常用句子总结
  1.开篇
  1.开篇
  1) Many nations have been faced with the problem of ...
  2) Recently the problem has been brought into focus.
  3) Recently the phenomenon has become a heated topic.
  4) Recently the issue has aroused great concern among ...
  5) Nowadays there is a growing concern over ...
  6) Never in our history has the idea that ... been so popular.
  7) Faced with ..., quite a few people argue that ...
  8) According to a recent survey, ...
  9) With the rapid development of ..., ... 注:用于句首提出论题或现象的句型 become ①Recently , …has become the focus of the society . ②…has been playing an increasingly
1
day-toimportant role in our day-to-day life . ③Nowadays there is a growing concern for … ④Nowadays it is common to hear /see … ⑤…has become a common occurrence in our daily life. and ⑥Nowadays more and more people are beginning to be aware of the seriousness of … ⑦It is only during the last /past few years that man has become generally aware that … ⑧There is an old / popular saying / proverb which says / goes … ⑨In recent years, there is a general tendency tendency … ⑩Nowadays … has become a problem we have to face.
  2.证明
  2.证明
  1) No one can deny the fact that ...
  2) The idea is hardly supported by facts.
  3) Unfortunately, none of the available data shows ...
  4) Recent studies indicate that ...
  5) There is sufficient evidence to show
2
that ...
  6) According to statistics proved by ..., it can be seen that ...
  3.举例
  3.举例
  1) A good case in point is ...
  2) As an illustration, we may take ...
  3) Such examples might be given easily.
  4) ...is often cited as an example.
  4.表示原因
  4.表示原因
  1)There this.
  1)There are three reasons for this. follows.
  2)The reasons for this are as follows. obvious.
  3)The reason for this is obvious. seek.
  4)The reason for this is not far to seek. that.
  5)The reason for this is that.. . that.
  6)We have good reason to believe that.. . 例如: 例如: There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our life.Firstly, life.Firstly,people’s living standard has been improved.Secondly, greatly improved.Secondly,most people are well paid, paid, and they can afford what they need or like. least, like.Last but not least,more and more people life. prefer to enjoy modern life. 注:如考生写第一
3
个句子没有把握,可将其改写成两个句子。 个句子没有把握,可将其改写成两个句子。如:Great life. changes have taken place in our life. There are this. three reasons for this.这样写可以避免套用中的 表达失误。 表达失误。 分析某事物时, 4-
  1. 基本原因 分析某事物时, 用此句型说 明其基本的或者多方面的原因. 明其基本的或者多方面的原因. [1]. Why ...? For one thing… For another... [2]. The answer to this problem involves many factors. factors. For one thing...For another... Still another... [3]. A number of factors, both physical and psychological affect.... /both individual and social contribute to.... > 4-2 另一原因 > 在分析了基本原因之 再补充一个次要的或者更重要时用! 后, 再补充一个次要的或者更重要时用! [1]. Another important factor is.... [2]. ... is also responsible for the change/problem. [3]. Certainly, the ... is not the sole reason for... 另附 :
  1.)
  1.)A number of factors are accountable for
4
this situation. A number of factors might contribute to (lead phenomenon(problem). to )(account for ) the phenomenon(problem).
  2.)
  2.). The answer to this problem involves many factors.
  3.)
  3.). The phenomenon mainly stems from the fact that...
  4.)
  4.). The factors that contribute to this situation include...
  5.)
  5.). The change in ...largely results from the fact that...
  6.)
  6.). We may blame... , but the real causes are...
  7). Part of the explanations for it is that... One of the most common factors (causes) is that... Another contributing factor (cause) is... Perhaps the primary factor is that… But the fundamental cause is that...
  5.后果
  5.后果 分析某事物可能造成的后果或 后果 者带来的影响 . profound/far
  1). It will produce a profound/far-reaching
5
effect/impact on....
  2). It involves some serious consequence for...
  3) It may give rise to a host of problems.
  4). The immediate result it produces is... influence
  5). It will exercise a profound influence upon...
  6). Its consequence can be so great that...
  6.表示好处
  6.表示好处
  1.) advantages.
  1.)It has the following advantages.
  2.) good.
  2.)It does us a lot of good.
  3.) lot.
  3.)It benefits us quite a lot.
  4.) us.
  4.)It is beneficial to us.
  5.) us.
  5.)It is of great benefit to us. 例如: friends. 例如: Books are like friends.They can help better, us know the world better,and they can open our horizons.Therefore, minds and widen our horizons.Therefore,reading us. extensively is of great benefit to us.
  7.表示坏处
  7.表示坏处
  1.)
  1.)It has more disadvantages than advantages. advantages.
  2.) harm.
  2.)It does us much harm.
6

  3.) us.
  3.)It is harmful to us. 例如: However, 例如: However,everything divides into two. us. two.Television can also be harmful to us.It can do harm to our health and make us lazy if we spend television. too much time watching television.
  8.表示重要、必要、困难、方便、
  8.表示重要、必要、困难、方便、可能 表示重要
  1.) important(necessary,difficult,
  1.)It is important(necessary,difficult, convenient, possible) sb. sth. convenient, possible)for sb.to do sth.
  2.) sth.
  2.)We think it necessary to do sth.
  3.) life.
  3.)It plays an important role in our life. 例如: 例如: Computers are now being used everywhere, government, everywhere,whether in the government,in schools business.Soon, or in business.Soon, computers will be found in home,too. every home,too.We have good reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life and we have stepped into the Age. Computer Age.
  9.表示措施
  9.表示措施
  1.) measures.
  1.)We should take some effective measures.
  2.)
  2.)We should try our best to overcome difficulties. (conquer)the difficulties. conquer)
  3.) our sth.
  3.)We should do our utmost in doing sth.
7

  4.)
  4.)We should solve the problems that we are confronted(faced)with. confronted(faced)with. 例如: 例如: The housing problem that we are confronted with is becoming more and more serious.Therefore, serious.Therefore,we must take some effective it. measures to solve it.
  10.表示变化
  10.表示变化
  1.)
  1.)Some changes have taken place in the past years. five years.
  2.)
  2.)A great change will certainly be produced communications. in the world’s communications.
  3.)
  3.)The computer has brought about many education. changes in education. 例如: 例如: Some changes have taken place in years. people’s diet in the past five years.The major reasons for these changes are not far to seek. Nowadays, more and more people are switching seek. Nowadays, protein, from grain to meat for protein,and from fruit and vitamins. vegetable to milk for vitamins.
  11.表示事实、
  11.表示事实、现状 表示事实
  1.) that.
  1.)We cannot ignore the fact that.. .
  2.) deny that.
  2.)No one can deny the fact that.. .
8

  3.) that.
  3.)There is no denying the fact that.. .
  4.)
  4.)This is a phenomenon that many people are in. interested in.
  5.)However, case.
  5.)However,that’s not the case. 例如: 例如: We cannot ignore the fact that industrialization brings with it the problems of pollution. solve problems, pollution.To solve these problems, we can start by educating the public about the hazards of pollution. pollution.The government on its part should also design stricter laws to promote a cleaner environment. environment.
  12.表示比较对照
  12.表示比较对照
  1.) A, .
  1.)Compared with A,B..
  2.) TV
  2.)I prefer to read rather than watch TV.
  3.) There is a striking contrast between them. them.
  3.) 例如: cars, 例如: Compared with cars,bicycles have several advantages besides being affordable.Firstly, affordable.Firstly,they do not consume natural petroleum.Secondly, resources of petroleum.Secondly,they do not problem. least st, cause the pollution problem.Last but not least, they contribute to people’s health by giving exercise. them due physical exercise.
9
12> 比较两事物, 12-
  1. 两者比较 > 比较两事物, 要说出其一 超过另一个, 或肯定一事物的优点, 超过另一个, 或肯定一事物的优点, 也肯定其缺点的 时候用! 时候用! [1]. The advantages gained from A are much greater than the advantages we gain from B. [2]. Indeed, A carries much weight when compared with B. [3]. There is no doubt that it has its negative effects as well as positive effects. 12两者相同/ > 12-2 . 两者相同/相似 > 比较两事物共 同都有或者共同都没有的特点时用! 同都有或者共同都没有的特点时用! [1]. A and B have several thing in common. They are similar in that... resemblance(s) [2]. A bears some striking resemblance(s) to B. 另附 :
  1.)
  1.).The advantages far outweigh the disadvantages.
  2.)
  2.).The advantages of A are much greater than those of B.
  3.)
  3.).A may be preferable to B, but A suffers from the disadvantages that...
10

  4.)
  4.).It is reasonable to maintain that ...but would it would be foolish to claim that...
  5.)
  5.).For all the disadvantages, it has its compensating advantages.
  6.)
  6.).Like anything else, it has its faults.
  7.)
  7.).A and B has several points in common.
  8.)
  8.).A bears some resemblances to B.
  9.) applicable
  9.).However, the same is not applicable to B.
  10.)
  10.). A and B differ in several ways.
  11.)
  11.). Evidently, it has both negative and positive effects.
  12.)
  12.). People used to think... but things are different now.
  13.)
  13.). The same is true of B.
  14.) .
  14.) Wondering as A is, it has its drawbacks.
  15.)
  15.). It is true that A..., but the chief faults (obvious defects) are...
  13.表示数量
  13.表示数量
  1.) It from. to .
  1.) has increased decreased) (decreased) from.. .. . to.
  2.)
  2.)The population in this city has now decreased) 8
  00,0
  00. increased (decreased)to 8
  00,0
  00.
11

  3.)
  3.)The output of July in this factory
  15% with January. increased by
  15% compared with that of January. 例如: 例如: With the improvement of the living standard, standard,the proportion of people’s income spent on food has decreased while that spent on increased. education has increased. 再如: above, 再如: From the graph listed above,itcan be seen that student use of computers has increased from an average of less than two hours per week 20
  00. in 1990 to 20 hours in 20
  00. 注:“From the graph above, that”见句式
  12。 listed above,it can be seen that”见句式
  12。 14 表示看法
  1) It is true that ..., but one vital point is being left out.
  2) There is a grain of truth in these statements, statements, but they ignore a more important fact.
  3) Some people say... but it does not hold water.
  4) Many of us have been under the illusion that...
  5) A close examination would reveal how
12
ridiculous the statement is.
  6) It makes no sense to argue for...
  7) Too much stress placed on ... may lead to...
  8) Such a statement mainly rests on the assumption that...
  9) Contrary to what is widely accepted, I maintain that... adopt, assume)
  10)People have take, (take, adopt, assume) different sth. attitudes towards sth.
  11)People have different opinions on this problem. problem. of(on)
  12)People take different views of(on)the question. question. that..Others
  13)Some people believe that..Others argue . that. . that.. 例如: 例如: People have different attitudes failure. towards failure.Some believe that failure leads success. to success. experience Every failure they experience translates into a greater chance of success at their renewed endeavor. However, others are easily discouraged endeavor. However,
13
by failures and put themselves into the category losers. of losers. 再如: 再如: Do“lucky numbers really bring good luck? on luck?Different people have different views on it. it. 注:一个段落有时很适宜以问句开始,考生应掌 一个段落有时很适宜以问句开始, 握这一写作方法。 握这一写作方法。 又注:用于陈述个人观点/ 又注:用于陈述个人观点/想法的常用句型 ①My own experience tells me that … ②In my opinion , we should attack more importance to … ③As for my own idea about … I believe … ④As far as I am concerned , I plan to … ⑤Personally , I prefer … ⑥In my view , both sides are partly right in that …⑦But for me
 

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