1. 将陈述句改为一般疑问句
  1) 若句中有系动词(be) 、助动词、情态动词或 have (作“有”讲)时,将其提到主 语前,句末用问号。例如: He is a first-year student. →Is he a first-year student? I have a pencil-box. →Have you a pencil-box?
  2) 如果谓语动词是行为动词,则在主语前加 Do(Does 或 Did) ,再将动词还原成原形, 在句末加问号。例如: He does morning exercises every day. →Dose he do morning exercises every day? They did some cleaning yesterday. →Did they do some cleaning yesterday?
  2. 将陈述句改为反意疑问句 反意疑问句是在陈述句后边加上一个简短问句,对陈述句所叙述的内容提出相反的疑问, 这种句子就叫做反意疑问句。反意疑问句可以表示真实的疑问,也可以表示提问人的倾向、 强调或反问。如果陈述句是肯定句时,后边的反意疑问句通常要用否定式;反之,如果陈述 句是否定句时, 后边的反意疑问句通常要用肯定式。 陈述句和后边的反意疑问句的主语以及 谓语动词的人称、数、时态通常要保持一致。例如: He is a teacher, isn‘t he? He speaks English, doesn‘t he? Mary won‘t do it, will she? 回答反意疑问句和回答一般疑问句一样, 肯定回答用 “Yes, +肯定结构” 否定回答用 ; “No, +否定结构” 。这与汉语习惯有所不同,例如: ?He‘s a doctor, isn’t he? 他是医生,对吧? ?Yes, he is. 对,他是医生。 (No, he isn‘t. 不,他不是医生。 ) ?He isn‘t a doctor, is he? 他不是医生,对吧? ?Yes, he is. 不,他是医生。 (No, he isn‘t. 对,他不是医生。 ) 在使用反意疑问句时,特别要注意以下几点:
  1. 在动词 have 当“有”讲时,可以有两种反意疑问句形式: He hasn‘t any sisters, has he? He doesn‘t have any sisters, does he? 当 have 表示其他含义(如:经历、遭受、得到、吃……) 讲时,只有一种反意疑问句 形式: You all had a good time, didn‘t you? He often has colds, doesn‘t he? They had milk and bread for breakfast, didn‘t they?
  2. 如果陈述句的谓语动词含有 have to, had to 时,反意疑问句通常用其他适当形式: We have to get there at 8 tomorrow morning, don‘t we? They had to take the early train, didn‘t they?
  3. need 既可以作情态动词,又可以作实意动词,注意有两种反意疑问句形式: You needn‘t hand in your paper today, need you? You don‘t need to hand in your paper today, do you?
  4. 如果陈述句的谓语动词含有 used to 时,也可以有两种反意疑问句形式:
He used to get up late, usedn‘t / didn’t he?
  5. 如果陈述句中出现 never, seldom, hardly, few, little, nobody, no one, nothing 等含有否定意义的词时,反意疑问句通常要用肯定式,例如: She seldom goes to the concert, does she? He hardly writes to you, does he? He has few good reasons for staying, has he? You have nothing else to say, have you?
  6. 如果陈述句中的主语是不定式短语、动名词短语、从句、everything 或 nothing 等时,反 意疑问句通常要用 it 作主语。例如: To sell / Selling newspaper was his job, wasn‘t it? What he said is true, isn‘t it? Nothing can stop us now, can‘t it? Everything is all right, isn‘t it?
  7. 如果陈述句中的主语是不定代词 everybody, everyone, somebody, someone, nobody, no one, each of 等时,反意疑问句通常要用 they 或 he 作主语。例如: Everyone knows the answer, don‘t they / doesn’t he? Somebody borrowed my bike, didn‘t they / he? Each of them fulfilled his work, didn‘t he? Each of them passed the exam, didn‘t they? No one was hurt, was he?
  8. 如果陈述句用“I am”时,反意疑问句通常要用“aren‘t I” 。例如: I‘m late, aren’t I?
  9. 如果陈述句是含有宾语从句的复合句式, 反意疑问句的主语以及谓语动词的人称、 数、 时态通常要与主句保持一致。例如: He never said that he would come, did he? I told that not everyone could do it, didn‘t I? 但是,如果陈述句是“I don‘t think(believe, suppose, imagine 等) 含有宾语从句 的复合句式” ,反意疑问句的主语以及谓语动词的人称、数、时态通常要和从句保持一致, 并且要用肯定式。例如: I don‘t think she can finish the hard work alone, can she? I don‘t believe he knows it, does he?
  10. 如果陈述句是含有“there be”结构时,反意疑问句要用 there,省去主语代词。例如: There is something wrong with your computer, isn‘t there? There wouldn‘t be any trouble, will there?
  1. 对句中的主语或主语的定语部分提问只把要提问的部分用特殊疑问词 who, what, whose, which 等替换下来,原句词序不变即可。例如:
  1) Peter draws well. (问人物,主语) →Who draws well?
  2) The girl in the car is his sister. (问哪一个,定语) →Which girl is his sister?
  3) Our classroom is bright. (问物主,定语) →Whose classroom is bright?
  2. 对表语或表语的定语提问
用特殊疑问词 who, whose, what colour, how, how old 等引导,后面加一般疑问句形式。 如:
  1) My father is a worker. (问职业,表语) →What is your father?/What does your father do?
  2) The teacher is my brother’s friend. (问物主,定语) →Whose friend is the teacher?
  3) The book is on the desk. (问地点,表语) →Where is the book?
  4) He is twelve. (问年龄,表语) →How old is he?
  5) It’s six o’clock. (问时间,表语) →What time is it?
  6) He is fine. (问身体状况,表语) →How is he?
  7) Mary’s sweater is red. (问颜色,表语) →What colour is Mary’s sweater?
  8) It’s Sunday today. (问星期几,表语) →What day is it today?
  3. 对宾语或宾语的定语部分提问 用特殊疑问词 who(whom), what, which, whose, how many, how much 等引导,后加一般 疑问句形式。例如:
  1) The nurse is looking after the children. (问人,介宾) → Who/Whom is the nurse looking after?
  2) I like the book on the right best. (问哪一个,定语) →Which book do you like best?
  3) They have learned 100 English words. (问多少,定语) →How many English words have they learned?
  4) They had much rice for lunch. (问多少,定语) →How much rice did they have for lunch?
  4. 对状语部分提问 用特殊疑问词 when, what time, where, how, why 等引导,后加一般疑问句形式。例如:
  1) I often go to school at six in the morning. (问时间,状语) →What time do you often go to school in the morning?
  2) We have lunch at home. (问地点,状语) →Where do you have lunch?
  3) My sister goes to school on foot. (问方式,状语) →How does your sister go to school?
  4) Mary didn’t come to school yesterday because she was ill. (问原因,状语) →Why didn’t Mary come to school yesterday? 注:how long, how soon 和 how often 都含有“多久”的意思,都能对时间状语进行提问, 应注意其区别: how long 提问“一段时间”,即对介词短语 for... 和 since... 提问,可用于一般现在时、
一般过去时、一般将来时、现在完成时等。如: They stayed there for ten years. (问多长时间,状语) →How long did they stay there? how soon 提问“多久以后”,即表示所间隔的时间段,如介词短语 in... 等,常与一般将 来时连用,这种情况有时也可用 when 提问。如: He will be back in an hour. (问多久以后,状语) →How soon/When will he be back? They will finish the work very soon. (问多久以后,状语) →How soon will they finish the work? how often 提问频度、“多久一次”,即重复动作所发生的时间间隔,不强调次数,常与一 般现在时和一般过去时连用。如: I watch TV every evening. (问多久一次,状语) →How often do you watch TV?
2010 年中考同义句 句型精选 50 题

  1.Do remember to lock the door when you leave. you lock the door when you leave.
  2.The little girl wanted to know when her father could take her to Paris. The little girl wanted to know be taken to Paris.
  3.French is not the first language in any of these countries. French is the first language in these countries.
  4.My uncle left the room. he said nothing to us. My uncle left the room anything to us.
  5.He wasn't good at English. I thought. I he was good at english.
  6.Both Mike and Mary have been to Beijing.(否定句) MikeMarybeen to Beijing.
  7.It took him an hour to write the letter. He an hourthe letter.
  8.We should knock a long stick into the earth. A long stick into the earth.
  9.She paid 400 yuan for the new bike. The new bike 400 yuan.
  10.How about playing basketball with us? play football with us?
  11. "Will Wang Feng come here in a minute?" she asked. She askedWang Feng come here in a minute?
  12.Jim didn't visit the museum yesterday. He stayed at home.
Jim stayed at home yesterday visiting the museum.
  13.There are more people in China than in India. Theof China isthan that of India.
  14.The talk is very important. The talk isgreat.
  15.He can't catch the bus if he doesn't run fast. He can't catch the bus hefast.
  16.You should let someone repair the TV set. You shouldthe TV set . 17Jim wants to go boatingand his parents want to go boating, too. Jim wants to go boating and his parents.
  18.The ice on the lake was so thin that people couldn't skate on it. The ice on the lake was not enoughpeople to .
  19.How many people are there in France. the population of France?
  20.We hold the International Kite Festival in Weifang every year. The International Kite Festival in Weifang every year.
  21.They say that Mr liu can speak German. that Mr Liu can speak German.
  22.My sister prefers reading to going shopping. My sister likes than going shopping. My sister prefers rather than shopping.
  23.I feel like going to the zoo with my friends this Saturday. Ilike toto the zoo with my friends this Saturday.
  24.He doesn't do any other things. He is only on internet. He is always on internet doing other things.
  25.The picture was usually put up in the park near the playground. The picture was put up in the parkto the playground as.
  26.It seems that he has had a cold. He seems had a cold.
  27.The tree is so tall that we can't reach it. The tree istallus .
  28.I'm interested in the old museum in this city. The old museum in this city me.

  29.They knew everything only after you told him. They knew you told him.
  30.There are many trees around the house. It's my house. The housemany trees around is .
  31.I won't pass the exam if you don't help. I won't pass the exam your.
  32.Father Christmas comes from a real person in history. Father Christmas is a real person in history.
  33.He doesn't know much Japanese. He only aJapanese.
  34.If you ask him, he will you tell you the truth. him,he will tell you the truth.
  35.She likes to make her own clothes. She doesn't like to buy them in shops. She prefers making her own clothes buying them in shops.
  36.Neither Tom nor Jack read yesterday's newspaper. Tom didn't read yesterday's newspaper, Jack.
  37.I heard he was singing in the next room. I heard in the next room.
  38.Peter is 150 centimeters tall,so is Mike. Mike is the same Peter.
  39.The doctor told him to stop smoking. The doctor told him to smoking.
  40.Please don't make our room dirty. Please our classroom.
  41.The heavy rain stopped them from leaving home. The heavy rain them at home.
  42.This book isn't as interesting as that one. This book is interesting than that one.
  43.There are more people in this city than in that city. The of this city isthan of that one.
  44.This book has nothing to do with English. This book is English.
  45.Bob had no teacher,but he learned English well at his young age. Bob English when he was young.

  46.There's nobody but a passenger in the bus. There's one passenger in the bus.
  47.Bob's lonely because it's difficult for him to make friends. Bob's lonely because he at making friends.
  48.Plant more trees every year and the desert will become green in a few years' time. If you plant more trees every year,the desert will with green trees in a few years' time.
  49.The jacket cost so little that he bought it. The jacket for him to buy.
  50.His father is working. His father is
答案: 答案:

  1.Make sure
  2.when to
  3.none of
  4.without saying
  5.didn't think that
  6.Neither nor has
  7.spent writing(o
 

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