一、试卷构成:五部分 一、试卷构成:五部分

  1)阅读理解, 30 分 (2×15 题) 三篇短文,每篇文章后有五个问题,每题 2 分 (8 篇复习文章) (
  2)词语用法与语法结构,30 分 (1×30 题) 共 30 题,要求考生从每题四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,每题 1 分。 (
  3)找错,10 分(1×10 题)Test Yourself 1& 2 由 10 个单句组成,每个句子含有标着 A、B、C、D 的四个划线部分,其中有一处是错误的,要求考生从 四个划线部分中挑出其错误的部分,不需要改正。每题 1 分。 (
  4)完形填空,10 分(
  0.5×20 题) 一篇题材熟悉、难度适中的短文,留有 20 个空白,每个空白为一题,每题有四个选项。每题 1 分 (
  5)英汉互译,20 分(2×10 题) 第一部分为英译汉,要求考生把五个句子译成中文。 第二部分为汉译英,要求考生把五个中文句子译成英文。 每个句子 2 分 英译汉和汉译英的句子难度均低于课文的英语文章。 (30 道翻译句子)
二、固定搭配 二、固定搭配

  1. look into 调查,研究 The police have received the complaint and they are looking into it. 警方已接到投诉信函,正展开调查。
  2. set up 建立,创立,创办(组织企业等) The council set up a committee to investigate the issue. 市议会设立了一个委员会调查这一事件。
  3. interfere with 干涉,扰乱 Don’t interfere with other people’s business. 别干涉别人的事情。
  4. cope with (成功地)应对,应付 The factory coped very well with the sudden increase of demand. 工厂妥善处理了需求突然增多的问题。
  5. be keen on doing sth 热衷,渴望做某事 be keen to do sth She is keen on growing roses. 她喜欢种玫瑰。 He is keen to go. 他急于要走。
  6. make contribution to sth 对…做出贡献 He has made an important contribution to the company’s success. 他对这个公司的成功做出了很大贡献。
  7. have some trouble/difficulty/problem in doing sth 做某事有困难 They have some trouble in concentrating on their work because of the noises next door. 因为隔壁的噪音,他们很难集中注意力做好工作。
  8. have sb do/doing sth 使某人做某事 We had John find us a house. 我们让约翰帮我们找所房子。 I had them all laughing at my jokes. 我令他们听了我的笑话后都笑了。
  9. of +名词,表示形容词的意思 Of importance, value, help, use, significance=important, valuable, helpful, useful, significant Your suggestion is of great importance to us. 你的建议对我们很重要。

  10. keep a diary 记日记
  11. one end 连续地 We had waited for months on end until we last saw the movie. 我们连续等了好几个月才看到这场电影。
  12. stand in the way 阻碍 Don’t try to stand in the way of our plan. 别想阻碍我们的计划。
  13. hold back 控制 Try to hold back your anger. 努力控制你的愤怒。
  14. take it easy 放轻松 Take it easy. Everything will be fine. 放心,一切都会好起来的。
三、句法

  1. 定语从句 (
  1)当先行词为人时,引导词用 that/who; 当先行词为物时,引导词用 that/which. The girl who you were talking with just now is our monitor. The book that you were reading just now is Tom’s. (
  2)当先行词在定语从句中表达“所属关系”的时候,用 whose. The bike whose color is red belongs to Tom. The girl whose name is Linda will visit us tomorrow.
  2. 状语从句 (
  1)主将从现:时间状语与条件状语从句中,以一般现在时表示将来。 He will meet us if he is free. He will come to visit us when he is free. (
  2) 条件状语从句中,because, so; although, but 等不练用 Although you are young, you know a lot. √ You are young, but you know a lot. √ Although you are young, but you know a lot. ×
  3. 宾语从句 (
  1)直接引语转变为间接引语, (人称,语序,时态,时间地点状语)转换 Tom asked Jane, “Why will you go to the movie tomorrow?” Tom asked Jane why she would go to the movie the next day. (
  2)尤其注意疑问句语序向陈述语气的转换 如:We don’t understand . A. why was he angry B. why did he feel angry C. why he have felt angry D. why he was angry
  5. 强调句 形式: it is 强调的部分+ that 原句剩余部分 It is in the year 1975 John first met his future wife. A. which B. that C. where D. when
  4. 虚拟语气 (
  1)if 引导的条件句中的虚拟语气 if 引导的假设可能: ①与过去事实相反。 从句:过去完成时(if 主语+had been) 主句:主语+ would (should, could , might) +have done e.g. If I had come here yesterday, I would have seen him. 我昨天要是到这来的话,就会遇见他了。 ②与现在事实相反。 从句:一般过去时(if +主语+did/were)
主句:主语+ would (should, could , might) + do e.g. If I were you, I would read it again. 如果我是你的话,我再读一遍。 (事实上我不是你) ③与将来事实可能相反。 从句:过去将来/一般过去(if +主语+should do/were to do/did) 主句:主语+ would (could, should, might) + do e.g. If I were to work at this problem, I would do it in another way. 要是我来解这道难题,我会用另外一种方法的。 (事实上不是由我来解决的) (
  2)it is (high) time that sb did sth 是时候某人做某事了 It is high time that we left for school. 我们是时候去学校了。 (
  3)order, suggestion, requirement,request, proposal 等表示建议命令要求的名词,其后表语从句或同位语 从句用虚拟语气,即…that sb (should) do 的形式。 The teacher made the suggestion that everybody (should) arrive ten minutes beforehand.
  6. 主谓一致(单复数,尤其是 and,together with 的情况) (
  1) and 由 and 连接两个或多个主语时,后边一般跟复数谓语动词。 如:Tom and Jerry are very good friends. 当 and 连接的并列主语指同一个人或事物时,动词用单数。 如: The teacher and headmaster is a young man. The novelist and critic gives high praise of the book. (标志:第二个名词前没有冠词 the) (
  2)主语后带有 with, together with, along with, as well as, as much as, more than, no less than, rather than, not to mention, including, but, except, besides 等时,谓语虽然与主语隔开了,但仍然保持与主语一致。 如: Dr Smith, together with his wife and sons, is to arrive on the evening flight. Our generation, more than any other generations, views the adult world with great interests.
四、单词/句式用法区分 、单词/
(
  1) find found find 找到, finds, finding, found, found found 建立, founds, founding, founded, founded (
  2) lie lay lie 撒谎, lies, lying, lied, lied lie 躺下, lies, lying, lay, lain lay 放置, lays, laying, laid, laid (
  3) spend, cost, pay, take sb spend time/money on sth in doing sth sth cost sb some money sb1 pay sb2 some money for sth it takes sb some time to do sth e.g. I spent five dollars on the book. The book cost me five dollars. I paid five dollars for the book. It took me three hours to walk there. (
  4) innocent, guilty; innocence, guilt He is found innocent and she is proven . (guilty) (
  5)used to, is used to, used 做形容词 sb used to do sth 过去常常做某事 sb is used to doing sth 习惯于做某事 Mr. Green used to spend his holidays in the countryside. But now he does not.
(
  6) 表示“很快”It won’t be long before+一般现在时,表示将来 It wasn’t long before +一般过去时,表示过去 It be long before everyone knows the result. It wasn’t long before everyone knew the result. (
  7)when (突然发生), while I was reading when the bell started to ring. 我正在读书,突然门铃响了。 I was reading while Jane was listening to the music. 我在读书,而简在听音乐。 (
  8) 倒装句首 so, neither/nor We like the movie. So do they. 肯定“也” We don’t like the movie. Neither/nor do they. 否定“也” (
  9)祈使句+and/or you will; if +从句, will 不能混用 Open the door, and you will see the mountain. √ If you open the door, you will see the mountain. √ If you open the door and you will see the mountain. × e.g. If you turn off the light and you will be able to see the pattern more clearly from where you are standing now.
 

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