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备战 2010 高考英语?高频词汇 400 题及详解注释(上)

  1. In this factory, suggestions often have to wait for months before they are fully . A.admitted B.acknowledged [答案] D. considered [注释] considered 考虑; admit 承认; absorb 吸收。 [注意]acknowledge
  1) (=agree or admit the truth of; confess) 承认, 供认; A. He acknowledged his mistake. (他承认了他的错误。) B. 接动名词 He acknowledged having been beaten. (他承认被打败了。)
  2) (express thanks for) 致谢; A. Mary acknowledged the gift with a pleasant letter. (玛丽致函感谢馈赠的礼物。) B. His long service with the company was acknowledged with a present. (向他赠送礼品以感谢他长期来对公司的服务。)
  2. The boy slipped out of the room and headed for the swimming pool without his parents' . A. command B. conviction C. consent D. compromise C.absorbed D.considered
[答案] C. consent [注释] consent 同意, 赞成, 答应。conviction 深信, 确信。compromise 妥协, 折中。command 命令, 指令; 掌握, 运用能力。
  3. Our research has focused on a drug which is so as to be able to change brain chemistry. A. powerful B. influential [答案] A. powerful [注释] powerful (=having or producing great power) 强有力的。在这里四个形容词中, 只有 powerful (有效力的) 可与表示药物的名词搭配。influential 有影响的, 有势力的, monstrous 异常大的, vigorous 精力旺盛的, 强健有 力的。
  4. The lost car of the Lees was found in the woods off the highway. A. vanished B. abandoned C. scattered D. rejected C. monstrous D. vigorous
[答案] B. abandoned [注释] abandoned (=give up completely) 放弃, 抛弃;
  1) The scientist abandoned his research for lack of fund.
  2) The sailors abandoned the burning ship [注意]abandon 暗指某人对其所抛弃的人或物将会发生什么事情不感兴趣, 如把撞坏的汽车抛弃在路旁。vanish (=suddenly disappear; go out of existence) vi.消失, 绝迹;
  1) The airplane vanished into the clouds.
  2) Many kinds of animals have vanished form the earth. (许多种类的动物以在地球上绝迹。) scatter (=send, go in
different direction) 驱使, 使分散; The police scattered the crowed. (警察驱散人群。) (=throw or put in various directions) 撒, 到处放; He scattered his clothes all over the room. reject (=refuse to accept) 拒
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绝接受; She rejected my suggestion
  5. Henry's news report covering the conference was so that nothing had been omitted. A.understanding C.comprehensive B.comprehensible D.understandable
[答案] C. comprehensive. [注释] comprehensive 完全的无所不包的; comprehensible 能懂的, 可以理解的; understandable 可以理解的, 主 要用来指人的行为。understanding 用来指人时, 表示"善于理解别人或别人问题的 (人) 。"注意下面的搭配:a comprehensive map (街区详图) ; a comprehensible remark (听得懂的话) ,an understandable mistake (可以理 解的错误) ; an understanding friend (一位能理解人的朋友) 。
  6. She was afraid that unless the train speeded up she would lose her to Scotland. A. ticket B. place C. seat D. connection
[答案] D. connection [注释] lose one's connection to 误了到......地方去的 (汽车、火车、轮船的) 联运; The train was late and I missed my connection.
  7. The ship was in a storm off Jamaica. A. drowned B. sunk C. wrecked D. submitted
[答案] C. wrecked [注释] wreck vt. 撞坏, 毁坏;
  1) My son wrecked my car.
  2) My car was completely wrecked in the accident. sink vt. 下沉, 沉没, 该动词也可作及物动词用, 意为“使下沉”, 但按本题句意看, 用被动语态不妥。 drown 溺 死, 淹死: (vt.) He drowned his wife. (vi) He drowned in the river. (他在河里淹死了。) submit
  1) (=put oneself under the control of another) 提交, 呈送 (to) : Should a wife submit herself to her husband? (妻子应顺 从他丈夫吗?)
  2) (=put forward for option, discussion, decision ect.) 提出 (供评论、讨论决定等) You must submit your request to the committee.
  3) (=surrender (to) , give in) 屈服,投降:After being defeated, they submitted to the enemy. (打败后, 他们向敌人投降了。)
  8. No one has been able to trace the author of the poem. A. still B. yet C. already D. just
[答案] B. yet [注释] yet 常用于现在完成时的否定句中, 意为“尚, 还”。
  9. More than one-third of the Chinese in the United States live in California, in San Francisco. A. previouslyB. predominantlyC practicallyD. permanently [答案] B. predominantly.
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[注释] predominantly (=mostly; mainly) 主要地。 previously (=coming earlier in time or order) 先前, 早 先; This is better than any solution previously. (这个办法比以前提出的任何解决办法都好。) practically (=really; in a practical way) 实际上。permanently (=going on for a long time) 永久地。 本题译文:在美国, 华人中有三分之一居住在加利福尼亚洲, 其中主要是在旧金山。
  10. 10 The new secretary has written a remarkably report only in a few pages but with all the details. A. concise B. clear C. precise D. elaborate
[答案] A. concise. [注释] concise (=brief; giving much information in few words) 简明扼要的:He gave a concise report of the meeting. (他对会议作了简明扼要的报道。) clear 清楚的。precise (=exact; correctly stated; free form error) 精确的, 明白无误的; Please tell me the precise measurements. (请告诉我精确的尺寸。) elaborate (=worked out with much care; carefully prepared) 精心制作的, 丰盛的:Peter worked out an elaborate scheme for raising the money. (彼得制定了一项详尽得计划来筹集着笔款项。) 孤立地看, 似乎 4 个形容词均能修饰 report, 但从句子 的逻辑关系看, 后半句中有 only in a few pages but with all the details, 故 concise 是最贴切的选择了。
  11. 11 The managing director took the for the accident, although it was not really his fault. A. guilt B. charge C. blame D. accusatio
[答案] C. blame. [注释]take the blame for 对......承担责任。Take charge of 负责管理 (照顾) 。[注意]charge 前无冠词 the.
  12. 12 The worker agreed to the strike if the company would satisfy their demands. A. call for B. call forth C. call off D. call up
[答案] C. call off
[注释] 详见 III,25,26 注释。

  13. 13 I could just see a car in the distance, but I couldn't what color it was. A. look out B. make out C. get across D. take after
[答案] B. make out
[注释] 详见 III,123 注释。

  14. 14 He has impressed his employers considerably and he is soon to be promoted. A. eventually B. yet C. finally D. accordingly
[答案] D. accordingly. [注释]accordingly (=for that reason, therefore) 因此, 所以。
  15. 15 It was a great for him to be pleasant to people he didn't like. A. attempt B. trouble C. power D. effort
[答案] D. effort. [注释] effort (作可数名词用) (=vigorous attempt) 努力的尝试:Does it require a great effort of will to give
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up smoking? (戒烟需要坚强的毅力吗?)
  16. 16 The firemen managed to the fire in time. A. extinguish B. prevent C. suppress D. ruin
[答案] A. extinguish. [注释] extinguish (=put out) vt. 扑灭 (火焰等) 。Stop the fire 虽然也可以搭配, 但按本句题意用 extinguish 为最佳。
  17. What is most obvious in this book are all those details of daily living which make Mrs. Richard 17 common. A. nothing butB. anything butC. above all D.rather than [答案] B. anything but. [注释] anything but (=far from being) 根本不; The boys knew they bad broken the rules, and they were anything but happy when they were called to the office. (=They were unhappy and afraid.) nothing but 只不过; Don't have him for a friend; he's nothing but a criminal. (不要把他当朋友, 他只不过是个罪犯。) I have nothing but two dollars. (我只有 2 美元。) above all 最重要的。rather than 而不是
  18. 18 The car was completely and the driver seriously injured. A. broken off B. taken off C. written off D. picked up [答案] C. written off.[注释] write off 报废, 参看 III, 2
  00.注释; break off 参看 III.
  13.注释; take off 参看 III.1
  70.注释; pick up 参看 III.130,1
  19. 19 On this happy occasion, I'd like to say that we are much obliged to you for your kind cooperation. A. even so B. ever so C. as yet D. so far
[答案] B. ever so. [注释]ever so (=very) 非常; It's ever so cold.与名词搭配时则用 ever such, 如:She's ever such a nice girl. (她是一位非常好的姑娘。) even so (=although that is true, nevertheless; still) 即使如此:The fire was out, but even so, the smell of smoke was strong. (=The fire was out, but the smell was still there.)
  20. 20 His new appointment takes from the beginning of next month. A. place B. effect C. post D. office、
[答案] B. effect. [注释]take effect 生效。
  21. 21 The policeman stopped him when he was driving home and him of speeding. A. charged B. accused C. blamed D. deprived
[答案] B. accused. [注释]accuse sb. of... 控告某人犯有......, warn sb. of 警告、告戒某人有......deprive sb. of sth.剥夺某人
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某事。charge sb. with murder (指控某人犯有杀人罪) 。
  22. 22 Mr. Smith gradually a knowledge of the subject. A. attained B. achieved C. required D. acquired
[答案] D. acquired. [注释]acquired (=gain for oneself by skill or ability, by one's own efforts or behavior) (由技术、能力、 努力或行为) 获得; 得到:He has acquired a good command of English language. (他已精通英语。) achieve, vt. 取得 (胜利、成功等) , 实现 (目标、目的等) 。 attain, vt. 达到 (目的等) , 取得 (成就等) :
  1) I hope you will attain your object. (我希望你会达到你的目的。)
  2) He attained success through hard work. 23 This is the
  23. piano on which the composer created some of his greatest works. A. actual B. genuine C. real D. original
[答案] A. actual
[注释]本题中 actual (=existing in fact, not imaginary) 实际使用过的。actual, read,
genuine 是同义词, 有时可以互换, 如:an actual (or real) event in history, (历史上的真实事件) , real (or genuine) banknotes (真钞票), 其反义词是 false (假的) ; original (原来的) , 其反义词是 duplicate (复制的) 。 从不同的角度看, 似乎任何一个选择都说得过去, 但按照题意选 A. actual 最佳, 因为题中强调的不是钢琴的真假, 而是指作曲家“实际使用过的”。本题译文:这是作曲家创作他的一些杰出作品时实际使用过的那台钢琴。
  24. 24 My camera can be to take pictures in cloudy or sunny conditions. A. treated B. adopted C. adjusted D. remedied
[答案] C. adjusted. [注释]adjust (=arrange, put in order or agreement; make suitable or convenient for use) 强调, 调节, 使 适应; The body adjusts itself to change of temperature. (身体能自行调节以适应温度的变化。) My eyes have not been adjusted to dark yet. (我的眼睛还没有适应黑暗。) 本句中 adjust 是不及物动词。I must adjust my watch. It's slow. (我必须调一下我的表。它走得慢了。)
  25. 25 According to the psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud, wisdom comes from the of maturity. A. fulfillment C. establishment [答案] B. achievement [注释]achievement (=something successfully finished or gained especially through skill and hard work) 取 得, 达到, 成就。例如:achievement age 智力成熟年龄。fulfilment (=the act of fulfilling or condition of being fulfilled) 履行, 实行。如:He was willing to face any hardship in fulfilment of his duties. (他愿意迎向 困难去履行他得职责。) establishment 建立,建设。Accomplishment (顺利) 完成:It was a great accomplishment to finish the house cleaning in two days. (两天内打扫完这栋屋子是件很了不起的事。)
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B. achievement D. accomplishment
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