英语时态
一,定义
在英语中,不同时间发生的动 作要用不同的动词形式来表示, 这每一种不同的形式就叫做时态.
二,时态的种类(4×
  4)
一般时态强调动作本身.具有叙述性质. 进行时态强调动作的过程.具有描绘性, 生动性 完成时态强调动作的结果.具有逻辑推导 性. 完成进行时态强调动作的连贯不断和结果. 具有原因和过程的描述性.
时间 状态 基本结构 一 般
现在
过去
将来
过去将来
一般现在时
一般过去时
一般将来时
过去将来时
进 行
现在进行时
过去进行时
将来进行时
过去将来 进行时
完 成
现在完成 时
过去完成时
将来完成时
过去将来完成 时 过去将来 完成进行 时
完成 进行
现在完成进 行时
过去完成 进行时
将来完成 进 行时
现在 时间 状态 基本结构 一 般
过去
将来
过去将来
V/ V3
work works am working is working are working
V-ed
worked
was working were working
+will
will work shall work will be working shall be working will have worked shall have worked will have been working
+would
would work should work would be working should beworking would have worked should have worked would have been working
V
be+ V-ing
进 行
完 成
have+ P.P
have been +V-ing
have worked has worked have been working has been working
had worked
had been working
完成 进行
shall have should have been working been working
三,常见英语9种时态
时间 状态 基本结构 一 般
现在
过去
将来
过去将来
一般现在时
一般过去时
一般将来时
过去将来时
进 行
现在进行时
过去进行时
完 成
现在完成时 现在完成进行 时
过去完成时
完成 进行
时间 状态 基本结构 一 般 进 行
完 成 完成 进行
A,一般现在时

  1.构成形式 (
  1)肯定式:
  1)S +be(am/is/are)+表语(状态/处所/年龄/职业等)
  2) S(I/ We /You /They /Sbs)+v….
  3)单数第三人称构成形式: He /She /It )+Vs /Ves... (
  2)否定和疑问式:
  1) S+be(am/is/are) + not . is not = isn't are not= aren't Am/ Is/ Are+S+表语?
  2) S(I/ We/ You / They / Sbs)+don't+V…. Do +S+V…? don't= do not
  3) S(He /She / It /Sb) +doesn't…? Does +S+v…? doesn't= does not

  2.用法 ① 表示目前或现在存在的状态或特征. ② 表示客观存在及普遍真理. ③ 表示现在经常和习惯性发生的动作,常与 sometimes,often,usually,always,every…等时间 装于连用. ④ 在时间状语从句中表示将来发生的动作,主将从 现. ⑤ 表示按时间或计划将要发生的动作,长与时间状 语连用,常用动词为: come,begin,go,leave,arrive,stop,start,return,ope n,close etc etc.

  3.Examples He looks tired. The sun rises in the east and sets down in the west. Practice makes perfect. They usually come to school earlier. When he comes, we'll go out to meet him. The train leaves at 17:
  40.
B,一般过去时

  1.构成形式:
  1)肯定形式: S+was /were+表语 S+Ved +….
  2)否定形式: S+was/were not+ 表语 S+didn't+V…. wasn't= was not weren't= were not didn't= did not
  3)疑问形式: Was/ were+S+表语…? Did +S+V…?

  2.用法 表示过去某一时间发生的动作或存在的状态. 表示过去某一段时间内经常或习惯性发生的动作. 在状语从句中表示过去将来发生的动作. 表示过去发生的一连串动作,最后两动词之间用and连 接. ⑤ since 从句常用过去时. 注:表示过去习惯性动作时,可以用used to或would,但 used to侧重于过去与现在的比较,指现在已不那样了; would注重过去习惯性发生的动作.
① ② ③ ④

  3.examples He was in Beijing some years ago. She traveled in Europe last year. When I was at collage, I wrote home once a week. He said he would go for a holiday when he finished his work. He wet to town ,bought some books and visited his daughter last Sunday. You haven't changed much since we last met. She used to take her dog out for a walk along the river. At night she would hear a long low voice.
C,一般将来时
1,构成形式: (
  1)肯定式 S(I/We) shall +V…. S+ will +V…. (
  2)否定式 S+(I /We) shan't +V…. shan't = shall not S+ won't +V…. won't = will not (
  3)疑问式 Shall +S(I /we) + V…? Will + S + V…?

  2.用法 ① 表示将来某一时间发生的动作或存在的状态 (为模糊概念). ② will带有意愿色彩意味,在第二人称时,用来询 问对方是否愿意或客气的命令. ③ shall用于第一,三人称时,用来征求对方意见或 表示建议,相当于Let's…?
  3. Examples I'll go to see a film tomorrow. Will /Would you please bring my book next time? Shall we go and see Miss Wang? =Let's go and see miss Wang, shall we?

  4.表示将来的其它形式
① ② ③ ④ ⑤ ⑥
Be going to do sth 表示计划,打算,准备做某事. Be to do sth 表示拟定或计划中要发生的动作或按之则必 须做的事情. Be about to do sth 常when从句于连用,表示将要做某事 时,正在这时……. Be on the way to do sth 表示即将发生的动作. 一般现在时有时也可以表示将来的动作(1,在状语从句中. 2,按计划或安排要发生的动作). 现在进行时也可以表示安排,计划好要发生的动作,常用 的动词有come, go, leave, start begin, arrive, return等.

  5.examples I am going to leave for Japan next year. The meeting is to be held at 9:00 next morning. You are to hand in your homework this afternoon. She is about to go bed when the telephone rings. He is leaving for Beijing soon. The train starts at 8:00 next morning. When he comes, we'll go out to meet him.
D,过去将来时

  1.形式 S +would /should +V…. Was/ were going to do sth. Was /were to do sth. Was /were about to do sth.
  2.用法 表示过去某一时间看将要发生的动作:常用在宾语从句中, 表示从句动作发生在主句谓语动词之后. would为情态动词时,可表示过去的习惯;现在客气的请求 和愿望. He said that he would go back to his hometown the next week. The old man would sit in the cocking chair. I would like to a cup of tea.
E,现在进行时
1,S+ be (am /is /are) +Ving … 2,用法: ① 表示此时此刻或现在正在进行的动作. ② 某些动词的进行时可以表示将来发生的动作. ③ 同always, often等连用是表示赞扬,厌烦. ④ 在状语从句中表示将来发生的动作. He is writing a letter now I'm hoping to hear from you. The boy is always talking in the class. When you are crossing the street, be careful.

  3.下列几类动词不用进行时时态
① ② ③ ④ ⑤
感知或感觉的动词:hear, see, seem, smell, sound, look, feel等. 表示心理或情感的动词:like, love, hate, prefer, wish等. 表示状态存在的动词:be, exist, remain, stay, 等. 表示占有或存属关系动词:have, own, belong, contain等. 表示思考,理解等心理活动的动词:believe, doubt, forget, know, remember, understand等.
F,过去进行时
表示过去某一时间或某一段时间内正在S+ was /were+ Ving…. 进行的动作. 描述故事发生的背景. come, go, leave等动词的过去进行时表示过去 将来. I was doing my homework this time last night. The wind was blowing and it was raining. He said that the train was leaving the station.
G,现在完成时
S+ has /have+ pp…. ① 表示过去发生的动作对现在造成的影响和结 果,常于already, ever, never, just, yet, still 等词连用. ② 表示过去某一时间开始,一直延续到现在的 动作或状态(常与延续性动词连用).且常 与for和since等表示一段时间的状语连用. 即:for+一段时间或since+过去时间或从句. ③ 在时间或条件状语从句中表示将来.
注:
① 常与so far, in the past /last…year, week, ② ③ ④ ⑤
day, month等连用. 常在It /This /That is+序数词time that 从句 应用. 不与when从句或过去时间状语连用. S has /have been+地点/here /there ,表示 到过或去过某处(有过尽历). S has /have gone+地点here /there,表示去 了某处(即不在这里,已离开).
examples
He hasn't yet turned off the light. She has ever read this book. I'll returned the book to you as soon as I have finished it. He has lived here since last summer. We have been here for 3 years. He has worked in the factory since last year/he came here. China has changed greatly in the past ten years . This is the first time that they have come here. He has been to Australia. He has gone to Australia.
终止性动词和持续性动词
延续性动词 延续性动词表示的动作不但可以延续,而且可以产生持久 的影响.常见的这类动词有:be,have,keep,know, learn,lie,live,read,sing,sleep,stand,stay,wait, walk,watch等.延续性动词的用法很广,但常见于现在 完成时中的句子中,且常与for,how,long,since等引导 的表示一段时间的状语或状语从句连用.例如:
  1.I have learned more than 1,000 Chinese words since I came to China. 自从来到中国,我已经学会了l,000多个汉字.
  2.We have lived in Linqing since we came here.自从来 到这儿,我们就一直住在临清.
  3.I have kept the picture for about three years.这张画 我保存了大约三年.
终止性动词 终止性动词又称为瞬间动词或非延续性动词,它表示的 动作不能延续,也就是说动作一旦发生就立即结束,并产 生某种结果.常见的这类动词有:accept,arrive, become,begin,borrow,break,buy,catch,close, come,die,end,fall,finish,get,give,go,join, leave,put,reach,receive,shut,start,stop等.终止 性动词用在现在完成时要注意下面三点:
  1.终止性动词可直接用来表示某一动作的完成.例如: They have reached Shanghai.他们已经到达了上海. Has he gone to London? 他已经到伦敦去了吗?
  2.终止性动词表示的动作极其短暂,不能持续,所以,在 现在完成时中一般不能和以since,for等引导的表示一段 时间的状语连用.例如: 那老人已经死了一周了.The old man has died for a week.(误) 他三天前就已经来这儿了.He has come here since three days ago.(误) 在以上两句中,die和come都是终止性动词,可用于现在 完成时,但不能与以 since或for引导的表示一段时间的状 语连用.
1把终止性动词改为延续性的动词.例如: ①The old man has been dead for a week. ②He has been here since three days ago.
  2.把原句中的一段时间改为表示"过去"的时间,时态由 现在完成时改变成一般过去时.例如: ①The old man died a week ago. ②He came here three days ago.
  3.用"It is+时间+since…"句式.例如: ①It is/has been a week since the old man died. ②It has been/is three days since he came here.
  4.用"多长时间+has passed+since…"句式.例如: ①A week has passed since the old men died. ②Three days had passed since he came here.
examples

  1.他来北京五天了. He has been in Beijing for 5 days. He has come to Beijing for 5 days. (×)
  2.小明入团三年了. Xiao Ming has been in the League for 3 years. Xiao Ming has been a League member for 3 years Xiao Ming has joined the League for three years.
  3. 这本书他买了一年了 He has had this book for a year. He has bought this book for a year.
  4. 这本书他借了三天了. He has kept the book for 3 days. He has borrowed the pen for three days.
  5. 我们离开广州六年了. We have been away from Guangzhou for 6 years. We have left Guangzhou for 6 years .
H,过去完成时
S+ had+ pp…. 用法: 1,表示过去某一时间或某一动作之前已完成的动作或存在 的状态(过去的过去). 2,表示过去某一时间开始延续到过去另一时间的动作或状 态(用延续性动词). 3,表示过去未曾实现的愿望或打算. 4,常连用的时间状语有by the last /by the end of last 5,常用于下列句型中: Hardly /No sooner…(过去完成时)when /than…(一般过去 时). It /This /That was the time that…(从句用过去完成时). It was +一段时间+since(从句用过去完成时).
examples
By the end of last team we had learnt 20 units. He had been in this collage for three years before he left it. They had meant to see me off at the airport, but they got there too late. I had thought you would come tomorrow. It was the third time that he had made the same mistakes. It was five days since they had bought this TV set.
I,现在完成进行时
S + has /have + been +Ving…. 表示经过去某一时间发生一直持续到现在 的动作(动作未完成),动词必须用延续 性动词. He has been working here for three years. I have written a letter. (已完成) I have been writing a letter. (未完成)
  •  
 

相关内容

英语时态

   (1)一般现在时 基本形式(以 do 为例): 主动态:do; 被动态:doing、be done; 过去时:did; 第三人称单数:does(主语为非第三人称单数); 肯定句:主语+动词原形+其他; 否定句:主语+don‘t+动词原形+其他; 一般疑问句:Do+主语+动词原形+其他。 肯定回答:Yes,+ 主语+do. 否定回答:No,+主语+don't. 特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句语序 (2)一般过去时 be 动词+行为动词的过去式 was/were+not;在行为动词前加 didn ...

英语时态

   英语时态大全 时态(Tense)是表示行为、动作和状态在各种时间条件下的动词形式。因此,当我们说时态结构的时候,指的是相应时态下的动词形式。 英语时态分为16种:一般现在、一般过去、一般将来、过去将来时,以及这四者的进行时、完成时和完成进行时。在这里,我们重点讲解一下最常见的11种时态的用法和注意事项。 1. 一般现在时:小学就开始学这个,大家都会吧,有几点强调一下我们就走。 A) 表示现在发生的动作、情况、状态和特征。If it is not too much trouble, I woul ...

英语时态

   时态详解:一般过去时 1. 一般过去时的定义 一般过去时表示过去某一时候或某一段时间所发生了的事情或存在的状态。 常与 过去时间 yesterday, this morning, just now, a moment ago, in May, last night / year / week, once upon a time, the other day, before …, when clause, in the past 连用。如: What did you do yesterday ...

英语时态

   英语时态一表通 时态是英语学习中一个至关重要的内容,同学们在实际应用中,往 往对时态问题倍感棘手, 下面我们就初中英语八种时态以列表的形式做 一归纳比较。 概 时间状语 念 often, usually, always, sometimes, every day(week, month),once a week, on 常、 Mondays, etc. 经 一反 般复 现发 在生 时的 动 基本结构 一般疑问 否定形式 句 1.be 动词 1.把动词 be 放于句 2.行为动 首。 词 语动 ...

英语 时态

   高中英语动词时态与语态归纳 复习课件 动词时态(常用、常考的九种动词时态) 一、一般现在时: 1、肯定式: 1)、S +be(am/is/are)+表语(状态/处所/年龄/职业等) 2)、S(I/ We /You /They /Sbs)+v…. 3)、 单数第三人称构成形式: He /She /It )+Vs /Ves... 2、 否定和疑问时: 1)、 S+be(am/is/are) + not . is not = isn’t are not= aren’t Am/ Is/ Are+S+ ...

英语时态

   英语时态分为 16 种:一般现在、一般过去、一般将来、过去将来时,以及这四者的一般时、进行时、完成时和完成进行时 英语时态应用指导 奚宝芬编著 下面就英语中常见的十种基本时态进行阐述,其它的时态都是在这十种时态的基础上结合而成的。 在语法里,时或时态表示行为发生的时间和说话时的关系。一般分为过去式、现在式、未来式,通常也有与表示动作进行或终止的进行式和完成式等体貌一起相连用的情况。 时态连同语气、语态、体貌和人称为动词形式至少可能能够表现出的 5 种语法特性。 有些语言,没有时态的使用,如分 ...

英语时态

   英语时态分为16种:一般现在、一般过去、一般将来、过去将来时,以及这四者的进行时、完成时和完成进行时。在这里,我们重点讲解一下最常见的11种时态的用法和注意事项。 1. 一般现在时 A 表示现在发生的动作、情况、状态和特征。If it is not too much trouble, I would like a cup of tea. B) 习惯用语:这个要在平时自己积累,因为习语太多,我不做过多解释。 Ie: Believe it or not, his discovery had cre ...

英语时态

   概念 一 般 现 在 时 经常、反复 发生的动 作或行为 及现在的 某种状况。 时间状语 often, usually, always, sometimes, every day(week, month),once a week, on Mondays, etc. now, at this time, these days, etc. 基本结构 1.be 动词 2.行为动词 一般疑问句 1.把动词 be 放于句 首。 2.用助动词 do 提问, 如主语为第三人称单 数,则用 does,同时 ...

英语时态

   一般现在时 (1) 一般现在时表示经常性的动作或状态 一般现在时表示经常性动作或状态时,常与 often, always, usually, sometimes, every day 等时间状语连用。如: The shop opens at nine every day. 这家商店每天九点开门。 It seldom snows here. 这儿很少下雪。 (2) 一般现在时表示客观存在或普遍真理 Light travels faster than sound. 光速比声速快。 Food ea ...

英语时态

   The uses of the verb tenses 动词时态的使用 怎样正确使用动词时态? 怎样正确使用动词时态? 1,掌握两个 "不同". , 不同" 2,注意句子 "语境". , 语境" 3,突破五个 "难点". , 难点" 4,熟悉中考 "考点". , 考点" 1,掌握两个 "不同". , 不同" 在英语中,不同时间 不同时间发生的动 ...

热门内容

初二英语下册看图填词

   中考英语看图填词 50 篇 1 请根据图中的提示,在短文的横线上填入适当的词,每空一词 请根据图中的提示 在短文的横线上填入适当的词, 图中的提示, Li Lei 1 a student. He usually gets up early. But this morning he got up 2 . It was already eight 3 . He had no time to have his breakfast. He said goodbye to his 4 and hurr ...

英语六级学习方法作文

   著名的艾宾浩斯?记忆遗忘曲线 词汇学习者必读 著名的艾宾浩斯 记忆遗忘曲线词汇学习者必读 记忆遗忘曲线 单词记忆数量与什么有关系呢? 单词记忆数量与什么有关系呢? 单词记忆量主要是与一个人的记忆力、毅力、遗忘规律、记忆对象的难易度、记忆达到 什么程度这五个因素有关系。 记忆力是一个人短期记忆能力的衡量。一般是在 10 分钟到 4 个小时之间某个值作为衡 量单位,通常以一个小时来作衡量单位较为科学。 个英语单词 理论上人们每月最多可以记住 6500 个英语单词 假定您有一套适合于您的“适时复习 ...

2009-2010初三年级普陀区中考一模英语试题

   2009 学年度第一学期普陀区初三质量调研 英 语 试 卷 (满分 150 分,考试时间 100 分钟) 考生注意:本卷有 9 大题,共 106 小题。试题均采用连续编号,所有答案务必按照规定在答 题纸上完成,写在试卷上不给分。 Part 1 Listening I. Listen and choose the right picture. (本大题答案必须用 2B 铅笔填涂。) (共 6 分) 铅笔填涂。 本大题答案必须用 A B C D 1. E 2. 3. 4. F 5. 6. G I ...

日常英语口语集锦

   encouraging someone who is hesitant 当某人犹豫不决是给予鼓励. 1. Give it a try. 试试看。 2. Go for it. 去试试吧。 3. Have a go at it. 你来试一试。 4. It won't hurt you to try it. 你不妨试试。 5. It's going to be hard, but give it your best shot. 事情会很难,你尽力而为就是了。 6. Come on. You can ...

Pep小学五年级英语

   Pep小学五年级英语 Unit 2 My Favorite Season Part B Let’s learn & Group work 大王镇第六小学 陈新波 There are four seasons in a year. spring summer fall winter winter windy and cold spring windy and warm summer sunny and hot fall windy and cool Which season do you li ...