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备战 2010 高考英语:高频词汇 400 题及详解注释(八)
3
  51. 351 The rapidly growing birth rate brings about a lot of environment problems, which the government is supposed to take . A. significantly B. severely C. earnestly D. seriously [答案] D. seriously. [注释]take...seriously 是习惯搭配,意为"重视,认真对待" 3
  52. 352 Carl wanted to play a joke on Bob but gave himself by laughing. A. away B. in C. out D. up
[答案] A. away. [注释]give away 暴露,泄露.参阅 III.
  68.注释. 3
  53. 353 The government is and will take the necessary steps to maintain security and stability. A. on the alert C. on guard B. out of control D. in vain
[答案] A. on the alert. [注释]on the alert (=alert; watchful; careful) 警惕,小心:Drivers must be on the alert for traffic signals. (=Drivers must be especially careful to see signals when driving a car.) (司机必须密切注视交通信号.)out of control 失去控制;on guard 站岗;in vain 徒劳,无效. 3
  54. Many people complain of the rapid of modern life. A. rate B. pace C. speed D. growth
[答案] B. pace. [注释]pace 走或跑的速度;发展或进步速度. 3
  55. 355 She has lost her handbag with the sum of $150 in it. A. extraordinary C. considerable [答案] C.considerable. [注释]considerable 相当可观的.[注意]considerate 考虑周到的,体谅的,体贴的:
  1) She is considerate to others. (她能体谅别人.)
  2)That was very considerate of you. B. important D. valuable
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(你真体谅别人. ) 3
  56. 356 Russia's withdrawal of its experts from China did not strangle (压垮) the Chinese people; it stirred up their enthusiasm for greater exertions. A. on the other hand C. to the contrary [答案] B. on the contrary. [注释]on the contrary 相反地:--Have you nearly done?--On the contrary, I have only just begun. Monday unless you write me to the contrary. (我星期一将来,除非你写 信告诉我有相反地情况.) 3
  57. 357 As he had no friends and relatives in the town, the traveler tried to find a somewhere. A. log B. lodge C. landing D. lodging B. on the contrary D. in consequence
[答案] D. lodging. [注释]log 圆木,lodge 门房,传达室,lodging 住所,landing 登陆;降落. 3
  58. 358 Because the children keep interrupting her whenever she reads a book, she is always her place. A. loosing B. missing C. losing D. looking for [答案] C. Losing. [注释]lose one's place 意为读书时"找不到读到哪儿".类似的习语有:lose heart(灰 心,泄气),lose one's heart to sb. (爱上某人),lose one's head(惊慌失措),lose one's hold on(or over)(失去对......的控制),lose one's temper(发脾气),lose one's tongue (紧张得不知说什么好),lose one's way (迷路),lose sight of(看不见了),lose one's never(失去勇气). 3
  59. 359 The manager said that they had an plan if the plan they had submitted was not accepted. A. alternate B.alternative [答案] B. alternative. [注释]alternative 可提供选择的,两者挑一的:alternate 交替的:
  1)There was no alternative route open to her. (在她面前没有另外可供选择的路线.)
  2)French and English are not alternative courses; but may be taken in the same year.(语法和
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C.absolute D. appreciable
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英语并不是交替开设的课程;而可以在同一年里选修.) 3
  60. Jim isn't , but he did badly in the final exams last semester. A. gloomy [答案] B. dull. [注释]dull (=slow in understanding) 迟钝的. 3
  61. 361 At first Bob was puzzled by Virginia s waving, but then it his mind that she was trying to tell him something. A. crossed B. passed C. occurred D. opened B. dull C. awkward D. tedious
[答案] A. crossed. [注释]cross one's mind 想起:
  1)A sudden thought crossed my mind.
  2)It never crossed my mind that he might refuse the request. (我从来没有想到他可能会拒绝这个请求.) 如用 pass 则应加 through, 例如:When Jane did not come home by midnight, many terrible fears passed through Mother's mind. (=Mother thought of many things that might have happened to Jane.)occur 的用法如下:
  1)That view of the case did not occur to me before. (对这个案件的那种看法以前我没有想到过.)
  2)It occurred to her that she might adopt a homeless child.(她想到,她可以收养一个无家可归的孩子.) 关于"想起"的以上三种表达法考生务必弄懂熟记.这些词组和句形不仅在词汇测试中经 常遇到,而且在短文写作时也可以使用. 本题译文:起初鲍玻对弗吉尼亚的挥手致意感到迷惑,但后来他想到,她想告诉他某事. 3
  62. 362 His job at the hospital did not pay much, so he found another . A. on the rise C. on the decline [答案] D. on the side. [注释]on the side(=in addition to a main thing) 额外;作为兼职:
  1)He ordered a hamburger with onions and French fries on the side. (=He ordered a hamburger with onions and French fries extra.)
  2)He does some house-keeping work on the side.(他 帮人家做些家务活作为兼职.)on the rise(作表语)在上升;on the spot 现场;on the decline (做表语)在下降:The population in the country is on the decline. (这个 国家的人口在下降.) 3
  63. The filling station because there were too many others on the street.
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B. on the spot D. on the side
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A. fell through C. fell out [答案] B. went under.
B. went under D. went through
[注释]go under 破产,失败.fall through 也有"失败"之意,但多半指计划,想法等 "落空". 本题译文:这个加油站破产了,因为在这条街上加油站太多了. 3
  64. Air and the sun's rays create much distortion, and whatever tends to 364 their influence is useful to the astronomer. A. exclude B. eliminate [答案] A. exclude. [注释]exclude 排除.extinguish 扑灭;eliminate 消除. impose 把......强加给: Don't impose your wishes on us.(不要把你的意思强加给我们. ) 3
  65. 365 The lady who had invited us heard me telling my wife that the dinner was terrible so I was . A.confused B. nervous C.shameful D.embarrassed [答案] D. embarrassed. [注释]be embarrassed 感到窘迫. 3
  66. 366 Animals should not be locked in cages; they should be in their normal . A. environment B.position [答案] A. environment. [注释]environment(=surroundings, circumstances)环境, environment 作集合名词用时, 只用单数形式: should work hard to improve our environment. (单词, We 不可数)Children need a happy home environment. (单数,可数) 3
  67. 367 I'm sorry but what he thinks is not of the importance to me. A. merest B. lowest C. last D. least [答案] D. least. [注释]least 是 little 的最高级形式. 3
  68. 368 He offered to her a hand as the suitcase was too heavy for her to carry. A. lend B. help C. show D. loan C.residence D. dwelling C. extinguish D. impose
[答案] A. lend.
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[注释]lend sb. a hand 给某人帮个忙. 3
  69. I have been looking for this book for months, and I have found it. A.at least B. in no time [答案] C. at last. [注释]at last (=in the end)最终;at least 至少;in no time 立即,马上;at present 目前. 3
  70. It was the largest experiment we had ever had; it six hours. A. ended B. finished C. prolonged D. lasted [答案] D. lasted. [注释]last vi. (for) 持续. 3
  71. 371 The stuck on the outside of the envelope said "By Air". A. label B. ticket C. signal D. sign C.at last D.at present
[答案] A. label. [注释]label 标签,标记.signal 信号. sign 记号;指示牌:traffic signs (交通版示). notice 布告. 3
  72. 372 Psychological studies show that some people are quick-tempered . A. at heart B. on purpose [答案] D. by nature. [注释]by nature 天生, 生来. person
  1) in 亲自, 亲身: shall be present at the meeting I in person.(我将亲自出席会议.)
  2)身体上,外貌上:In person he was handsome, strong and healthy.(他面目清秀, 体格强壮. heart
  1)内心里, )at 实质上: manners are cold, His but he is at heart a kind man. (他的言谈举止有些冷淡,但实际上他是一个好心肠的 人.)
  2)考虑的是......:When I say don't eat sweets, I have your health at heart.(我 叫你别吃果糖,是考虑到你的健康.)on purpose 故意地. 3
  73. 373 She was putting on her watch when the broke and it fell to the ground. A. belt B. strap C. tie D. string C. in person D. by nature
[答案] B. strap. [注释]strap(表,手提包的)带.belt 绷带,seatbelt(系于飞机座位上的)安全带.tie 领带,string 细绳子. 3
  74. 374 Feudal landlords, and imperialists are in no way more than wolves.
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A. reasonable B. regardless C. ridiculous D. rational [答案] D. rational. [注释]rational 有理性的. 本题译文:封建地主和帝国主义者并不比豺狼更有理性. 3
  75. 375 His name was on the of my tongue, but I just couldn't recall it. A. end B. point C. edge D. tip
[答案] D. tip. [注释]be on (or at) the tip of one's tongue 就在嘴边,差点被想起,如:The answer was on the tip of my tongue, but I could't think of it.(我差点就想起那答案来, 可就是想不起来.) be on the point of 正要(去做某事) was just on the point of :I going when you came in. 3
  76. 376 The authorities declared that because of the war petrol was and had to be rationed (定量供应). A. inadequate [答案] D. scarce. [注释]本题译文:汽油供不应求,因此必须定量配给. Scarce(=not available in sufficient quantity, not equal to the demand)不充足的, 缺乏的,供不应求的.Inadequate 不适应的,不充分的.lack vt./vi. (=be without ; not have; have less than enough of) 缺乏; 没有; 缺少, 例如: He lacks perseverance.(他
  1) 缺乏坚定性.)
  2)Money is lacking for the plan.(此计划尚缺钱.)
  3)He is lacking in courage.(他缺乏勇气.)be lacking in 常指缺乏某种品质,特点等.lack 作及物动词时, 一般不用被动语态,故不能选 C. lacked.
  4)They lacked for nothing.(他们什么也不缺.) 有人认为,lack for 是美国英语. 3
  77. 377 How did it that the two men arrived to address the same meeting at the same time. A. fall out B. take place C. get around D. come through B. rare C. lacked D. scarce
[答案] A. fall out. [注释]fall out
  1)吵架,闹翻.参阅 III.45,52
  2)结果是.参 III.50 注释.本题中 fall out 意为 happen, come about(发生),例如:As it fell out, they were able to sell their old car.(=They didn't know if they could sell their old car, but at last they did
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sell it.)本题中 it 是形式主语,that 引导主语从句.一般来说,不宜用 take place 作 主语谓语,故不能入选. 本题译文:事情结果怎么会这样:这两个人来在同一时间同一会议上作演讲? 3
  78. 378 He looked incredulous(不轻信的) on hearing the news. He seemed to think it . A. incompatible B.incredible C.inclusive D indifferent [答案] B. incredible. [注释]incredible (=that cannot be believed; difficult to believe) 不可相信的, 难以置信的:His story of rescuing six drowning men was incredible. (他抢救 6 个 溺水人的事情是难以置信的.) incompatible(with)不相容的.inclusive 包括的,包含 的.indifferent 冷淡的,不关心的. 3
  79. 379 In my opinion, your work does not what I expected of you. A. catch up with B. add up to [答案] C. come up to. [注释]come up to 达到,符合:
  1)He tries his best to come up to the expectations of the people.(他努力达到人民对他的期望.)
  2)This piece of work does not come up to the required standard.(这件工作没有达到需要的标准.)catch up with 赶上;add up to 总计;go in for 从事,致力于,追求,沉溺于. 3
  80. I broke my relationship with John because he always found with me. A. error B. mistake C. fault D. failure C. come up to D. go in for
[答案] C. fault. [注释]find fault with 挑剔,找......的岔子.例如:
  1)She tries to please him, but he always finds fault. (=He finds something wrong with everything she does.)
  2)They found fault with every box I made. (=They found something wrong or something they did not like in every box I made.) 3
  81. Though he did not say so directly, the inspector the man was guilty. 381 A. declared B. implied C. disclosed D. said
[答案] B. implied. [注释]imply 暗示,含有......的意思:Silence sometimes implies consent.(沉默有时
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暗示同意.) 3
  82. At first it seemed that the building would be all right but later it was found to need . A. installations C. innovations B. modifications D. illustrations
[答案] B. modifications. [注释]modification 更改,修改;installation 安装,装置;设备;innovation 革命; illustration 说明,例证,图解.按题意 modifications 最为切题. 3
  83. We can only give you the num
 

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