Can you come to my party?
初二英语
主讲教师:姜利娜
一、本单元学习目标 本单元主要学习的是谈论日常生活中的邀请与应答,
  1、 发出、接受、或委婉拒绝邀请(make, accept and decline invitations)
  2、 谈论自己或别人必须做的事情 ( have to )
  3、 谈论已有的计划并根据日程表中的计划合理安排自己 的活动
二、本单元重点词汇、词组与句子 本单元重点词汇、 重点词汇 today, next week, tomorrow, lesson, the day after tomorrow; invitation
重点词组 study for a test; go to the dentist/doctor; go to the guitar/piano lesson; help my parents; visit my aunt/uncle; have a piano /an English lesson ; on Saturday; be free; write soon; too much homework; soccer practice; another time; on vacation with …; thanks for …; keep quiet; come over to; on Friday evening; finish the project; discuss the science project
重点句子
  1. Can you come to my birthday party? Yes, I’d love to. Sorry, I can’t. I have to study for a test. I’m sorry. I’m playing soccer on Saturday.
  2. When is the party? It’s at seven thirty.
  3. Thanks for doing something….
  4. I have to …
  5. I’d love to…
  6. What is the date today?
三、发出要求或接受、拒绝要求是在日常生活中常发生的 发出要求或接受、 交际活动。在进行这项活动时需要注意的是,在整个 交际活动。在进行这项活动时需要注意的是, 过程中要有礼貌,即使拒绝也要尽量委婉一些。 过程中要有礼貌,即使拒绝也要尽量委婉一些。 先看一下invite的用法:
  1.invite sb. to … She invited us to her party. 她邀请我们参加她的聚会。

  2. invite sb. to do sth. invite sb. to sing
  3. be invited out
  4. invite oneself 请求某人唱歌 应邀, 被邀请 不请自到 欢迎提问。
Questions are invited. 名词 invitation
We had three invitations to parties. 我们有三张参加聚会的请柬。 accept [decline] an invitation 接受[拒绝]邀请
Making invitations: 在本单元中是用下面的句子来表示邀请的: Can you come to my party on Saturday afternoon? 我们还可以用下面的句子来表示邀请:
  1.Could you come to have tea with us this evening?
  2.Would you please come over to my house to have dinner?
  3.Would you like to play tennis with us?

  4. Would you love to go to the cinema tonight?
  5. Please do come to my birthday party Will you come to my birthday party?
  6.Will you come to the mall tomorrow with me?
  7.What about / How about going to the concert the day after tomorrow?
  8.Let’s go to the video arcade and play games, shall we? 总之,在日常表达中我们可以有许多种的方式来表示邀请。
Accepting invitations: 在表示接受别人的邀请时,我们通常可以用以下的 句子来进行回答:
  1. Sure. I’d love to.
  2. Yes, I’d love to.
  3. Thanks for your invitation. I’ll come.
  4. I’d be glad / delighted to come.
Declining invitations: 在拒绝他人时,我们不要简单地回绝别人,花上 一点的时间解释能够使对方感觉你对他很在乎。比如 说,I’d love to go, but I really have work to do. 就比 I can’t. 要委婉得多。 或者是让对方知道你的拒绝只是 针对现在而言。比如:I’m afraid I can’t go with you now, but I’m free on Wednesday. Shall we go then? 就不 显得那么生硬。
常见的表示拒绝的方式有: 常见的表示拒绝的方式有: I’d like to go, but …… I’d love to go, but …… I’m afraid that …… Sorry, I can’t. I have maths lessons.
对他人的邀请表示感谢时,我们常可以用下面的句 对他人的邀请表示感谢时, 子来表示: 子来表示: Thank you for your invitation. Thanks a lot for your invitation. Thanks for asking us / me. Thanks for inviting me out. It’s very kind of you to have invited me. It’s very nice of you.
下面我们具体地学习三个表邀请的对话: 例1 A: Look, we’re having some friends round for dinner next Sunday. We’d be glad if you could come. B: Well, that’s very kind of you, but I’m afraid I can’t come on Sunday. I have got something else on. A: Oh, what a pity. Some other time, perhaps? B: Yes, I’d love to come some other time.
例2 A: B: A: B: A: B: I’m bored. Me too. Let’s go out and do something. OK. What do you want to do? I don’t know. Why don’t we go to the cafe on the corner? We always go to the cafe. I’d rather do something different. Let’s go to the club and watch the baseball match. A: You know I hate baseball. There is a jazz band playing at the bar tonight. Why don’t we go there? B: I saw a jazz band last night. What about some classical music? There is a free concert in the park. A: Yes, why not. I like listening to music under the stars.
例3 A: It’s a great party, Tracy. B: Well, thank you. I’m glad everyone is having a good time. A: There is a good movie at the cinema this evening. I’m going to see it tomorrow. Would you like to come with me? B: Oh, I’d love to but I can’t. I’ve got lessons in the evening. A: What about going to the cinema on Saturday? B: Great. What’s the movie? A: It’s an action movie. B: OK. Let’s meet in front of the cinema. I think it’s on at seven. A: Great! See you there about a quarter to seven.
四、 表时间的介词 在本单元中我们所学的表时间的介词中重点的有:in, on, at等。 介词in、on、at表达时间的用法如下: *在世纪、年代、某年、某月、季节及一些固定词组中用介 词in。例如: in the twenty-first century 在二十一世纪 in the 90’s 在九十年代 在2000年 in the year 2000 = in 2000
in spring / summer / autumn / winter 在春天/夏天/秋天/冬天 in the morning / afternoon /evening 在上午/下午晚上 in January / February /… 在一月/二月…
*表示将来的一段时间用介词in。例如: in a moment 马上、立刻
in about three hours 在约三小时后 in two years 两年之后
*在具体的某天、某天的上午/下午/晚上用介词on。例如: on the morning of September the 21st 在九月二十一号上午
(但如果是泛指上下午和晚上的话,则用:in the morning / afternoon / in the evening ) on Monday/ Tuesday / Wednesday / ….Sunday 在星期一、星期二…星期天 on March 12,1925 在1925年3月12 日 on Friday evening 在星期五晚上
*在具体的几点钟前以及一些固定词组中用介词at。例如: at five (o’clock) 在五点钟 at this / that time 在这时/在那时 at noon 在中午 at night 在晚上
值得注意的是,在这些表示时间的名词前如有指示 代词 (this, that, these, those)、形容词(last, next )、不定代 词( every, one, each, some, all )、时间名词( yesterday, tomorrow )等时,一般不在使用介词。例如: this morning, those days, each month, yesterday evening next year, last summer, some day,
五、have to 与 must 表义务时的区别 have to 意为“必须……,不得不……”,与情态动词 must含义相近,但有区别:
  1)must 不能与其他助动词will, shall 等连用,因此在这种 情况下要用have to, 如: I will have to finish the project tomorrow.
  2) must 不作过去式用,因此表示过去式用had to. We had to stay in the village because of the heavy snow. They had to go home on foot yesterday.

  3) have to 也表示“因外在原因而不得不那样做”之意,较 少义务、强制,因此在口语中,have to 较must 更常用。 I have to go to the dentist. She has to tidy her room every day. Do you have to go so soon?

  4) 否定形式do not have to do… 表示“没有必要做… ”而 mustn’t do… 表示“千万不能,一定不要…”,表示禁 止做某事的意思。 You don’t have to argue with him. Children mustn’t play in the streets. People mustn’t smoke in public places.
练习:用have to 的适当形式填空:
  1.I am sorry I can’t come to your party. I babaysit my little sister.
  2.Jim has a bad toothache. He see a dentist.
  3. you help your parents? They can do it by themselves.
  4. I (not) go now. I can stay for one more hour.
  5. What Lucy do? 答案:
  1. have to;
  2. has to ;
  3. Do…have to;
  4. don’t have to;
  5.does…have to
情态动词can 的用法 六、 情态动词
  1) 表示能力,意为“会,能”。如: My uncle can fly a plane. Jack can’t play the piano. That boy can speak four languages.
  2) 情态动词can 在本文中用以表示邀请。 Can you come and play tennis with me? Can you come over and have a chat?

  3) can 还可以表示否定性的猜测。 That can’t be Mr. Patterson. Mr. Patterson is much taller than that man. The thing over there can’t be a house because it’s moving. This can’t be my handbag. My bag is black but this one is red.
日期、 七、 日期、星期几的问与答 询问日期: What’s the date today? 询问星期几: What day is it today? 本课中用的句子: What’s today? It’s Monday the 14th. It’s Sunday. It’s Sept the 28th.
八、keep 的用法小结
  1、Keep 后接形容词,表示“保持”的意思。如: Remember to keep quiet while in hospital. She exercises a lot to keep healthy. Keep calm!
  2、Keep 还有“一直、持续”的意思。 They kept on doing the work although it was very late. Please keep reading the books. Last time the doctor kept me waiting for almost one hour.

  3、keep有“保留”的意思。 Keep the change. We can keep the books we borrow from the library for one month. Can you keep the secret for me?
附加练习: 据汉语完成英语句子。
  1. Can you go to the (文化俱乐部)with me? Sorry, I can’t. I must .(去看牙医)
  2. Jeff is going to his cousin’s .(生日宴会)。
  3. I can’t join you because I (不得不) look after my grandfather.

  4. Our teacher is going to take us 。(远足)
  5. Please don’t talk with me, I’m trying .(弹钢琴)。 答案:
  1. culture club; go to the dentst
  2. birthday party;
  3. have to ;
  4. to go hiking
  5. to play the piano
据句意及首字母,用符合句意的单词的适当形式完成句子。 每空一词。
  1. Next summer holiday she is going s in the countryside.
  2. Would you like to b my little sister when I am away?
  3. I hope the beautiful scene can help me f all my problems.
  4. When people are very old, they need to d on their children.
  5. He lives four k away from school.

  6.
  7.
It t her one hour to get there yesterday. --What do you t of the book? --It’s much fun.

  8.
  9.
Only a small n of students like maths in her class. The young mother is always w about her son.

  10. Hurry up! They are waiting for us at the bus s. 答案:
  1.sightseeing;
  2. babysit
  3. forget
  4. depend
  5. kilometers
  6. took;
  7. think .
  8. number;
  9. worrying
  10. station / stop
三、用所给单词的适当形式填空。
  1. Mike often goes bike in summer. (ride)
  2. If you have time, you had better walks after supper. (take)
  3. I’m going this afternoon. Would you like to go with me? (camp)
  4. May I videos here? Certainly. (rent)
  5. speak to me now. (not do)

  6. Where is your uncle? He is a few cities in the south. (visit)
  7. He plans his son with him. (bring)
  8. Did you finish that story-book? (read)
  9. I did the housework. I my homework. (not do)
  10. That sounds . (relax) 答案:
  1. riding;
  2. take
  3. camping
  4. rent
  5. Don’t
  6. visiting;
  7. to bring
  8. reading;

  9. didn’t do
  10. relaxing
 

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