常用英语动词短语

  1.动词 动词+about
  1.动词+about speak/talk about 谈论 think about 思考 care about 关心,对...有兴趣 bring about 引起,使发生 set about 着手,开始 come about 发生 hear about 听说 worry about 为...担心
  2.动词 动词+away
  2.动词+away throw away 扔掉 blow away 吹走 carry away 拿走,使入迷 clear away 清除掉,消散 die away 逐渐消失 pass away 去世 wash away 冲走 take away 拿走 put away 收拾起来,存起来 give away 背弃,泄露 wear away 磨掉,消耗 break away 摆脱 send away 让走开 turn away 把...打发走
  3.动词 动词+back
  3.动词+back keep back 隐瞒,忍住 hold back 控制住 call back 回电话 look back 回顾 give back 归还 take back 拿回,收回
  4.动词 动词+for
  4.动词+for run for 竞选 ask for 要求得到 wait for 等候 long for 渴望 care for 关心,喜欢 search for 查找 call for 要求,需要 change for 用...换 apply for 申请 seek for 寻找
stand for 代表,表示 hope/wish for 希望得到 beg for 乞求 look for 寻找 hunt for 寻找 charge for 收费,要价 take for 误以为...是 come for 来拿,来取
  5.动词 动词+down
  5.动词+down burn down 烧毁 take down 记下,记录 cut down 削减,砍倒 pass down 传下来 calm down 平静下来 settle down 安家 tear down 拆毁,拆除 break down 坏了,垮了,分解 turn down 调小,拒绝 slow down 慢下来 put down 记下,写下,镇压 bring down 使...降低,使倒下 come down 下落,传下
  6.动词 动词+at
  6.动词+at come at 向...袭击 run at 冲向,向...攻击 tear at 用力撕 stare at 凝视 glance at 匆匆一瞥 knock at 敲门,窗等 smile at 冲某人笑 aim at 向...瞄准 wonder at 惊讶 shout at 冲某人嚷嚷 work at 干...活动研究 look at 看,注视 glare at 怒视 laugh at 嘲笑 point at 指向 strike at 向...打击 shoot at 向...射击 call at 拜访地点
  7.动词 动词+from
  7.动词+from differ from 与...不同 suffer from 受...苦
hear from 收到...来信 die from 因...而死 keep/stop/prevent from 不让...做 learn from 向...学习 date from 始于...时候 result from 由于 separate from 把...分离开
  8.动词 动词+of
  8.动词+of think of 想到 consist of 由...组成 approve of 赞成 talk of 谈到 complain of 抱怨 dream of 梦到 speak of 读到 die of 死于 hear of 听说 become of 发生...情况,怎么啦
  9.动词 动词+off
  9.动词+off start off 出发 set off 出发 leave off''中断 show off 炫耀 get off 下车 see off 送行 put off 延期,推迟 cut off 切断,断绝 keep off 避开,勿走近 knock off 把...撞落 pay off 还清 get off 脱下衣服等 trun/switch off 关掉 take off 脱下,起飞 ring off 挂断电话 come off 脱掉,褪色 fall off 跌落,掉下 go off 走开,消失,坏了 break off 打断 carry off 携走,带走 give off 散发出
  10.动词 动词+on
  10.动词+on depend on 依靠 insist on 坚持 keep/go on 继续
put on 穿上,戴上,上演 move on 继续移动,往前走 feed on 以...为生 take on 雇佣,呈现 have on 穿着 look on 旁观 rely on 依靠 carry on 继续,进行 spend on 在...花钱 call on 拜访 live on 以...为生 bring on 使...发展 try on 试穿 pass on 传授,传递 turn/switch on 打开
  11.动词 动词+out
  11.动词+out break out 爆发 point out 指出 pick out 选出 burst out 迸发 carry out 执行 hold out 坚持下去 figure out 算出 bring out 阐明,使表现出 help out 救助 set out 出发,着手 wear out 穿破,使...疲劳 make out 理解,看清楚 cross out 划掉 keep out of 使不进入,挡住 find out 查出,弄明白 try out 试用,试验 put out 扑灭 hand out 散发 run out 用完 let out 泄露,发出声音 turn out 结果是,生产 come out 出版,出来 leave out 省略,删掉 work out 算出,想出办法等 give out 散发,分发,用完 look out 当心,堤防 speak out 大胆讲出 send out 发出,派遣
go out 熄灭
  12.动词 动词+in
  12.动词+in give in 让步 bring in 引进,使得到收入 result in 导致 join in 参加 get in 收获,进入 fill in 填写 cut in 插入 look in 来访,参观 hand in 上交 drop in 拜访 succeed in 在...获得成功 take in 接纳,吸收 break in 强制进入,插话 call in 召集,来访 persist in 坚持
  13.动词 动词+into
  13.动词+into look into 研究,调查 burst into 闯入,迸发 change into 把...变成 run into 碰到 turn into 变成 divide into 把...分成 put/translate into 把...译成
  14.动词 动词+over
  14.动词+over turn over 翻倒,细想 go over 审阅,检查,研究 get over 克服 take over 接管,接替 fall over 跌倒,摔倒 think over 仔细考虑 look over 翻阅,检查 run over 压死,看一遍 watch over 看守,照看 roll over 翻滚
  15.动词 动词+to
  15.动词+to belong to 属于 refer to 谈到,涉及,参阅 turn to 向...求助,查阅 see to 处理,料理 reply to 答复 object to 反对 point to 指向
stick/hold/keep to 坚持,忠于 come to 共计,苏醒 get to 到达 bring to 使苏醒 agree to 同意 supply to 为...提供 add to 增添 devote to 贡献给 compare to 与...相比,把...比作 write to 写信给 lead to 导致,通向 attend to 处理
  16.动词 动词+up
  16.动词+up grow up 成长,长大 build up 建立 put up 搭起,架起,安装,住宿,张贴,盖起 do up 整理,包装,打扮 get up 起床,站起 bring up 抚养,呕吐,提出 stay up 挺住,熬夜 sit up 熬夜 use up 用完 lay up 积蓄 cut up 切碎 end up 总结 speed up 加快速度 clear up 整理,收拾,放晴 burn up 烧毁 hurry up 赶快 keep up 保持 send up 发射 open up 开创,开辟 break up 分解 give up 放弃,献出 set up 架起,建立 go up 增长,上涨 pick up 拾起,学会,用车,来接,收听到 turn up 开大,出席,出现 take up 开始学,从事,占据 eat up 吃完 tear up 撕碎 make up 构成,组成 join up 联结起来,参军 come up 上来,长出,出现
throw up 呕吐 look up 查找,找出 catch up 赶上 fix up 修理,安排,装置 hold up 耽搁,使停顿 ring up 打电话 divide up 分配
  17.动词 动词+through
  17.动词+through get through 通过,干完,接通电话 go through 审阅,检查,学习 see through 识破 pull through 渡过危机,康复 look through 翻阅,看一遍,仔细查看 put through 接通电话 check through 核对
  18.动
  18.动词+with deal with 处理,对付 meet with 遇到,遭受 agree with 同意,与...一致 combine with 与...相联合 do with 处理,需要 talk with 同...交流 compare with 与...相比 equip with 以...装备 cover with 用...覆盖 end with 以...结束 provide with 以...供给 begin with 以...开始 supply with 以...供给 play with 玩,玩弄
  19.三词以上的短语动词
  19.三词以上的短语动词 add up to 总计 keep away fro 避开,别靠近 m look down on 轻视 put up with 忍受 keep up with 赶上 make up for 弥补 get on/along with 和...相处 get close to 接近 get out of 逃避,避免 set fire to 放火烧 take notice of 注意 do well in 在...干得好 take a photo of 拍...照片
make fun of 开玩笑,取笑 get used to 习惯于 keep in touch with 保持联系 come into being 出现 take pride in 为...而自豪 take an interest in 对...感兴趣 make a fool of 愚弄 take charge of 负责 make friends with 同...交朋友 take part in 参加 catch sight of 看见 break away from 摆脱 do away with 废除 look up to 仰望,尊敬 catch up with 赶上 run out of 用完 go on with 继续 look forward to 盼望 take hold of 握住 get down to 认真开始 pay attention to 注意 set an example to 为...树立榜样 pay a visit to 访问 take the place of 取代 make use of 利用 get into the habit of 染上...的习惯 get rid of 摆脱 keep an eye on 堤防 take care of 照看 help oneself to 随便吃,用 make room for 给...让地方 take advantage of 利用 take pity on 可怜 play a part in 起作用,扮演...的角色 lose sight of 看不见
● (一)由 be 构成的词组
  1)be back/in/out 回来/在家/外出
  2)be at home/work 在家/上班
  3)be good at 善于,擅长于
  4)be careful of 当心,注意,仔细
  5)be covered with 被……复盖
  6)be ready for 为……作好准备
  7)be surprised (at) 对……感到惊讶
  8)be interested in 对……感到举
  9)be born 出生
  10)be on 在进行,在上演, (灯)亮着
  11)be able to do sth. 能够做……
  12)be afraid of (to do sth. that…) 害怕…… (不敢做……,恐怕……)
  13)be angry with sb. 生(某人)的气
  14)be pleased (with) 对……感到高兴(满意)
  15)be famous for 以……而著名
  16)be strict in (with) (对工作、 对人)严格要求
  17)be from 来自……,什么地方人
  18)be hungry/thirsty/tired 饿了/渴了/累了
  19)be worried 担忧
  20)be (well) worth doing (非常)值得做……
  21)be covered with 被……所覆盖……
  22)be in (great) need of (很)需要
  23)be in trouble 处于困境中
  24)be glad to do sth. 很高兴做……
  25)be late for ……迟到
  26)be made of (from) 由……制成
  27)be satisfied with 对……感到满意
  28)be free 空闲的,有空
  29)be (ill) in bed 卧病在床
  30)be busy doing (with) 忙 于 做 … … ( 忙 于……) come、do、get、give、go、have、 (二)由 come、do、get、give、go、have、 help、 keep、 make、 looke、 put、 set、 send、 help、 keep、 make、 looke、 、 、 put set send、 take、turn、 take、turn、play 等动词构成的词组
  1)come back 回来
  2)come down 下来
  3)come in 进入,进来
  4)come on 快,走吧,跟我来
  5)come out 出来
  6)come out of 从……出来

  7)come up 上来
  8)come from 来自……
  9)do one's lessons/homework 做功课/回家作 业
  10)do more speaking/reading 多做口头练习/ 朗读
  11)do one's best 尽力
  12)do some shopping (cooking reading, cleaning)买东西(做饭菜,读点书,大扫除)
  13)do a good deed (good deeds)做一件好事 (做好事)
  14)do morning exercises 做早操
  15)do eye exercises 做眼保健操
  16)do well in 在……某方面干得好
  17)get up 起身
  18)get everything ready 把一切都准备好
  19)get ready for (=be ready for) 为……作好 准备
  20)get on (well) with 与……相处(融洽)
  21)get back 返回
  22)get rid of 除掉,去除
  23)get in 进入,收集
  24)get on/off 上/下车
  25)get to 到达
  26)get there 到达那里
  27)give sb. a call 给……打电话
  28)give a talk 作报告
  29)give a lecture (a piano concert)作讲座(举 行钢琴音乐会)
  30)give back 归还,送回
  31)give……some advice on 给……一些忠 告
  32)give lessons to 给……上课
  33)give in 屈服
  34)give up 放弃
  35)give sb. a chance 给……一次机会
  36)give a message to…… 给……一个口信
  37)go ahead 先走,向前走,去吧,干吧
  38)go to the cinema 看电影
  39)go go bed 睡觉(make the bed 整理床铺)
  40)go to school (college) 上学(上大学)
  41)go to (the) hospital 去医院看病
  42)go over 过一遍,复习/ go over to 朝…… 走去

  43)go fishing/skating/swimming/shopping 去 钩鱼/滑冰/游泳/买东西
  44)go home (there) 回家去(去那儿)
  45)go round 顺便去,绕道走
  46)go up 上去
  47)go out for a walk 外出散步
  48)go on (doing) 继续(做……)
  49)go on with one's work 继续某人的工作
  50)go upstairs/downstairs 上/下楼
  51)(the lights) go out (灯)熄了
  52)have a lesson (lessons)/a meeting 上课/开 会
  53)have a football match (basketball match) 举行一场足球(蓝球)赛
  54)have dictation 听见
  55)have a try 试一试
  56)have a good/wonderful time 玩得很高兴
  57)have a lecture (a piano concert) 听讲座(听 钢琴音乐会)
  58)have a report (talk) on 听一个关于……的 报告
  59)have a glass of water (a cup of tea) 喝一 杯水,(一杯茶)
  60)have breakfast/lunch/supper 吃早饭/午饭/ 晚饭
  61)have a meal (three meals) 吃一顿饭(三餐 饭)
  62)have a dinner 吃正餐
  63)have bread and milk for breakfast 早饭吃 面包和牛奶
  64)have (have got) a headache 头痛
  65)have a fever 发烧
  66)have a cough (a cold) 咳嗽(感冒)
  67)have a look (at) 看一看……
  68)have a rest (a break) 休息一会儿(工间或 课间休息)
  69)have a talk 谈话
  70)have a swim/walk 游泳/散步
  71)have sports 进行体育锻炼
  72)have a sports meet (meeting) 开运动会
  73)have something done 让人(请人)做……
  74)have a test/an exam 测验/考试
  75)have an idea 有了个主意
  76)had better do sth. (not do sth.) 最 好
做……(最好不要做……)
  77)have a word with 与……谈几句话
  78)help sb. with sth. help sb. do sth. 在…… 方面帮助…… 帮助……做
  79)help oneself to some chicken/fish/meat 请 随便吃点鸡/鱼/肉
  80)help each other 互相帮助
  81)keep up with 跟上……,不落后于……
  82)keep silent/quiet 保持沉默/安静
  83)keep sb. doing sth. 使……一直做……
  84)keep one's diary 记日记
  85)make a noise (a lot of noise, much noise, noises)吵闹(十分嘈杂,响声)
  86)make a living 谋生
  87)make sb. do sth. 迫使某人做……
  88)make faces (a face)做鬼脸
  89)make friends (with)与……交朋友
  90)make a mistake (mistakes)犯错误
  91)make room/space for 给……腾出地方
  92)make a sentence (sentences)with 用…… 造句
  93)make a fire 生火
  94)be made from/of 由……制成
  95)be made in 在……地方制造
  96)look out of (outside) 往外看(看外面)
  97)look up a word (in the dictionary) 查字典
  98)look up 往上看,仰望
  99)look after 照管,照看,照顾 1
  00)look for 寻找 1
  01)look like 看上去像 1
  02)look fin
 

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