Unit 17
Warm-up and Lesson 1
一,
基础知识
逗笑;
  1. Amuse v 逗笑;取悦 E.g Everyone was amused at/ by the story about the dog A clown’s job is to amuse the spectators. N u amusement 可笑,愉悦,娱乐 可笑,愉悦, C (常复 娱乐活动,消遣活动 常复) 常复 娱乐活动, E.g I find amusement in collecting stamps The hotel offers its guests a wide variety of amusements Adj amusing?物 amused人… 物 人 E.g She told anjoke to us, wearing on her face anlook after dinner. A. amused, amusing B. amusing, amused C. amusing, amusing D. amused, amused 补充: 补充: Be amused at/ by… 被…逗乐 逗乐 觉得…好笑 Be amused to do… (see, find, learn 等) 觉得 好笑 Keep sb amused 使 sb 快乐 Amuse oneself with 以…自娱 自娱 To one’s amusement 使 sb 吃惊的是 Entertain sb with sth 用…取乐 sb 取乐 E.g He was amused to see how seriously she took the game.
  2. tell a joke==make a joke 讲笑话 In joke 开玩笑 Joke with sb 和 sb 玩笑 Play a joke/ jokes on sb=play a trick/ tricks on sb 戏弄 sb=make fun of
  3. mature v (使) 成熟,长成 . 使 成熟, n maturity
?mature 指人也可指物 adj ?ripe 指果实或谷物 ?
E.g It is said that boys get mature more slowly than girls. Autumn is coming, the peaches are ripe/ mature. response n 回答,回应 回答, v respond (无论是 v 还是 n, 常和 to 介连用 介连用) 无论是 respond to 回答,回应 回答,回应…. In response to 作为 的回答 反应 作为…的回答 的回答/ E.g She responded to my suggestion with a smlie She smiled in response to my suggestion. delay v 延迟,使迟到 耽搁 拖延 延迟,使迟到/ 耽搁/ Nc 延迟(耽搁)的时间 延期 延迟(耽搁)的时间/ E.g Why have they delayed opening the school?
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北师大版高中英语教材 unit17 学案
There was a delay of two hours before the plane took off Delay doing sth 延迟 推迟做 sth 延迟/ Delay in doing sth 耽误做 sth 立即, Without delay 立即,毫不拖延地 There was some delay in asking help. E.g John was late for the business meeting because his flight had beenby a heavy storm. A. kept B. stopped C. slowed D. delayed He delayedher the news, waiting for the right moment. A. to tell B. to be told C. telling D. being told
  6. push one’s way (to/ towards…) 挤过,通过 挤过,通过… Make one’s way 非常困难地前进 突破…而前进 Force one’s way 突破 而前进 Fight one’s way 出一条路, 找出一条路,奋斗前进 Feel one’s way 摸索前进 Wind one’s way 蜿蜒曲折前进 E.g It was very dark and he had to feel his way.
  7. scare v 害怕,使惊吓 害怕, Adj scared, scary==frightening Scare away/ off 把…吓跑 吓跑 Scare out/ up 把…吓出来 吓出来 为介词,表程度。 Scare sb to death 把…吓死 ( to 为介词,表程度。By) 吓死 Starve to death 饿死 害怕…. Be scared of doing sth 害怕 Be scared to do sth 害怕做 害怕做 sth Be scared to death 吓得要死 E.g I am scared to fly in a plane. 二,重点解析
  1. be going to do sth when… 正计划做 sth 突然 突然… be about to do sth when…=be on the point of doing sth when…正要 突然 正要…突然 正要 be doing sth when… 正在做 sth 突然 突然… had done sth when…刚…就… 刚 就 E.g He had just finished reading the novel in the English classthe English teacher came to him. A. when B. while C. as D. whenever Unit 17 Laughter is the best medicine 一,基础知识
  1. caution n 谨慎,小心,警告 谨慎,小心, v 告诫,提醒 告诫, adj cautious 小心的,谨慎的 小心的, with caution 小心地 caution sb that-从句 提醒 sb…. 从句 Caution sb to do sth 提醒 sb 做 sth
北师大版高中英语教材 unit17 学案 2

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Caution sb not to do sth== caution sb against doing sth 警告 sb 不要做 sth Be cautious of 提防…. 提防 谨慎/细心 Be cautious about 对…谨慎 细心 谨慎 E.g Dad always drives with caution. I cautioned him not to be late. I cautioned Xiaoqiang that it was time for school. Her mather cautioned her that she should be cautious of strangers. scold v 骂,责骂,训斥 责骂, scold sb for sth/ doing sth 因…而训斥 sb 而训斥 get a scolding from sb 挨 sb 骂 E.g The policeman scolded the driver for speeding. He got a scolding from my son. forbid v 禁止,不准 forbade, forbidden 禁止, forbid sb to do sth 禁止 sb 做 sth forbid sb sth 禁止 sb sth forbid doing sth 禁止做 sth forbid sb from doing sth 禁止 阻止 sb 做 sth 禁止/阻止 等用法一样) (forbid 可以和 keep, stop, prevent, prohibit 等用法一样) Forbid that-从句:主+(should)do 但愿 不要发生 从句: 但愿…不要发生 虚 从句 ( ) E.g I forbid that everyone should not have a long life Their parentsthem to drink. A. prohibit B. forbid C. ignore D. block scratch n 痕迹,划伤 痕迹, v 划破,抓伤 划破, scratch one’s head 抓头 仅讨论到…的皮毛 scratch the surface of 仅讨论到 的皮毛 start from scratch 从头开始 E.g The moment she meets difficult problems, she ofen. A. scratch surface B. start from scratch C. sratch her head D. scratches her head have a/an adj effect on/ upon… Have effects on\ upon… 辨析: affectV 辨析:effectN be associated with 有关/联系 与…有关 联系 有关 E.g All people associating with this murder were arrested. stay active 保持积极 Keep/ stay adj 保持 保持…. E.g keep silent stay calm involve v 牵连 涉,包含 括 牵连/ 包含/括 Involve sb/ sth in (doing) sth 使 sb/sth 参与 陷入 参与/陷入 Be involved in sth 与 sth 有关 Be involve with sb 与 sb 有关系的
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北师大版高中英语教材 unit17 学案
E.g Don’t involved me in solving you're your problems. This failure is greatly involved with Tom.
  9. get rid of 摆脱 动) 摆脱…(动 摆脱…(状 be rid of 摆脱 状) E.g This man is so boring that I am eager to get rid of him.
  10. be stuck in===be caught in
  11. resist v 抵制,抵制 抵制, Adj resistant 抵抗的,有抵抗力的 抵抗的, Resist sb/ sth 抵抗 sb/ sth Can’t/ couldn’t resist doing sth 忍不住 忍不住… Be resistant to 对…有抵抗力 有抵抗力 E.g I can’t resist taking a look at him. Bohu is hardly resistant to the Beauty Qiuxiang.
  12. acknowledge v 承认,答谢 承认, acknowledge sth 承认/答谢 答谢… 承认 答谢 acknowledge that-从句 同上 从句 acknowledge…as/ to be… 承认 怎么样 承认…怎么样 作为…的答谢 in acknowledgement of 作为 的答谢 E.g He acknowledged the truth of it. ==He acknowledged that it was true == He acknowledged it as/ tobe true The boss gave him a gold watch in order to acknowledge his work for the company. == The boss gave him a gold watch in acknowledgement of his work for the company. 关于“ 关于“笑”的常见短语之 英译 笑一笑, 笑一笑,十年少 Laughter is the best medicine. To hide a hate behind a smile 笑里藏刀 A single smile would overthrow a city. 一笑倾城 别人笑我太疯癫, 别人笑我太疯癫,我笑他人看不穿 Others may pity me so foolish and so sad; I laugh at them for those who can’t see through are sad.
经典赏析 明月几时有?把酒问青天。不知天上宫阙,今夕是何年? 我欲乘风归去,又恐琼楼玉宇,高处不胜寒。起舞弄清影,何似在人间?
转朱阁,低绮户,照无眠。不应有恨,何事长向别时圆? 人有悲欢离合,月有阴晴圆缺,此事古难全。但愿人长久,千里共婵娟。
北师大版高中英语教材 unit17 学案 4
The Midautumn Festival Tune: “Prelude to Water Melody”
How long will the full moon appear? Wine cup in hand, I ask the sky. I do not know what time of the year I would be tonight in the palace on high. Riding the wind, there I would fly, Yet I’m afraid the crystalline palace would be Too high and cold for me. I rise and dance, with my shadow I play. On high as on earth, would it be as gay?
The moon goes round the mansions red Through gauze-draped window soft to shed Her light upon the sleepless bed. Why then when people part, is the oft full and bright? Men have sorrow and joy; they part or meet again; The moon is bright or dim and she may wax or wane. There has been nothing perfect since the olden days. So let us wish that man Will live long as he can! Though miles apart, we’ll share the beauty she displays.
北师大版高中英语教材 unit17 学案
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桃花坞里桃花庵,桃花庵里桃花仙; 桃花仙人种桃树,又摘桃花换酒钱。 酒醒只在花前坐,酒醉还来花下眠; 半醒半醉日复日,花落花开年复年。 但愿老死花酒间,不愿鞠躬车马前; 车尘马足富者趣,酒盏花枝贫者缘。 若将富贵比贫者,一在平地一在天; 若将贫贱比车马,你得驱驰我得闲。 别人笑我忒疯癫,我笑他人看不穿; 不见五陵豪杰墓,无花无酒锄作田! Song of Peach Blossom Cottage In the Peach Blossom Land there is a peach blossom plot; A peach blossom lover lives in Peach Blossom Cot. The peach blossom lover plants peach trees in days fine; He sells his peach blossoms for money to buy wine. When he is not drunk, he would sit before the flowers; He would lie beneath them to spend his drunken hours. From day to day half-drunk, half-sober he'd appear; The peach flowers blossom and fall from year to year. I would grow old and die among flowers and wine. Rather than bow before the steed and carriage fine. The rich may love their dust-raising carriages and bowers; The poor only enjoy their cups of wine and flowers. If you compare the poor with the rich low and high, You'll find the one on earth, the other in the sky. If you compare the poor with the carriage and steed, The poor have leisure while the rich gallop with speed. Others may pity me so foolish and so mad; I laugh at them for those who can't see through are sad. Can you find where the tombs of gallant heroes stand? Without flowers or wine they into ploughland. (许渊冲 译)
北师大版高中英语教材 unit17 学案
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