Unit 1 achievement Quaker welfare project institute China Welfare Institute specialist specialize chimp connection human being campaign landmine organization behave behaviour shade move off worthwhile nest bond observe observation childhood outspoken respect argue argument entertainment lead a ...life crowd crowd in inspire inspiration support look down on refer refer to audience by chance come across career rate sickness intend emergency generation determination kindness considerate consideration deliver carry on modest
  1.condition n (
  1)环境 条件 可数 复数 (
  2)状态 状况 不可数 be in good / out of condition / on condition that=if
  2.concern oneself with 关心
  3.especially 特别是 / specially 为了某个目的做某件事 特别地
  4.devote…to..(doing) ..把…献给 /devotion 献身/devoted adj 忠实/be devoted to 对某人忠实
  5.connection n (
  1)可数 联系 关系 connection A between /with /to B (
  2)可数 (人与人之间的联系) connections /connect A with /to B /connect with sb 与某人联系
  6.behave well/badly behave oneself 守规矩 /behaviour n
  7.leave sth /sb do/doing sth 表示让…保持某种状态
  8.move off (
  1)出发 (
  2)die (
  3)畅销
  9.(
  1)worth 作表语 be worth +doing /n 值得… 的/相当于…的价值 主动 (
  2)worthy 作定语 表语 be worthy of being done /be worthy to be done 被动 a worthy professor 尊敬 = a worthwhile professor (
  3)worthwhile be worthwhile doing sth /to do sth (用 it 作主语) It's worthwhile to do sth . The book is worth reading . The book is worthy of being reading .=The book is worthy to be read . It's worthwhile to read the book / reading the book .
  10.observe sb doing /do sth / observe that +句子 /sb be observed to do sth /observation n
  11.only 放于句首时 表示"只" "才"强调其后面的成分 用倒装 Only+壮语从句/介词短语/副词+be/助动词/情态动词+主语+其它 Only then did I realize that I make a big mistake . Only in this way can you succeed .
  12.respect ( v n) respect sb/sth for sth 因某事尊重某人(物) show respect for sb /sth 向某人(物)致敬/ in respect of sth 关于 就…而言
  13.argue argument n /argue with sb 与某人争论 /argue about /over sth 为某事而争论 argue for 支持 /against 反驳 为..而辩论 /argue that 主张 argue sb into /out of (doing) sth 说服做(不做)某事 have an argument with sb 与某人争吵/ have an argument about / over 为…而争吵
  14.inspire sb to do sth 激励某人做某事/ inspire sb to (doing) sth 在某事方面激励某人 Inspire sth in sb 使某人产生…的情感
  15.come across/come back /come down 下去/calm down/ come to life 苏醒/come up with 提出
  16.be busy in doing sth 忙于某事
  17.n explanation /explain sth to sb /explain +that+句子/explain to sb sth 给某人解释某事
  18.be intended for sb/sth 为…而准备 / intend sb to do sth 想要某人做某事/intend that+句子
  19.强调句 The boy threw an egg at the railway station yesterday .
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It was the boy that he threw an egg at the railway station yesterday . Who /When /Where was it that …..? 以 S 为结尾表示科学 国家 机构 书籍 报刊等名称 做主语时 谓语动词用单数 news physics maths the United States mean(方式)politics(政治) economics(经济) A girl and a dancer are present at the party . A girl and dancer is present at the party , 就近原则 not only…but also or either…or… neither…nor… there be There is a pen and two books on the desk . Everyone including Mary and Tom was absent that day . 就远原则 as well as as much as with along with together with rather than but(除了… 以外) except besides including A library with five thousand books is offered to the nation . 由 any- some- no- -one -body -thing 合成的谓语用单数 Somebody has lost his cars keys . more than one each every many a no 作为主语时 谓语用单数 More than one student in the class has ove been to OK. Unit 2 statistic sunburnt struggle decade super hybrid output strain crop hunger disturbing expand circulate Vietnam thanks to battle rid rid..of be satisfied with freedom would rather therefore equip sorghum grain peanut export nationality occupation personality confuse regret chemical organic fertile fertilizer production bacteria bacterium pest build up lead to nutrition mineral discovery focus focus on soil reduce keep...free of soybean root skim underline summary comment producer industrial
  1. consider consider sb(sth) 把…看作/consider sb/sth to be +宾补/consider that …
  2. struggle for 为争取…而斗争/afainst 为反对…而斗争/with 与…斗争
  3. feel make think find +it+adj+to do sth
  4. search for/ search sb/some place 搜身/ search sb /sth for 为了…而搜查… search 寻找 搜寻某一具体的人/事物 explore 对未知事物或新生事物的探索 研究 观察 hunt 无结果地寻找 seek 崇高目的 抽象事物的追求
  5.expand 尺码 数量 面积 体积等的扩大 增加 重要性的增强 /expand on/upon 阐述 详谈 expand into sth 开辟 extand 长度的延伸 范围的扩大 时间的延长 enlarge 体积 范围的扩大
  6.circulate (
  1)液体或气体循环(
  2)传播 流传 (
  3)散发 传递 circulate sth to sb
  7.thanks to :正面意思 because of: 正负面 不用", "隔开 owing to :用", "隔开 owing to , 作表语 放在 be 后面 be owing to due to :不用", "隔开 作表语 放在 be 后 be due to
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  8.rid sb/sth of sth rid rid rid ridded / get/be rid of
  9.X times (几倍)+as+adj/adv(原级)+as 表示倍数的比较 X times +adj/adv(比较级)+than 表示净增的倍数 A is four times as long as B..= A is three times longer than B
  10.be satisfied/dissatisfied with sth
  11.would rather do sth 宁愿做某事 /would rather+that+句子(虚拟语气 用过去式)
  12.rather than 连接的成分在词性上保持一致
  13.equip equip sb for sth 使某人在某方面有资格/equip sb/sth with sth 用 sth 装备 sb/sth equip sb to do sth 使某人有资格
  14.be in production 在生产中 production 生产
  15.build up built (
  1)逐渐增强 build up oneself body 强身健体 (
  2)建立 发展
  16.make a discovery 有了新的发现 17free v /freedom n set sth /sb free 释放自由 / free sb/sth+of/from+sb/sth 清除/解除…/ .keep /be free of /from sth = rid…of
  18.reduce reduce sth / reduce sth by sth(数量) / reduce sth from sth to sth (由一个数量到另一 个数量)
  19.rich in 富含
  20.confuse confused confusing
  21.supply sb with sth 提供 v-ing 做主语 (
  1) It is no use/no good /fun/a waste of time /a good pleasure doing sth (
  2) It is useless/nice/good/interesting/worthwhile to do/doing sth v-ing 做宾语 (
  1) 习惯上只接 v-ing 的动词:enjoy finish mind practice admit suggest imagine 等(not)doing sth (
  2) 后接 doing 的词组 be used to/lead to /devote oneself to/look forward to/can't help/stick to /pay attention to doing sth (
  3) go on doing sth 继续做原来的事/go on to do sth 接着做另一件事 /continue doing sth try doing sth 试着做/ try to do sth 努力做某事 mean doing sth 意味着/mean to do sth 想要做 can't help doing sth 禁不住/can't help to do sth 不能帮助 be used to doing sth 习惯 /be used to do sth 被用来做 forget/remember/regret doing sth 已经做过/ to do sth 未做 Unit 3 humour punchline verbal noverbal mime comedy up to now brighten depressed content feel/be content with performer astonish astonishing fortunate unfortunately badly off teens ordinary bored subtle entertain entertaining charming tramp throughout homeless moustache worn worn-out stiffly failure optimism overcome underdog snowstorm leather pick out lace cut off chew mouthful enjoyment convince convincing direct star in Oscar outstanding Switzerland confidence costume gesture particular particularly occasion budget actress slide amuse amusing pancake explanation detective mountainous whisper vast rhythm mess react porridge drunk
  1.(
  1)as 正如 引导非限制性定语从句
3/5
She is very patient, which (=as) is shown in her work . (
  2)as 作介词 = like 好像 Treat me as (=like) a friend . (
  3)as…as… (
  4)as = when 作连词 /because / though/although 以…的方式
  2.up to now 用现在完成时
  3.at a time 每次/ at times 有时 / at one time 曾经 /at no time 从不/in no time 马上
  4.content (
  1) 满足 adj feel/be content with sth / sb feel /be content to do sth 做某事感到满意 (
  2)v content sb/oneself with sth (
  3)n to one's heart's content 尽情地 (
  4)内容 目录
  5.not that 并不是说(放在句首)
  6.adj astonishing /astonished / v astonish /n astonishment
  7.worse off 原形 badly off 反义词 well off / badly off for sth 缺乏
  8.by 现在完成时
  9.throughout (
  1) 介词 遍及 贯穿 (
  2)adv = everywhere
  10.as if (
  1)后接表示当前不真实 不大可能的事情时 用虚拟语气 She acted as if she were mad . be-were 现在-过去 过去-过去完成 (
  2)后面接可能发生的情况 不用虚拟语气 It looks as if it's going to rain .
  11.cut off 切下 隔绝 中断 掉线/ cut down 砍 / cut down with 减少 / cut up 切碎 割碎
  12.mouthful n (mouthfuls )
  13.convincing 信服 convince v /convince sb of sth /convince sb that +句子
  14.star 主演/以…为主角 / starry adj /starless 没有星星 adj
  15.inspiration n/ inspire v inspire sb with sth 使某人产生…的情感=inspire sth in sb inspire sb to do sth 激励某人做某事
  16.pick up 捡起 接送 / pick out 挑选/ pick off 摘去
  17. especially especial 指某事物在意义 程度 重要性上 超过其它事物 specially especial 专门为特别目的而做的 particularly particular 着重说明与同类事物不同的个别事物 be particular over / about sth 对…非常讲究 过分挑剔/ particularly= in particular
  18.word 单词 消息 诺言 传说 话语(words) have a word with sb 与某人说话 / have words with sb 与某人吵架/in other word 换句话说 in one's own word 用自己的话说 / keep one's word 遵守诺言/ break one's word 违背诺言 eat one's word 食言 /in a word 总而言之
  19.whisper (
  1)v 低声说 whisper to sb (that)…/ It's whispered that…. (
  2)n 耳语 低声 in a whisper = in whispers
  20.vast 强调面积和范围的宽广 博大 huge 强调体积或容量等方面的巨大 超过一般标准 grand 强调物体庞大 雄伟壮观 也可指人品质崇高 成就伟大
  21.entertain sb with sth v-ing 作定语
4/5
a dancing girl = a girl who is dancing / a drink cup = a cup for drink 现在分词表示所修饰各词的动作以及状态特征 可用定语从句替代 动名词表示所修饰名词的用途及性能 可用介词 for 替代 There are 56 students studying (who are studying ) in class 4 . Who is the teacher teaching our English ? v-ing 作定语与被修饰词为主动关系 用在修饰的名词后面 可转换成定语从句 They live in a house facing the street . v-ing 作宾补 表示一个正在进行的动作 (
  1) 表示感觉和心理状态的动词 find see watch observe notice feel hear do/doing sth (
  2)使役动词 have make leave catch get do/doing sth
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