初二英语复习(三)宾语从句(The Object Clause) 一、在复合句中做宾语的从句叫做宾语从句,它有三种类型。 (一)由 that 引导的宾语从句。 这种宾语从句中的 that 本身没有词义在口语或非正式文 体中可以省略。例如:
  1.I hope(that)he will come tomorrow.我希望他明天来。
  2.He said(that)he would study English harder than before.他说他将比以前更努 力地学英语。 (二)同连接代词 who,whose,what,which 和连接副词 how,when where 引导的宾语从句。 这些连词在句中作成分,有实际意义不能省略。例如:
  1.I don't know who he is. 我不知道他是谁。
  2.Could you tell me whose room this is? 你能告诉我这是谁的房间吗?
  3.He asked me which class I was in. 他问我在哪个班。
  4.We didn't know when we would meet. 我们不知道我们将在哪儿见面。
  5.Please tell me how I can use the computer,will you? 请你告诉我怎样使用计算 机好吗? (三)由连词 wether 或 if 引导的宾语从句。例如:
  1.The teacher asked me if/whether I could answer this question. 老师问我是否能回答这个问题。
  2.We don't know if/whether he has been to The Great Wall. 我们不知道他是否去过长城。 二、宾语从句需要注意的几个问题 (一)宾语从句是陈述句不是疑问句,要用陈述句语序。 (二)含有宾语从句的复合句主句是过去时宾语从句要用过去时态??一般过去时, 过去 进行时,过去将来时和过去完成时。(*但主句是其他时态时,宾语从句根据需要可用任何时 态。)例如:
  1.He said that he had never seen such an exciting match before.
他说他以前从来没有看过这样一场激动人心的比赛。(主句一般过去时,宾语从句过 去完成时)
  2.I didn't know what her name was. 我不知道他叫什么名字。(主句一般过去时,宾语从句一般过去时)
  3.I heard that they would play against the girls'team. 我听说他们将要和女生队比赛。(主句一般过去时,宾语从句过去将来时) *当宾语从句是客观真理时,无论主句是什么时态宾语从句都要用一般现在时。例如:
  1.The teacher told them that light travels faster than the sound. 老师告诉他 们光速比声速快。
  2.The little child didn't know the earth goes round the sun. 那小孩不知道地 球是绕着太阳转的。 (三)只能用 whether 不能用 if 的几种情况:
  1.whether 可以直接和 or not 连用,if 不可。 I don't know whether or not he can pass the exam. 我不知道他是否能通过这次 考试。
  2.whether 引导的宾语从句可放在句首,if 不能。 Whether he can go,I'm not sure. 他是否能去,我不肯定。
  3.whether 还可以引导主语从句放在句首,if 不能。 Whether he can pass the exam is till a question. 他是否能通过这次考试仍然 是个问题。 (四)think,believe,expect,suppose 等动词后面接宾语从句要表达否定意义时,要在 主句的谓语动词上来表现。例如:
  1.I don't think that hens can swim. 我认为鸡不会游泳。
  2.We don't believe that they can finish the work in such a short time. 我们 确信在这么短的时间内他们完不成这项工作。 (五)动词 think 的主语是第一人称时,反意疑问句要根据宾语从句来做。例如:
  1.I think that he is right,isn't he? 我认为他是对的,是不是?

  2.We don't think that it is going to rain,is it? 我们觉得不会下雨,是吗? 宾语从句专项练习 一、翻译句子.
  1.恐怕你不能在这儿吸烟。I'm sure .
  2.我不知道他在干什么。I don't know .
  3.她告诉我她很忙。She told me .
  4.我想知道我是不是应该走。I wonder .
  5.我想乘火车旅行,既安全又便宜。I think .
  6.你父母希望他将来成为一名科学家。His parents hope .
  7.请告诉我电影院的出口在哪儿好吗?Could you tell me .
  8.老师问我是否能算出这道问题。The teacher asked me .
  9.我正在考虑我们是否该去郊游。I .
  10.我不能确定我什么时候能去那儿度假。I'm not sure . 二、选择填空
  1.I don't know next. A.how to do C.what I should do
  2.Can you tell me ? A.who is that man C.that man is who
  3.He in the English exam. A.believes that he can't fail B.believes that he couldn't fail C.doesn't believe he shouldn't fail B.who that man is D.whom is that man B.what to do it D.how I should do
D.doesn't believe he has failed
  4.I want to know . A.what is his name C.that his name is
  5.Please tell us ,will you? A.when the plane will leave C.when does the planes leave
  6.I'll write down . A.how you can do it C.how can you do it
  7.Could you please tell me ? A.which gate have we to go to C.which gate we have to go to B.which we go to gate D.which gate we shall go B.how to do D.how do you do it B.when will the plane leave D.when the plane leave B.what's his name D.what his name is

  8.They can't explain the fish and the trees around the lake . A.that,are died C.why,die B.why,are dead D.whether,has been dead

  9.I didn't know that he to London next week. A.will fly C.would fly
  10.He asked me . A.if I could go with him C.that I can go with him 三、改写句子
  1.He can't decide which computer to choose. B.whether could I go with him D.what place I can go with him B.would flew D.flew
He can't decide .
  2.I hope that I will be a explorer someday. I hope a explorer someday.
  3.We didn't hear his words clearly. We can't hear clearly.
  4.Could you tell me how to get to the cinema? Could you tell me the cinema?
  5.I don't know if you want to say something at the meeting. I don't know if you have at the meeting. 四、完形填空 John liked chocolates very much,but his mother never give him 1 ,because they were 2 for his teeth,she thought.But John had a nice grandfather.The old man his grandson very much,and sometimes he 4 John some chocolates when he came 3 5 him.Then his mother let him 6 them, 7 she wanted to make the old man happy. One evening,a few days before John's seventh birthday,he was saying prayers(祈 祷词) before he went to bed“Please,God,”he shout,“ 8 them give me a big box of chocolates for my birthday 9 on Saturday.”His mother was in the kichen,but she heard the small boy shout and when into his bedroom quickly. “ 10 are you shouting, John?”she asked her son,“God can hear you when you talk quietly.” “I know.”answer the clever boy at once,“but Grandfather's in the nex room,and he can't.” ( )
  1.A.some ( )
  2.A.good ( )
  3.A.loved ( )
  4.A.took B.something B.bad B.wanted B.brought C.any C.worse C.pleased C.got D.anything D.not tidy D.thought about D.passed
( )
  5.A.see ( )
  6.A.to have ( )
  7.A.when ( )
  8.A.Ask ( )
  9.A.on ( )
  10.A.How
B.saw B.to keep B.if B.Make B.at B.Why
C.visit C.eat C.because C.Want C.in C.Where
D.to visit D.want D.so D.Tell D.for D.When
五、阅读短文,选择正确答案。 Basketball is still a young game though it is over a hundred years old.In the year of 1891,a certain collage was having some trouble with its boy students.The weather was very bad.They had to stay indoors.As they could not take part in their usual outdoor sports,they were unhappy,and some of them even got into fights from time to time. Finally,some of the teachers at the college called Dr.Naismith to invent a game so that the students might have something to play at.It was not easy to invent a game because it had to be played indoors,and the court(场地) was not very large.Dr.Naismith thought for a few days and invented a kind of a ball game.It was a fast,exciting game with much moving and passing of the ball.Usually two teams played the game.In order to make a score,the ball had to be thrown into a basked ten feet above the floor on the wall.At each end of the court there was such a basket. At first,Dr.Naismith had planned to have the ball thrown into a box.As he could not find the box of the right size,he had to use fruit basket Dr.Naismith put two fruit baskets on the walls of both sides.There were nine players on each side.The players tried to throw the ball into the baskets.There were no holes in the bottom(底 部) of the baskets when a ball went into the basket,it stay there.The game had to stop.A player had to climb up to get the ball out. Later,people used net baskets.Now only ten members play the game.There are five players on each side.Basketball today is played in many countries. ( )
  1.The article tell us . A.what basket ball is C.why people like basketball ( )
  2.The word“indoors”means . B.how basketball is invented D.who played basketball
A.in the door C.in many doors
B.inside the room D.inside the doors
( )
  3.When a student threw a ball into the basket . A.he made a score C.he lost the game the basket ( )
  4.The game got its name from . A.the ball itself C.both the basket and the ball B.the basket itself D.the inventor B.the basket itself will be no use D.he made a hole in the buttom of
( )
  5. play the basketball in a match today. A.Nine players on each side C.Five players on each side B.Ten players on each side D.Nine players on both sides
初三总复习语法知识部分(三)宾语从句参考答案 一、
  1.you can't smoke here
  2.what he is doing
  3.that she was very busy
  4.if/whether I should go
  5.travelling by train is both safe and cheap
  6.that he will be a scientist in the future
  7.where the entrance of the cinema is
  8.if/whether I could answer this question
  9.am thinking about if/whether we should go on a trip
  10.when I can go there for a holiday 二、
  1.C
  2.B
  3.D
  4.D
  5.A
  6.A
  7.C
  8.B
  9.C
  10.A
三、
  1.Which computer he should choose
  2.to be
  3.what he said
  4.how I can get to
  5.something to say 四、
  1.C 五、
  1.B
  2.B
  2.B
  3.A
  3.A
  4.B
  4.C
  5.D
  5.C
  6.C
  7.C
  8.B
  9.A
  10.B
 

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