高考各地模拟题分类汇编: 备战 2011 高考各地模拟题分类汇编:名词
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  1. [2010?河南示范性高中五校 4 月联考]Most female workers in Beijing suffer from connected to the global financial crisis, according to a recent survey. A. curiosity B. eagerness C. thirst D. anxiety
1 D 考查名词词义辨析。 句意: 根据最近的调查, 在北京的职业女性多数患有与经济危机有关的“焦虑症”。 Curiosity 好奇;eagerness 渴望; thirst 口渴;anxiety 焦虑。 () [2010?河北石家庄市二模]Charles Dickens wrote many novels to call
  2. at that time. A. interest B. attention C. notice D. mind to social problems
2 B 此题考查名词辨析。解题的关键是:记住短语 call attention to 唤起对。。的注意。 。 ()
  3. 2010 届河北正定中学高三下学期第二次考试 It is too bad for someone in such a high in the government to behave badly in public. A. position B. situation C. profess ion D. condition
3 A 考查名词词义辨析。 Position 职位; situation 情景;profession 职业; condition 情况。 此处 someone in such a high position 意为:有如此高职位的人。 ()
  4. [2010?河北唐山市二模]His story of the accident does not make any a lie. A.difference B.sense C.excuse D.point .He is telling
4 B考查名词词义辨析。解题关键是:掌握短语make any sense,本题借助短语考名词辨析。 ()
  5. [2010?河北唐山市三模]Jo was doing a lot of exercise to build up her A. strength B. power C. force D. energy .
5A 考查名词词义辨析。句意:Jo 进行大量的锻炼以增加他的体力。根据句意选 A。strength 体力;power 力量,电力;force 力,军队;energy 能量。 ()
  6. [2010?陕西宝鸡市质检三]I got a really good yuan. A.cost B.view C.deal D.value on my new computer for only 1,000
6C考查名词词义辨析。此处deal意为:交易。 ()
  7. [2010?陕西西工大附中 6 次训练]His letter was so confusing that I could hardly make any of it. A. explanation B. meaning
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C. sense
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D. guess
1
7C 考查名词辨析及短语。解题关键是:掌握短语 make sense of。 ()
  8. [2010?全国大联考预测卷(大纲)]I have been told that the new law will come intoon January 1
st
next year. B.use C.service D.existence
A.effect
8A 考查名词词义辨析。 come into effect (生效, 开始实施) come into use (投入使用) come into service (投入使用) come into existence(开始存在,成立) ()
  9. [2010?湖北六校第二次联考]We have strong for believing that the mine accident in Heilongjiang was due to the poor management. A.grounds C.cause B.reason D.purpose
9A 考查名词词义辨析。“grounds”在本句中意为“充分的理由,且常用复数形式。这句话的意思是 “我们有充分的理由相信黑龙江的矿难事故是由于管理不善所致”。 ()
  10. [2010?湖北武汉四月调研]I must have been a great to my parents in those hard days, for I ne ver failed to live up to their expectations. A. achievement B. comfort C. disappointment D. support
10B 考查名词词义辨析。句意:在那些艰难的日子里,我从来没有辜负父母的期望,对他们来说我一定是 一个最大的安慰。Achievement 成绩,成就;comfort 安慰; disappointment 失望;support 支持。根据 句意选 B。 ()
  11. [2010?湖北六校第二次联考]There is an obvious between the cultures of the West and East. A.content C.contract B.contrast D.contact
11C 考查名词词义辨析。“contrast”意为“明显的差异;对比;对照”;A 项意为“内容”;C 项意为 “合同; 合约; 契约”; 项意为“联系; D 联络”。 这句话的意思是“东西方文化之间存在着明显的差异”。 ()
  12. [2010?湖北六校第二次联考] A trip to the forest park is a wondful of my happy childhood, when I had no end of fun with my playmates. A. adventure B. celebration C. reminder D. attraction
12C 考查名词词义辨析。句意:去那个森林公园游玩勾起我对快乐童年的回忆,那时我和我的伙伴们有无 尽的快乐。 题干中的定语从句使用了一般过去时, 可见这里表示回忆起快乐的童年, reminder 表示“提 用 醒人记忆之物”,符合题意。adventure 冒险; celebration 庆祝; attraction 具有吸引力的事物或人。 ()
  13. [2010?湖北武汉四月调研]Nowadays people have to pass various tests for professional
用心 爱心 专心 2
so that they can be qualified for a well-paid job. A.certificates C.admission B.permission D.perseverance
13A 考查名词词义辨析。“professional certificates”意为“职业证书”;permission 意为“准许; 许可;批准”;admission 意为“(机械、组织等的)准许加入,进入权”;perseverance 意为“毅力; 韧性;不屈不挠的精神”。此句译为“现如今人们不得不通过各种各样的考试以获得职业证书,这样他们 就有资格获取一份高薪工作”。
  14.[2010?海南五校联考]Mr Li has some trouble sleeping, so dinking a glass of milk before going to bed every night is his common A.practice B.knowledge . C.experience D.duty

  14.A 考查名词词义辨析。解题关键是:掌握习语 common practice 惯例。
  15.[2010?湖北黄冈中学一模]She’s hoping her first performance in the US will be the first step on the road to success, then she wants to try her in Hollywood. A. reputation B. fortune C. fame D. target

  15.B 考查名词词义辨析。解题关键是:掌握短语 try one’s fortune 碰运气。
  16.[2010?湖北黄冈中学一模]He spoke so casually, as though the problem were of little . A. matter B. circumstance C. benefit D. consequence

  16.D 考查名词词义辨析及语境理解。句意:他讲得太随便,似乎这个问题不大重要。此处 be of little consequence 不大重要。
  17. [2010?利德智达模拟 2]How much should I pay for the ice cream? It’s my. A.choice B treat C present D charge
17 B 在情景交际中考查名词词义。It’s my treat,我来请客。
  18. [2010?利德智达模拟 2]On your way to New Youk William will keep you ,if you don’t want to be loneiy. Acompany Bconductor Csafety Dfriend
18 A 考察名词词义。从下文 if you don’t want to biloneiy 可知选 A。keep sb。Company 与某人作伴。
  19. [2010?山西康杰中学 5 月模拟]She was afraid that unless the train speeded up she would miss her to Scotland. A. ticket B. place C. seat D. connection
19D 考查名词词义辨析。句意:她恐怕除非火车提速否则她会错过去苏格兰的中转火车。ticket 票;place
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地方; seat 座位;conn ection 中转火车。
  20. [2010?云南昆明三中第七次月考]The professor got a disease in blood for the of fresh vegetables and fruit. A. snake B. lack C. ignorance D. minority
20B 考查名词词义辨析。解题关键是:短语 the lack of 缺乏。。句意:因缺乏蔬菜和水果,那位教授得 。 了一种血液病。
  21. [2010?甘肃省第二次联考]If you’re looking for a A. bargain B. price C. cost , you can make it when it is on sale. D. bill 便宜货; price
21A 考查名词词义辨析。句意:如果你在找便宜货,当促销的时候你能做到。bargain 价格;cost 花费;bill 账单。
  22.
[2010?浙江宁波十校联考]When I was appo inted to work in Hong Kong, I couldn’t adapt to the of life there for a long time. A. speed B. rate C. target D. pace
22D 考查名词词义辨析。句意:我很长时间不能适应那里的生活节奏。解题关键是:掌握短语 the pace of life 生活节奏,生活不妨。Speed 速度;rate 比率;target 目标; pace 步伐,节奏。
  23. [2010?高考冲刺预测卷(全国卷 II)]It is reported that many battles broke out in Middle East. What’s your of the situation there? A. assessment B. anxiety C. comprehension D. consideration
23A 考查名词辨析。assessment“估价,评价”;anxiety“忧虑,焦虑”;comprehension“理解”; consideration“考虑”。句意为:“据报道,在中东地区爆发了很多次战争。你对那儿的形势是如何评 价的?”
  24.(2010?山东潍坊高考模拟训练 A) The police have issued a detailed A. direction B.expression C.description D.instruction of the missing boy.
24C 考查名词词义辨析。句意:警察发布了对失踪男孩的详细描述。根据句意选 C。direction 指南; expression 表达;description 描述;instruction 介绍。
  25.(2010?安徽合肥高三第一次教学质量检测) My English teacher is really very kind. I’ll never forget the he has done me. A. favor B. deed C. help D. value
25A 考查名词词义辨析。解题关键是:掌握短语 do sb a favor,此处 the favor 是先行词,he has done me 是定语从句。
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  26.(2010?山东淄博高三二模)

  29. The traffic slowed down because of the heavy snow in Yushu
county, presenting a new to the re covery from the earthquake. A. suffering B. disaster C. challenge D. damage
26C 考查名词词义辨析。 句意: 因玉树县的大雪, 车辆减速成为震后恢复新的挑战。 根据句意选 C。 suffering 痛苦;disaster 灾难;challenge 挑战;damage 损坏。
  27.It’s important for us to employ

  27. (2010?黑龙江省哈九中高三三模)
a word or a phrase according to the in language studies. A.situation B.expression C.condition D.translation
27A 考查名词词义辨析。 句意: 在语言学习中我们根据语言情境使用词汇或短语是重要的。 此处 situation 指“语境”。 situation 情境;expression 表达,表情; condition 情况; translation 翻译。
  28.(2010?陕西西安五校高三二模)
  25.The millionaire passed away, leaving his children with a large . A.fortune B.luck C.money D.amount
28A 考查名词词义辨析。句意:那个百万富翁去世了,留给他的孩子们一大笔财富。fortune 财富;luck 运气;money 钱;amount 数量。
  29. (2010?天津十二区县重点中学高三联考一) What do you focus on wh en choosing a mobile phone for personal use? Its functions and stand-by time. A.features B.signs C.symbols D.brands
29A 考查名词词义辨析。语境:当你选个人用手机时注意手机的什么特性。它的功能和待机时间。 Feature 特征;sign 标记,记号;symbol 象征;brand 品牌。
  30.(2010?浙江省台州市高三第二次调考)
  19. Oh, ! We shouldn’t keep him waiting long, for he is not a person of . A. courage C. patience B. determination D. responsibility
30C 考查名词词义辨析。句意:我们不应该让他等这么长时间,因他不是一个有耐心的人。 根据句意选 C。courage 勇气;determination 决心;patience 耐心;responsibility 责任。
  31. (2010?浙江省高三第二次五校联考)
  6.Until the start of the Industrial Revolution, mankind was poor, hungry, and constantly at the of disease and natural disa sters. A.power B.limit C.control D.mercy
31D 考查名词词义辨析。解题关键是:掌握短语 at the mercy of 任。。摆布,句意:人类不断地任疾病 。
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和自然灾害的摆布。
  32.(2010?江苏省镇江中学高三下学情调查) pay a New Year's visit to their elders. A. se nse B. practice C. rule D. scene
  22. It's a common for young people to
32B 考查名词词义辨析。解题关键是:掌握固定短语 common practice 惯例。
  33.(2010?浙江温州中学高三下 4 月月考)
  2. The top leaders of the two countries are holding talks in a friendly . A. atmosphere B. state C. situa tion D. phenomenon
33A 考查名词词义辨析。句意:两国高层领导人正在有好的气氛中交谈。Atmosphere 空气,气氛;state 状态;situation 情景; phenomenon 现象。
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爱心
专心
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