General Conversation and Discussion
Asking for an opinion
What do you think about it? What do you think? What is your opinion? What is your point of view? What is your attitude to this problem? Alex, would you like to say something about it?
Giving an opinion
I think that (we should consult a specialist.) In my opinion, (we need a detailed plan of actions.) In my view, (it's a difficult task.) The way I see it, (it might be difficult to realize at the moment.) As far as I know, (it could be very expensive.) As far as I'm concerned, (time is the biggest problem.) As for me, (I'm not ready to speak to the boss about it.) This is a crazy idea, if you ask me.
Adding information
In addition to that, (we don't have enough people for this work.) I'd like to add that (we will need new equipment for this project.) What's more, (this office is too small for all of us.) Besides, (there might be travel expenses.) Also, (we will need extra cash for food and other daily expenses.)
Making a suggestion
I suggest (getting a bank loan.) Why don't we (get a bank loan?) How about (using our out-of-town laboratory for this project?) We could (rent some equipment instead of buying it.) You could (publish an article about the project in a local newspaper.) Wouldn't it be a good idea to (start a fund-raising campaign?) Let's (ask James for help.)
Asking to explain
I'm afraid I don't understand. Could you explain it, please?
Would you mind explaining it in detail, please? Why? Why not?
Asking for clarification
I'd like to know (where you are planning to sell the product.) What do you mean by saying that (we don't have enough people?) Do you mean that (we should hire someone to manage the project?) What are you trying to say?
Explaining and clarifying
I mean that (we will have to move to a different office and hire more people.) What I am trying to say is that (we don't have enough money for this project.) What I wanted to say was that (we could use volunteers.) In other words, (we are not ready yet.) You misunderstood. Let me explain.
Asking for agreement
Do you agree? Right? / Is that right? Wouldn't you agree with that? / Don't you agree with that?
Agreeing
I agree. I agree with you on this. I agree with Alexander. I agree completely. / I couldn't agree more. That's true. / That's right. You are right. Right. Of course. / Certainly. / Sure. Exactly. I think so. I suppose so.
Disagreeing
That's not exactly true. I'm afraid I don't see it that way. Not really. I'm sorry, but it's not quite right. I'm afraid I disagree. I'm afraid I can't agree with that. I don't really agree with you on that. To tell (you) the truth, I have a different opinion.
Basically, I understand what you mean, but I think your conclusions are wrong.
Understanding
I understand. I got it. I see what you mean. I see your point.
When you don't know the answer
I don't know. I have no idea. I'm afraid I couldn't say. I wish I knew. Don't ask me.
Doubt
I'm not (quite) sure about it. Maybe, but I'm not sure. I'm not sure that I agree with your argument. I have to think about it. I have mixed feelings about it. Are you sure that this information is correct / accurate?
Disbelief
It can't be true! I can't believe it. I don't believe it. Are you serious? / You must be joking.
Approval
I think that it is a great idea. It's great! / That's great! / Great! It's very good! / Very good! It's a good point. You did a great job.
Disapproval
I don't like this idea. I'm against this plan. I don't think it will work. It's too expensive. It will take too much time.
It's too time-consuming.
Asking to repeat
Could you repeat what you just said? Can you repeat it, please? What did you say? Sorry? / Beg your pardon?
Interrupting the speaker
I'm sorry to interrupt you, but (could you repeat the address, please?) Excuse me for interrupting you, but (I don't think this information is relevant to the subject of our discussion.) I'm sorry for the interruption.
Phrases for Certain Situations
Saying hello
Hello! It's nice to MEET you. - Hello! It's nice to meet YOU. Hello! I'm glad to SEE you. - Hello! I'm glad to see YOU. Hi! How ARE you? - Fine, thanks. How are YOU? How are you doing? - Fine, thank you. And you? Good morning. Good afternoon. Good evening.
Saying good-bye
Good-by! / Good-bye! / Bye-bye! It was nice seeing you. Keep in touch. Take care now. See you tomorrow. See you. Good night.
Holiday greetings
Merry Christmas! - The same to you. Happy New Year! - The same to you. Have a nice holiday! - The same to you. / You too.
Birthday greetings
Happy birthday! - Thank you.
Happy birthday to you! Many happy returns of the day! Love and best wishes for a happy birthday!
Congratulations
Congratulations! Your new book is great! Congratulations on your new book! I'd like to congratulate you. Your test paper is the best in the class. My congratulations! Your results are excellent. Let me congratulate you on your excellent results.
Wishing luck
Good luck! / Good luck to you! Good luck with your new project! I wish you luck in your ventures! I wish you luck on your trip to the north. I'll keep my fingers crossed for you. I wish you luck and all the best. I wish you the best of everything in your life.
Proposing a toast
I'd like to propose a toast (to the host, to the health of the family, to our guest of honor). Here's to you! To your health! To our hostess! / To our friends! Cheers!
Condolences
I'm very sorry to hear about your nephew's accident. Is there anything I can do to help? Please accept my sincere sympathy in your great loss. My deepest sympathy in your sorrow.
Agreeing, accepting
Yes. OK. / All right. Sure. / Of course. / Certainly. No problem. With pleasure. That's a great idea. That's right. / That's true.
I agree. / I agree completely.
Disagreeing
No. Of course not. I don't think so. It's not a bad idea, but maybe some other time. That's not exactly true. I'm afraid I don't agree.
Asking for help
Excuse me, could you help me? Would you mind helping me, please? Excuse me, I need some help. Can you help me, please? Could you do me a favor?
Offering help
Can I help you? Do you need some help? Is there anything I can do? How can I help?
Saying thank you
Thank you. Thank you very much. I really appreciate it. / I really appreciate your help. You've been a great help.
Responding to thanks
You are welcome. Don't mention it. Any time. That's all right. / It's all right. That's OK. / It's OK.
Apologizing
I'm sorry. / Sorry. I'm sorry I'm late. I'm sorry I said it. I didn't mean it. Excuse me. I'd like to apologize for losing your book. Please forgive me.
Responses to apologies
That's all right. / It's all right. That's OK. / It's OK. Don't worry about it. Never mind. Don't mention it.
Attracting attention
Excuse me, (is this Maple Street?) Excuse me, sir / madam / miss, (could you help me?) Hey!
Asking to repeat
Excuse me? / I beg your pardon? / Sorry? What did you say? I'm afraid I haven't heard what you said. Could you repeat it, please?
Asking to explain
I'm afraid I don't understand. Could you explain it, please? How do you explain it? What does this word mean?
Saying that you understand
I understand. / I understood. I got it. I see. I see what you mean. It's clear now.
Saying that you don't know
I don't know. I'm afraid I couldn't say. I have no idea. I wish I knew.
Requests
Would you mind not smoking here? - Oh, I'm sorry. Could you lend me fifty dollars till Friday, please? - I'm afraid I can't. Could I borrow your pen for a minute? - Sure, here it is.
Asking for permission
Would you mind if I opened the window? - No, I wouldn't mind. / Of course not. May I come in? / Can I come in? - Sure. Could I use your telephone, please? - Certainly.
Asking to hurry
Could you do it a little faster, please? Hurry up! Come on! Show some speed, will you?
Asking to stop
That will do. / That will be enough. / That's enough. Wait! / Wait a minute. Stop it, please. Hold it. Will you please stop for a minute?
Asking to stop because you don't like what someone is doing
That's enough! / Enough is enough! That's it! Stop it right now! Come off it! / Cut it out! Stop bothering me!
Warning
Watch out! / Look out! Watch out for that bus! Watch your step. Watch those stairs. Watch your tongue. / Watch your mouth. / Watch your language. Be careful. Careful! Behind you!
Giving advice
You should read this book. You should see a doctor. You'd better stay in bed for a couple of days. If I were you, I'd go to Spain.
Giving a compliment
You look great. / You look wonderful. That's a great suit / What a lovely suit! I like your new hair style. You have a very nice house. You speak English very well.
Responding to a compliment
Thank you very much. Thank you, you are very kind.
Making a suggestion
Let's go for a walk in the park. Let's listen to some music. How about a walk in the park? How about some music? Why don't we go to a concert?
Accepting a suggestion
That's a great idea. I'd love to. With pleasure. Sure.
Declining a suggestion
I'm afraid I can't. I have to study. I'd like to, but I'm busy. I wish I could. / I wish I could but I really can't. It's not a bad idea, but maybe some other time. File description: English phrases for situations: saying hello, asking for help, asking to repeat, etc.
Expressing Feelings
Joy, happiness
It's great! That's great! It's wonderful! That's wonderful! Great! Beautiful! Wonderful! Excellent! Terrific! (adjectives)
I love it! I'm so happy! It's just the thing!
Disgust
It's terrible! / It's awful! Terrible! / Awful! / Horrible! How disgusting! I hate it! I can't stand it! I can’t handle it! It was the worst party (trip, food, day, etc.) in my whole life!
Indifference
It doesn't make any difference to me. It doesn't matter. It's all the same to me. I don't care. Suit yourself.
Approval, praise, admiration
You did a great job! It's great! It's wonderful! That's great! I'm so proud of you. Well done! You did it! That's my boy! / That's my girl!
Complaining, annoyance, disapproval
I wish you wouldn't take my books without permission. I thought I told you not to smoke in this room. I thought I asked you to be here by
  10. How many times do I have to tell you to turn off the light when you leave? Oh, how could you? You should be ashamed of yourself. Shame on you!
When someone is bothering / annoying you
Leave me alone! Mind your own business, will you? Stop bothering me! Lay off! (slang)
Get lost! (slang)
Anger, annoyance, resentment
Why on earth should I do it? Who (the hell) do you think you are? For heaven's sake! Oh, God! Oh, darn! / Oh, hell! / Damn! / Damn it! That's it! / That does it! / That did it!
Asking not to get angry
Don't get upset. Calm down. Take it easy. Don't get mad! Cool it. (slang)
Asking not to worry
Don't worry about it. Don't worry, everything will be all right. Calm down. Take it easy. Relax.
Disappointment, complaining about life
I feel so disappointed. Just my luck. What a day! What a life! Life is hard. Life is unfair. That's life. What can you do? Oh well. That's the way it goes. So much for (my hopes of getting a promotion at work).
Sympathizing
I'm sorry to hear that. I know how you feel. That's too bad. Bad luck. / Hard luck. Oh, dear!
Encouraging
Cheer up! Everything will be all right!
It's not the end of the world! Don't give up. Hang in there. Don't worry, you'll be all right.
Surprise, disbelief
Oh, really? / Is that so? That's amazing! That's incredible! I'm really surprised that (he said it). No kidding? Are you serious? You must be joking! / You're kidding! I can't believe it. It can't be true!
Doubt, uncertainty
I'm not (quite) sure about it. Maybe, but I am not sure. I don't know yet. I have to think about it. I have mixed feelings about it. I doubt it.
Physical pain
Ouch! That hurts! My left foot hurts. I have a terrible headache. I have a pain in my chest.
 

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