初二英语期中复习 Unit One
  1. How often do you exercise ? → How often + 助动词 do(does 或 did) + 主语 + do sth. ? 疑问词 how often 是问频率(多经常), 在这里助动词 do(does 或 did) 是起帮助构成疑问的 作用 Every day / Once a week / Twice a month / Three times a month / Three or four times a month .
  2. What do you usually do on weekends ? 第一个 do 为助动词, 在这起帮助构成疑问的 作用;而第二个 do 则是实义动词。 I usually play soccer .
  3. What’s your favorite program ? It’s Animal World .
  4. What do students do at Green High School ? 第一个 do 为助动词, 在这起帮助构成 疑问的作用;而第二个 do 则是实义动词。
  5. As for homework , most students do homework every day . as for...意思是“至于; 关于”,常用于句首作状语,其后跟名词、代词或动词的-ing 形式(即动名词)。如: As for him,I never want to see him here. 至于他,我永远不希望在这里见到。 As for the story,you'd better not believe it. 关于那故事,你最好不要相信。
  6. The results for “ watch TV ” are interesting .
  7. Mom wants me to get up at 6:00 and play ping-pong with her . → want to do sth. 意思是“想要做某事”;want sb. to do sth.意思是“想要某人做某事”。如: Do you want to go to the movies with me?你想和我一起去看电影吗? The teacher doesn't want us to eat hamburgers.老师不想让我们吃汉堡包。
  8. She says it’s good for my health . → be good for...表示“对……有益(有好处)”。 其反义为:be bad for...。(这里 for 是介词,后跟名词、代词或动名词)如: It's good for us to do more reading. 多读书对我们有好处。 Reading in bed is bad for your eyes.在床上读书对你的眼睛有害。
  9. How many hours do you sleep every night ?
  10. I exercise every day , usually when I come home from school .
  11. My eating habits are pretty good . 这里 pretty 相当于 very 。
  12. I try to eat a lot of vegetables , usually ten to eleven times a week . → try to do sth.表示“ 尽力做某事 ” ,不包含是否成功的意思 / try doing sth. 表示“ (用 某一办法) 试着去做某事”。 如:You’d better try doing the experiment in another way. 你最好试试用另一种方法做这个试验。
  13. My healthy lifestyle helps me get good grades . → help sb.(to) do sth.帮助 某人做某事
  14. Good food and exercise help me to study better . → help sb. (to) do sth.帮 助某人做某事 / 这里 better 是 well 的比较级,而不是 good 的比较级
  15. Is her lifestyle the same as yours or different ? =Is her lifestyle the same as your lifestyle or is her lifestyle different from your lifestyle ? → be the same as … / be different from …
  16. I think I’m kind of unhealthy . kind of = a little / a kind of 意思是“一种”
  17. What sports do you play ?
  18. A lot of vegetables help you to keep in good health . keep in good health = keep healthy = stay healthy
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  19. You must try to eat less meat . → try to do sth. 表示“ 尽力做某事 ” , 不 包含是否成功的意思 / less 是 little 的比较级
  20. That sounds interesting. 这是“主语+系动词+表语”结构的简单句。 sound (听起来) , look(看起来),smell(闻起来),taste(尝起来),feel(觉得),seem(好象),grow (变得) , get(变得)等词在英语中可用作系动词,后跟形容词作表语。如: It tastes good. 这味道好。 The music sounds very sweet. 这音乐听起来很入耳。 The smoke grew heavier and heavier. 烟雾变得越来越浓了。 Unit Two
  1. What’s the matter ? What’s the mater with you ? with 为介词,后跟名词、代词 或动名词。人称代词必须用它的宾格。 I have a cold / have a sore back / have a stomachache
  2. You should lie down and rest / drink hot tea with honey / see a dentist / see a doctor .
  3. I’m not felling well . 这里 well 表示身体状况,不能用 good 代替
  4. When did it start ? About two days ago .
  5. That’s too bad .
  6. I hope you fell better soon . 这里 better 是 well 的比较级
  7. Traditional Chinese doctors believe we need a balance of yin and yang to be healthy . 这里 to be healthy 是动词不定式短语,作目的状语
  8. Maybe you have too much yin . too much 后跟不可数名词,而 too many 后跟可数名 词复数
  9. It’s easy to have a healthy lifestyle ,and it’s important to eat a balanced diet . → It’s easy to do sth . 做某事容易 / It’s important to do sth . 做某事 重要
  10. Everyone gets tired sometimes . 这里 get 连系动词,tired 是形容词作表语,属系 表结构
  11. A sore throat can give you a fever . → give sb. sth . = give sth. to sb. 把 某物给某人
  12. Don’t get stressed out. It’s not healthy . 在这里 get 是连系动词,stressed out 是表语
  13. I have a toothache . I need to see a dentist . → need 意思为 “需要” ,作 实义动词时,后跟动词不定式,否定式为 don’t /doesn’t / didn’t need (to do sth.) ; 作情态动词时,只能用于否定句或疑问句中,否定式为 needn’t(do sth.) ,除有过去式 外,没有其它的形态变化
  14. Eat a balanced diet to stay healthy . to stay healthy 是动词不定式短语,作目 的状语
  15. I’m not feeling very well at the moment . at the moment = now Unit Three
  1. What are you doing for vacation ? I’m babysitting my sister . Where are you going for vacation ? Italy . 这是现在进行时的一种比较特殊的用法, 用来表示按计划或安排要做的事情, 现在还没有去
2
做。
  2. Who are you going with ? I’m going with my parents . with my parents 是介词 短语,在这里作伴随状语,起修饰谓语动词 are going 的作用
  3. When are you going ? I’m going on Monday .
  4. What are you doing there ? I’m going hiking in the mountains .
  5. How long are you staying ? Just for four days . I don’t like going away for too long .疑问词 hwo long 是对时间长短或事物的长度提问,在这里是对时间的长短进行提问。
  6. Have a good time . = Enjoy oneself . 玩得开心、愉快
  7. Show me your photos when we get back to school . → show sb. sth. = show sth. to sb. 把某给某人看
  8. I’m going to Hawaii for vacation . for vacation 是介词短语,在这里作目的状语, 起修饰谓语动词的作用
  9. What’s it like there ? 这里 like 是介词,而不是动词
  10. Can I ask you some questions about your vacation plans ? → ask sb. sth . 问 某人某事
  11. Ben Lambert , the famous French singer , is taking a long vacation this summer ! → take a vacation 度假
  12. He thought about going to Greece or Spain , but decided on Canada . → think about 考虑 / decide on 决定 这里的 about 和 on 都是介词
  13. “ I always take vacation in Europe ,” he said . “ This time I want to do something different .” → (
  1). want to do sth. (
  2). 修饰不定代词(something , nothing , anything 等)的定语常放在不定代词的后面
  14. He plans to have a very relaxing vacation . → plan to do sth. 计划做某事
  15. I’m planning to spend time in the beautiful countryside .
  16. I just finished making my last movies . → finish doing sth. 完成做某事
  17. I hear that Thailand is a good place to go sightseeing . to go sightseeing 是动词不定式短语,作 a good place 的后置定语
  18. She’s leaving for Hong Kong on Tuesday . → leave A for B 离开 A 地去 B 地
  19. I want to ask you about places to visit China . to visit China 是动词不定式 短语,作 places 的后置定语
  20. I’m planning my vacation to Italy this weekend . to Italy 是动词不定式短语, 作 my vacation 的后置定语
  21. What should tourists take with them ? with them 是介词短语,在这里作伴随状语, 起修饰谓语动词 take 的作用
  22. Where are you leaving from ? leave from 离开某地(注:from 是介词) Unit Four
  1. How do you get to school ? 疑问词 how 在这里是对方式进行提问 I ride my bike / walk / take the subway . By bike / bicycle / bus / train / subway / taxi / air / plane / ship / boat . On foot . How do I get there ? 因 there 是副词,所以不能说 get to there Don’t worry . Let me look at your map . Ok , first … , next … . Then … .
  2. How long does it take ? 疑问词 hwo long 是对时间长短或事物的长度提问 It takes about 25 minutes to walk and 10 minutes by bus .
3
How long does t take you to get from home to school ? It takes twenty-five minutes . → take sb. some time to do sth. 花费某人……时间 做某事
  3. Lin Fei’s home is about Kilometers from school .
  4. How far is it from your home to school ? It’s three miles . How far do you live from school ? I live 10 miles from school . 疑问词 how far 在这里是对距离进行提问
  5. In other parts of the world , things are different .
  6. In China , it depends on where you are . → depend on 视……而定;决定于
  7. That must be a lot more fun than taking a bus .
  8. In North America , not all students take the bus to school . not all 是部分否 定,意思是并不是所有的;不是全部的
  9. Other parts of the world are different from the United States .
  10. A small number of students take the subway . → a number of = many 许多
  11. What do you think of the transportation in your town ? → think of 对……有 某种看法
  12. When it rains I take a taxi .
  13. I have a map but in Chinese .
  14. If you have a problem , you can ask a policeman . Unit Five
  1. Can you come to my party ? Sure , I’d love(like) to . / I’m sorry , I can’t . I have to help my parents . Can you play tennis with me ? 情态动词 can 在这里起征求对方意见的作用。
  2. I have too much homework this weekend . too much 后跟不可数名词;too many 后跟 可数名词复数
  3. That’s too bad .
  4. Maybe another time .
  5. Thanks for asking . for 介词,后跟名词,代词或动名词
  6. Come and have fun . / Come and join us .
  7. On Wednesday , I’m playing tennis with the school team .
  8. I have to study for my science test on Thursday . have to 强调客观原因;而 must 强调主观原因
  9. Please keep quiet ! I’m trying to study . → try to do sth. 表示“ 尽力做某 事 ” , 不包含是否成功的意思
  10. Do you want to come to my birthday party ? → want to do sth.意思是“想要做 某事”
  11. Li Lei is going fishing with grandpa the whole day . the whole day = all day 整天
  12. Can you come over to my house ?
  13. I’m free till 22:00
4
 

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