日北京地区成人本科学位英语考试试题(A 2005 年 11 月 19 日北京地区成人本科学位英语考试试题(A 卷)
Part I Reading Comprehension (30%) Directions:There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Passage 1 Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage: Languages are remarkably complex and wonderfully complicated organs of culture. (
  76)(They contain the quickest and the most efficient means of communicating within their respective culture. )To learn a foreign language is to learn another culture. In the words of a poet and philosopher, “As many languages as one speaks, so many lives one lives.”A culture and its language are as necessary as brain and body; while one is a part of the other, neither can function without the other. In learning a foreign language, the best beginning would be starting with the non-language elements of the language: its gestures, its body language, etc. Eye contact is extremely important in English. Direct eye contact leads to understanding, or, as the English saying goes, seeing eye-to-eye. We can never see eye-to-eye with a native speaker of English until we have learned to look directly into his eyes. (本题和本中心串讲班资料 11 页 Passage6 题一模一样)
  1. The best title for this passage is A. Organs of Culture B. Brain and Body C. Looking into his eyes D. Language and Culture
  2. According to this passage, the best way to learn a foreign language is A. to read the works of poets and philcsophers B. to find a native speaker and look directly into his eyes C. to begin by learning its body language D. to visit a country where you can study
  3. According to this passage, gestures are A. spoken words B. a non-language element C. pictures in a language D. written language
  4. "As many languages as one speaks, so many lives..." means A. if one learns many foreign languages, one will have a better understanding of his own language B. life is richer and more interesting if one knows several languages C. no matter how many languages one knows, one can never know more than one's own culture D. if a person speaks only one language, he will live a very happy life
  5. Which of the following doesn't share the same meaning with the others? A. signs B. gestures C. efficient D. body language Passage 2 Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:
Trees are useful to man in three very important ways: they provide him with wood and other products; they give him shade; and they help to prevent droughts (干旱) and floods. Unfortunately, man has not realized that the third of these services is the most important. Two thousand years ago a rich and powerful country cut down its trees to build warships, with which to gain itself an empire(帝国). It gained the empire, but, without its trees, its soil became hard and poor. When the empire fell to pieces, the home country found itself faced by flood and starvation. (
  77)(Even though a government realizes the importance of a plentiful supply of trees, it is difficult for it to persuade villagers to see this. )The villagers want wood to cook their food with; and they can earn money by selling wood. They are usually too lazy to plant and look after the trees. (
  78)(So, unless the govemment has a good system of control, or can educate the people, the forests will slowly disappear.) This does not only mean that the villagers' children and grandchildren will have fewer trees. The results are even more serious, for where there are trees their roots break the soil up allowing the rain to sink in - and also bind the soil, thus preventing its being washed away easily but where there are no trees, the rain falls on hard ground and flows away from the surface, causing flood.
  6. What is the most important function of trees? A. Providing fuel. B. Offering shade. C. Preventing natural disaster. D. Providing wood.
  7. What eventually happened to the empire in the paragraph? A. Its people died of hunger. B. It fell to pieces. C. It became a giant empire. D. It built many ships with wood.
  8. It is implied in the passage that the villagers A. want a plentiful supply of trees. B. want firewood badly. C. just want to get money. D. don't realize the importance of trees.
  9. The role of trees is to A. loosen soil B. keep soil in position C. harden soil D. both A and B
  10. What is the passage mainly concerned with? A. The benefits of trees. B. Trees and soil protection C. The various uses of trees. D. Different attitudes toward trees. Passage 3 Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage: Adam Smith was the first person to see the importance of the division of the labor. He gave us an example of the process by which pins were made in England.
"One man draws out the wire, another strengthens it, a third cuts it, a fourth points it, and a fifth gives it a head. Just to make the head requires two or three different operations. The work of making pins is divided into about eighteen different operations, which in some factories are all performed by different people, though in others the same man will sometimes perform two or three of them. Ten men, Smith said, in this way, turned out twelve pounds of pins a day or about 4800 pins a worker. (
  79)( But if all of them had worked separately and independently without division of labor, they certainly could not have made twenty pins in a day and not even one.) There can be no doubt that division of labor is an efficient way of organizing work. Fewer people can make more pins. Adam Smith saw this, (
  80) (but he also took it for granted that division of labor is itself responsible for economic growth and development and it accounts for the difference between expanding economies and those that stand still. )But division of labor adds nothing new, it only enables people to produce more of what they already have. 北京太嘉外语培训中心
  11. According to the passage, Adam Smith was the first person to A. take advantage of the physical labor B. introduce the division of labor into England C. understand the effects of the division of labor D. explain the bad causes of the division of labor
  12. Adam Smith saw that the division of labor A. enabled each worker to design pins more quickly B. increased the possible output per worker C. increased the number of people employed in factories D. improved the quality of pins produced
  13. Adam Smith mentioned the number 4800 in order to A. show the advantages of the old labor system B. stress how powerful the individual worker was C. show the advantages of the division of labor D. stress the importance of increased production
  14. According to the writer, Adam Smith's mistake was in believing that the division of labor A. was an efficient way of organizing work B. was an important development in methods of production C. finally led to economic development D. increased the production of existing goods
  15. According to the writer, which one of the following is NOT tree? A. Division of labor can enable fewer people to make more pins. B. Division of labor helps people to produce more of what they already have. C. Division of labor is by no means responsible for economic growth. D. Division of labor is an efficient way of organizing work. Part II Vocabulary and Structure(30%) Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are
four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  16. He spentcollecting materials for his article. A. a half year B. half year C. half a year D. half of a year
  17. To succeed in a scientific experiment, A. one needs being patient person B. patience is to need C. one needs to be patient D. patience is what needed
  18. English is used by more people than islanguage except Chinese. A. any B. any Other C. other D. all other
  19. The dishterrible! I don't like it at all. A. tastes B. tasted C. will taste D. is tasted
  20. Shebe ill because I saw her playing tennis just now. A. can't B. couldn't C. mustn't D. may not
  21. Sorry, officer. Iat 80 miles but I didn't see any sign in the area telling people how fast they can drive. A. should not drive B. shouldn't have driven C. mustn't drive D. can't drive
  22. Why notProfessor Li for help? He is kind-hearted and willing to help. A. ask B. you ask C. to ask D your asking
  23. It is not easythe answer to the difficult math problem. A. to figure out B. figuring out C. figure out D. being figured out
  24. The tsunami (海啸)over 160, 000 people were killed was a terrible disaster for human beings. A. of that B. among which C. during that D. in which
  25. Take the medicine now. I believe it willyour pain. A. release B. relive C. reject D. relieve
  26. How can youher offer? I'm afraid she will feel hurt. A. turn out B. turn up C. turn down D. turn away
  27. She apologized forto attend the meeting. A. her being not able B. her to be not able C. her not to be able D. her not being able to
  28. This new coat cost methe last one I bought two years ago.
A. three times B. three times as much as C. three times as much D. three times much as
  29. Each term our professors woulda list of books for us to read. A. hand in B. give away C. pass out D. write out
  30. Imy wallet when I was shopping in the store. A. must have dropped B. should have dropped C. could drop D. ought to have dropped
  31. I believe you haveyour purse in the living-room. A. left alone B. left behind C. left off D. left out 太嘉外语培训中心
  32. The results of the survey are interesting and theymore questions than they can answer. A. bring about B. prohibit C. project D. benefit from
  33. He abandoned a career that to his becoming one of the most influential people in the world. A. could have led B. would lead C. should have led D. must lead
  34. The doctor's advice was that the patient at once. A. to be operated B. being operated C. be operated D. operated
  35. by the look on her face, she didn't catch what I meant. A. Judging B. Judged C. Judge D. To judge
  36. By no means our mistakes. A. we ought ignore B. we ought to ignore C. ought we ignore D. ought we to ignore
  37. The teacher has his students a composition every other week. A. to write B. written C. writing D. write
  38. Give the books to needs them for the English class and the writing class. A. whomever B. whom C. who D. whoever
  39. A solid is different from a liquid the solid has its definite shape. A. in that B. in which C. in what D. because of which
  40. It is because he is kind and modesthe wins the respect of others. A. what B. which C. why D. that
  41. Your mother told me that you overslept this morning, , ? A. didn't she B. didn't you C. did she D. did you
  42. , he felt tired out after the long journey for eight hours.
A. Strong as he is B. The stronger he is C. Strong man that he is D. For he is strong
  43. They have agreed that they will to the policy and will not change it. A. commit B. stick C. combine D. fall
  44. The company has to the benefits against the costs in the last three months. A. boast B. blame C. block D. balance
  45. We've paper and ink. Ask Mrs. Edward to lend us some. A. run away with B. run out of C. run off D. run down Part Ⅲ ldentification (10%) Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C, and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet. 注:以下括号内单词是问题选项。
  46. How [could] you make [such] a little child [to help] you [carry] the big box? A B C D
  47. [As soon] as [we've finished] supper, [we'll all]go [to] downtown to see the Sound of Munic. A B C D
  48. I really [appreciate] [you recommended] me to [tha] company [in time.] A B C D
  49. He [will not do] it [had he known] how [serious] the outcome [would be]. 太嘉外语培训 中心 A B C D
  50. Her name [sounds] familiar [with] me but I [can't] tell [who] she is at the moment. A B C D
  51. Rice [has been] a [basically] food for [millions of] people for [hundreds] of years. A B C D
  52. [The director] and [manager] of the department [are] very strict [with] the employees. A B C D
  53.[Research shows] that employees [whose] obtain [satisfaction] from their jobs are more A B C [productive.] D
  54. [Looking] from another [angle,] the painting [would] show [something] different. A B C D
  55. "[Never] I [have heard] such [a thing] in my life!" [said] the old man. A B C D Part IV Ctoze (10%) Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4
choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose the ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on tire: Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. In every cultiva
 

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