull themselves up by the bootstraps instead of using ,militant protests to obtain their rights. Until today, similar political rhetoric can still be heard. Many politicians and pundits ask: “If Asian Americans can make it with their stress on hard work and education, why can’t African Americans?” Such comparisons pit minorities against each other and generate African American resentment toward Asian Americans. The victims are blamed for their plight, rather than racism or an economy that has made many young African- American workers superfluous. Without question, the socioeconomic status of Asian Americans as a whole has improved since the early 1940s. The median family income of Asian Americans in 1990 ($42,2
  40) stood above the national average ($35,2
  25). Asian American households are more affluent than any other racial or ethnic group including Whites. Asian Americans also have an enviable record of educational achievement, with almost twice the national average of college graduates. The figures, however, can be misleading. The celebration of Asian American success has obscured reality. First, most Asian-Americans live in California, Hawaii and New York ? states with higher incomes and higher costs of living than the national average. Thus, while Asian Americans living there may earn more, they also have to spend more. The so-called high earnings of Asian-Americans relative to Caucasians are really deceptive. Comparing family incomes is even more tricky. Some Asian-American groups do have higher family incomes than Caucasians. But they have more workers per family. For example, in 60% of Chinese American families (compared to only 51% among the US population as a whole), more than one person worked, which helps to account for their higher family income. If per capita income, rather than
第 1 页 共 3 页
family income, had been used as the measure, then Chinese Americans are making considerably less than the national average. Second, a detailed study of the San Francisco-Oakland Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area showed that Asian Americans were unevenly distributed in the economy. Professionals clustered in accounting, dentistry, nursing, health technology, and engineering and were underrepresented in law, teaching, administration, social services, and higher levels of the medical professions. Managers were more likely to be self-employed than employees of large firms. Sales persons were retail clerks but seldom brokers or insurance agents. Clerical workers were mostly file clerk, typists, or office machine operators, and not secretaries or receptionists. Few Asian American held jobs in the heavy machine, electrical, paper, chemical, or construction industries. Most female operatives were garment workers. In short, Asian Americans were concentrated in occupations that did not pay as well as other jobs in the same industry. Third, the low unemployment rate of Asian Americans ? another measure often used to depict their economic success ? merely camouflages high underemployment. Wary of being on welfare, many Asian American workers apparently would rather hold low-paid, part-time, or seasonal jobs than receive public assistance. Fourth, the high labor force participation rate of Asian American women ? supposedly a sign of their ready acceptance by employers ? is in reality a reflection of the fact that more Asian American women are compelled to work because the male members of their families earn such low wages. It is true that working Asian American women earn a higher median income than do white working women, a larger percentage of them work full time, which helps to drive their median income upward. But despite their high educational level, they receive lower returns to their education than do white women, while the disparity between their returns and those of white men is even greater. In other words, they are not receiving earnings that are commensurate with their years of schooling. Fifth, with regard to the educational attainment of Asian Americans, the sizable influx of highly educated professionals after1965 has inflated the average years of schooling completed。Critics of the model minority stereotype point out that the most important consideration should not be educational level, but returns to education, which more clearly reveal the existence of discrimination. For Asian Americans, their returns are still not on a par with those received by white men. For example, since some Asian professionals haven’t been able to find professional jobs, they have bought small businesses, thereby increasing the number of “managers” in the Asian Americans ? particularly the Korean American ? population. In 1988, more than three-quarters of Korean greengrocers, those so-called paragons of bootstrap entrepreneurialism, came to America with a college education. Engineers, teachers or administrators while in Korea, they became shopkeepers after their arrival. For many of them, the green grocery represents dashed dreams, a step downward in status. Moreover, many of them operate only small mom-and-pop stores with no paid employees and very low gross earnings. They run a high risk of failure and work long hours. Many of them could not stay afloat ere it not for the unpaid labor they extract from their spouses, children, and other relatives.
第 2 页 共 3 页
Finally the “model minority” image homogenizes Asian Americans, hides their difference and obscures the poverty found within their ranks. For example, while thousands of Vietnamese-American young people attend universities, other are on the streets. They live in motels and hang out in pool halls in places like East Los Angeles; some join gangs. Hmong and Mien refugees from Laos have unemployment rates that reach as high as 80 percent. A 1987 California study showed that 3 out of 10 Southeast Asian refugee families had been on welfare for 4 to 10 years. Even within the relatively successful groups, such as Chinese Americans and Korean Americans, there are serious problems and difficulties. 25% of the people in New York City’s Chinatown lived below the poverty level in 1980, compared with 17% of the city’s population. Some 60% of the workers in the Chinatowns of Los Angeles and San Francisco crowded into low-paying jobs in garment factories and restaurants. It is the same with Korean Americans. Most of the Korean immigrants do not become shopkeepers. Instead, many find themselves trapped as clerks in grocery stores, service workers in restaurants, seamstresses in garment factories and janitors in hotels. In sum, most Americans know their “success” or “superiority” is largely a myth. They also see how the celebration of Asian-Americans as a “model minority” perpetuates their inequality and exacerbates relations between them and other minorities, esp. African-Americans.
II. Write an essay on one of the issues below, using relevant reasons and / or examples to support your views. Your essay should be written in your own words and should not exceed 1000 words (50%) Topic 1: Public figures such as actors, politicians, and athletes should expect people to be interested in their private lives. When they seek a public role, they should expect that they will lose at least some of their privacy. Topic 2: As long as people in a society are hungry or out of work or lack the basic skills needed to survive, the use of public resources to support the arts is inappropriate ? and, perhaps, even cruel ? when one considers all the potential uses of such money.
The End
第 3 页 共 3 页
北京外国语大学 2011 年硕士研究生入学考试英语基础测试(技能) 样题) 年硕士研究生入学考试英语基础测试(技能) 样题) ( 英语基础测试
Part I GRAMMAR (30 Points)
A、Correct Errors 、 The passage contains ten errors. Each indicated line contains a maximum of one error. In each case, only ONE word is involved. You should proofread the passage and correct it in the following way: For a wrong word, underline the wrong word and write the correct one in the blank provided at the end of the line. For a missing word, mark the position of the missing word with a ∧ and write the word which you believe is missing in the blank provided at the end of the line. For an unnecessary word, cross the unnecessary word with a slash/and put the word in the blank provided at the end of the line. The elderly who finds great rewards and satisfactions (
  1) In their later lives are a small minority in this country. But they Do exist. They are the “aged elite”. It is most striking about these (
  2) People is their capacity for growth. When Arthur Robinson was Eighty, someone told him that he was plying piano better than (
  3) Ever. “I think so,” he agreed. “Now I take chances I never took Before. I was used to be so much more careful. No wrong notes. (
  4) Not too bold ideas. Now I let go and enjoy myself and to be with (
  5) Everything besides the music.” Another reason for the success of The aged elite are the traits they formed earlier in their lives. A (
  6) Sixty-eight-year old woman, three times married and widowed, Says,” It’s not just what you do when you’re past sixty-five. It’s what You did all your life which matters. If you have lived a full life, (
  7) Developed your mind, you will be able to use it past sixty-five. Along frankness comes humor. A sense of humor is an (
  8) aid people use to cope with tension. “Humor,” says Dr. Barren, “also leads you to join with other people. There are two ways to Deal with stress. We either reach out or withdraw. The reachers (
  9) seek out other people to share their problems instead of pulling away.” Growing, active, humorous, sharing ? these are all qualities which describe the aged elite. (
第 4 页 共 3 页
A. Multiple Choice Please read the following passages and choose A, B, C or D to best complete the statements about them. The Perils of Efficiency This spring, disaster loomed in the global food market. Precipitous increases in the prices of staples like rice (up more than a hundred and fifty per cent in a few months) and maize provoked food riots, toppled governments, and threatened the lives of tens of millions. But the bursting of the commodity bubble eased those pressures, and food prices, while still high, have come well off the astronomical levels they hit in April. For Americans, the drop in commodity prices has put a few more bucks in people’s pockets; in much of the developing world, it may have saved many from actually starving. So did the global financial crisis solve the global food crisis? Temporarily, perhaps. But the recent price drop doesn’t provide any long-term respite from the threat of food shortages or future price spikes. Nor has it reassured anyone about the health of the global agricultural system, which the crisis revealed as dangerously unstable. Four decades after the Green Revolution, and after waves of market reforms intended to transform agricultural production, we’re still having a hard time insuring that people simply get enough to eat, and we seem to be more vulnerable to supply shocks than ever. It wasn’t supposed to be this way. Over the past two decades, countries around the world have moved away from their focus on “food security” and handed market forces a greater role in shaping agricultural policy. Before the nineteen-eighties, developing countries had so-called “agricultural marketing boards,” which would buy commodities from farmers at fixed prices (prices high enough to keep farmers farming), and then store them in strategic reserves that could be used in the event of bad harvests or soaring import prices. But in the eighties and nineties, often as part of structural-adjustment programs imposed by the I.M.F. or the World Bank, many marketing boards were eliminated or cut back, and grain reserves, deemed inefficient and unnecessary, were sold off. In the same way, structural-adjustment programs often did away with government investment in and subsidies to agriculture?most notably, subsidies for things like fertilizers and high-yield seeds. The logic behind these reforms wa



   北京外国语大学 2011 年硕士研究生入学考试 英语语言文学专业能力测试试卷(样题) 英语语言文学专业能力测试试卷(样题) 能力测试试卷 I. Summarize the two views (that of the author and that he criticizes) in the following passage and then write a commentary. Your answer should not exceed 1000 words (50%) Asian A ...


   2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲》 在同学们的千呼万唤中,《2011 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲》终于与同学们见 面了,万学 "海文根据 2011 年考研英语大纲与 2010 年考研英语大纲的对比,对 2011 年考研英语(一)的 考查要求和内容进行了全面分析。 2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试《英语(一)考试大纲》与去年相比没有任何变化。总体来说, 研究生入学英语考试的主要测评目标仍分为语言知识和语言技能,2011 年的新大纲也保持了这一持续 ...


   《2011 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语考试大纲》 (以下简称《2011 大纲》 月 3 日终 )9 于与同学们见面了,与 2010 年考研英语大纲相对比,结论是一句话:没有任何实质变化。 大纲》内容没有实质变化体现在两个方面: 《2011 大纲》内容没有实质变化体现在两个方面: 一是仍然延续去年的考试形式, 英语试题分英语一和英语二两类试题, 分别针对不同的 考生群体, 主要目的是区分学术型硕士与专业型硕士的报考类别。 关于英语一和英语二的题 型区别请大家参看我的博客文章:徐绽解析 20 ...


   第一部分英译汉一、考研英语英译汉的考试内容与命题特点   一、 考研英语英译汉的考试内容与命题特点   1.英译汉的考试内容   2005年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题作出了调整,笔试中取消了听力部分,“英译汉”成为试题的第三部分“阅读理解”中的C节。本节共五小题,每小题2分,共计10分。它要求考生阅读一篇400词左右的文章,并将其中五个划线部分的句子翻译成汉语,要求汉语译文准确、完整、通顺。英译汉属于主观题,要求考生将答案写在答题纸2 上。   英译汉作为阅读理 ...


   英语语言文学 英语语言文学专业硕士研究生培养方案 英语语言文学专业硕士研究生培养方案 学科门类 二级学科 代码、 代码、名称 研 究 方 向 文学 050201 一级学科代码、 一级学科代码、名称 0502 英语语言文学 外国语言文学 1.翻译学 2.英美文学 知识域要求: 知识域要求: 通过系统的学习、研究、实践和论文写作,培养学生的抽象思维和逻辑推理能力和 语言研究能力,使学生具有坚实的英语语言理论、相关的语言学理论和语言教学理论基 础;掌握现代化语言研究和教学手段;掌握英美文学、翻译学 ...


   2012 年硕士研究生英语入学考试英语万能作文 2012 年考研的 QQ 群搜集非常全 考研同学根据需要加入,方便大家交流经验,探 讨共同的梦想,踏踏实实的备考。为壮大我们的队伍,欢迎大家转载、宣传。 (广告者勿入,相信群主会必踢!! !) 北京大学 134887205 134887672 134887868 134888046 中国人民大学 134888675 134888943 134889103 134889242 南开大学 134897701 134897907 134898070 ...


   英语语言文学专业硕士研究生培养方案 一、培养目标 本专业培养坚持四项基本原则,支持改革开放,德智体全面发展,专业基础扎实,具有 创新意识,素质高,能力强,自觉地为社会主义现代化建设服务的高级专业人才。 本专业所培养的硕士研究生应具有坚实的英语语言文学及相关学科的基础理论和较系 统的专业知识,掌握本学科的研究现状和发展趋势;具有严谨的学风、良好的科研习惯和独 立从事科研的能力; 熟练地掌握英语, 第二外国语具有阅读与本专业有关的书刊的能力和一 定的交流能力; 熟练地运用计算机和互联网进行科研。 ...


   2005年硕士研究生入学考试英语命题预测试卷(二) Section ⅠUse of English Directions: Read the following text.Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1.( 10 points ) Health implies more than physical fitness. It also implies me ...

2011年 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲

   万学 万学海文第一时间深入分析 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语( 考试大纲》 《2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲》 万学教育 万学教育海文考研 公共课教研中心英语教研室 杨慧 在同学们千呼万唤中,《2011 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲》终 于与同学们见面了,万学海文根据 2011 年考研英语大纲与 2010 年考研英语大纲的对比, 对 2011 年考研英语(一)的考查要求和内容进行了全面分析。 2011 年 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试《英语(一)考 ...


   2002年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语听力样题文字稿 中华人民共和国教育部 制订 全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题示例听力部分现在开始试音。 [一小段英语独白,分别由一男士和一女士朗读,约需3分钟。] 试音到此结束。 [Pause 00'30"] W:Section I Listening Comprehension  Directions:  This section is designed to test your ability to understand spoken Eng ...



   一、语音问题:连读小练习 1. rush hour 高峰时间,尖峰时刻; 2. cheer up 使振奋,使高兴; 3. check (it) out 借书;办理出院手续;彻底检查;退房(check in 开房) ; ;financial aid 经济资助; 4. travel agent 旅行社(travel agency, travel bureau) 5. turn down 关掉,拒绝; turn on 打开 be sold out 售 光了wear out 穿破了; be worn ...


   Class 初二上册英语期中自出卷 Name Mark I. 单项选择 请将答案写在题号前 请将答案写在题号前(30 分,每题 1.5 分) ( )1.- does Tom watch TV? -Twice a week. A. How often B. How long C. How soon D. How many hours ( )2. We should eat a dalanced diet . A. be healthy B.to keep health C. to keep h ...


   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 excuse me yes is this your handbag pardon it thank you very much pencil book watch coat dress n. 借口,理由;低劣的样品; v. 原谅 pron. 我(宾格) a. 是的; ad. 是,是的; v. 是 v. 是 a. pron. 这,这个 pron. 你的,你们的 n. 手提包 n. 原谅,赦免; v. 宽恕,原谅 p ...


   灿烂的语言,只能点缀感情,如果我沉默,代表我真的喜欢你 26、自由代表的是内心永久的孤独。 、自由代表的是内心永久的孤独。 27、现实太假,还是自己太傻? 、现实太假,还是自己太傻? 28、一切因为寂寞,才开始了暧昧。 、一切因为寂寞,才开始了暧昧。 29、生活的真正意义是:生下来,活下去。 、生活的真正意义是: 生下来,活下去。 30、年龄不是差距,身高不是距离。 、年龄不是差距,身高不是距离。 31、人生是一张单程车票,没有后退,没有返回! 、人生是一张单程车票,没有后退,没有返回! 3 ...