Part I Reading Comprehension (30%) Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each o f them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet. Passage 1 Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage. Scientists find that hard-working people live longer than average men and women. Career women are healthier than housewives. Evidence shows that the jobless are in poorer health than jobholders. An investigation shows that whenever the unemployment rate increases by
  1%,the death rate increases by
  2%.All this comes down to one point:work is helpful to health. Why is work good for health?It is because work keeps people busy away from loneliness. Researches show that people feel unhappy,worried and lonely when they have nothing to do. Instead,the happiest are those who are busy.(
  76)Many high achievers who bridge between man and reality. By work people come into with each other. By collective activity they find friendship and warmth. This is helpful to health. The loss of work means the loss of everything. It affects man spiritually and makes him ill. Besides,work gives one a sense of fulfillment and a sense of achievement. Work makes one feel his value and status in society. When a writer finishes his writing or a doctor successfully operates on a patient or a teacher sees his students grow,they are happy beyond words. (
  77)From the above we can come to the conclusion that the more you work the hap-life.
  1.The underlined word“average" in Paragraph I means A. healthy B. lazy C. ordinary D. poor
  2.The reason why housewives are not as healthy as career women is that A. housewives are poorer than career women B. housewives have more children than career women C. housewives have less chance to communicate with others D. housewives eat less food than career women
  3.Which of the following statements is TRUE according to Paragraph
  2? A. Busy people have nothing to do at home. B. High achievers don’t care about their families. C. There is no friendship and warmth at home. D. A satisfying job helps to keep one healthy.
  4.We can infer from the passage that those who do not work A. are likely to live a shorter life B. will lose everything at home C. can live as long as those who work D. have more time to make new friends
  5.The best title for this passage may be_. A. People Should Find a Job B. Working Hard Is Good for Health C. People Should Make More Friends by Work D. The Loss of Work Means the Loss of Everything
1
Passage 2 Questions 6 to IO are based on the following passage. A study of art history might be a good way to learn more about a culture than is possible to learn in general history classes. Most typical history courses concentrate on politics,economics and war. But art history focuses on much more than this because art reflects not only the political values of a people,but also religious beliefs,emotions and psychology. In addition,information about the daily activities of our ancestors can be provided by art.(
  78)In short,art expresses the essential qualities of a time and a place,and a study of it clearly offers us a deeper understanding than can be found in most history books. In history books, objective information about the political life of a country is presented; that is,facts about politics are given,but opinions are not expressed. Art,on the other hand,is subjective(主观的) reflects emotions and opinions. The great Spanish painter Francisco Goya :it was perhaps the first truly “political” artist. his well-known painting The Third o f May, In 18
  08, he criticized the Spanish government for its abuse(滥用)of power over people. In the same way,art can reflect a culture’s religious beliefs. For hundreds of years in Europe,religious art had been almost the only type of art that existed. Churches and other religious buildings were filled with paintings that described people and stories from the Bible. Although most people couldn’t read, they could still understand the Bible stories in the pictures on church walls. By contrast,one of the main characteristics of art in the Middle East was(and still is)its absence of human and animal images. This reflects the Islamic belief that statues(雕像) are not holy.
  6.More can be learned about a culture from a study of art history than general history because A. art history shows us nothing but the political values B. general history only focuses on politics C. art history gives us an insight(洞察力)into the essential qualities of a time and a place D. general history concerns only religious beliefs,emotions and psychology
  7.Art is subjective in that_. A. a personal and emotional view of history is presented through it B. it only reflects people’s anger or sadness about social problems C. it can easily arouse people’s anger about their government D. artists were or are religious,who reflect only the religious aspect of the society
  8.Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? A. In history books political views of people are entirely presented. B. Francisco Goya expressed his religious belief in his painting The Third o f May,1808 C. In the Middle East,you can hardly find animal or human figures on palaces or other building. D. For centuries in Europe,painters had only painted on walls of churches or other religious buildings.
  9.The passage mainly discusses A. the development of art history B. the difference between general history and art history C. what we can learn from art
2
D. the influence of artists on art history
  10.It can be concluded from the passage that_. A. Islamic artists only paint images of plants,flowers or objects in their paintings B. it is more difficult to study art history than general history C. a history teacher must be quite objective D. artists painted people or stories from the Bible to hide their political beliefs Passage 3 Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage. Blind people can “see" things by using other parts of their bodies. This fact may help us to understand our feelings about color. If blind people can sense color differences,then perhaps we, too,are affected by color unconsciously(无意识地) . (
  79) Manufacturers 生产商) ( have discovered by experience that sugar sells badly in green wrappings, that blue foods are considered unpleasant, and that cosmetics 化妆品) ( should never be packaged in brown. These discoveries have grown into a branch of color psychology. Color psychology now finds application in everything from fashion to decoration. Some of our preferences are clearly psychological. Dark blue is the color of the night sky and therefore associated with calm,while yellow is a day color with associations of energy and incentive(刺 激) For a primitive man, . activity during the day meant hunting and attacking, while he soon saw red as the color of blood and anger and the heat that came with effort. And green is associated with passive defense and self-protection. ( 80 ) Experiments have shown that colors, partly because of their psychological associations, also have a direct psychological effect. People exposed to bright red show an increase in breath,in heartbeat and in blood pressure;red is exciting. Similar exposure to pure blue has exactly the opposite effect;it is a calming color. Because of its exciting meaning,red is chosen as the signal for danger,but closer analysis shows that a vivid yellow can produce a more basic state of alarm. So fire engines and ambulances in some advanced communities are now rushing around in bright yellow colors that stop the traffic dead.
  11.Our preferences for certain colors are_according to the passage. A. associated with the time of the day B. dependent on our personalities C. are linked with our ancestors D. partly due to psychological factors
  12.If people are exposed to bright red, which of the following things does NOT hap-pen? A. They breathe faster. B. They feel satisfied. C. Their blood pressure rises. D. Their hearts beat faster.
  13. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage A. Color probably has an effect on us which we are not conscious of. B. Yellow fire engines have caused many bad accidents in some advanced communities. C. People exposed to pure blue start to breathe more slowly. D. The psychology of color is of some practical use.
  14. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage A. Manufacturers often sell sugar in green wrapping. B. Dark blue brings people the feeling of being energetic.
3
C. Primitive people associated heat and anger with red. D. Green and yellow are associated with calm and passive defense.
  15. Which of the following could be the most suitable title for the passage? A. The Branch of Color Psychology. B. Color and Its Meanings. C. The Practical Use of Color Psychology. D. Color and Feelings.
第一部分 阅读理解 第一篇 阅读 一、文章总体结构分析 这篇文章属于社会问题的议论文,主要分析工作与人的健康的关系问题。有工作的人 比一般人更健康、更幸福,没有工作的人因为孤独反而对身体健康不利,寿命也更短。从而 得出你工作得越多,你就会越幸福、越健康的结论。 二、试题具体分析
  1. 【答案】C.这道题属于词汇细节题,考查在句子语境中对词汇的理解。这种词汇细 节题实际考查的是考生对词汇基本意义以外的文本含义的掌握。 在本题中, 就是从四个答案 中找同义词。四个答案中 C 项 ordinary 意为“一般的,普通的” ,而 average 表示“大多数 的,普通的”意思。所以,答案选 C。
  2. 【答案】C.这道题考查对文章上下文意思的把握。本文的中心问题是: “为什么家庭 主妇没有职业女性健康?”从上下文看,文章第二段第二、三句话, is because work keeps “It people busy away from loneliness. Researches show that people feel unhappy,worried and lonely when they have nothing to do.”可以看出家庭主妇更孤单,缺少交流。所以,答案选 C。
  3. 【答案】D。这道题考查对文章第二段段落大意的理解。其实,第二段的第一句话就 是该段的主题句,其他的句子都是支持性细节材料,主要讲述:你工作得越多,你就会越幸 福、越健康。所以,答案选 D: “一份满意的工作能使人保持健康” 。
  4. 【答案】A。这道题属于推论题。标志性的词汇就是 infer,考查对文章意思的整体 推理。文章是从正面论述:有工作的人比没有工作的人更长寿。所以,选择答案 A: “没有 工作的人寿命更短” 。
  5. 【答案】B。本题属于文章主旨大意题。考查对文章中心思想的掌握。其实,文章的 第一句话就是整篇文章的中心句,其他段落都是围绕该句展开。本文主题思想是:工作使人 健康、长寿。所以,答案选 B。 三、文章长难句分析与佳句赏析
  1.Many high achievers who love their careers feel that they are happiest when they are working hard.那些喜欢他们的事业并取得很高成就的人觉得他们努力工作的时候是最幸福 的时候。who 引导的定语从句修饰 many high achievers.
  2.From the above we can come to the conclusion that the more you work the happier ,and healthier you will be. 通过上述情况,我们可以得出这样一个结论,那就是:你工作得越多, 你就会越幸福、越健康。Come to conclusion 得出结论;the more…the more…“截止…… 越……” 四、核心词汇 average 一般的,普通的;career 事业,职业;happy 幸福的;healthy 健康的;come to conclusion 总结;得出结论
4
五、文章翻译 科学家发现,努力工作的人要比普通人的寿命长。职业妇女要比家庭主妇健康。有证据 表明:无业者比有工作的人身体要差。一项调查显示,每当失业率增加
  1%的时候,死亡率 就会增加
  2%。所有这些都说明一点:工作有益健康。 为什么工作有益健康呢?是因为工作让人们变得繁忙,从而远离孤独。研究表明,当人 们无事可做的时候就会感到不快乐、担忧和孤独。相反地,最快乐的人就是那些忙碌的人。 那些喜欢他们的事业并取得很高成就的人觉得他们努力工作时是最幸福的。 工作是连接人类 和现实的桥梁。人们通过工作与他人接触,通过集体活动找到友谊和温暖。这对健康是有好 处的。没有了工作就意味着没有了一切。失业影响人的精神状态,从而使人生病。 另外, 工作给人一种满足感和成就感。 工作使人感受到自己的价值以及在社会中的地位。 当一个作家完成了他的著作, 一个医生成功地对病人做了手术, 或者一个教师看到自己学生 的成长的时候,他们的幸福无以言表。 通过上述情况,我们可以得出这样一个结论:你工作得越多,你就会越幸福、越健康。 第二篇 阅读
一、文章总体结构分析
 

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